Now Available: Final Rule for FDAAA 801 and NIH Policy on Clinical Trial Reporting

Safety and Efficacy of Exenatide Once Weekly Versus Liraglutide in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01029886
First received: December 8, 2009
Last updated: March 20, 2015
Last verified: March 2015
Results First Received: February 14, 2012  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Open Label;   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Interventions: Drug: exenatide once weekly
Drug: liraglutide

  Participant Flow


  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
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Reporting Groups
  Description
Exenatide Once Weekly Subcutaneous injection, 2mg, once weekly
Liraglutide Once Daily Subcutaneous injection, forced titration to 1.8mg, once daily
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Exenatide Once Weekly   Liraglutide Once Daily   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 461   450   911 
Age 
[Units: Participants]
     
<=18 years   0   0   0 
Between 18 and 65 years   386   360   746 
>=65 years   75   90   165 
Age 
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 56.6  (9.43)   56.7  (9.59)   56.6  (9.51) 
Gender 
[Units: Participants]
     
Female   207   205   412 
Male   254   245   499 
Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) 
[Units: Percentage of total hemoglobin]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 8.45  (1.014)   8.43  (0.996)   8.44  (1.004) 
Weight 
[Units: Kg]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 90.88  (19.472)   91.13  (19.118)   91.00  (19.288) 
Background Oral Antidiabetic Agent (OAD) 
[Units: Participants]
     
Metformin (MET)   150   136   286 
Sulfonylurea (SU)   18   18   36 
Pioglitazone (PIO)   1   0   1 
MET+SU   275   277   552 
MET+PIO   16   18   34 
MET+SU+PIO   1   1   2 


  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Change in HbA1c From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

2.  Secondary:   Percentage of Patients Achieving HbA1c <7.0% at Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

3.  Secondary:   Change in Fasting Serum Glucose From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

4.  Secondary:   Change in Body Weight From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

5.  Secondary:   Change in Total Cholesterol From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]
  Hide Outcome Measure 5

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Change in Total Cholesterol From Baseline to Week 26
Measure Description Change in total cholesterol from baseline to the treatment endpoint at Week 26.
Time Frame Baseline, Week 26  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
ITT Population. All observed data from all scheduled visits (including early termination visits) were included in the MMRM analysis. Data collected at the early termination visits were mapped into the following scheduled visits.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Exenatide Once Weekly Subcutaneous injection, 2mg, once weekly
Liraglutide Once Daily Subcutaneous injection, forced titration to 1.8mg, once daily

Measured Values
   Exenatide Once Weekly   Liraglutide Once Daily 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 402   386 
Change in Total Cholesterol From Baseline to Week 26 
[Units: mmol/L]
Least Squares Mean (Standard Error)
 -0.06  (0.04)   -0.15  (0.04) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Change in Total Cholesterol From Baseline to Week 26
Groups [1] All groups
Method [2] Mixed Models Analysis
P Value [3] 0.079
Least Squares Mean Difference [4] 0.09
Standard Error of the mean (0.05)
95% Confidence Interval -0.01 to 0.19
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  MMRM model includes treatment, baseline total cholesterol, HbA1c stratum, country, background OAD, week of visit, and treatment-by-week interaction as fixed effects and subject and error as random effects.
[2] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
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[3] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.
[4] Other relevant estimation information:
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6.  Secondary:   Change in High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

7.  Secondary:   Ratio of Fasting Triglycerides at Week 26 to Baseline   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

8.  Secondary:   Change in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

9.  Secondary:   Change in Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]

10.  Secondary:   Assessment of Event Rate of Treatment-emergent Hypoglycemic Events   [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 26 ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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  More Information