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Multi-center Collaborative to Enhance Quality and Outcomes in the Management of Cardiogenic Shock (VANQUISH SHOCK)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05185492
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 11, 2022
Last Update Posted : December 5, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
STAVROS G DRAKOS, University of Utah

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date December 22, 2021
First Posted Date January 11, 2022
Last Update Posted Date December 5, 2022
Actual Study Start Date May 25, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2027   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 22, 2021)
Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Percentage of participants alive at analysis time points
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 22, 2021)
  • Vascular Complications [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Percentage of participants experiencing stroke or need for renal replacement therapy
  • Major Adverse Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Percentage of participants experiencing myocardial infarction, stroke or heart failure re-hospitalization
  • Neurologic Status [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Average participant neurologic status, as determined by the Cerebral Performance Category instrument
  • Health-related Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Average participant health-related quality of life score, using the Rand 36-Item Short Form Survey
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Multi-center Collaborative to Enhance Quality and Outcomes in the Management of Cardiogenic Shock
Official Title Multi-center Collaborative to Enhance Quality and Outcomes in the Management of Cardiogenic Shock
Brief Summary This large real-world international prospective registry will provide a unique opportunity to comprehensively understand the contemporary management, clinical course and short as well as long-term outcomes of all Cardiogenic Shock (CS) patients cared for at four high volume dedicated shock care centers. As the first true North American multicenter CS collaborative with a uniform dedicated and comprehensive case report form, the high patient volumes and wide spectrum of clinical acuity seen at these institutions will provide valuable insight into the factors associated with adverse outcomes; and will serve as a blueprint for future clinical trial designs that may better inform clinical practice.
Detailed Description

Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a hemodynamically complex and morbid syndrome characterized by frank circulatory collapse and end organ malperfusion stemming from severely impaired myocardial contractility. Despite advances in early reperfusion and regionalized systems of care, it remains the leading cause of in-hospital death following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to this day, with mortality rates in excess of 40%. CS is also multifactorial with etiologies that extend beyond the reaches of acute coronary thrombosis, as more than 60% of cases may be due to acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), a heterogenous conglomeration of disease states that remain poorly understood with equally dismal outcomes. In addition, while there has been a growing interest and significant uptake in the utilization of percutaneous mechanical circulatory support devices (pMCS) capable of providing greater procedural hemodynamics compared to the traditional intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), they have yet to demonstrate a survival benefit.

In the absence of randomized trials to inform clinical care, there has been a growing interest in the development of an algorithmic approach to guide CS management, predicated on: 1) Early disease recognition; 2) Classification using a standardized nomenclature that incorporates comprehensive hemodynamics; 3) Selective and phenotypically tailored selective circulatory support; and 4) Multidisciplinary team-based care. While preliminary short-term results from United States CS registries employing such an approach has been favorable, there remain gaps in knowledge regarding a number of clinical domains in CS care, including: 1) Prognostic validation of invasive hemodynamics and risk stratification tools at the time of diagnosis; 2) Best practices for revascularization using contemporary therapies for AMI-CS patients; 3) Clinical predictors of outcomes among the different severity stages of CS; 4) Potential merits of varying care models (hub-and-spoke networks, high intensity cardiac intensive care units; 5) Ideal weaning strategies for peripheral mechanical circulatory support (pMCS) devices; and 6) Intermediate and long-term outcomes following the index clinical event, including health-related quality of life measures in this highly frail and vulnerable patient population.

This registry will prospectively and retrospectively follow all patients admitted to their respective health care systems with the primary diagnosis of CS. Unlike other registries, patients will be followed even if mechanical circulatory support is not implemented. Each patient will be followed from time of hospital admission to disposition, and at 30 days, 6 months and 1 year following discharge. A comprehensive and detailed evaluation of each patient and de-identified variables will be collected during these time periods, including baseline demographics, index and serial hemodynamic/metabolic assessments, and clinical care during the longitudinal hospital course. Data will be collected regarding revascularization strategies, vasopressor dosing and pMCS device utilization, to include weaning and escalation strategies. Information will also be collected regarding any morbidities sustained during the course of care, both in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) and during the post-ICU course. These include major bleeding, vascular complications requiring surgical or endovascular therapy, device-related hemolysis, need for renal replacement therapy and stroke. Among patients surviving the index hospitalization, they will also undergo cognitive and health-related quality of life evaluations using validated instruments at 30 days, 6 months and 1 year.

Study Type Observational [Patient Registry]
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration 1 Year
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Patients presenting with cardiogenic shock at one of four high-volume North American quaternary care centers (Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, University of Toronto and University of Utah)
Condition
  • Cardiogenic Shock
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction
Intervention Not Provided
Study Groups/Cohorts Cardiogenic shock cohort
Primary diagnosis of Cardiogenic Shock at the time of index evaluation. The clinical and hemodynamic criteria used to diagnose Cardiogenic Shock will be those as defined in the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions clinical expert consensus statement on the classification of cardiogenic shock.
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: December 22, 2021)
500
Original Estimated Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date December 31, 2027
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2027   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Primary diagnosis of cardiogenic shock at time of index evaluation; including acute myocardial infarction- and acute decompensated heart failure-cardiogenic shock phenotypes
  • Patients with cardiac arrest complicating cardiogenic shock and those with massive pulmonary embolism with right ventricular cardiogenic shock will also be eligible for the registry

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with shock not due to primary cardiac etiology will be excluded. These include septic, hemorrhagic, and anaphylactic shock.
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts
Contact: John Kirk 801-585-2944 john.kirk@hsc.utah.edu
Listed Location Countries Canada,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT05185492
Other Study ID Numbers IRB_00148867
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party STAVROS G DRAKOS, University of Utah
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor STAVROS G DRAKOS
Original Study Sponsor Same as current
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stavros Drakos, M.D. University of Utah
PRS Account University of Utah
Verification Date December 2022