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Antitumor Activity of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without BINTRAFUSP ALFA in Patients With Metastatic Advanced Stage Ovarian Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05145569
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 13, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Haider Mahdi, University of Pittsburgh

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 22, 2021
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 6, 2021
Last Update Posted Date July 13, 2022
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 22, 2021)
  • Safety - Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks ]
    A Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) is defined hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity (assessed in accordance with NCI CTCAE v 5.0), clearly attributable to Bintrafusp alfa (experimental agent) which cause any immune-related grade 3 or grade 4, or recurrent grade 2 toxicities, requiring discontinuation of Bintrafusp alfa or treatment delay for more than 4 weeks. The criteria for stopping will be P(P(DLT)>0.2)>0.66, which will be evaluated after every 5 patients on the chemotherapy plus Bintrafusp alfa arm have completed their safety observation period (four cycles). The probability statement will be assessed using a beta-binomial rule with a prior that assumes unacceptable toxicity will occur in 10% of patients (α=1 and β=9).
  • Complete Pathologic Response [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Proportion of patients that experience a complete absence of cancer after study treatment as determined by pathological/histological assessment of tissue samples.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 22, 2021)
  • Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Time from first confirmation of response to evidence of disease progression. Progression defined by RECIST v 1.1.Progressive disease(PD) is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.
  • Time to Tumor Response (TTR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    Time from trial enrollment to first documentation of objective response per RECIST v1.1. Complete Response (CR) is defined as disappearance of all target lesions; disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. Partial Response (PR) is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD.
  • Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    The proportion of treated patients with Complete Response (CR) + Partial Response (PR), per RECIST v1.1. Complete Response (CR) is defined as disappearance of all target lesions; disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. Partial Response (PR) is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD.
  • Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Up to 36 months ]
    The proportion of treated with Complete Response (CR) + Partial Response (PR) + Stable Disease (SD), per RECIST v1.1. Complete Response (CR) is defined as disappearance of all target lesions; disappearance of all non-target lesions and normalization of tumor marker level. Partial Response (PR) is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum LD. Stable Disease (SD) is defined as neither sufficient shrinkage (compared to baseline) to qualify for partial or complete response (CR or PR) nor sufficient increase (taking as reference the smallest sum of diameters at baseline or while on study, whichever is smallest) to qualify for progressive disease (PD).
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Progression-free survival is the median (estimated) time measured from the initial date of treatment to the date of documented progression, or the date of death (in the absence of progression),whichever occurs first, with progression defined by RECIST v 1.1.Progressive disease(PD) is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) at 18 months [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    The proportion of patients who remain progression-free from the initial date of treatment until 18 months afterwards, with progression defined by RECIST v1.1.Progressive disease (PD) is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) at 12 months [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The proportion of patients who remain progression-free from the initial date of treatment until 12 months afterwards, with progression defined by RECIST v1.1.Progressive disease (PD) is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the LD of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum LD recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions; appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The median length of time (estimated) from the start of treatment that patients remain alive, until death from any cause.
  • Overall Survival (OS) at 12 months [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The proportion of patients that remain alive from the start of treatment until death from any cause at 12 months.
  • Overall Survival (OS) at 18 months [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    The proportion of patients that remain alive from the start of treatment until death from any cause at 18 months.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Antitumor Activity of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without BINTRAFUSP ALFA in Patients With Metastatic Advanced Stage Ovarian Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 1b, Open-Label Study to Assess the Antitumor Activity of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without BINTRAFUSP ALFA in Patients With Metastatic Advanced Stage Ovarian Cancer
Brief Summary In this study, the safety, tolerability, and anti-tumor activity of BINTRAFUSP ALFA in combination with chemotherapy will be assessed in patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Detailed Description BINTRAFUSP ALFA (M7824) is a bifunctional fusion protein that combines an anti-PD-L1 antibody and the extracellular domain of TGFβ receptor II (TGFβRII) as a TGFβ neutralizing 'trap', into a single molecule. The novel design of BINTRAFUSP ALFA (M7824), which neutralizes TGFβ and simultaneously inhibits the anti-PD-L1 pathway in the tumor microenvironment, may be more effective than agents targeting PD-L1 and TGFβ separately. In this trial, approximately 33 total patients are expected to be enrolled. The first phase of the study will be the safety lead in in 6 patients with advanced stage (stage III-IV) ovarian cancer undergoing neoadjuvant settings. Then 27 patients will be enrolled and randomized in 2:1 design to received standard chemotherapy with carboplatin/paclitaxel +/- M7824 respectively (N=18:9). Participants will be randomized so that there will be 24 PD-evaluable participants treated with standard of care chemotherapy plus BINTRAFUSP ALFA and 9 participants treated with standard of care chemotherapy at the end of the study. The control arm is strictly for comparison of the exploratory endpoints, although the primary and secondary endpoints will be presented for both arms, separately. The goal of including 9 patients in the control group is for comparison of the translational endpoint and not the clinical endpoint. For both regimens: M7824 (2400 mg flat dose iv on day 1 every 21 days) with chemotherapy including carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on day 1 of 21-day cycle. Interval debulking surgery will be planned after 4 cycles. Chemotherapy will be planned for 6-8 cycles then maintenance M7824 will be continued for at 12 months.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Ovarian Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel
    Carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel combination chemotherapy is very well tolerated and highly effective for the treatment of ovarian cancer and thus is standard of care therapy. Both carboplatin and paclitaxel are chemotherapy agents that are designed to kill and slow the growth of cancer cells.
    Other Name: Carbo/Taxol
  • Drug: Bintrafusp alfa (M7824)
    Bintrafusp alfa is a first-in-class bifunctional fusion protein composed of the extracellular domain of the human TGF-β receptor II (TGF-βRII or TGF-β "trap") fused via a flexible linker to the C-terminus of each heavy chain of an IgG1 antibody blocking programmed death ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1); it is designed to target tumors via colocalized, simultaneous inhibition of 2 key mechanisms of immunosuppression in the tumor microenvironment.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Carboplatin/paclitaxel + Bintrafusp alfa (M7824)
    Bintrafusp alfa (M7824) (2400 mg flat dose IV), in combination with chemotherapy including carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on Day 1 of the 21-day cycle
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel
    • Drug: Bintrafusp alfa (M7824)
  • Active Comparator: Carboplatin/paclitaxel
    Carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 on Day 1 of the 21-day cycle
    Intervention: Drug: Carboplatin AUC 5 and paclitaxel
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Not yet recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 22, 2021)
33
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 2027
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2024   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Female participants who are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent with histologically confirmed diagnosis of ovarian cancer who meets below inclusion criteria will be enrolled in this study.
  2. Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in this protocol.
  3. Provision of signed and dated, written informed consent form prior to any mandatory study specific procedures, sampling, and analyses.
  4. A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (see Appendix E), not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

d1. Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) as defined in Appendix E

d2. A WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance in Appendix E during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.

Diagnosis/Condition for Entry into the Trial:

  1. World Health Organization (WHO)/Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0, 1 or 2 at enrollment.
  2. Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  3. Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed epithelial ovarian, fallopian or primary peritoneal cancer. patients should have diagnosis of advanced stage (III-IV) ovarian cancer who are planned to have neoadjuvant chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel.
  4. High grade serous histology
  5. Patients have to be chemo-naïve with no prior chemotherapy or any therapy for ovarian cancer.
  6. Confirmation of measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1 by investigators at Screening will be used to determine patient eligibility and imaging shows at least 1 lesion that is appropriate for selection as a target lesion per RECIST 1.1 is required prior to patient treatment. Tumor assessment by computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) must be performed within 28 days prior to C1D1.
  7. All patients enrolled must be ICI-naïve patients defined as no prior exposure to immune-mediated therapy including, but not limited to, other anti CTLA-4, anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, and anti-programmed cell death ligand 2 (anti-PD-L2) antibodies, excluding therapeutic anticancer vaccines.
  8. All patients must be able to provide a tumor tissue either archival tissue or newly acquired tumor biopsy. The tumor specimen should be of sufficient quantity to allow for exploratory biomarker analyses.
  9. Have adequate organ function as defined in Table 1. Specimens must be collected within 7 days prior to the start of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnancy Exclusion:

  1. A WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to allocation. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required. (Note: in the event that 72 hours have elapsed between the screening pregnancy test and the first dose of study treatment, another pregnancy test (urine or serum) must be performed and must be negative in order for subject to start receiving study medication).
  2. Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.

Prior/Concurrent Clinical Study Experience:

1. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment. (Note: Patients who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous investigational agent.)

Prior/Concomitant Therapy:

  1. Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti PD L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (eg, CTLA-4, OX 40, CD137)
  2. Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents within 4 weeks [could consider shorter interval for kinase inhibitors or other short half-life drugs] prior to treatment.

    Note: Patients must have recovered from all AEs due to previous therapies to ≤Grade 1 or baseline. Patients with ≤Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible.

    Note: If patient received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment.

  3. Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment. Patients must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-central nervous system (CNS) disease.
  4. Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine.Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed.
  5. Hypersensitivity reaction to BINTRAFUSP ALFA. Known severe hypersensitivity (Grade ≥ 3 NCI CTCAE 5.0) to investigational product or any component in its formulations, any history of anaphylaxis, or recent, within 5 months, history of uncontrollable asthma.
  6. Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study intervention. (Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous investigational agent.)

Medical conditions:

  1. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study drug.
  2. Has a history of a second malignancy, unless potentially curative treatment has been completed with no evidence of malignancy for 2 years.

    Note: The time requirement does not apply to participants who underwent successful definitive resection of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other in-situ cancers.

  3. Has known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e. without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study intervention.
  4. Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic treatment and is allowed.
  5. Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  6. Has an active infection requiring systemic intravenous therapy.
  7. Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or HIV test (+) in screening test. No HIV testing is required unless mandated by local health authority. Patients with HIV infection with following exception are allowed: HIV-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of enrollment are eligible for this trial.
  8. Has a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection except following situation: Patients with a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection are allowed to be included if: participant on a stable dose of antiviral therapy, HBV viral load below the limit of quantification. HCV viral load below the limit of quantification.
  9. Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB).
  10. History of bleeding diathesis or recent major bleeding events (i.e., Grade ≥ 2 bleeding events in the month prior treatment)
  11. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Class III/IV), uncontrolled hypertension (≥150/90mmHg), unstable angina pectoris or myocardial infarction (≤ 6 months prior to screening), uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, clinically significant cardiac valvulopathy requiting treatment, active interstitial lung disease, serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirement, substantially increase risk of incurring AEs or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent
  12. QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) ≥450 ms in male and ≥470 ms in female calculated from 12-lead ECGs
  13. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the patient's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the patient to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  14. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  15. Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  16. Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Gender Based Eligibility: Yes
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Josh Plassmeyer, MS 412-648-6417 plassmeyerjm@upmc.edu
Contact: Berger Claire, RN 412-641-6373 bergerc@upmc.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT05145569
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE HCC 21-162
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Haider Mahdi, University of Pittsburgh
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Haider Mahdi
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Haider M Mahdi, MD UPMC Hillman Cancer Center
PRS Account University of Pittsburgh
Verification Date June 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP