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Trial record 12 of 329 for:    IFNA2 AND RBV AND Hepatitis

Retreatment of Dialysis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C With Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Plus Low Dose Ribavirin

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00491179
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 26, 2007
Results First Posted : November 13, 2009
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2009
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Science Council, Taiwan
Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 23, 2007
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 26, 2007
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 21, 2008
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE November 13, 2009
Last Update Posted Date November 13, 2009
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 7, 2009)
1.Number of Participants With Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) 2.Number of Participants Who Droppoed Out of the Study Prematurely Due to Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: 1.5 year ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2007)
  • Sustained virologic response (SVR) and drop-out rate [ Time Frame: 1.5 year ]
  • Histologic response (HR) [ Time Frame: 1.5 year ]
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00491179 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 7, 2009)
Number of Participants With Histologic Response(HR) [ Time Frame: 1.5 year ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Retreatment of Dialysis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C With Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Plus Low Dose Ribavirin
Official Title  ICMJE Retreatment of Dialysis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C With Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Plus Low Dose Ribavirin Who Fail Interferon Alfa or Pegylated Interferon Alfa Monotherapy - a Pilot Study
Brief Summary

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common in dialysis patients. Interferon (IFN)-based treatment for chronic hepatitis C has been the mainstay therapy in immunocompetent patients. Two meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy and safety of conventional IFN alfa monotherapy showed that the sustained virologic response (SVR) rates were 37% and 33%, respectively; and the corresponding dropout rates were 17% and 29.6%, respectively. The efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a and 2b in treating dialysis patients showed conflicting results, with a more favorable outcome of patients treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2a (135-180 μg/week: SVR 33-75%, well tolerated) than those treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2b (0.5-1.0 μg/week: SVR 12.5%, poorly tolerated), Currently, IFN-based therapy to treatment HCV infection should be initiated in dialysis stages, because the use of IFN in RT patients harbors high risks of acute graft rejection,and have low response rates under the concomitant use of immunosuppressive agents.

Ribavirin, which has been used in combination with IFN to treat chronic hepatitis C in the general patients and achieve a higher SVR rate than IFN monotherapy, is considered contraindicated in dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C due to the risk of severe hemolytic anemia. However, some pilot studies evaluating combined conventional IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin (170-300 mg/day) showed SVR rates of 17%-66% after 24-48 weeks of treatment.In addition, a recent study including 6 patients with combination of pegylated IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin also showed a SVR rate of 50%.

Although dialysis patients have a higher SVR rate to conventional IFN or pegylated IFN monotherapy than patients with normal renal function for HCV therapy. More than half of these patients are relapsers or non-responders to IFN monotherapy. Retreatment of HCV-patients with normal renal function by combined pegylated IFN alfa plus ribavirin who fail to response to IFN monotherapy has achieved a SVR rate of 28%. Based on the long-term favorable outcome in dialysis patients who eradicate HCV, the aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of retreatment by pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin in dialysis patients who fail to achieve HCV eradication by conventional or pegylated IFN alfa.

Detailed Description

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common in dialysis patients, with the reported prevalence varying from 3% to 80% worldwide.(1-3) Although these patients usually have mild symptoms and moderate elevation of alanine transaminase levels, recent international collaborative survey and prospective studies found that anti-HCV seropositivity and positive HCV RNA were risk factors for mortality and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).(4-7) Furthermore, progressive hepatic fibrosis, poor patient and graft survival were observer in dialysis patients with HCV infection who undergo renal transplantation (RT), suggesting immunosuppression following RT may worsen the course of hepatic fibrosis and renal graft function.(8-13) These lines of evidence indicate that HCV infection in the dialysis population is an important issue to be tackled.

Interferon (IFN)-based treatment for chronic hepatitis C has been the mainstay therapy in immunocompetent patients. In dialysis patients, treatment with conventional or pegylated interferon has also received much attention recently. Two meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy and safety of conventional IFN alfa monotherapy showed that the sustained virologic response (SVR) rates were 37% and 33%, respectively; and the corresponding dropout rates were 17% and 29.6%, respectively.(14,15) The efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a and 2b in treating dialysis patients showed conflicting results, with a more favorable outcome of patients treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2a (135-180 μg/week: SVR 33-75%, well tolerated) than those treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2b (0.5-1.0 μg/week: SVR 12.5%, poorly tolerated),(16-21) which may result from different pharmacokinetic profiles between these two pegylated IFNs. Currently, IFN-based therapy to treatment HCV infection should be initiated in dialysis stages, because the use of IFN in RT patients harbors high risks of acute graft rejection,(22,23) and have low response rates under the concomitant use of immunosuppressive agents.(24,25) Ribavirin, which has been used in combination with IFN to treat chronic hepatitis C in the general patients and achieve a higher SVR rate than IFN monotherapy, is considered contraindicated in dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C due to the risk of severe hemolytic anemia. However, some pilot studies evaluating combined conventional IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin (170-300 mg/day) showed SVR rates of 17%-66% after 24-48 weeks of treatment.(26-28) In addition, a recent study including 6 patients with combination of pegylated IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin also showed a SVR rate of 50%.(29) Although dialysis patients have a higher SVR rate to conventional IFN or pegylated IFN monotherapy than patients with normal renal function for HCV therapy. More than half of these patients are relapsers or non-responders to IFN monotherapy. Retreatment of HCV-patients with normal renal function by combined pegylated IFN alfa plus ribavirin who fail to response to IFN monotherapy has achieved a SVR rate of 28%.(30) Based on the long-term favorable outcome in dialysis patients who eradicate HCV, the aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of retreatment by pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin in dialysis patients who fail to achieve HCV eradication by conventional or pegylated IFN alfa.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Chronic Hepatitis C
  • Hemodialysis
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
    Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week plus ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 200 mg/day for 48 weeks
  • Drug: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
    Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week plus ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 200 mg/day for 24 weeks
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Pegylated IFN + RBV for HCV genotype 1
    Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week plus ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 200 mg/day for 48 weeks for HCV genotype 1
    Intervention: Drug: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
  • Experimental: Pegylated IFN + RBV for HCV genotype 2
    Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (Pegasys, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 135 ug/week plus ribavirin (Copegus, F. Hoffman-LaRoche) 200 mg/day for 24 weeks for HCV genotype 2
    Intervention: Drug: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a and ribavirin
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 7, 2008)
35
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 23, 2007)
15
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Non-responders or relapsers of dialysis patients to conventional interferon or pegylated interferon monotherapy
  • Age 18~65 years old
  • Creatinine clearance (Ccr) < 10 ml/min/1.73 m2
  • Anti-HCV (Abbott HCV EIA 2.0, Abbott Diagnostic, Chicago, IL) positive > 6 months
  • Detectable serum quantitative HCV-RNA (Cobas Taqman HCV Monitor v2.0, Roche Diagnostics) with dynamic range 25- 391000000 IU/ml

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe anemia (hemoglobin < 10 g/dL) or hemoglobinopathy
  • Neutropenia (neutrophil count, <1,500/mm3)
  • Thrombocytopenia (platelet <90,000/ mm3)
  • Co-infection with HBV or HIV
  • Chronic alcohol abuse (daily consumption > 20 g/day)
  • Autoimmune liver disease
  • Decompensated liver disease (Child classification B or C)
  • Neoplastic disease
  • An organ transplant
  • Immunosuppressive therapy
  • Poorly controlled autoimmune diseases, pulmonary diseases, cardiac diseases, psychiatric diseases, neurological diseases, diabetes mellitus
  • Evidence of drug abuse
  • Unwilling to have contraception
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Taiwan
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00491179
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 200703032M
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Dr. Chen-Hua Liu, National Taiwan University Hospital
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Taiwan University Hospital
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • National Science Council, Taiwan
  • Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Chen-Hua Liu, MD Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan Universitys Hospital
PRS Account National Taiwan University Hospital
Verification Date October 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP