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Optical-Coherence Tomography for the Non-invasive Diagnosis and Subtyping of Basal Cell Carcinoma (OCT-BCC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT05041777
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 13, 2021
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Maastricht University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maastricht University Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date September 3, 2021
First Posted Date September 13, 2021
Last Update Posted Date September 13, 2021
Actual Study Start Date February 15, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date April 30, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: September 3, 2021)
Diagnostic accuracy of OCT in diagnosis and subtyping of BCC [ Time Frame: February 2017-April 2021 ]
The main study parameter is the diagnostic value of OCT in diagnosis BCC defined as accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and negative- and positive diagnostic values. An increase of at least 10 percent in specificity and an equal sensitivity of OCT-based diagnosis is expected, compared with the clinical diagnosis and the golden-standard histopathology.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: September 3, 2021)
Developing a deep learning algorithm for automated detection of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and recognizing three different BCC subtypes in OCT images. [ Time Frame: June 2020-August 2021 ]
The ability of a deep learning algorithm to classify BCC from other skin lesions within OCT images
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Optical-Coherence Tomography for the Non-invasive Diagnosis and Subtyping of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Official Title Optical-Coherence Tomography for the Non-invasive Diagnosis and Subtyping of Basal Cell Carcinoma
Brief Summary

Rationale:

To date, the diagnosis and subtyping of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is verified with histopathology which requires a biopsy. Because this technique is invasive, new non-invasive strategies have been developed, including Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). This innovative technique enables microscopically detailed examination of lesions, which is useful for diagnosing and identification of various subtypes of BCC. The diagnostic value of the VIVOSIGHT OCT in daily clinical practice, has not been established to date.

Detailed Description

Objective:

The aim of the study is to investigate the diagnostic value and usability of OCT in the diagnosis and subtyping of clinically suspect BCC.

Study design:

In this prospective observational trial, the VIVOSIGHT OCT device will be used on all patients attending the policlinic Dermatology of the MUMC and will undergo a skin biopsy. Information collected from OCT images will be compared with the clinical diagnosis by the specialist, including dermatoscopy, and the gold standard consisting of the histopathological diagnosis obtained from biopsy.

Study population:

All patients attending the policlinic Dermatology of the MUMC that will undergo a skin biopsy.

Intervention:

In this study, patients will be asked for informed consent to participate in this study before the planned biopsy is performed. The consent includes the undergoing of the imaging and extracting the pathology report from the patient's file. Imaging of the lesion will be performed subsequently, which is non-invasive and requires only several minutes of time. After the imaging, the patient is treated conform regular care: the following biopsy will be send for histopathologic examination by the pathologist, and the patient will hear the outcome of this investigation via his or her own physician. The histopathologic diagnosis and subtype will be obtained from the pathology report to compare with the diagnosis and subtype based on clinical diagnosis and OCT imaging.

Main study parameters/endpoints:

The main study parameters comprise the diagnostic value of OCT imaging for BCC, defined as the sensitivity, specificity, positive- and negative predictive value, compared with the clinical diagnosis and the gold standard of histopathological diagnosis. Secondary outcome is the value of OCT for subtyping BCC. Retrospectively, the necessity of a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis will be evaluated.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:

This research is conducted during regular patient care. Patients that are planned to have a skin biopsy for histopathological study will be asked to participate and provide informed consent. When a biopsy is planned, the OCT imaging will be performed while the patients are waiting for the biopsy to be prepared, the OCT imaging process is performed by the investigator. The outcome of the planned biopsy will be used as the gold standard for comparison with OCT. The results of this biopsy will be extracted from the pathology report in the electronic patient history file. Possible risks for biopsies are not influenced by the OCT imaging apparatus and include: post-operative bleeding, allergic reactions, wound infection and hematoma formation. With OCT imaging valuable information can be obtained without influencing the regular care procedure. This is benificial because in the future the non-invasive OCT might replace invasive skin biopsies.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Adult patients (18 years or older) receiving a skin biopsy of a lesion clinically suspected for a non-melanoma skin cancer or premalignancy
Condition
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma
  • Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Deep Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence
Intervention Device: Optical Coherence Tomography
OCT is an imaging technique, which is able to produce real-time, in vivo, cross-sectional images of lesions with a depth of 1,5-2 mm. OCT imaging is based on light-interferometry, calculating the interference of an optical beam reflected by the tissue with a reference. [2] In such ways, microscopic details of lesions and tissues can be visualized. This information could be used to identify a lesion as BCC, and further specify the subtype. Therefore, the use of the OCT can reduce the number of biopsies and the accompanying morbidity.
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Prospective data collection, retrospective OCT image evaluation
    From February 2017-June 2017 patients were included prospectively. OCT images were evaluated retrospectively in conjunction with clinical images. A deep learning algorithm is developed with use of this dataset including 676 OCT images.
    Intervention: Device: Optical Coherence Tomography
  • Prospective data collection and OCT image evaluation
    From January 2021-April 2021 patients were included prospectively. OCT images were evaluated prospectively in a clinical setting. The deep learning algorithm will be prospectively validated with use of this dataset including 287 OCT images.
    Intervention: Device: Optical Coherence Tomography
Publications * Sinx KAE, van Loo E, Tonk EHJ, Kelleners-Smeets NWJ, Winnepenninckx VJL, Nelemans PJ, Mosterd K. Optical Coherence Tomography for Noninvasive Diagnosis and Subtyping of Basal Cell Carcinoma: A Prospective Cohort Study. J Invest Dermatol. 2020 Oct;140(10):1962-1967. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2020.01.034. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment
 (submitted: September 3, 2021)
963
Original Actual Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date December 30, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date April 30, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patients (18 years or older) receiving a skin biopsy of a lesion clinically suspected for a non-melanoma skin cancer or premalignancy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who were incompetent to sign informed consent were excluded
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Not Provided
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries Netherlands
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT05041777
Other Study ID Numbers DERMA_OCT_BCC01
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Responsible Party Maastricht University Medical Center
Study Sponsor Maastricht University Medical Center
Collaborators Maastricht University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Klara Mosterd, MD, PhD Maastricht University Medical Center
PRS Account Maastricht University Medical Center
Verification Date May 2021