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Apixaban for the Prevention of Stroke in Subjects With Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00412984
First Posted: December 19, 2006
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Results First Submitted: January 25, 2013  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator);   Primary Purpose: Prevention
Conditions: Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial Flutter
Interventions: Drug: warfarin
Drug: apixaban

  Participant Flow
  Hide Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
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Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
20998 participants were enrolled, and 18201 were randomized.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Apixaban Participants received apixaban and warfarin-placebo following randomization during a titration phase using a dosing algorithm for warfarin- placebo; apixaban was dosed at 5 mg twice daily (BID) [or 2.5 mg BID in select subjects]. Subsequent warfarin placebo doses were recommended based upon an algorithm using an encrypted, shammed International Normalized Ratio (INR) procedure to preserve the double blind; however, the final dosing decision rested with the investigator.
Warfarin Participants received apixaban-placebo and warfarin following randomization during a titration phase using a dosing algorithm for warfarin; apixaban-placebo was dosed at 5 mg twice daily (BID) [or 2.5 mg BID in select subjects]. Subsequent warfarin doses were recommended based upon an algorithm and encrypted INR testing to preserve the double blind; however, the final dosing decision rested with the investigator.

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Apixaban   Warfarin
STARTED   9120 [1]   9081 [1] 
COMPLETED   6810   6588 
NOT COMPLETED   2310   2493 
Death                331                349 
Adverse Event                679                738 
Withdrawal by Subject                921                989 
Lost to Follow-up                51                39 
Poor/Noncompliance                57                77 
Pregnancy                1                0 
Subject No Longer Meets Study Criteria                87                100 
Administrative Reason by Sponsor                11                8 
Physician Refused to Continue Treatment                81                89 
Other Reason                80                92 
Not Reported                11                12 
[1] Randomized participants



  Baseline Characteristics


  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Number of Participants With First Event of Ischemic/Unspecified Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, or Systemic Embolism (SE) During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: Time to first event in "Intended Treatment Period": started on day of randomization, ended at efficacy cut-off date (date target number of primary efficacy events [448] was expected to have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

2.  Primary:   Rate of Adjudicated Stroke or Systemic Embolism (SE) During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

3.  Primary:   Number of Participants With Event of Major (International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis [ISTH]) Bleeding During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

4.  Primary:   Rate of Adjudicated Major (ISTH) Bleed Events During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

5.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Events of All-Cause Death During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

6.  Secondary:   Rate of Adjudicated All-Cause Death During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

7.  Secondary:   Rate of Ischemic or Unspecified Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, Systemic Embolism (SE), and Myocardial Infarction (MI) (as Individual Endpoints) During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

8.  Secondary:   Rate of Ischemic or Unspecified Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, Systemic Embolism (SE), Myocardial Infarction (MI) and All-Cause Death (ACD) (as Composite Endpoints) During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

9.  Secondary:   Number of Warfarin/Vitamin K Antagonist (VKA) Naive Participants With Composite Stroke / Systemic Embolism (SE) / Major Bleeding During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

10.  Secondary:   Rate of Composite Stroke / Systemic Embolism / Major Bleeding in Warfarin/Vitamin K Antagonist (VKA) Naive Participants During the Intended Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ]

11.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Events of Major or Clinically Relevant Nonmajor (CRNM) Bleed During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

12.  Secondary:   Rate of Events of Major or Clinically Relevant Non-Major (CRNM) Bleed During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

13.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With All Bleeding Events During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

14.  Secondary:   Rate of All Bleeding Events During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

15.  Other Pre-specified:   Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs), Bleeding AEs, Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Discontinuations Due to AEs, or Deaths During the Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

16.  Other Pre-specified:   Rate of Adjudicated Bleeding Endpoints Per Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) During the Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

17.  Other Pre-specified:   Rate of Adjudicated Bleeding Endpoints Per Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) During the Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

18.  Other Pre-specified:   Number of Participants With Net-Clinical Benefit During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]

19.  Other Pre-specified:   Rate of Net-Clinical Benefit During Treatment Period   [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
  Hide Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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