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Corticosteroids With Placebo Versus Corticosteroids With Propranolol Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas (IH)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01074437
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Insufficient enrollment)
First Posted : February 24, 2010
Results First Posted : September 26, 2013
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonathan Perkins, Seattle Children's Hospital

Study Type Interventional
Study Design Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition Hemangioma
Interventions Drug: Prednisolone (Corticosteroid)
Drug: Propranolol
Drug: Placebo
Enrollment 9
Recruitment Details  
Pre-assignment Details  
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice. Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
Period Title: Overall Study
Started 4 5
Completed 4 5
Not Completed 0 0
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol Total
Hide Arm/Group Description Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice. Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. Total of all reporting groups
Overall Number of Baseline Participants 4 5 9
Hide Baseline Analysis Population Description
[Not Specified]
Age, Categorical  
Measure Type: Count of Participants
Unit of measure:  Participants
Number Analyzed 4 participants 5 participants 9 participants
<=18 years
4
 100.0%
5
 100.0%
9
 100.0%
Between 18 and 65 years
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
>=65 years
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
0
   0.0%
Age, Continuous  
Mean (Standard Deviation)
Unit of measure:  Years
Number Analyzed 4 participants 5 participants 9 participants
0.2  (0.1) 0.2  (0.1) 0.2  (0.1)
Sex: Female, Male  
Measure Type: Count of Participants
Unit of measure:  Participants
Number Analyzed 4 participants 5 participants 9 participants
Female
3
  75.0%
3
  60.0%
6
  66.7%
Male
1
  25.0%
2
  40.0%
3
  33.3%
Region of Enrollment  
Measure Type: Number
Unit of measure:  Participants
United States Number Analyzed 4 participants 5 participants 9 participants
4 5 9
1.Primary Outcome
Title Compare Changes in IH Size and Vascularity for the Two Treatment Groups
Hide Description This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Time Frame 1, 2, and 6 months after treatment initiation
Show Outcome Measure DataHide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description:
Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice.
Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 0 0
No data displayed because Outcome Measure has zero total analyzed.
2.Primary Outcome
Title Lesion Regression
Hide Description measure of change in lesion area or volume
Time Frame 12 months
Show Outcome Measure DataHide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
Insufficient enrollment for data analysis to be meaningful.
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description:
Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice.
Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 0 0
No data displayed because Outcome Measure has zero total analyzed.
3.Secondary Outcome
Title Determine Therapeutic Response of IH to Propranolol Among Patients Who Switch to Corticosteroids Plus Propranolol Therapy After Failing to Respond to Corticosteroids Alone.
Hide Description This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Time Frame 1, 2, and 6 months after treatment initiation
Show Outcome Measure DataHide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description:
Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice.
Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 0 0
No data displayed because Outcome Measure has zero total analyzed.
4.Secondary Outcome
Title Assess the Safety of Propranolol With Corticosteroids and Corticosteroids Alone in the Treatment of IH.
Hide Description This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Time Frame 1, 2 and 6 months after treatment initiation
Show Outcome Measure DataHide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description:
Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice.
Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 0 0
No data displayed because Outcome Measure has zero total analyzed.
5.Secondary Outcome
Title Demonstrate How Duplex Scanning to Assess Blood Vessel Density and Qualitative Color Ratings of Cutaneous Lesions From Photographs Can be Used to Measure and Quantify Changes in IH Size and Vascularity in a Clinically Relevant Manner.
Hide Description This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Time Frame 1, 2 and 6 months after treatment initiation
Show Outcome Measure DataHide Outcome Measure Data
Hide Analysis Population Description
This outcome cannot be evaluated. Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description:
Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice.
Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
Overall Number of Participants Analyzed 0 0
No data displayed because Outcome Measure has zero total analyzed.
Time Frame [Not Specified]
Adverse Event Reporting Description [Not Specified]
 
Arm/Group Title Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Hide Arm/Group Description Group A will receive oral, liquid Prednisolone, which is the standard corticosteroid that we use here at Seattle Children's, and oral liquid placebo. The dose of prednisolone that Group A will receive will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. This is a standard dose for IH treatment. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone. This treatment will be given for two months, as is our standard practice. Group B will receive oral liquid prednisolone, and oral propranolol. As in Group A, the dose of prednisolone will be 1-2mg/kg/day for 7 days and then the dose will be slowly reduced and then stopped after 3 weeks. Oral liquid propranolol will be dosed at 2 mg/kg/day, following initiation in the Cardiology Clinic. Gastric prophylaxis (Zantac) will be given to help prevent any stomach problems associated with prednisolone.
All-Cause Mortality
Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   --/--   --/-- 
Show Serious Adverse Events Hide Serious Adverse Events
Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   0/4 (0.00%)   0/5 (0.00%) 
Show Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events Hide Other (Not Including Serious) Adverse Events
Frequency Threshold for Reporting Other Adverse Events 5%
Group A: Corticosteroid With Placebo Group B: Corticosteroid With Propranolol
Affected / at Risk (%) Affected / at Risk (%)
Total   0/4 (0.00%)   0/5 (0.00%) 
Trial limited by lack of patient family to have randomization, which limited the number of participants and made the project nonviable.
Certain Agreements
All Principal Investigators ARE employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
Results Point of Contact
Name/Title: Jonathan Perkins, Prinicipal Investigator
Organization: Seattle childrens research institute
Phone: 206-987-1927
Responsible Party: Jonathan Perkins, Seattle Children's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01074437     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12901
First Submitted: February 22, 2010
First Posted: February 24, 2010
Results First Submitted: July 22, 2013
Results First Posted: September 26, 2013
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2018