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The ORIGIN Trial (Outcome Reduction With Initial Glargine Intervention) (ORIGIN)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Population Health Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00069784
First received: October 1, 2003
Last updated: January 24, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
Results First Received: December 18, 2012  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment;   Masking: Open Label;   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition: Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent
Interventions: Drug: insulin glargine (HOE901)
Drug: omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)
Drug: placebo
Device: reusable pen device for insulin injection

  Participant Flow


  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Insulin Glargine Treatment with Insulin Glargine with or without omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
Standard Care Standard care with or without omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Insulin Glargine   Standard Care   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 6264   6273   12537 
Age 
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 63.5  (7.8)   63.5  (7.9)   63.5  (7.8) 
Gender, Customized 
[Units: Participants]
     
Male   4181   3969   8150 
Female   2082   2304   4386 
Missing value   1   0   1 
Baseline Weight [1] 
[Units: Kg]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 83.33  (16.77)   83.13  (17.28)   83.23  (17.03) 
[1] Due to missing values, N=6256 for insulin glargine and N=6271 for standard care.
Baseline Body Mass Index [1] 
[Units: Kg/m²]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 29.77  (5.17)   29.88  (5.33)   29.82  (5.25) 
[1] Due to missing values, N=6251 for insulin glargine and N=6270 for standard care.
Any previous cardiovascular event 
[Units: Participants]
     
No   2552   2607   5159 
Yes   3712   3666   7378 
Diabetes diagnosis at time of screening [1] 
[Units: Participants]
     
IFG and/or IGT   735   717   1452 
Newly diagnosed diabetic   365   395   760 
Established diabetes with no OAD treatment   1414   1467   2881 
Established diabetes with one OAD treatment   3748   3692   7440 
Unclear diabetes status   2   2   4 
[1]

IFG = Impaired Fasting Glucose defined as a Postprandial Plasma Glucose (PPG) value ≥140 and <200 mg/dL (ie, ≥7.8 and <11.1 mmol/L), with a Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) <126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L)

IGT = Impaired Glucose Tolerance defined as an FPG ≥110 and <126 mg/dL (≥6.1 and <7 mmol/L), without diabetes mellitus (PPG must be <200 mg/dL [11.1 mmol/L])

OAD = oral antidiabetic drug

Duration of diabetes for established diabetes patients [1] 
[Units: Years]
Median (Inter-Quartile Range)
 3.50 
 (1.50 to 7.50) 
 3.50 
 (1.50 to 7.50) 
 3.50 
 (1.50 to 7.50) 
[1] Population of patients with established diabetes. Due to missing values, N=5148 for insulin glargine and N=5141 for standard care.
Glycated Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) [1] 
[Units: Percent]
Median (Inter-Quartile Range)
 6.41 
 (5.81 to 7.18) 
 6.40 
 (5.81 to 7.16) 
 6.40 
 (5.81 to 7.18) 
[1] Due to missing values, N=6175 for insulin glargine and N=6189 for standard care.
Fasting Plasma Glucose [1] 
[Units: mmol/L]
Median (Inter-Quartile Range)
 6.94 
 (6.05 to 8.20) 
 6.90 
 (6.00 to 8.20) 
 6.94 
 (6.05 to 8.20) 
[1] Due to missing values, N=6248 for insulin glargine and N=6266 for standard care.


  Outcome Measures
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1.  Primary:   Composite of the First Occurrence of Cardiovascular (CV) Death, Nonfatal Myocardial Infarction (MI) or Nonfatal Stroke   [ Time Frame: from randomization until study cut-off date (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]

2.  Primary:   Composite of the First Occurrence of Cardiovascular (CV) Death, Nonfatal Myocardial Infarction (MI), Nonfatal Stroke, Revascularization Procedure or Hospitalization for Heart Failure (HF)   [ Time Frame: from randomization until study cut-off date (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]

3.  Secondary:   Total Mortality (All Causes)   [ Time Frame: from randomization until study cut-off date (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]

4.  Secondary:   Composite Diabetic Microvascular Outcome (Kidney or Eye Disease)   [ Time Frame: from randomization until study cut-off date (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]

5.  Secondary:   Incidence of Development of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Participants With IGT and/or IFG   [ Time Frame: from randomization until the last follow-up visit or last OGTT (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]

6.  Other Pre-specified:   Number of Patients With Various Types of Symptomatic Hypoglycemia Events   [ Time Frame: on-treatment period (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]

7.  Other Pre-specified:   Number of Patients With First Occurrence of Any Type of Cancer   [ Time Frame: from randomization until study cut-off date (median duration of follow-up: 6.2 years) ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events
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Time Frame Adverse events (AEs) were assessed through the study. The median duration of follow-up was 6.2 years.
Additional Description Aside from hypoglycemia and cancer, serious AEs were only captured if the event was considered related to a study drug. Non-serious AEs were only captured if the event resulted in some modification (suspension, alteration or cessation) in the dose of a study drug. This creates a bias for the comparison between insulin glargine and standard care.

Frequency Threshold
Threshold above which other adverse events are reported   5  

Reporting Groups
  Description
Insulin Glargine Treatment with Insulin Glargine with or without omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
Standard Care Standard care with or without omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids

Other Adverse Events
    Insulin Glargine   Standard Care
Total, other (not including serious) adverse events     
# participants affected / at risk   0/6231 (0.00%)   0/6273 (0.00%) 



  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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