Prevalence of HIV and Tuberculosis in Masiphumelele Township, Cape Town, South Africa

This study has been completed.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by:
CIPRA SA Identifier:
First received: November 12, 2004
Last updated: February 17, 2011
Last verified: February 2011
Results First Received: January 14, 2011  
Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Ecologic or Community;   Time Perspective: Prospective
Conditions: HIV Infections

  Participant Flow

  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
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Reporting Groups
Participants From the Community The number of participants from the community who attended the clinic for a once off study visit

Baseline Measures
    Participants From the Community  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
[units: participants]
<=18 years     26  
Between 18 and 65 years     726  
>=65 years     10  
[units: years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
  30  (11.1)  
[units: participants]
Female     422  
Male     340  
Region of Enrollment  
[units: participants]
South Africa     762  

  Outcome Measures
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1.  Primary:   Number of Participants With Microbiologically Confirmed Pulmonary Tuberculosis   [ Time Frame: Pulmonary Tuberculosis diagnosed from sputum sample obtained at the study visit ]

2.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With a Positive HIV Test   [ Time Frame: HIV status at the time of the study visit ]

  Serious Adverse Events

  Other Adverse Events

  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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