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XRP6258 Plus Prednisone Compared to Mitoxantrone Plus Prednisone in Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer (TROPIC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00417079
First received: December 28, 2006
Last updated: March 4, 2011
Last verified: March 2011
Results First Received: September 20, 2010  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Open Label;   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conditions: Neoplasms
Prostatic Neoplasms
Interventions: Drug: cabazitaxel (XRP6258) (RPR116258)
Drug: mitoxantrone
Drug: prednisone

  Participant Flow
  Hide Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
Multicenter study: 146 actives sites from 26 countries in Europe, USA, South America and Asia Pacific region. Study initiation date: January 2nd, 2007; study completion date/study cut off date: September 25th, 2009.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment

165 patients signed informed consent but were not randomized and considered as screen failure.

Intention to Treat Population (ITT or randomized patients): 755 patients (377 mitoxantrone, 378 cabazitaxel).

Safety population (treated patients): 742 patients (371 mitoxantrone, 371 cabazitaxel) (Patients not treated: 6 mitoxantrone, 7 cabazitaxel).


Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone
STARTED   377 [1]   378 [1] 
COMPLETED   46 [1]   105 [1] 
NOT COMPLETED   331   273 
Disease progression                267                180 
Adverse Event                32                67 
Non-compliance to protocol                0                1 
Lost to Follow-up                2                0 
Withdrawal by Subject                17                8 
Not treated                6                7 
Screened failure                2                1 
Investigator's decision                1                4 
Non-confirmed Disease progression                1                1 
Clinical deterioration                1                0 
Screening error                2                1 
Withdrawal by subject's family                0                1 
Patient unable to come to the clinic                0                1 
abnormal liver function tests                0                1 
[1] Randomized patients



  Baseline Characteristics
  Hide Baseline Characteristics

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 377   378   755 
Age 
[Units: Years]
Median (Full Range)
 67.0 
 (47 to 89) 
 68.0 
 (46 to 92) 
 67 
 (46 to 92) 
Gender, Customized 
[Units: Participants]
     
Male   377   378   755 
Region of Enrollment 
[Units: Participants]
     
United States   106   97   203 
Taiwan   4   7   11 
Slovakia   1   1   2 
Spain   10   9   19 
Chile   9   12   21 
Russian Federation   6   4   10 
Italy   17   18   35 
India   11   9   20 
France   44   46   90 
Denmark   19   26   45 
South Africa   7   9   16 
Netherlands   8   9   17 
Korea, Republic of   8   7   15 
Finland   4   1   5 
Turkey   17   19   36 
United Kingdom   17   20   37 
Hungary   8   7   15 
Czech Republic   10   12   22 
Mexico   2   3   5 
Canada   16   16   32 
Argentina   7   3   10 
Brazil   7   4   11 
Belgium   16   15   31 
Singapore   6   3   9 
Germany   6   11   17 
Sweden   11   10   21 
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 
[Units: Participants]
     
0 - Fully Active   120   141   261 
1 - Ambulatory, Restricted Activity   224   209   433 
2 - Ambulatory, No Work Activities   33   28   61 
Prostatic Specific Antigen PSA 
[Units: ng/mL]
Median (Full Range)
 127.5 
 (2 to 11220) 
 143.9 
 (2 to 7842) 
 135.00 
 (2 to 11220) 
Measurable disease [1] 
[Units: Participants]
     
Measurable disease   204   201   405 
Not Measurable disease   173   177   350 
[1]

Measurability of the disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria:

Patients with measurable disease have at least one visceral or soft tissue metastatic lesion (including new lesion).

Patient with non-measurable disease have documented rising PSA levels or appearance of new lesion.

Extent of disease [1] 
[Units: Participants]
     
Metastatic   356   364   720 
Locoregional Recurrence   20   14   34 
Missing   1   0   1 
[1]

Extent of the disease at screening stage:

  • Metastatic: bone or visceral metastases.
  • Locoregional recurrence includes local recurrent tumor at the primary site, along the draining lymphatic channels, or within the draining lymphatic nodal basin.
Tumor Location: number of sites involved 
[Units: Participants]
     
 134   146   280 
 117   112   229 
 78   73   151 
4 or more   43   44   87 
Missing   5   3   8 


  Outcome Measures
  Hide All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Overall Survival   [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Primary
Measure Title Overall Survival
Measure Description

Overall survival was defined as the time interval from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause.

In the absence of confirmation of death, the survival time was censored at the last date patient was known to be alive or at the cut-off date, whichever had come first.

Time Frame From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis was performed on the intention To Treat (ITT) population. The ITT population is composed of all randomized patients (i.e. patients assigned to a treatment group by the randomization, regardless of whether patients received any study drug or received a different study drug from which they were randomized).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 377   378 
Overall Survival 
[Units: Months]
Median (95% Confidence Interval)
 12.7 
 (11.6 to 13.7) 
 15.1 
 (14.1 to 16.3) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Overall Survival
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Log Rank
P Value [4] <0.0001
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  The study required an estimated sample size of 720 patients (360 per arm) in order to detect a 25% reduction in the hazard ratio for death in the cabazitaxel group relative to the mitoxantrone group with 90% power. The final analysis was planned for when 511 deaths had occurred.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  Analysis was performed by using a log-rank comparisons stratified according to disease measurability and ECOG performance status (0-1 versus 2)
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  A 2-sided significance level of 0.0452 was used for the final analysis based on an interim analysis performed after 307 events with an adjusted significance level of 0.016 based on the O'Brien-Fleming type 1 error spending function.



2.  Secondary:   Time to Progression Free Survival (PFS)   [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Time to Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Measure Description Progression free survival was defined as a composite endpoint evaluated from the date of randomization to the date of tumor progression, PSA progression, pain progression, or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first
Time Frame From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis was performed on the intention To Treat (ITT) population. The ITT population is composed of all randomized patients (i.e. patients assigned to a treatment group by the randomization, regardless of whether patients received any study drug or received a different study drug from which they were randomized).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 377   378 
Time to Progression Free Survival (PFS) 
[Units: Months]
Median (95% Confidence Interval)
 1.4 
 (1.4 to 1.7) 
 2.8 
 (2.4 to 3.0) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Time to Progression Free Survival (PFS)
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Log Rank
P Value [4] <0.0001
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  No text entered.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.



3.  Secondary:   Overall Tumor Response   [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Overall Tumor Response
Measure Description

Tumor Overall Response Rate (ORR) (only in patients with measurable disease):

Objective responses (Complete Response and Partial Response) for measurable disease as assessed by investigators according to RECIST criteria.

Complete Response (CR) is defined as: Disappearance of all target lesions. Partial Response (PR) is defined as: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of longest diameter (LD) of target lesions taking as reference baseline sum LD.

Confirmation of objective responses will be performed by repeat tumor imaging (CT scans, MRI, bone scans) after the first documentation of response.

Time Frame From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Tumor response rate was evaluated only for patients, in the Intention-To-Treat (ITT) population, with measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 204   201 
Overall Tumor Response 
[Units: Percentage of participants]
Number (95% Confidence Interval)
 4.4 
 (1.6 to 7.2) 
 14.4 
 (9.6 to 19.3) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Overall Tumor Response
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Chi-squared
P Value [4] 0.0005
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  No text entered.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.



4.  Secondary:   Time to Tumor Progression   [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Time to Tumor Progression
Measure Description Time to tumor progression is defined as the number of months from randomization until evidence of progressive disease (RECIST)
Time Frame From the date of randomization up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis was performed on the intention To Treat (ITT) population. The ITT population is composed of all randomized patients (i.e. patients assigned to a treatment group by the randomization, regardless of whether patients received any study drug or received a different study drug from which they were randomized).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 377   378 
Time to Tumor Progression 
[Units: Months]
Median (95% Confidence Interval)
 5.4 
 (4.7 to 6.5) 
 8.8 
 (7.4 to 9.6) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Time to Tumor Progression
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Log Rank
P Value [4] <0.0001
Cox Proportional Hazard [5] 0.61
95% Confidence Interval 0.49 to 0.76
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  Log-rank comparisons stratified according to disease measurability and ECOG performance status.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.
[5] Other relevant estimation information:
  Hazard ratio (HR) < 1 favours the cabazitaxel group and > 1 favours the mitoxantrone group.



5.  Secondary:   Time to Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) Progression   [ Time Frame: at screening, day 1 of every treatment cycle, up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Time to Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) Progression
Measure Description

In PSA non-responders, progression will be defined as a 25% increase over nadir and increase in the absolute value PSA level by at least 5 ng/ml and confirmed by a second value at least 4 weeks later.

In PSA responders and in patients not evaluable for PSA response at baseline, progression will be defined as a ≥50% increase over nadir, provided that the increase is a minimum of 5 ng/ml and confirmed by a second value at least 1 week later.

Time Frame at screening, day 1 of every treatment cycle, up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis was performed on the intention To Treat (ITT) population. The ITT population is composed of all randomized patients (i.e. patients assigned to a treatment group by the randomization, regardless of whether patients received any study drug or received a different study drug from which they were randomized).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 377   378 
Time to Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) Progression 
[Units: Months]
Median (95% Confidence Interval)
 3.1 
 (2.2 to 4.4) 
 6.4 
 (5.1 to 7.3) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Time to Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) Progression
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Log Rank
P Value [4] 0.0010
Cox Proportional Hazard [5] 0.75
95% Confidence Interval 0.63 to 0.90
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  Log-rank comparisons stratified according to disease measurability and ECOG performance status.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.
[5] Other relevant estimation information:
  Hazard ratio (HR) < 1 favours the cabazitaxel group and > 1 favours the mitoxantrone group.



6.  Secondary:   PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) Response   [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) Response
Measure Description PSA response was defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in serum PSA, determined only for patients with a serum PSA ≥ 20ng/mL at baseline, confirmed by a repeat PSA ≥ 3 weeks later.
Time Frame from baseline up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) response was evaluated only in patients, in the Intention-To-Treat population, with a baseline PSA >20ng/mL.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 325   329 
PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) Response 
[Units: Percentage of participants]
Number (95% Confidence Interval)
 17.8 
 (13.7 to 22.0) 
 39.2 
 (33.9 to 44.5) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) Response
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Chi-squared
P Value [4] 0.0002
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  No text entered.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.



7.  Secondary:   Time to Pain Progression   [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Time to Pain Progression
Measure Description

Pain Progression is defined as an increase of ≥1 point in the median Personal Pain Intensity (PPI) from its nadir noted on 2 consecutive 3-week-apart visits or ≥25 % increase in the mean analgesic score compared with the baseline score & noted on 2 consecutive 3-week-apart visits or requirement for local palliative radiotherapy.

Evaluation of the PPI & analgesic scores are based on the short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire which consists of 15 descriptors (11 sensory; 4 affective) which are rated on an intensity scale as 0=none (best) 1=mild 2=moderate 3=severe (worst) (TOTAL: 0=best 45=worst)

Time Frame from baseline up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis was performed on the intention To Treat (ITT) population. Data from 265 and 279 patients in the cabazitaxel and mitoxantrone groups, respectively, were censored as a results of > 2 PPI and/or AS assessments being missed during the same week (unless a complete evaluation of ≥5 values showed pain progression).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 377   378 
Time to Pain Progression 
[Units: Months]
Median (95% Confidence Interval)
 NA [1]   11.1 [2] 
 (8.1 to N/A) 
[1] Median not reached
[2] Upper confidence interval unevaluable


Statistical Analysis 1 for Time to Pain Progression
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Log Rank
P Value [4] 0.5192
Cox Proportional Hazard [5] 0.91
95% Confidence Interval 0.69 to 1.19
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  Log-rank comparisons stratified according to disease measurability and ECOG performance status.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.
[5] Other relevant estimation information:
  Hazard ratio (HR) < 1 favours the cabazitaxel group and > 1 favours the mitoxantrone group.



8.  Secondary:   Pain Response   [ Time Frame: from baseline up to 104 weeks (study cut-off) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Pain Response
Measure Description Pain Response was defined as a two-point or greater reduction from baseline median Present Pain Intensity (PPI) score without an increased Analgesic Score (AS) or a decrease of ≥50% in the AS without an increase in the PPI score, maintained for at least 3 weeks.
Time Frame from baseline up to 104 weeks (study cut-off)  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Pain Response (applies only to patients, in the Intention-To-Treat (ITT) population, with median PPI ≥2 on McGill-Melzack scale and/or mean Analgesic Score ≥10 points at baseline)

Reporting Groups
  Description
Mitoxantrone + Prednisone mitoxantrone 12 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily
Cabazitaxel + Prednisone cabazitaxel 25 mg/m^2 (Day 1) by intravenous (IV) every 3 weeks, and prednisone 10 mg orally given daily

Measured Values
   Mitoxantrone + Prednisone   Cabazitaxel + Prednisone 
Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 168   174 
Pain Response 
[Units: Percentage of participants]
Number (95% Confidence Interval)
 7.7 
 (3.7 to 11.8) 
 9.2 
 (4.9 to 13.5) 


Statistical Analysis 1 for Pain Response
Groups [1] All groups
Statistical Test Type [2] Superiority or Other
Statistical Method [3] Chi-squared
P Value [4] 0.6286
[1] Additional details about the analysis, such as null hypothesis and power calculation:
  No text entered.
[2] Details of power calculation, definition of non-inferiority margin, and other key parameters:
  No text entered.
[3] Other relevant method information, such as adjustments or degrees of freedom:
  No text entered.
[4] Additional information, such as whether or not the p-value is adjusted for multiple comparisons and the a priori threshold for statistical significance:
  No text entered.




  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
  Hide Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
No text entered.


  More Information