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The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04917185
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 8, 2021
Last Update Posted : June 8, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ren Yu-Lan, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 26, 2021
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 8, 2021
Last Update Posted Date June 8, 2021
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date July 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 7, 2021)
Amphetamine Cessation Symptom Assessment [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Amphetamine Cessation Symptom Assessment scores at 1 month. ]
It consists of three subscales, namely, "anxiety and mood", "fatigue", and "craving". Items are scored on a five-point scale ranging from 0 to 4 with higher scores representing more severe Amphetamine Cessation Symptom
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 7, 2021)
  • Visual Analog Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Visual Analog Scale scores at 1 month. ]
    Determining the craving for amphetamine.The scores is from 0 to 10, and the higher scores means the more craving for amphetamine.
  • Hamilton Depression Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Hamilton Depression Scale scores at 1 month. ]
    Assessment for depression.And the interpretation of HAMD scores is as follows: <7, no depression; 7-17, mild depression; 17-24, moderate depression; and >24, severe depression.
  • Hamilton Anxiety Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Hamilton Anxiety Scale scores at 1 month. ]
    Assessment for anxiety. And the interpretation of HAMA scores is as follows: <7, no anxiety;7-14, mild anxiety; 14-20, moderate anxiety; 21-28, severe anxiety; and >29, extremely severe anxiety.
  • Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [ Time Frame: Change from baseline Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scores at 1 month. ]
    The scores are from 0 to 21.Higher scores reflect worse sleep quality.
  • 36-item Short Form Health Survey [ Time Frame: Change from baseline 36-item Short Form Health Survey scores at 1 month. ]
    This questionnaire contains 9 parts: Physical Functioning, Role-Physical, Bodily Pain, General Health, Vitality, Social Functioning, Role-Emotional, Mental Health and Reported Health Transition.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE EA for PAAS: A pRCT
Official Title  ICMJE Electro-acupuncture for Protracted Amphetamine Abstinence Syndrome : A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial
Brief Summary

In 2019, around 27 million people worldwide, corresponding to 0.5% of the adult population, have used amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS). More than one-third of these 27 million users of ATS were in East and South-East Asia. ATS are a group of synthetic psychostimulants including methamphetamine, amphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) and related substances. Although the biology underlying amphetamine withdrawal syndrome is not fully understood, amphetamine has been shown to produce long-lasting reductions in neuronal expression of dopamine neuronal markers. Abuse of these synthetic psychostimulants can lead to drug addiction, and subsequent withdrawal can cause a series of mental symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, confusion, insomnia, mood disturbances, cognitive impairments, and delusions. Some studies have shown two clear stages of ATS withdrawal syndrome: an acute phase lasting 7-10 days, and a subacute phase lasting a further 2 weeks or more, which is termed called "Protracted amphetamine abstinence syndrome (PAAS)".

The relevant literature has indicated that the majority of patients with ATS withdrawal disorders can experience depression, cognitive impairments, insomnia, and anxiety, especially during the PAAS stage. These symptoms may affect the treatment and finally lead to a relapse. Nowadays, pharmacological therapies are mostly symptom-targeted and show an ungratified effectiveness for amphetamine-type drugs. There is no a medication approved by Food and Drug Administration for use in the treatment of methamphetamine addiction. Therefore, the treatment of PAAS is essential for the treatment of ATS use disorders.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), especially acupuncture, is effective in the treatment of withdrawal symptoms with few side effects. research on acupuncture detoxification originates from the treatment of opioid drug withdrawal. Studies have shown that acupuncture has high efficacy in the treatment of protracted abstinence symptoms after heroin addiction. This study hypothesizes that acupuncture has the same mechanism of action in the treatment of PAAS as in the treatment of protracted opioid abstinence syndrome. Therefore, investigators have designed a real-world-based pragmatic randomized controlled trial (pRCT) to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of PAAS and provide support for clinical decision-making.

Investigators conduct a pragmatic randomized controlled trials(pRCT) to observe the effect of acupuncture in a larger sample. It combines the advantages of randomization and real-world data, and the results can provide the best real-world evidence for the assessment of intervention effects or comparative effects.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Intervention  ICMJE Other: Electro-Acupuncture
Acupuncture used for thousands years is part of traditional Chinese medicine. We use electro-acupuncture to treat our patients because it is more sufficient than traditional acupuncture and proved effectively treating protracted withdrawal syndrome of opioid use disorder. Paired alligator clips of the EA apparatus will be attached to the needle holders of Shenmen and Neiguan points on both sides. EA stimulation will last for 30 min with a continuous wave of 2/100Hz and intensity of 10-15 mA which patients can stand. All needles will be removed in 30 min and use a dry sterilised cotton ball to press the points in case of bleeding.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Electro-Acupuncture group
    The patients in this group will be treated with electro-acupuncture for 30 minutes twice a week in a month. We conduct Nei Guan (PC6), Shen Men (HT7), ZuSanli (ST36), SanYinjiao (SP6) as the major points. Each time treating, according to other symptoms, we will give no more than 2 additional points.
    Intervention: Other: Electro-Acupuncture
  • No Intervention: Wait-list group
    We give no intervention to the patients this group during the whole experiment. When finishing, the same ways of treatment will be given to these patients.
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 7, 2021)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date July 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients meet the diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) (21);
  • A urine test for methamphetamine is negative.
  • 18-60 years old, male or female, conscious, no aphasia, or mental retardation, primary school education or above, and able to understand the contents of the scales and cooperate with treatment;
  • Did not participate in other clinical trials within 3 months;
  • Signed the informed consent from.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Local trauma or infected persons who have received EA;
  • Can' not tolerate EA, EA treatment, or allergic to EA needles;
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women;
  • Serious disorders of the heart, liver, or kidney, or suicidal tendencies.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Yulan Ren, PhD 0086 13689098226
Contact: Yiwei Zeng, M.D 0086 18011566243
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE China
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04917185
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 18ZDYF3417
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Ren Yu-Lan, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Yulan Ren, PhD Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
PRS Account Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Verification Date June 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP