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Treatment of Chronic Insomnia According to Yin Yang Theory and Its Correlation With Circadian Rhythm

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05452577
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 11, 2022
Last Update Posted : July 11, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 6, 2022
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 11, 2022
Last Update Posted Date July 11, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 22, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 30, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 6, 2022)
  • Change from Baseline in the total score of the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) at 4 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) is a validated,self-reported instrument assessing the sleep quality over the past 4 week period. Possible scores range from 0(the best sleep quality) to 21(the worst possible sleep) quality).The higher the score of PSQI, the worse the sleep quality. Change=(Month 1 Score-Baseline Score)
  • Cessation rate of Western medicine hypnotics at Month 6 [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Cessation was defined as an absence of any Western medicine hypnotics that was sustained for 3 consecutive months or more. Cessation rate of Western medicine hypnotics=(Month 6 number-Baseline number)/Baseline number of Participants use Western medicine hypnotics.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 6, 2022)
  • Change from Baseline of the ALT at 4 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    Alanine aminotransferase, ALT in U/L
  • Change from Baseline of the AST at 4 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    Aspartate aminotransferase, AST in U/L
  • Change from Baseline of the BUN at 4 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    Blood urea nitrogen, BUN in mmol/L
  • Change from Baseline of the Scr at 4 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    Serum creatinine, Scr in μmol/L
  • Genome-wide association study [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]
    Illumina HumanHap550-Duo BeadChips was used to perform the whole genome genotyping in deCODE genetics(Reykjavı'k, Iceland)
  • Change from Baseline in the score of Morningness-Eveningness Questionaire (MEQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    The MEQ is a validated, self-reported questionaire assessing personal chronotype in the recent period. Possible scores range from 16 (extreme eveningness) to 86 (extreme morningness). Change = (Week 4 Score - Baseline Score). Positive score change indicates a shift from eveningness to morningness.
  • Change from baseline objective sleep quality [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    Objective sleep quality data is assessed by wearing a Sleep wearable devices
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Treatment of Chronic Insomnia According to Yin Yang Theory and Its Correlation With Circadian Rhythm
Official Title  ICMJE Clinical Normative Evaluation of Chronic Insomnia Treated by Traditional Chinese Medicine According to Yin Yang Theory and Its Correlation With Circadian Rhythm
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) according to Yin Yang theory for treatment of chronic insomnia .
Detailed Description All subjects giving written informed consent. In this multicenter, controlled, prospective cohort study, the outpatient and inpatient chronic insomnia patients' baseline demographic data were collected, including age, gender, education background, and medication history. Venous blood samples were collected and sent to laboratory test for blood routine, and blood biochemistry at Baseline and Week 4. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to assess the patients' sleep quality at baseline and week 4. Objective sleep quality data is assessed by wearing a Sleep wearable devices. The classic Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire and wearable devices was used to assess the patients' chronotype at baseline and week 4.Subjects who visit the TCM clinic of this project received Suanzaoren Decoction and Huanglian Wendan Decoction orally twice daily for 4 weeks. Add or subtract Chinese herbal medicine according to the different clinical manifestations of each patient. Subjects from TCM clinic who had previously taken Western medicine hypnotics continued taking them, and for those who had not taken before, Western medicine hypnotics shall not be given/prescribed. Subjects who visit the Western medicine clinic of this project received Estazolam 1mg tablet orally once daily for 4 weeks. The participants will have a follow-up visit every two weeks, and the prescription would be adjusted according to the condition of illness.Cessation rate of Western medicine hypnotics was assessed at Month 6.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Chronic Insomnia
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Suanzaoren Decoction and Huanglian Wendan Decoction
    Twice daily. Chinese herbal medicine includes: includes: 25 grams of Suanzaoren, 10 grams of chuanxiong, 30 grams of fushen, 10 grams of Polygala tenuifolia, 10 grams of Pinellia ternata, 12 grams of tangerine peel, 15 grams of Zhuru, 30 grams of forged keel, 30 grams of forged oyster,10 grams of aurantii fructus, 6 grams of coptis chinensis, 30 grams of Albizzia bark.Add or subtract Chinese herbal medicine according to the different clinical manifestations of each patient.
    Other Name: Wild Jujube Seed Decoction and Huanglian Wendan Decoction
  • Drug: Estazolam 1Mg Tab
    1mg tablet once daily
    Other Names:
    • Estazolam
    • Estazolam Tablets
    • Estazolam Pill
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Chinese medicine group

    Participants received Suanzaoren Decoction and Huanglian Wendan Decoction orally twice daily for 4 weeks.

    Subjects who had previously taken Western medicine hypnotics continued to take them, and those who did not take them did not add Western medicine hypnotics.

    Intervention: Drug: Suanzaoren Decoction and Huanglian Wendan Decoction
  • Active Comparator: Western medicine group
    Participants received Estazolam 1mg tablet orally once daily for 4 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Estazolam 1Mg Tab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 6, 2022)
186
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 30, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 30, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Outpatients or inpatients.
  • It conforms to the chronic insomnia diagnosis standard of Chinese adult insomnia diagnosis and treatment guide (2017 Edition).
  • Chronic insomnia patients with Yin yang imbalance and Ying Wei Disharmony Syndrome.
  • Informed consent, voluntary participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Sleep apnea syndrome leads to insomnia.
  • Severe depression, suicidal tendency or having committed suicide.
  • Pregnant and lactating women.
  • It has serious primary heart, liver, lung, kidney, blood or serious diseases affecting its survival, such as: tumor or AIDS, SCR > 1.5n (n is the upper limit of normal value), ALT > 2n (n is the upper limit of normal value), WBC < 3.0 × 109 / L;
  • Those who cannot give full informed consent due to mental disorders.
  • According to the researcher's judgment, other situations that are not suitable for the group, such as the change of working environment.
  • Subjects who are participating in other clinical studies.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Xiuqin Wang, doctor +86-25-68306156 xiuqinw@126.com
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE China
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05452577
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2021-SR-015
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Xiuqin Wang, doctor The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
PRS Account The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University
Verification Date July 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP