Now Available: Final Rule for FDAAA 801 and NIH Policy on Clinical Trial Reporting

Dexamethasone Compared With Prednisone During Induction Therapy and MTX With or Without Leucovorin During Maintenance Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00075725
First received: January 9, 2004
Last updated: August 15, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
Results First Received: July 10, 2015  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment;   Masking: Open Label;   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition: Leukemia
Interventions: Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: dexamethasone
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Drug: mercaptopurine
Drug: methotrexate
Drug: pegaspargase
Drug: prednisone
Drug: thioguanine
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Radiation: radiation therapy

  Participant Flow
  Hide Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
No text entered.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients non-randomly assigned to the DH (High Dose) regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) CNS3 status at entry, (2) testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years Patients in regimen PC (Prednisone, Capizzi) will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old Patients randomly assigned to the PH (Prednisone, High Dose MTX) regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome) Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Dexamethasone, Capizzi Methotrexate Down Syndrome (Non Random) Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients non-randomly assigned to the PH regimen based on one (or more) of the following: (1) CNS3 status at entry, (2) testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal MTX in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years   Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)   Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old   Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years   Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years   Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years   Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old   Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years   Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years   Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome)   Dexamethasone, Capizzi Methotrexate Down Syndrome (Non Random)   Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)
STARTED   246   106   296   246   232   710   246   696   302   34   12   28 
COMPLETED   172   57   175   168   166   397   171   401   185   16   3   10 
NOT COMPLETED   74   49   121   78   66   313   75   295   117   18   9   18 
Adverse Event                6                6                20                8                4                38                3                51                15                4                2                2 
Death                3                5                10                2                3                25                4                22                14                4                3                0 
Lost to Follow-up                1                1                4                1                0                13                2                4                1                0                0                0 
Physician Decision                2                6                5                8                4                19                3                17                5                0                1                0 
Pregnancy                0                0                0                0                0                1                0                1                0                0                0                0 
Protocol Violation                1                1                0                3                3                2                1                2                3                0                0                1 
Withdrawal by Subject                12                3                6                10                6                27                7                31                10                2                0                0 
Disease Progression, all other reasons                17                5                33                6                21                59                20                46                21                4                0                5 
Patient off treatment                0                0                1                2                1                0                0                2                1                0                0                0 
Ineligible or wrong diagnosis                8                3                3                10                3                17                6                9                10                1                2                4 
Pt/Guardian refused RT therapy                1                0                1                2                1                0                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Pt non compliant with therapy                2                1                1                0                2                14                2                5                3                0                0                0 
Pt age out of range for treatment                0                1                0                0                0                1                0                1                0                0                0                0 
Insurance issues                0                1                0                1                1                1                0                1                0                0                0                0 
MRD positive after extended ind                0                1                1                0                1                2                0                1                0                0                0                0 
Pt has very high risk ALL characteristic                15                11                26                18                11                75                23                74                29                1                0                3 
Inevaluable                1                1                4                2                2                9                1                11                2                0                1                0 
Other                4                2                1                1                1                4                2                9                2                1                0                3 
Pt trying to find a BM donor                0                1                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Clinic chart lost unable to recreate                0                0                1                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Unsuccessful institutional transfer                0                0                2                0                0                0                0                0                0                1                0                0 
specimen(s) not submitted                0                0                2                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Pt went to transplant                0                0                0                1                0                1                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Pt received additional steroids                0                0                0                1                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Pt relocated                0                0                0                2                0                1                1                2                1                0                0                0 
Institution Terminated                0                0                0                0                1                0                0                3                0                0                0                0 
Study Closure                1                0                0                0                1                3                0                1                0                0                0                0 
Other complications                0                0                0                0                0                1                0                0                0                0                0                0 
Pt care terminated due to pt behavior                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                1                0                0                0                0 
Pt incarcerated                0                0                0                0                0                0                0                1                0                0                0                0 



  Baseline Characteristics
  Hide Baseline Characteristics

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients non-randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) CNS3 status at entry, (2) testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the PH regimen receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years Patients randomly assigned to the DH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) No CNS3 status at entry, (2) no testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) no extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome) Patients in regimen PC will receive cytarabine, vincristine sulfate, daunorubicin hydrochloride, and pegaspargase. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth for up to 8 weeks.
Dexamethasone, Capizzi Methotrexate Down Syndrome Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. Dexamethasone (5 mg/m2/dose on Days 1-14 by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1 and 2; intrathecal methotrexate (Aged based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 8 mg 2 - 2.99 10 mg 3 - 8.99 12 mg ≥ 9 15 mg) on days 8 and 29 (CNS3 also on days 15 & 22) and an injection of pegaspargase (2500 International units/m2 x 1 dose on Day 4, 5 or 6).
Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned) Patients non-randomly assigned to the PH regimen based on one (or more) of the following characteristics: (1) CNS3 status at entry, (2) testicular leukemic involvement at entry, or (3) extensive pre-treatment with steroids prior to entry. Patients receive intrathecal cytarabine (Age-based dosing: Age (yrs) Dose 1 - 1.99 30 mg 2 - 2.99 50 mg ≥ 3 70 mg) on day 1; infusions of vincristine sulfate 1.5 mg/m2/dose (maximum dose of 2 mg) on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 and daunorubicin hydrochloride (25 mg/m2/dose on Days 1, 8, 15 and 22. They will also receive prednisone by mouth or infusion twice a day in weeks 1-4 and intrathecal methotrexate in weeks 2 and 5. Some patients in all groups may receive induction therapy for 2 additional weeks. Beginning in week 6 or 7, patients may receive combination chemotherapy (vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, cyclophosphamide, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, thioguanine) by infusion, injection, intrathecally, and by mouth
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Dexamethasone and Capizzi Methotrexate Patients < 10 Years   Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)   Dexamethasone & Capizzi Methotrexate Patients => 10 Years Old   Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) < 10 Years   Prednisone, Capizzi Methotrexate <10 Years   Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate >= 10 Years   Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate < 10 Yrs Old   Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate >=10 Years   Dexamethasone, High Dose Methotrexate (IM) >= 10 Years   Prednisone, Capezzi Methotrexate (Down's Syndrome)   Dexamethasone, Capizzi Methotrexate Down Syndrome   Prednisone and High Dose Methotrexate (Non Randomly Assigned)   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 246   106   296   246   232   710   246   696   302   34   12   28   3154 
Age 
[Units: Participants]
                         
<=18 years   246   96   275   246   232   641   246   610   266   30   10   26   2924 
Between 18 and 65 years   0   10   21   0   0   69   0   86   36   4   2   2   230 
>=65 years   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0   0 
Age 
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 4.0  (2.3)   9.3  (6.0)   14.1  (2.8)   4.1  (2.2)   4.2  (2.2)   14.7  (3.3)   4.2  (2.2)   14.5  (3.2)   14.6  (2.9)   10.5  (5.7)   12.3  (6.6)   14.4  (2.9)   10.8  (5.7) 
Gender 
[Units: Participants]
                         
Female   129   31   135   117   106   321   108   288   128   18   7   11   1399 
Male   117   75   161   129   126   389   138   408   174   16   5   17   1755 
Ethnicity (NIH/OMB) 
[Units: Participants]
                         
Hispanic or Latino   54   22   62   55   62   167   61   168   69   6   0   7   733 
Not Hispanic or Latino   179   81   217   182   165   516   179   504   219   27   10   20   2299 
Unknown or Not Reported   13   3   17   9   5   27   6   24   14   1   2   1   122 
Race (NIH/OMB) 
[Units: Participants]
                         
American Indian or Alaska Native   0   0   0   1   0   4   1   7   2   1   2   0   18 
Asian   8   6   11   9   7   21   8   27   18   2   0   0   117 
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander   2   1   1   2   1   5   5   6   2   0   0   0   25 
Black or African American   12   14   24   12   15   55   14   51   19   2   0   1   219 
White   196   76   235   187   175   534   187   519   227   26   9   24   2395 
More than one race   3   3   1   8   5   8   5   4   3   0   0   0   40 
Unknown or Not Reported   25   6   24   27   29   83   26   82   31   3   1   3   340 


  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Comparison of the Increase in Cure Rate of High Risk ALL Without Causing More Serious Side Effects Between Interventions   [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

2.  Secondary:   Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Positive With Overall Survival (OS)   [ Time Frame: 5 Years ]

3.  Secondary:   Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative With Overall Survival (OS).   [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

4.  Secondary:   Correlation of Early Marrow Response Status With MRD Positive.   [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]

5.  Secondary:   Correlation of Early Marrow Response Status With MRD Negative.   [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]

6.  Secondary:   Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Positive With Event Free Survival (EFS)   [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

7.  Secondary:   Correlation of Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) Negative With Event Free Survival (EFS).   [ Time Frame: 5 years ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
  Hide Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
The COG SDC reviewed the NLM notification related to ct.gov AE/SAE reporting. The information in ‘Additional Description’ is accurate with respect to data supplied to ct.gov.COG plans to submit data AE/SAE data consistent with the text in this field.


  More Information
  Hide More Information

Certain Agreements:  
Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
There IS an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.
The agreement is:
unchecked The only disclosure restriction on the PI is that the sponsor can review results communications prior to public release and can embargo communications regarding trial results for a period that is less than or equal to 60 days. The sponsor cannot require changes to the communication and cannot extend the embargo.
unchecked The only disclosure restriction on the PI is that the sponsor can review results communications prior to public release and can embargo communications regarding trial results for a period that is more than 60 days but less than or equal to 180 days. The sponsor cannot require changes to the communication and cannot extend the embargo.


Results Point of Contact:  
Name/Title: Results Reporting Coordinator
Organization: Children's Oncology Group
phone: 626-447-0064
e-mail: resultsreportingcoordinator@childrensoncologygroup.org


Publications of Results:
Winick NJ, Salzer WL, Devidas M, et al.: Dexamethasone (DEX) versus prednisone (PRED) during induction for children with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL): A report from the Children's Oncology Group Study AALL0232. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 29 (Suppl 15): A-9504, 2011.
Raetz EA, Devidas M, Carroll AJ, et al.: Cytogenetic and early-response characteristics of adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): A Children's Oncology Group (COG) study. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 28 (Suppl 15): A-9509, 2010.
Mattano LA Jr, Nachman JB, Devidas M, et al.: Increased incidence of osteonecrosis (ON) with a dexamethasone (DEX) induction for high risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL): a report from the Children's Oncology Group (COG). [Abstract] Blood 112 (11): A-898, 2008.

Other Publications:
Bleyer A: Older adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the United States: from the lowest to highest death rate and number of deaths--more rationale for the CALBG-SWOG-ECOG C10403 trial based on COG AALL0232. [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-18034, 2008.
Harvey RC, Chen IM, Ar K, et al.: Identification of novel cluster groups in high-risk pediatric B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL) by gene expression profiling: correlation with clinical and outcome variables a Children's Oncology Group (COG) study. [Abstract] Blood 112 (11): A-2256, 2008.
Maloney KW, Larsen E, Mattano LA, et al.: Increased infection-related mortality for children with Down syndrome (DS) in contemporary Childrens Oncology Group (COG) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) clinical trials. [Abstract] Blood 108 (11): A-1865, 2006.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):


Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075725     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AALL0232
COG-AALL0232 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
NCI-2009-00301 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Study First Received: January 9, 2004
Results First Received: July 10, 2015
Last Updated: August 15, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government