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Gamma-Secretase Inhibitor RO4929097 in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors, CNS Tumors, Lymphoma, or T-Cell Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01088763
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : March 17, 2010
Last Update Posted : November 5, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 16, 2010
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 17, 2010
Last Update Posted Date November 5, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 28, 2012)
  • Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of RO4929097 determined according to dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) graded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  • MTD of RO4929097 administered with dexamethasone determined according to DLTs graded using CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 16, 2010)
  • Maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase II dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 with or without dexamethasone
  • Toxicities associated with gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 with or without dexamethasone
  • Pharmacokinetics
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01088763 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 28, 2012)
Antitumor activity of RO4929097 with or without dexamethasone assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria for Solid Tumors (RECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 16, 2010)
Antitumor activity of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 with or without dexamethasone
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Gamma-Secretase Inhibitor RO4929097 in Treating Young Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors, CNS Tumors, Lymphoma, or T-Cell Leukemia
Official Title  ICMJE A PHASE 1/2 STUDY OF RO4929097, AN ORAL SMALL MOLECULE INHIBITOR OF GAMMA-SECRETASE, IN CHILDREN WITH RELAPSED/REFRACTORY SOLID OR CNS TUMORS, LYMPHOMA, OR T-CELL LEUKEMIA
Brief Summary This phase I/II clinical trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 and to see how well it works in treating young patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, CNS tumors, lymphoma, or T-cell leukemia. Gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and recommend a phase II dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administered orally to children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors or lymphoma on two schedules: once daily orally on a 3-day on/4-day off weekly schedule (schedule A) or once daily for 5 consecutive days weekly schedule (schedule B).

II. To define and describe the toxicities of this drug administered on these schedules to children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, lymphoma, or T-cell leukemia.

III. To estimate the MTD and recommended phase II dose of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administered with dexamethasone.

IV. To define and describe the toxicities of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administered with dexamethasone.

V. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 in children with refractory cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To preliminarily define the antitumor activity of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 in children with solid or CNS tumors and lymphoma within the confines of a phase I study.

II. To obtain initial efficacy data on the antitumor activity of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 when combined with dexamethasone in children with relapsed-refractory T-cell leukemia (T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]).

III. To study the effect of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 on Hes1 (hairy/enhancer of split) and other components of the Notch signaling pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and/or T-ALL blasts. (exploratory) IV. To examine archival tumor samples for expression of JAGGED1, JAGGED2, cleaved NOTCH1, and HES1, and HES5 by IHC and for amplification of NOTCH1 or NOTCH2 using FISH analysis. (exploratory) V. To preliminarily assess changes following treatment with gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 using FDG PET imaging. (exploratory)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, phase I, dose-escalation study of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 followed by a phase II study. Patients are enrolled sequentially to group A or B.

GROUP A: Patients receive oral gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, 15-17, and 22-24. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP B: Patients receive oral gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, and 22-26. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may also receive concurrent oral dexamethasone twice daily on the days of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administration.

Once the MTD or recommended phase II dose of RO4929097 plus dexamethasone in children with solid tumors, including CNS tumors, or lymphoma has been identified, this dose is used for patients with relapsed-refractory T-ALL (phase 2 portion of the study) to evaluate RO4929097 in combination with dexamethasone using one of the studied schedules. Blood, plasma, bone marrow, and tumor tissue samples may be collected at baseline and periodically during the first course for correlative lab and tumor studies, including pharmacokinetics.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 30 days.

*NOTE: This trial was intended to be Phase I/II, but the trial never continued to the Phase II portion.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Childhood Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor
  • Childhood Central Nervous System Choriocarcinoma
  • Childhood Central Nervous System Germinoma
  • Childhood Central Nervous System Mixed Germ Cell Tumor
  • Childhood Central Nervous System Teratoma
  • Childhood Central Nervous System Yolk Sac Tumor
  • Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor
  • Childhood Craniopharyngioma
  • Childhood Ependymoblastoma
  • Childhood Grade I Meningioma
  • Childhood Grade II Meningioma
  • Childhood Grade III Meningioma
  • Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma
  • Childhood Medulloepithelioma
  • Childhood Mixed Glioma
  • Childhood Oligodendroglioma
  • Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma
  • Gonadotroph Adenoma
  • Pituitary Basophilic Adenoma
  • Pituitary Chromophobe Adenoma
  • Pituitary Eosinophilic Adenoma
  • Prolactin Secreting Adenoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Brain Stem Glioma
  • Recurrent Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumor
  • Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
  • Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Pineoblastoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Spinal Cord Neoplasm
  • Recurrent Childhood Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma
  • Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor
  • Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma
  • Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma
  • Recurrent Pituitary Tumor
  • Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • T-cell Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia
  • TSH Secreting Adenoma
  • Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: gamma-secretase/Notch signalling pathway inhibitor RO4929097
    Given PO
    Other Names:
    • R4733
    • RO4929097
  • Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Other: pharmacological study
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: pharmacological studies
  • Drug: dexamethasone
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Aeroseb-Dex
    • Decaderm
    • Decadron
    • DM
    • DXM
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Arm I

GROUP A: Patients receive oral gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 once daily on days 1-3, 8-10, 15-17, and 22-24. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP B: Patients receive oral gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, and 22-26. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may also receive concurrent oral dexamethasone twice daily on the days of gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 administration.

Once the MTD or recommended phase II dose of RO4929097 plus dexamethasone in children with solid tumors, including CNS tumors, or lymphoma has been identified, this dose is used for patients with relapsed-refractory T-ALL (phase 2 portion of the study) to evaluate RO4929097 in combination with dexamethasone using one of the studied schedules.

Interventions:
  • Drug: gamma-secretase/Notch signalling pathway inhibitor RO4929097
  • Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Other: pharmacological study
  • Drug: dexamethasone
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 16, 2010)
129
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date May 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed malignancy (at diagnosis or relapse)

    • Biopsy not required for intrinsic brain stem tumors or optic pathway gliomas
  • No B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic lymphoma (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia
  • No T-cell leukemia with CNS3 disease
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • Current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life
  • Neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for 1 week
  • No active CNS leukemia
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% (for patients > 16 years of age) or Lansky PS 50-100% (for patients ≤ 16 years of age)

    • Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis,but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the PS
  • Patients with solid tumors without bone marrow involvement must meet the following criteria:

    • Peripheral ANC ≥ 1,000/mm^3
    • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within the past 7 days)
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)
  • Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease must meet the above criteria and must not be known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusion
  • Patients with leukemia must meet the following criteria:

    • Platelet count ≥ 20,000/mm^3 (may receive platelet transfusions)
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (may receive RBC transfusions)
    • Must not be known to be refractory to RBC or platelet transfusions
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR ≥ 70 mL/min OR a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    • ≤ 0.6 mg/dL (patients 1 to < 2 years)
    • ≤ 0.8 mg/dL (patients 2 to < 6 years)
    • ≤ 1 mg/dL (patients 6 to < 10 years)
    • ≤ 1.2 mg/dL (patients 10 to < 13 years)
    • ≤ 1.4 mg/dL (female patients ≥ 13 years)
    • ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (male patients 13 to < 16 years)
    • ≤ 1.7 mg/dL (male patients ≥ 16 years)
  • Bilirubin (sum of conjugated and unconjugated) ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • ALT ≤ 110 U/L (for the purpose of this study, the ULN for ALT is 45 U/L)
  • Serum albumin ≥ 2 g/dL
  • No uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, or hypokalemia defined as < lower limit of normal despite adequate electrolyte supplementation
  • Baseline QTc < 450 msec
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective double-method contraception (i.e., one highly effective method and one additional effective method) for ≥ 4 weeks before, during, and for ≥ 12 months after completion of study treatment
  • Female patients may not donate ova during or after study treatment
  • Able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study, in the opinion of the investigator
  • Able to swallow tablets and capsules
  • No known malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with intestinal absorption
  • No known serological positivity for hepatitis A, B, or C, no known history of liver disease, and no other forms of hepatitis or cirrhosis
  • No known HIV positivity
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 or dexamethasone
  • Patients may not donate blood during or for ≥ 12 months after completion of study treatment
  • No hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, or hypokalemia that is uncontrolled despite adequate electrolyte supplementation
  • No prior gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097
  • Fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy
  • More than 3 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosourea) (for patients with solid tumors, CNS tumors, or lymphomas)
  • Patients with T-cell leukemia must meet the following criteria:

    • Patients who relapsed on standard ALL maintenance chemotherapy must not have received maintenance chemotherapy within the past 3 days
    • Patients who relapsed when they were not receiving standard ALL maintenance therapy are eligible provided it has been ≥ 14 days since the completion of cytotoxic chemotherapy with the exception of hydroxyurea
    • Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours before the start of study treatment
  • At least 6 months since prior total-body irradiation (TBI), craniospinal radiotherapy, or radiotherapy to ≥ 50% of the pelvis
  • At least 6 weeks since other prior substantial bone marrow radiotherapy
  • At least 2 weeks since prior local palliative radiotherapy (small port)
  • At least 3 months since prior stem cell transplantation or rescue without TBI and no evidence of active graft-vs-host disease
  • At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent

    • For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur (the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair)
  • At least 7 days or 3 half-lives, whichever is longer, since prior treatment with a monoclonal antibody
  • More than 7 days since prior growth factors that support platelet or white cell number or function
  • At least 7 days since prior corticosteroids
  • No other concurrent investigational drugs
  • No other concurrent anticancer agents including chemotherapy (except for hydroxyurea), radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or biologic therapy

    • Patients with T-ALL who benefit from treatment with gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097 in combination with dexamethasone may receive intrathecal methotrexate
  • No concurrent warfarin sodium (Coumadin®)
  • No concurrent medications that are strong inducers and/or inhibitors of CYP3A4
  • No concurrent medications or food that may interfere with the metabolism or gamma-secretase inhibitor RO4929097, including ketoconazole and fresh-squeezed grapefruit juice
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 1 Year to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT01088763
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NCI-2011-02024
NCI-2011-02024 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
COG-ADVL0919
CDR0000667505
ADVL0919 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
ADVL0919 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U01CA097452 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Najat Daw Children's Oncology Group
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date October 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP