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Efficacy and Safety of Apitegromab in Patients With Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treated With Nusinersen or Risdiplam (SAPPHIRE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05156320
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 14, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Scholar Rock, Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 1, 2021
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 14, 2021
Last Update Posted Date November 14, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 24, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 13, 2021)
Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
The HFMSE assesses the physical abilities of patients with Type 2 and Type 3 SMA. It comprises of 33 items graded on a scale of 0, 1, or 2, where 0 denotes unable, 1 denotes performed with modification or adaptation, and 2 denotes performed without modification or adaptation. The overall score is the sum of the scores for all activities with a maximum achievable score of 66. Higher scores indicate increased motor function.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 1, 2021)
Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 13, 2021)
  • Main Efficacy Population: Proportion of patients with ≥3-point change from Baseline in Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
    The HFMSE assesses the physical abilities of patients with Type 2 and Type 3 SMA. It comprises of 33 items graded on a scale of 0, 1, or 2, where 0 denotes unable, 1 denotes performed with modification or adaptation, and 2 denotes performed without modification or adaptation. The overall score is the sum of the scores for all activities with a maximum achievable score of 66. Higher scores indicate increased motor function.
  • Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in Revised Upper Limb Module (RULM) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
    The RULM is a 20 item assessment of upper limb function in nonambulatory patients with SMA that was performed for patients who were 30 months of age or older at baseline. The 19 scored items assess functions that relate to everyday life, such as pressing a button and picking up a token; these items are scored 0, 1, or 2, where 0 denotes unable, 1 denotes able with modification, and 2 denotes able with no modification. The maximum score achievable is 37. Higher scores increased great upper limb function.
  • Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in number of WHO motor development milestones attained at 12 months. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Severe Adverse Events (SAEs) by severity. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Apitegromab concentrations in serum from blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Circulating latent myostatin concentrations in blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Presence or absence of ADA against apitegromab in serum from blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 1, 2021)
  • Main Efficacy Population: Proportion of patients with ≥3-point change from Baseline in Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale Expanded (HFMSE) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in Revised Upper Limb Module (RULM) total score. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population: Change from Baseline in number of WHO motor development milestones attained at 12 months. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Severe Adverse Events (SAEs) by severity. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Apitegromab concentrations in serum from blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Circulating latent myostatin concentrations in blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
  • Main Efficacy Population and Exploratory Subpopulation combined: Presence or absence of ADA against apitegromab in serum from blood samples. [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 12 months. ]
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Efficacy and Safety of Apitegromab in Patients With Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treated With Nusinersen or Risdiplam
Official Title  ICMJE Phase 3, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Apitegromab (SRK-015) in Patients With Later-Onset Spinal Muscular Atrophy Receiving Background Nusinersen or Risdiplam Therapy
Brief Summary This Phase 3 trial (Study SRK-015-003) is being conducted in patients ≥2 years old at Screening, who were previously diagnosed with later-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) (i.e., Type 2 and Type 3 SMA) and are receiving an approved survival motor neuron (SMN) upregulator therapy (i.e., either nusinersen or risdiplam), to confirm the efficacy and safety of apitegromab as an adjunctive therapy to nusinersen and evaluate the efficacy and safety of apitegromab as an adjunctive therapy to risdiplam.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:
Active treatment, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 2
  • SMA
  • Neuromuscular Diseases
  • Muscular Atrophy
  • Atrophy
  • Muscular Atrophy, Spinal
  • Neuromuscular Manifestations
  • Anti-myostatin
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Apitegromab
    Apitegromab is a fully human anti-proMyostatin monoclonal antibody (mAb) of the immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)/lambda isotype that specifically binds to human pro/latent myostatin with high affinity inhibiting myostatin activation. SRK-015 will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.
    Other Name: SRK-015
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo will be administered every 4 weeks by intravenous (IV) infusion.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Main Efficacy Population (Apitegromab 10 mg/kg)
    Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 2 through 12 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive apitegromab 10 mg/kg for up to 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Apitegromab
  • Experimental: Main Efficacy Population (Apitegromab 20 mg/kg)
    Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 2 through 12 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive apitegromab 20 mg/kg for up to 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Apitegromab
  • Placebo Comparator: Main Efficacy Population (Placebo)
    Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 2 through 12 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive placebo for up to 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Exploratory Subpopulation (Apitegromab)
    Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 13 through 21 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive apitegromab 20 mg/kg for up to 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Apitegromab
  • Placebo Comparator: Exploratory Subpopulation (Placebo)
    Type 2 SMA and Nonambulatory Type 3 SMA, ages 13 through 21 years old at Screening. Participants will be randomized to receive placebo for up to 52 weeks.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 1, 2021)
204
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females 2 through 21 years old at Screening.
  • Documented diagnosis of 5q SMA.
  • Diagnosed with later-onset SMA (i.e., Type 2 and Type 3 SMA) before receiving an approved SMN upregulator therapy (i.e., either nusinersen or risdiplam).
  • Must be Nonambulatory at Screening. Nonambulatory patients must be able to sit independently (sits up straight with head erect for at least 10 seconds; does not use arms or hands to balance body or support position) per World Health Organization (WHO) motor milestones definition at Screening.
  • Receiving one background therapy for SMA (i.e., either nusinersen or risdiplam) for the time period specified below and anticipated to remain on that same treatment throughout the trial:

    1. If receiving the SMN upregulator therapy nusinersen, must have completed at least 10 months of dosing (i.e., completed the loading regimen and at least 2 maintenance doses) before Screening;
    2. If receiving the SMN upregulator therapy risdiplam, must have completed at least 6 months of dosing before Screening.
  • Motor Function Score (HFMSE) ≥10 and ≤45 at Screening.
  • Have no physical limitations that would prevent the patient from undergoing motor function outcome measures throughout the duration of the study.
  • Able to receive study drug infusions and provide blood samples through the use of a peripheral intravenous (IV) or a long-term IV access device that the patient has placed for reasons independent from the study throughout the duration of the study.
  • Able to adhere to the requirements of the protocol, including travel to the study center and completing all study procedures and study visits.
  • For patients who are expected to have reached reproductive maturity by the end of the study, adhere to study specific contraception requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Received ZOLGENSMA® (onasemnogene abeparvovec-xioi) at any time and previous treatment with apitegromab.
  • Use of invasive ventilation and tracheostomy.
  • Use of chronic daytime non-invasive ventilatory support for >16 hours daily in the 2 weeks prior to dosing, or anticipated to regularly receive such daytime ventilator support chronically over the duration of the study.
  • Any acute or co-morbid condition interfering with the well-being of the patient within 7 days of screening, including active systemic infection, the need for acute treatment or inpatient observation due to any reason.
  • Severe scoliosis and/or contractures at screening. Based on clinical judgement, any scoliosis or contractures present must be stable over the past 6 months, anticipated to be stable for the duration of the study and not prevent the patient from being evaluated on any functional outcome measures throughout the duration of the study.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Major orthopedic or other interventional procedure, including spine or hip surgery, considered to have the potential to substantially limit the ability of the patient to be evaluated on any functional outcome measures, within 6 months prior to Screening, or anticipated for the duration of the study.
  • Prior history of a hypersensitivity reaction to a monoclonal antibody (mAb) or recombinant protein bearing an Fc domain (such as a soluble receptor-Fc fusion protein), apitegromab, or excipients of apitegromab.
  • Treatment with investigational drugs within 3 months prior to Screening.
  • Use of therapies with potentially significant muscle effects (such as androgens, insulin-like growth factor, growth hormone, systemic beta-agonist, botulinum toxin, or muscle relaxants or muscle-enhancing supplements) or potentially significant neuromuscular effects (such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors) within 60 days prior to screening.
  • Nutritional status not stable over the past 6 months and not anticipated to be stable throughout the duration of the study.
  • Patient has any other condition, which in the opinion of the Investigator may compromise safety or compliance, would preclude the patient from successful completion of the study, or interfere with the interpretation of the results.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 2 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Belgium,   France,   Germany,   Italy,   Netherlands,   Poland,   Spain,   United Kingdom,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05156320
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SRK-015-003
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Scholar Rock, Inc.
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Scholar Rock, Inc.
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Scholar Rock, Inc.
Verification Date November 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP