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Randomized, Double-Blind, Active Placebo-Controlled Study of Ketamine to Treat Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04912115
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
PharmaTher Inc.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 25, 2021
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 3, 2021
Last Update Posted Date February 17, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 5, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date March 25, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 27, 2021)
Change in the Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS) total score from Baseline to Week 8. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
The change from baseline to week 8 of treatment in the sum of the items comprising the Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS). The Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS) is administered to assess dyskinesia. The scoring range is 0-104, where higher score means more dyskinesia.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 27, 2021)
  • Change in total daily OFF times as assessed by subject completed 24-hour diaries, from Baseline to Week 8. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Change in daily "OFF"-time as assessed with patient diaries from run-in to week 8. This is a self administered diary where patients assess their motor state every half hour during 24 hours.
  • Change in the UPDRS total score of part III (motor) and sum score of Questions 4.1 and 4.2 (dyskinesia) in part IV from Baseline to Week 8. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Change in MDS-UPDRS sum score of part III (Motor Examination) from baseline to week 8. Minimum value is 0 and maximum value is 124. Higher score mean a worse outcome.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Randomized, Double-Blind, Active Placebo-Controlled Study of Ketamine to Treat Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia
Official Title  ICMJE A Multi-Center, Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind, Prospective, Active Placebo- Controlled Trial of Sub-Anesthetic Intravenous Infusion of Ketamine to Treat Levodopa- Induced Dyskinesia in Subjects With Parkinson's Disease
Brief Summary A Multi-Center, Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind, Prospective, Active Placebo-Controlled Trial of Sub-Anesthetic Intravenous Infusion of Ketamine to Treat Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia in Subjects with Parkinson's Disease.
Detailed Description

This Phase II trial is a prospective, double-blind, randomized, parallel trial-design with two arms. Subjects will be randomized to treatment with the investigational product (ketamine) or an active control (midazolam). The active control causes mild sedation and is employed to minimize unmasking of the test article.

The study is an out-patient study. However, infusion days and days involving prolonged assessments are expected to require the subject to be onsite. Subjects will return to the site for safety and efficacy evaluations. On Day 1, PK samples will be collected near the end of Infusion 1 and post-infusion to evaluate near-steady-state blood levels in all subjects. Intensive PK sampling will be conducted in all subjects prior to, during, and a few hours after Infusion 2 (Day 5 ± 2).

The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the effects of low-dose intravenous infusion of ketamine on levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in patients with Parkinson's disease. All patients included in the study should meet the inclusion criteria. Half of the participants will receive ketamine, while the other half will receive active placebo (Midazolam). All participants will be assigned to either the active group or the control group randomly. During the clinical trial, both investigators and patients are double-blind except serious adverse events occurred.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Dyskinesias
  • Movement Disorders
  • Central Nervous System Diseases
  • Nervous System Diseases
  • Neurologic Manifestations
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Ketamine
    Ketamine is an FDA-approved N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-modulating drug pharmacologically classified as an NMDA receptor antagonist (also noted to be a weak opioid receptor agonist).
  • Drug: Midazolam
    Midazolam is a benzodiazepine used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Ketamine
    Ketamine will be administered as intravenous infusions with infusion rates ranging from 0.1 mg/kg/hr to 0.30 mg/kg/hr. To maintain blinding, both active and placebo will be infused at similar infusion rates (mL/hr).
    Intervention: Drug: Ketamine
  • Active Comparator: Midazolam
    Midazolam will be administered as intravenous infusions with infusion rates ranging from 0.009 mg/kg/hr to 0.027 mg/kg/hr. To maintain blinding, both active and placebo will be infused at similar infusion rates (mL/hr).
    Intervention: Drug: Midazolam
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 8, 2021)
30
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 27, 2021)
36
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 25, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date March 25, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease as defined by the UK Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank Criteria
  2. Signed a current IEC approved informed consent form
  3. Male or female patients between ages 30-85 years
  4. At least three years of prior treatment with levodopa of at least 400 mg daily subject to a maximum of 8 divided doses per day (excluding bedtime and nighttime)
  5. Waking day dyskinesia of > 25% determined as a score of ≥2 as per Question 4.1 on the UPDRS
  6. Ambulatory or ambulatory-aided (e.g., walker or cane) and able to complete study assessments
  7. Have been on stable doses of all anti-Parkinson's medications for 30 days prior to entry into the study, including a levodopa preparation administered not less than three times daily, and be willing to remain on the same doses of medications throughout the course of the study
  8. Any other current and allowed prescription/non-prescription medications and/or nutritional supplements taken regularly must have been at a stable dose and regimen for at least 30 days prior to screening, and the patient must be willing to continue the same doses and regimens during study participation.
  9. The subject/caregiver must demonstrate the ability to complete an accurate home diary based on training and evaluation (visit 2)
  10. Subjects must have available a responsible adult caregiver/companion who will drive the subject home following infusions
  11. Female subjects not of childbearing potential
  12. Male subjects, regardless of their fertility status, with nonpregnant women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) partners must agree to either remain abstinent (if this is their preferred and usual lifestyle) or use a highly effective (less than 1% failure rate) method of contraception (such as combination oral contraceptives, implanted contraceptives, or intrauterine devices) or effective method of contraception (such as diaphragms with spermicide or cervical sponges) for the duration of the study and until their plasma concentrations are below the level that could result in a relevant potential exposure to a possible fetus, predicted to be 90 days following the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of an atypical or secondary Parkinsonian syndrome
  2. Lack of documented response to levodopa
  3. Hoehn and Yahr stage of 5
  4. Known prior exposure to ketamine or other NMDA inhibitors within the last 30 days
  5. History of neurosurgical intervention related to PD (e.g., deep brain stimulation)
  6. History of seizures within two years prior to screening
  7. History of transient ischemic attacks or stroke within two years prior to screening
  8. History of intracerebral hemorrhage due to hypertension.
  9. History of clinically significant arrhythmia or unstable angina within the past five years
  10. History of myocardial infarction within 2 years prior to screening
  11. History of NYHA Class 3 or 4 heart failure within 2 years prior to screening
  12. Aneurysmal vascular disease (e.g., intracranial, thoracic or abdominal aorta)
  13. History of hypertensive encephalopathy
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 30 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04912115
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE KET-001
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party PharmaTher Inc.
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE PharmaTher Inc.
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Study Director PharmaTher Inc.
PRS Account PharmaTher Inc.
Verification Date February 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP