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Effects of Repeated Psilocybin Dosing in OCD

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05370911
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : May 12, 2022
Last Update Posted : September 22, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Benjamin Kelmendi, MD, Yale University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 19, 2022
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 12, 2022
Last Update Posted Date September 22, 2022
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 6, 2022)
Change in Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale-Second Edition (Y-BOCS-II) Severity Scale total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
Clinician-administered assessment of severity of OCD symptoms over the past seven days. The most prominent obsessions and compulsions are rated on the Severity Scale from 0 to 4. Total Y-BOCS-II scores range from 0 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater severity of OCD symptoms.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 20, 2022)
  • Change in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale (MADRS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Clinician-administered assessment of severity of depressive symptoms over past month. Total scores range from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating greater severity of depressive symptoms.
  • Change in Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of various OCD symptoms over the modified time frame of the past week. Total scores range from 0 to 140, with higher scores indicating greater severity of OCD symptoms.
  • Change in Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 (OBQ-44) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of various obsessive beliefs implicated in OCD in general. Total scores range from 44 to 308, with higher scores indicating greater severity of obsessive beliefs.
  • Change in Acceptance and Action Questionnaire for Obsessions and Compulsions (AAQ-OC) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of experiential avoidance and psychological flexibility in the context of OCD symptoms in general. Total scores range from 13 to 91, with higher scores indicating greater psychological inflexibility.
  • Change in Tolerance of Uncontrollability Questionnaire (TOUQ) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of ability to tolerate uncontrollability (or inversely need for control) in general. Total scores range from 19 to 133, with higher scores indicating greater tolerance of uncontrollability.
  • Change in White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of thought suppression tendencies in general. Total scores range from 15 to 75, with higher scores indicating stronger thought suppression tendencies.
  • Change in Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties in general. Total scores range from 36 to 180, with higher scores indicating greater difficulties with regulating emotions.
  • Change in Southampton Mindfulness Questionnaire (SMQ) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of trait mindfulness in regards to distressing thoughts and images. Total scores range from 0 to 96, with higher scores indicating greater trait mindfulness.
  • Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of state mindfulness during dosing session. Total scores range from 0 to 52, with higher scores indicating greater state mindfulness.
  • Set, Setting, and Intentions (SSI) Scale [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of set, setting, and clarity of intentions just prior to dosing session. Total mean scores range from 0 to 100 (after reverse-scoring two items), with higher scores indicating greater preparedness for the dosing session.
  • Mystical Experience Questionnaire (MEQ) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute mystical experiences during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater mystical experiences.
  • Psychological Insight Questionnaire (PIQ) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute psychological insights during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater insightful experiences.
  • Challenging Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute challenging experiences during dosing. Total mean transformed scores range from 0 to 1, with higher scores indicating greater challenging experiences.
  • Ego Dissolution Inventory (EDI) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute experiences of ego dissolution during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater ego dissolution.
  • Emotional Breakthrough Inventory (EBI) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of different experiences of emotional breakthroughs during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater emotional breakthrough.
  • Change in Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) total mean score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of self-compassion in general. Total mean scores range from 1 to 5 (after reverse-scoring 13 items), with higher scores indicating greater self-compassion.
  • Change in Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Screening, 4 days and 12 months post-second dose ]
    Brief self-report measure of Big Five personality dimensions. Total scores range from 10 to 70 (after reverse-scoring 5 items), with higher scores indicating more positive personality traits.
  • Change in Persisting Effects Questionnaire (PEQ) subscale scores from 4 weeks post-second dose at 12 months post-second dose [ Time Frame: 4 weeks post-second dose & 12 months post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of persisting effects from dosing in general. Subscale scores range from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 5 to 85, with higher scores indicating greater positive or negative persisting changes since dosing.
  • Change in Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) total score from baseline at 4 weeks post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of alcohol use severity. Total scores range from 0 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater alcohol use severity.
  • Change in Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) total score from baseline at 4 weeks post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of illicit substance use. Total scores range from 0 to 44, with higher scores indicating greater illicit substance use severity.
  • Change in Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) total score from baseline at 4 weeks post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of nicotine use. Total scores range from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating greater nicotine use severity.
  • Change in Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of symptom-related functional impairment in general. Total scores range from 0 to 30, with higher scores indicating greater functional impairment.
  • Change in Quality of Life Enjoyment & Satisfaction Questionnaire - Short Form (Q-LES-Q-SF) percentage maximum score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of life satisfaction over the past week. Percentage maximum scores range from 0% to 100%, with higher percentages indicating greater life satisfaction.
  • Writing task [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Online writing task in which participants describe their perceptions of their OCD symptoms with a short written essay
  • Columbia Suicide Severity and Risk Scale (C-SSRS) Since Last Visit version [ Time Frame: Every study visit through study completion, an average of 12 months and 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and an average of 12 months and 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Clinician-administered assessment of suicidal ideation and behaviors since the last study visit
  • Theoretical Orientation Profile Scale-Revised (TOPS-R) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Clinician-reported measure of theoretical orientation over 11 subscales, each corresponding to a different theoretical orientation. Subscale scores range from 1 to 30, with higher scores indicating greater affiliation with a particular theoretical orientation.
  • Working Alliance Inventory-Short Revised (WAI-SR) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of perceived working alliance with study clinicians. Total scores range from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating stronger perceived working alliance.
  • Change in Symptom Provocation Task (SPT) ratings from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Behavioral measure of OCD symptoms when provoked with idiosyncratic questions. Scores for compulsive urges range from 0-10 in terms of VAS ratings, with higher VAS ratings indicating greater compulsive urges.
  • Stanford Expectations of Treatment Scale (SETS) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Self-report measure of treatment expectancy over 2 subscales, corresponding to positive and negative expectancy. Subscale scores range from 7 to 21, with higher scores indicating more positive or negative expectancy.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 6, 2022)
  • Change in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale (MADRS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Clinician-administered assessment of severity of depressive symptoms over past month. Total scores range from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating greater severity of depressive symptoms.
  • Change in Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of various OCD symptoms over the modified time frame of the past week. Total scores range from 0 to 140, with higher scores indicating greater severity of OCD symptoms.
  • Change in Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 (OBQ-44) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of various obsessive beliefs implicated in OCD in general. Total scores range from 44 to 308, with higher scores indicating greater severity of obsessive beliefs.
  • Change in Acceptance and Action Questionnaire for Obsessions and Compulsions (AAQ-OC) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of experiential avoidance and psychological flexibility in the context of OCD symptoms in general. Total scores range from 13 to 91, with higher scores indicating greater psychological inflexibility.
  • Change in Tolerance of Uncontrollability Questionnaire (TOUQ) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of ability to tolerate uncontrollability (or inversely need for control) in general. Total scores range from 19 to 133, with higher scores indicating greater tolerance of uncontrollability.
  • Change in White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of thought suppression tendencies in general. Total scores range from 15 to 75, with higher scores indicating stronger thought suppression tendencies.
  • Change in Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of emotion regulation difficulties in general. Total scores range from 36 to 180, with higher scores indicating greater difficulties with regulating emotions.
  • Change in Southampton Mindfulness Questionnaire (SMQ) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of trait mindfulness in regards to distressing thoughts and images. Total scores range from 0 to 96, with higher scores indicating greater trait mindfulness.
  • Toronto Mindfulness Scale (TMS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of state mindfulness during dosing session. Total scores range from 0 to 52, with higher scores indicating greater state mindfulness.
  • Set, Setting, and Intentions (SSI) Scale [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of set, setting, and clarity of intentions just prior to dosing session. Total mean scores range from 0 to 100 (after reverse-scoring two items), with higher scores indicating greater preparedness for the dosing session.
  • Mystical Experience Questionnaire (MEQ) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute mystical experiences during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater mystical experiences.
  • Psychological Insight Questionnaire (PIQ) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute psychological insights during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 5, with higher scores indicating greater insightful experiences.
  • Challenging Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute challenging experiences during dosing. Total mean transformed scores range from 0 to 1, with higher scores indicating greater challenging experiences.
  • Ego Dissolution Inventory (EDI) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of acute experiences of ego dissolution during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater ego dissolution.
  • Emotional Breakthrough Inventory (EBI) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and up to 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Self-report measure of different experiences of emotional breakthroughs during dosing. Total mean scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater emotional breakthrough.
  • Change in Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) total mean score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of self-compassion in general. Total mean scores range from 1 to 5 (after reverse-scoring 13 items), with higher scores indicating greater self-compassion.
  • Change in Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Screening, 4 days and 12 months post-second dose ]
    Brief self-report measure of Big Five personality dimensions. Total scores range from 10 to 70 (after reverse-scoring 5 items), with higher scores indicating more positive personality traits.
  • Change in Persisting Effects Questionnaire (PEQ) subscale scores from 4 weeks post-second dose at 12 months post-second dose [ Time Frame: 4 weeks post-second dose & 12 months post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of persisting effects from dosing in general. Subscale scores range from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 5 to 85, with higher scores indicating greater positive or negative persisting changes since dosing.
  • Change in Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) total score from baseline at 4 weeks post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of alcohol use severity. Total scores range from 0 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater alcohol use severity.
  • Change in Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) total score from baseline at 4 weeks post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of illicit substance use. Total scores range from 0 to 44, with higher scores indicating greater illicit substance use severity.
  • Change in Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) total score from baseline at 4 weeks post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of nicotine use. Total scores range from 0 to 10, with higher scores indicating greater nicotine use severity.
  • Change in Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) total score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of symptom-related functional impairment in general. Total scores range from 0 to 30, with higher scores indicating greater functional impairment.
  • Change in Quality of Life Enjoyment & Satisfaction Questionnaire - Short Form (Q-LES-Q-SF) percentage maximum score from baseline at 4 days post-second dose [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 weeks post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of life satisfaction over the past week. Percentage maximum scores range from 0% to 100%, with higher percentages indicating greater life satisfaction.
  • Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT) [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Computerized behavioral measure of approach and avoidance tendencies in regards to standardized OCD-relevant pictorial stimuli
  • PACT Anagram Task (PAT) [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Online anagram task developed as a behavioral assessment of intolerance of uncertainty
  • Writing task [ Time Frame: Baseline & 4 days post-second dose ]
    Online writing task in which participants describe their perceptions of their OCD symptoms with a short written essay
  • Columbia Suicide Severity and Risk Scale (C-SSRS) Since Last Visit version [ Time Frame: Every study visit through study completion, an average of 12 months and 3 weeks for immediate treatment condition, and an average of 12 months and 10 weeks for waitlist condition ]
    Clinician-administered assessment of suicidal ideation and behaviors since the last study visit
  • Theoretical Orientation Profile Scale-Revised (TOPS-R) [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Clinician-reported measure of theoretical orientation over eight subscales, each corresponding to a different theoretical orientation. Subscale scores range from 1 to 30, with higher scores indicating greater affiliation with a particular theoretical orientation.
  • Working Alliance Inventory-Short Revised (WAI-SR) [ Time Frame: 4 days post-second dose ]
    Self-report measure of perceived working alliance with study clinicians. Total scores range from 0 to 60, with higher scores indicating stronger perceived working alliance.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Effects of Repeated Psilocybin Dosing in OCD
Official Title  ICMJE Effects of Repeated Dosing of Psilocybin on Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Randomized, Waitlist-Controlled Study
Brief Summary This study aims to investigate the effects of repeated dosing of oral psilocybin on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptomatology in a randomized, waitlist-controlled design with blinded independent ratings, and assess psychological mechanisms that may mediate psilocybin's therapeutic effects on OCD.
Detailed Description

Aim 1: To examine the effects of two doses of psilocybin on OCD symptoms among participants in the immediate treatment condition, compared to participants in the waitlist control/delayed treatment condition. The investigators hypothesize that participants in the immediate treatment group will report statistically significantly greater symptom improvement from baseline 4 days post-second dose, compared to participants in the waitlist control/delayed treatment group at the same interval during their waitlist phase.

Aim 2: To examine the effects of two doses of psilocybin on OCD symptoms, compared to one dose. The investigators hypothesize that two doses of oral psilocybin will reduce OCD symptoms to a statistically significantly greater extent than one dose.

This study aims to investigate the effects of repeated dosing of oral psilocybin on OCD symptomatology and assess psychological mechanisms that may mediate psilocybin's therapeutic effects on OCD. This study will employ a randomized, waitlist-controlled design with blinded independent ratings, with participants randomized to receive either immediate treatment (two doses oral psilocybin separated by one week) or delayed treatment (7 weeks post-randomization). An adaptive dose selection strategy will be implemented, with the first dose being standardized at 25 mg of psilocybin, and the second dose being either the same or a higher dosage (i.e., 30 mg) on the basis of a clinically significant response from baseline or not, respectively, 4 days post-first dose.

This study is conducted entirely on an outpatient basis with the possibility of remote/virtual follow-up visits after each dosing session. The dosing sessions last the entire day, and participants will be medically cleared prior to being permitted to return home with assistance (e.g., driven by a family member or friend, or ride share).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
In the study, participants will be randomized to receive either immediate treatment with two doses of oral psilocybin separated by one week (n = 15) or enter a waitlist control/delayed treatment group and receive the same treatment 7 weeks post-randomization (n = 15).
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:
Only the independent rater for each participant will be blinded to their condition; blind will be broken at the end of week 7 (i.e., 4 weeks post-second dosing), after which participants in the waitlist/delayed treatment group will begin their treatment phase.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Psilocybin

The first oral dose will be 25 mg, and the second dose will be either 25 mg or 30 mg, depending on response to first dose.

Psilocybin is a naturally occurring hallucinogenic ingredient found in some varieties of mushrooms that can be produced synthetically. It is considered to be a serotonergic psychedelic. We will use synthetically produced oral psilocybin in this study.

Other Names:

"Magic Mushrooms"

Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Immediate Treatment
    Participants randomized to this condition will receive treatment immediately, facilitated by two study staff members, and which consists of two preparatory sessions, followed by the first dosing session and two integration sessions, then the second dosing session and two integration sessions. This is followed by follow-up and long-term follow-up visits up to 12 months post-second dose.
    Intervention: Drug: Psilocybin
  • No Intervention: Waitlist Control/Delayed Treatment
    Participants randomized to this condition will first enter a waitlist phase that lasts for 7 weeks, after which rater unblinding will occur, and participants will be rescreened. If participants remain eligible at this time, they will begin their treatment phase. During their treatment phase, participants in this condition will receive the same treatment as described for participants in the immediate treatment group. This is followed by follow-up and long-term follow-up visits up to 12 months post-second dose.
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Not yet recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 6, 2022)
30
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 2026
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 2025   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Primary DSM-5 diagnosis of OCD, with Y-BOCS-II score of 26 or greater at screening
  2. Failed at least one medication and/or therapy trial of standard care treatment for OCD
  3. English fluency
  4. Agree to sign a medical release for investigators to communicate directly with participants' providers to confirm medication and psychotherapy histories or arrange contingencies in event of crises.
  5. Agree to provide an adult contact (relative, spouse, close friend or other caregiver) who is willing and able to be reached by the PI and/or study personnel in the event of an emergency, and who can provide transportation for study visits and independently comment on any changes in the participant's mood or behavior after each administration of psilocybin.
  6. Agree to commit to all study procedures.
  7. Ability to orally ingest pills for psilocybin dosing visits.
  8. Agree to adhere to lifestyle and medication modifications.
  9. Must not be on psychotropic medications for OCD or comorbid psychiatric conditions for at least 8 weeks at the time of randomization, and agree to refrain from taking or starting any psychiatric medications until after 4 weeks post-second dose.
  10. Must not be in current psychotherapy (CBT or ERP) at the time of pre-screening and must not start new course of psychotherapy (CBT or ERP) for OCD or comorbid psychiatric conditions until after 4 weeks post-second dose.
  11. If participant is of childbearing potential, must have a negative pregnancy test at study entry and prior to each dosing session.
  12. If participant is of childbearing potential, agree to use adequate birth control and not attempt to become pregnant during study up to 4 weeks post-second dose.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Personal or immediate (first-degree relative) family history of formally diagnosed schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, or bipolar I/II disorder
  2. Lack of knowledge about biological families' medical history, due to adoption or other circumstance
  3. Active suicidal intent or suicidal or non-suicidal self-injurious behaviors
  4. Unremitted Tourette syndrome
  5. Lifetime diagnosis of a Pervasive Developmental Disorder
  6. Current substance use disorder (except for mild alcohol use disorder)
  7. Any neurological condition, including history of seizure, chronic/severe headaches that require the use of prohibited medication(s) or deemed by the investigator to be contraindications for inclusion in the study.
  8. Any history of head injury with loss of consciousness for more than 30 min
  9. Any use of classic psychedelic substances within the prior 12 months
  10. Unwillingness to abstain from use of classic psychedelics outside of the study up to 4 weeks post-second dose.
  11. Use of tobacco products or a THC-containing product more than 2 times per week on average over the past 30 days at screening.
  12. Unwilingness or inability to abstain from use of tobacco or THC-containing products from 1 week prior to randomization up to 4 weeks post-second dose.
  13. Positive urine drug test for any prohibited substance at screening or days of dosing, or positive breathalyzer test for alcohol on days of dosing
  14. Unwillingness or inability to abstain from alcohol use at least 24 hours prior to the days of dosing, up to 24 hours after each dosing day (or corresponding intervals for waitlist group).
  15. Any medical conditions that may render study procedures unsafe, including hypertension, history of cardiovascular disease, moderate-to-severe hepatic or renal impairment, diabetes, and hypo- or hyperthyroidism.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Yale OCD Clinic Psychedelic Research 203-623-3023 psychedelicresearch@yale.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05370911
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2000032623
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Benjamin Kelmendi, MD, Yale University
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Yale University
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Benjamin Kelmendi, MD Yale University
Study Director: Christopher Pittenger, MD, PhD Yale University
PRS Account Yale University
Verification Date September 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP