HIV Testing Strategies in the Perinatal Setting

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of California, San Francisco Identifier:
First received: July 16, 2007
Last updated: May 6, 2015
Last verified: May 2015
Results First Received: September 24, 2009  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Single Blind (Subject);   Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Conditions: HIV Infections
Pregnancy Related
Intervention: Procedure: Abbreviated HIV test counseling

  Participant Flow
  Hide Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
A randomized-controlled, non-inferiority trial was conducted from October 2006 through February 2008 at San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH), the public teaching hospital of the City and County of San Francisco.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
A total of 278 English- and Spanish-speaking pregnant women were randomized to receive either abbreviated or standard nurse-performed HIV test counseling at the initial prenatal visit.

Reporting Groups
Standard Consenting Intervention The standardized HIV pre-test counseling and consent process took approximately 2–5 minutes and reviewed the definition of HIV, modes of transmission and prevention, interpretation of test results and the benefits of testing.
Abbreviated Consenting Intervention The intervention arm used a 2-sentence script which lasted approximately 30 seconds.

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Standard Consenting Intervention     Abbreviated Consenting Intervention  
STARTED     146     135  
COMPLETED     144     134  
NOT COMPLETED     2     1  
Protocol Violation                 2                 1  

  Baseline Characteristics

  Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Satisfaction With HIV Testing Experience (O'Connor Decisional Conflict Scale)   [ Time Frame: same day as HIV test counseling (cross-sectional study) ]

  Serious Adverse Events

  Other Adverse Events

  Limitations and Caveats
  Hide Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
No text entered.

  More Information