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Antipsychotic Discontinuation in Alzheimer's Disease (ADAD)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00417482
First Posted: January 1, 2007
Last Update Posted: April 24, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Columbia University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Results First Submitted: February 11, 2013  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conditions: Alzheimer Disease
Psychotic Disorders
Agitation
Aggression
Intervention: Drug: risperidone

  Participant Flow
  Hide Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
Patients were recruited from memory clinics including Alzheimer Research Centers, geriatric psychiatry clinics, VA clinics, physician referrals and advertising.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment

180 Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) & psychosis or agitation-aggression received open treatment with risperidone for 16 weeks in Phase A. Of 180 patients, 112 were responders and 110 were randomized in Phase B.

Phase B: 110 responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B.


Reporting Groups
  Description
Arm 1: Risperidone-Risperidone

Phase A involved open flexible dose risperidone treatment for 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, non-responders exited the study. Responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B: (1) continuation risperidone for 32 weeks (Arm 1), (2) risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks (Arm 2), (3) placebo for 32 weeks (Arm 3).

Phase B Arm 1: Risperidone for 16 weeks followed by risperidone for 16 weeks; Risperidone open label flexible dose was administered at a dose of 0.25 to 3 mg daily for first 16 weeks; dose at 16 weeks then fixed for the randomized trial

Phase B Arm 2: Risperidone-Placebo

Phase A involved open flexible dose risperidone treatment for 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, non-responders exited the study. Responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B: (1) continuation risperidone for 32 weeks (Arm 1), (2) risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks (Arm 2), (3) placebo for 32 weeks (Arm 3).

Phase B Arm 2: Risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks;

Phase B Arm 3: Placebo-Placebo

Phase A involved open flexible dose risperidone treatment for 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, non-responders exited the study. Responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B: (1) continuation risperidone for 32 weeks (Arm 1), (2) risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks (Arm 2), (3) placebo for 32 weeks (Arm 3).

Phase B Arm 3: Patients were randomized to placebo for 32 weeks.


Participant Flow for 2 periods

Period 1:   Phase B 1st 16 Weeks
    Arm 1: Risperidone-Risperidone   Phase B Arm 2: Risperidone-Placebo   Phase B Arm 3: Placebo-Placebo
STARTED   32 [1]   38 [1]   40 [2] 
COMPLETED   13   27   13 
NOT COMPLETED   19   11   27 
Lack of Efficacy                14                8                24 
Adverse Event                2                0                1 
Moved, Unclear reasons                2                3                2 
Death                1                0                0 
[1] Risperidone 16 weeks.
[2] Placebo 16 weeks.

Period 2:   Phase B 2nd 16 Weeks
    Arm 1: Risperidone-Risperidone   Phase B Arm 2: Risperidone-Placebo   Phase B Arm 3: Placebo-Placebo
STARTED   13 [1]   27 [2]   13 [2] 
COMPLETED   10   14   10 
NOT COMPLETED   3   13   3 
Lack of Efficacy                1                12                2 
Adverse Event                0                0                1 
Moved; unclear reason                1                0                0 
Death                1                1                0 
[1] Risperidone for 16 weeks.
[2] Placebo for 16 weeks.



  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Phase B Arm 1: Risperidone-Risperidone Phase A involved open flexible dose risperidone treatment for 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, non-responders exited the study. Responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B: (1) continuation risperidone for 32 weeks (Arm 1), (2) risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks (Arm 2), (3) placebo for 32 weeks (Arm 3). For patients receiving risperidone ≥ 2 mg daily at end-Phase A, assignment to placebo in Phase B required an initial one-week taper with sequential double-blind placebo substitution (e.g., one 2 mg tablet switched to one 1 mg tablet and then to one placebo tablet) to reduce antipsychotic physical withdrawal effects.
Phase B Arm 2: Risperidone -Placebo Phase A involved open flexible dose risperidone treatment for 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, non-responders exited the study. Responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B: (1) continuation risperidone for 32 weeks (Arm 1), (2) risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks (Arm 2), (3) placebo for 32 weeks (Arm 3). For patients receiving risperidone ≥ 2 mg daily at end-Phase A, assignment to placebo in Phase B required an initial one-week taper with sequential double-blind placebo substitution (e.g., one 2 mg tablet switched to one 1 mg tablet and then to one placebo tablet) to reduce antipsychotic physical withdrawal effects.
Phase B Arm 3: Placebo-Placebo Phase A involved open flexible dose risperidone treatment for 16 weeks. At 16 weeks, non-responders exited the study. Responders were randomized, double-blind, to one of three arms in Phase B: (1) continuation risperidone for 32 weeks (Arm 1), (2) risperidone for 16 weeks followed by placebo for 16 weeks (Arm 2), (3) placebo for 32 weeks (Arm 3). For patients receiving risperidone ≥ 2 mg daily at end-Phase A, assignment to placebo in Phase B required an initial one-week taper with sequential double-blind placebo substitution (e.g., one 2 mg tablet switched to one 1 mg tablet and then to one placebo tablet) to reduce antipsychotic physical withdrawal effects.
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Phase B Arm 1: Risperidone-Risperidone   Phase B Arm 2: Risperidone -Placebo   Phase B Arm 3: Placebo-Placebo   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 32   38   40   110 
Age 
[Units: Participants]
       
<=18 years   0   0   0   0 
Between 18 and 65 years   2   3   2   7 
>=65 years   30   35   38   103 
Age 
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 80.7  (7.9)   79.1  (8.0)   80.3  (7.7)   80.0  (7.8) 
Gender 
[Units: Participants]
       
Female   22   20   24   66 
Male   10   18   16   44 
Region of Enrollment 
[Units: Participants]
       
United States   32   38   40   110 


  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Relapse by Study Week 32   [ Time Frame: 0-16 weeks in Phase B (16-32 weeks in study) ]

2.  Secondary:   Relapse by Study Week 48   [ Time Frame: 16-32 weeks in Phase B (32-48 weeks in study) ]

3.  Secondary:   Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE)   [ Time Frame: Phase B, weeks 1-16 (study weeks 16-32) ]

4.  Secondary:   Treatment Emergent Symptoms Scale (TESS)   [ Time Frame: Phase B, weeks 1-16 (study weeks 16-32) ]

5.  Secondary:   Extrapyramidal Signs (EPS)   [ Time Frame: Phase B, weeks 1-16 (study weeks 16-32) ]

6.  Secondary:   AIMS   [ Time Frame: Phase B, weeks 1-16 (study weeks 16-32) ]

7.  Secondary:   Physical Self-Maintenance Scale (PSMS)   [ Time Frame: Phase B, weeks 1-16 (study weeks 16-32) ]

8.  Secondary:   Weight   [ Time Frame: Phase B, weeks 1-16 (study weeks 16-32) ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats


  More Information



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