Dexamethasone Compared With Prednisone During Induction Therapy and Methotrexate With or Without Leucovorin During Maintenance Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00075725
First received: January 9, 2004
Last updated: July 10, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
Results First Received: July 10, 2015  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment;   Masking: Open Label;   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition: Leukemia
Interventions: Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: dexamethasone
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Drug: mercaptopurine
Drug: methotrexate
Drug: pegaspargase
Drug: prednisone
Drug: thioguanine
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Radiation: radiation therapy

  Participant Flow
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Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
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Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
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Reporting Groups
  Description
Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Predisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prenisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients non-randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) CNS3 status at entry, (2) testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prenisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome) Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years     Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old     Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years     Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years     Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years     Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years     Predisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old     Prenisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years     Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)     Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)     Prenisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome)  
STARTED     215     239     203     242     207     555     203     562     84     21     34  
COMPLETED     169     173     165     185     165     392     171     396     57     10     18  
NOT COMPLETED     46     66     38     57     42     163     32     166     27     11     16  
Adverse Event                 6                 18                 7                 13                 3                 33                 2                 45                 5                 1                 5  
Death                 2                 4                 0                 7                 2                 17                 2                 11                 1                 0                 3  
Lost to Follow-up                 1                 4                 1                 1                 0                 12                 1                 4                 1                 0                 0  
Physician Decision                 2                 6                 4                 1                 3                 12                 1                 13                 4                 0                 0  
Pregnancy                 0                 0                 0                 0                 0                 1                 0                 1                 0                 0                 0  
Protocol Violation                 0                 0                 0                 0                 0                 0                 0                 1                 0                 0                 0  
Withdrawal by Subject                 10                 4                 8                 6                 7                 25                 7                 31                 3                 0                 1  
Disease Progression, all other reasons                 21                 29                 17                 27                 26                 59                 17                 51                 11                 7                 6  
Unknown                 4                 1                 1                 2                 1                 4                 2                 9                 2                 3                 1  



  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
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Reporting Groups
  Description
Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Predisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prenisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients non-randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) CNS3 status at entry, (2) testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prenisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome) Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years     Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old     Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years     Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years     Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years     Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years     Predisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old     Prenisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years     Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)     Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)     Prenisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome)     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  215     239     203     242     207     555     203     562     84     21     34     2565  
Age  
[units: participants]
                       
<=18 years     215     223     203     215     207     514     203     501     77     19     31     2408  
Between 18 and 65 years     0     16     0     27     0     41     0     61     7     2     3     157  
>=65 years     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0     0  
Age  
[units: years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
  3.8  (2.2)     14.0  (2.8)     3.8  (2.1)     14.6  (3.0)     4.0  (2.1)     14.4  (3.1)     4.0  (2.0)     14.4  (3.1)     8.6  (6.0)     14.1  (3.3)     10.1  (6.2)     10.8  (5.7)  
Gender  
[units: participants]
                       
Female     114     111     96     106     93     263     92     239     26     9     17     1166  
Male     101     128     107     136     114     292     111     323     58     12     17     1399  
Ethnicity (NIH/OMB)  
[units: participants]
                       
Hispanic or Latino     46     50     46     53     55     133     51     134     15     5     5     593  
Not Hispanic or Latino     159     175     151     180     147     402     147     404     66     15     27     1873  
Unknown or Not Reported     10     14     6     9     5     20     5     24     3     1     2     99  
Race (NIH/OMB)  
[units: participants]
                       
American Indian or Alaska Native     0     0     1     2     0     3     1     6     0     0     2     15  
Asian     6     8     8     15     7     14     7     22     5     0     2     94  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander     1     1     2     2     1     3     4     5     1     0     0     20  
Black or African American     9     19     9     13     13     41     14     40     12     1     1     172  
White     173     190     151     186     156     424     152     411     59     17     26     1945  
More than one race     3     1     7     1     4     5     3     4     2     0     0     30  
Unknown or Not Reported     23     20     25     23     26     65     22     74     5     3     3     289  



  Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Comparison of the Increase in Cure Rate of High Risk ALL Without Causing More Serious Side Effects Between Interventions   [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

2.  Secondary:   Relative Safety and Efficacy   [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
Results not yet reported.   Anticipated Reporting Date:   No text entered.   Safety Issue:   Yes

3.  Secondary:   Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) With Event-free Survival and Overall Survival   [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
Results not yet reported.   Anticipated Reporting Date:   No text entered.   Safety Issue:   No

4.  Secondary:   Correlation of Early Marrow Response Status With MRD   [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
Results not yet reported.   Anticipated Reporting Date:   No text entered.   Safety Issue:   No

5.  Secondary:   Additional High-risk Patients for Treatment With BFM   [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
Results not yet reported.   Anticipated Reporting Date:   No text entered.   Safety Issue:   No


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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Certain Agreements:  
Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
There IS an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.
The agreement is:
unchecked The only disclosure restriction on the PI is that the sponsor can review results communications prior to public release and can embargo communications regarding trial results for a period that is less than or equal to 60 days. The sponsor cannot require changes to the communication and cannot extend the embargo.
unchecked The only disclosure restriction on the PI is that the sponsor can review results communications prior to public release and can embargo communications regarding trial results for a period that is more than 60 days but less than or equal to 180 days. The sponsor cannot require changes to the communication and cannot extend the embargo.


Results Point of Contact:  
Name/Title: Results Reporting Coordinator
Organization: Children's Oncology Group
phone: 626-447-0064
e-mail: resultsreportingcoordinator@childrensoncologygroup.org


Publications of Results:
Winick NJ, Salzer WL, Devidas M, et al.: Dexamethasone (DEX) versus prednisone (PRED) during induction for children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL): A report from the Children's Oncology Group Study AALL0232. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 29 (Suppl 15): A-9504, 2011.
Raetz EA, Devidas M, Carroll AJ, et al.: Cytogenetic and early-response characteristics of adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): A Children's Oncology Group (COG) study. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 28 (Suppl 15): A-9509, 2010.
Mattano LA Jr, Nachman JB, Devidas M, et al.: Increased incidence of osteonecrosis (ON) with a dexamethasone (DEX) induction for high risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL): a report from the Children's Oncology Group (COG). [Abstract] Blood 112 (11): A-898, 2008.

Other Publications:
Bleyer A: Older adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the United States: from the lowest to highest death rate and number of deaths--more rationale for the CALBG-SWOG-ECOG C10403 trial based on COG AALL0232. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-18034, 2008.
Harvey RC, Chen IM, Ar K, et al.: Identification of novel cluster groups in high-risk pediatric B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL) by gene expression profiling: correlation with clinical and outcome variables a Children's Oncology Group (COG) study. [Abstract] Blood 112 (11): A-2256, 2008.
Maloney KW, Larsen E, Mattano LA, et al.: Increased infection-related mortality for children with Down syndrome (DS) in contemporary Childrens Oncology Group (COG) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) clinical trials. [Abstract] Blood 108 (11): A-1865, 2006.

Publications automatically indexed to this study:

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075725     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AALL0232, COG-AALL0232, NCI-2009-00301
Study First Received: January 9, 2004
Results First Received: July 10, 2015
Last Updated: July 10, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government