Efficacy and Safety of Everolimus (RAD001) in Patients of All Ages With Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma Associated With Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)(EXIST-1) (EXIST-1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00789828
First received: November 12, 2008
Last updated: January 4, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
Results First Received: March 1, 2012  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conditions: Tuberous Sclerosis
Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma
Interventions: Drug: Everolimus
Drug: Placebo

  Participant Flow
  Hide Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
The study was conducted at 24 centers in 10 countries.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
A total of 117 participants were enrolled and randomized into the core period. Only 111 participants completing the core period, continued in the open-label extension period of the study.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Everolimus Participants received oral dose of everolimus 4.5 milligram/square meter (mg/m^2) daily as an initial starting dose to attain the whole blood trough concentrations in range of 5-15 nanogram/millilitre (ng/mL). Dose adjustments were permitted based on safety and whole blood trough concentrations.
Placebo Participants received oral dose of placebo matching to everolimus daily.

Participant Flow for 2 periods

Period 1:   Core Period (48 Weeks)
    Everolimus     Placebo  
STARTED     78     39  
COMPLETED     78     33  
NOT COMPLETED     0     6  
Administrative problems                 0                 1  
Withdrawal by Subject                 0                 4  
Lost to Follow-up                 0                 1  

Period 2:   Open-label Extension Period (4 Years)
    Everolimus     Placebo  
STARTED     111 [1]   0 [2]
COMPLETED     82     0  
NOT COMPLETED     29     0  
Adverse Event                 10                 0  
Withdrawal by Subject                 6                 0  
Lost to Follow-up                 3                 0  
Administrative problems                 7                 0  
Death                 1                 0  
Disease progression                 1                 0  
New treatment for indication under study                 1                 0  
[1] Of 117 participants only 111 completed the core period and continued in the extension period
[2] No participant received placebo.



  Baseline Characteristics
  Hide Baseline Characteristics

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Everolimus (Core Period) Participants received oral dose of everolimus 4.5 mg/m^2 daily as an initial starting dose to attain the whole blood trough concentrations in range of 5-15 ng/mL. Dose adjustments were permitted based on safety and whole blood trough concentrations.
Placebo (Core Period) Participants received oral dose of placebo matching to everolimus daily.
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Everolimus (Core Period)     Placebo (Core Period)     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  78     39     117  
Age  
[units: years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
  10.1  (5.9)     10.3  (7.3)     10.2  (6.4)  
Age, Customized  
[units: Participants]
     
<3 years     13     7     20  
3-18 years     55     26     81  
≥18 years     10     6     16  
Gender  
[units: participants]
     
Female     29     21     50  
Male     49     18     67  



  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Percentage of Participants With Best Overall Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytomas (SEGA) Response   [ Time Frame: End of core period (Week 48), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

2.  Secondary:   Change From Baseline in Frequency of Total Seizure Events Per 24 Hours at Week 24 in Both Core and Extension Period   [ Time Frame: Baseline (Core period) to Week 24 (Core period), Baseline (Extension period, Week 24 post-core baseline) to Week 24 (Extension period, Week 48 post-core baseline) ]
  Hide Outcome Measure 2

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Change From Baseline in Frequency of Total Seizure Events Per 24 Hours at Week 24 in Both Core and Extension Period
Measure Description Seizure frequency per 24 hours was defined as the number of seizures in the electroencephalography (EEG) divided by the number of hours in the EEG, multiplied by 24. Seizure frequency was evaluated using a 24-hour video-EEG. Seizure frequency was listed as missing if the actual EEG recording duration was < 18 hours.
Time Frame Baseline (Core period) to Week 24 (Core period), Baseline (Extension period, Week 24 post-core baseline) to Week 24 (Extension period, Week 48 post-core baseline)  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
The analysis was performed in the FAS population. Missing values were imputed using last observation carried forward approach for core period while raw count for extension period.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Everolimus (Core Period) Participants received oral dose of everolimus 4.5 mg/m^2 daily as an initial starting dose to attain the whole blood trough concentrations in range of 5-15 ng/mL. Dose adjustments were permitted based on safety and whole blood trough concentrations.
Placebo (Core Period) Participants received oral dose of placebo matching to everolimus daily.
Everolimus (Extension Period) Participants received oral dose of everolimus 4.5 mg/m^2 daily as an initial starting dose to attain blood trough concentrations in range of 5-15 ng/mL.

Measured Values
    Everolimus (Core Period)     Placebo (Core Period)     Everolimus (Extension Period)  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  78     39     34  
Change From Baseline in Frequency of Total Seizure Events Per 24 Hours at Week 24 in Both Core and Extension Period  
[units: Seizure frequency]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
  -1.24  (6.12)     -0.24  (5.7)     -6.07  (9.719)  

No statistical analysis provided for Change From Baseline in Frequency of Total Seizure Events Per 24 Hours at Week 24 in Both Core and Extension Period



3.  Secondary:   Time to SEGA Progression   [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 48 (end of core period), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

4.  Secondary:   Time to SEGA Response   [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 48 (end of core period), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

5.  Secondary:   Duration of SEGA Response   [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 48 (end of core period), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

6.  Secondary:   Time to SEGA Worsening   [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 48 (end of core period), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

7.  Secondary:   Percentage of Participants With Skin Lesions Assessed Using Physician's Global Assessement Overall Score   [ Time Frame: End of core period (Week 48), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

8.  Secondary:   Duration of Skin Lesion Response in Everolimus Treated Participants   [ Time Frame: Baseline up to week 48 (end of core period), and end of extension period (up to 4 years) ]

9.  Secondary:   Everolimus Blood Concentration (C2h) at 2 Hours Post Dose   [ Time Frame: 2 hours post dose on Week 6, Week 24, Week 48, Week 96, Week 144, and Week 240 ]

10.  Secondary:   Everolimus Trough Concentrations (Cmin) at 24 Hours After Last Dose   [ Time Frame: 24 hours post dose on Week 6, Week 24, Week 48, Week 72, Week 96, Week 144, and Week 240 ]

11.  Secondary:   Percentage of Participants With Renal Impairment During Core Period   [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to 28 days after end of treatment (Core period) ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats


  More Information