We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

The Immune Directed Individualized Elimination Therapy (iDIET) Study (iDIET)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05543512
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : September 16, 2022
Last Update Posted : December 1, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Mayo Clinic
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 14, 2022
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 16, 2022
Last Update Posted Date December 1, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 14, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 30, 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 14, 2022)
Post-treatment peak eosinophil count [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
Post-treatment peak eosinophil count (measured in eos/hpf)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 14, 2022)
  • Dysphagia symptom score [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Dysphagia symptom score, as measured by the validated Eosinophilic Esophagitis Activity Index (EEsAI) instrument This score ranges from 0-100, with higher scores indicating more severe symptoms. A score of < 20 indicates clinical remission.
  • Endoscopic severity [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Endoscopic severity will be assessed using the validated EoE Endoscopic Reference Score (EREFS). This score measures endoscopic severity with a set of five endoscopic findings (exudates, rings, edema, furrows, and strictures), and ranges from 0-9, with higher scores indicating higher endoscopic severity.
  • Percentage of Histologic Responders [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Histologic response is defined as an esophageal eosinophil count of <15 eos/hpf, a threshold previously determined to be optimal for response assessments in EoE studies
  • Change in peak eosinophil count [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 8 ]
    Change in peak eosinophil count from baseline to post-treatment (week 8)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Immune Directed Individualized Elimination Therapy (iDIET) Study
Official Title  ICMJE An Allergen-specific Immune Signature-directed Diet vs Sham Diet for Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis: A Pilot-feasibility Study
Brief Summary This is a randomized, double blind, sham-controlled, pilot/feasibility trial of individualized dietary elimination treatment.
Detailed Description

Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to follow an allergen-specific immune signature-directed diet or sham diet during the 8-week treatment period. Blood and biopsies specific to this study will be collected during a baseline endoscopy completed as part of their routine clinical care. Samples will be immediately transported to a lab in which T-cell and immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) signatures will be analyzed for the full 18 food panel. If randomized to the active intervention, then participants in a blinded fashion will be assigned a diet that removes the foods for which they had a positive threshold result on either the T-cell or IgG4 assay. If randomized to the sham diet, then participants will be provided a sham diet. Sham diets will be developed via selecting a random number of foods from a random list of the potential eliminated foods. The participant, investigators, clinical research coordinators, and study dietician will be blinded to the results of laboratory analysis during the course of the study. The lab, study monitor, or other designee not otherwise involved in the study will be unblinded.

Upon assignment of their diet intervention, participants will meet with a study dietician to discuss their baseline food consumption and assigned diet intervention. After 4 and 8 weeks of diet intervention, they will check-in with the study dietician. In addition, they will monitor their food intake for compliance. At the end of the 8-week treatment period, participants will return for an endoscopy with biopsies and blood draw. Upon completion of the 8-week endoscopy, participation in this study is complete and participants will return to routine care of their condition which may include dietary re-introduction if clinically indicated after completion of the iDIET study.

The primary hypothesis is that participants treated with the immune-signature diet will have significantly lower post-treatment eosinophil counts and dysphagia symptom scores than participants treated with sham diet.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Targeted elimination diet therapy versus sham diet elimination therapy
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description:
Blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Eosinophilic Esophagitis
  • EoE
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Device: Algorithm to diagnose food allergens
    An algorithm to diagnose food allergens that will drive diet intervention assignment for those in the active arm. Subjects randomized to this group will receive a diet assignment based on results of the algorithm.
  • Other: Sham diet
    Sham diet developed via selecting a random number of foods from a random list of the potential eliminated foods.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Individualized Diet Elimination Therapy
    Subjects in this arm will be assigned an allergen-specific immune signature-directed diet to follow for 8 weeks
    Intervention: Device: Algorithm to diagnose food allergens
  • Placebo Comparator: Sham Diet Elimination Therapy
    Subjects in this arm will be assigned a sham diet to follow for 8 weeks
    Intervention: Other: Sham diet
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Enrolling by invitation
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 14, 2022)
100
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 30, 2025
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 30, 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

In order to be eligible to participate in this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Age: 16 - 80 years
  • Diagnosis of EoE as per consensus guidelines
  • No prior treatment with, or documented failure of, dietary elimination therapy. Failure is defined as >15 eos/hpf after a course of the six-food elimination diet (SFED).
  • On stable diet for 4 weeks prior to screening endoscopy and agree to maintain throughout course of participation. Foods eliminated for allergic or other reactions are not exclusionary and may continue to be avoided throughout participation in the study regardless of food trigger results.

In addition to meeting the above criteria, to be eligible for randomization an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

  • Active EoE (>15 eos/hpf) based on clinical biopsies taken during baseline endoscopy
  • Must have at least one positive food on the IgG4 or T cell stimulation assay

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concomitant eosinophilic gastritis and/or enteritis, confirmed with a prior clinicohistologic diagnosis
  • Use of systemic corticosteroids within 4 weeks of the baseline/qualifying endoscopic exam
  • Previous esophageal resection
  • History of bleeding disorder or esophageal varices
  • Current use of blood thinners such as coumadin, warfarin, heparin, and/or novel anticoagulant agents (requires discontinuation of medication within an appropriate time frame for that specific agent and in accordance with standard clinical practice)
  • Medical instability that precludes safely performing upper endoscopy
  • Inability to read or understand English
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Body mass index (BMI) <17
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 16 Years to 80 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05543512
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 22-0500
R01DK132001 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
  • Mayo Clinic
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Evan S Dellon, MD, MPH University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
PRS Account University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Verification Date November 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP