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Feasibility and Analytic Performance of TestNPass (IVDMD) for CoViD-19 Diagnosis on Saliva Sample (GraphealNpas)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04654442
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Grapheal
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Grenoble

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date December 3, 2020
First Posted Date December 4, 2020
Last Update Posted Date May 5, 2021
Actual Study Start Date March 4, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 5, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 3, 2020)
Feasibility of TestNPass IVDMD for CoViD19 diagnosis on saliva samples. [ Time Frame: DAY0 (single visit study, day of COVID19 diagnosis) ]
Electric signal obtained in TestNPass Graphene Biosensor for samples collected from known COVID19 positive patients.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: December 3, 2020)
  • TestNPass IVDMD swiftness [ Time Frame: DAY0 (single visit study, day of COVID19 diagnosis) ]
    Number of failure to obtain data form TestNPass IVDMD in 10 minutes.
  • TestNPass IVDMD ease of use [ Time Frame: DAY0 (single visit study, day of COVID19 diagnosis) ]
    Number of "ease of use" score below 22 (included).
  • Analytics performance (sensibility) of TestNPass IVDMD [ Time Frame: DAY0 (single visit study, day of COVID19 diagnosis) ]
    TestNPass IVDMD sensibility (in %)
  • Analytics performance (specificity) of TestNPass IVDMD [ Time Frame: DAY0 (single visit study, day of COVID19 diagnosis) ]
    TestNPass IVDMD specificity (in %)
  • Correlation of TestNPass electric signal intensity with RT-PCR Cycle threshold [ Time Frame: DAY0 (single visit study, day of COVID19 diagnosis) ]
    TestNPass electric signal amplitude (in %) versus RT-PCR Ct (in AU)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Feasibility and Analytic Performance of TestNPass (IVDMD) for CoViD-19 Diagnosis on Saliva Sample
Official Title Evaluation of the Feasibility and Analytic Performance of TestNPass (In Vitro Diagnosis Medical Device) for CoViD-19 Diagnosis on Saliva Sample. : a Pilot Study
Brief Summary

COVID19 pandemic and SARS-CoV-2 rapid progression worldwide are already historical landmarks of the 21st century owing to the magnitude of the event and the collective response that populations have adopted to face such threat. This menace has imposed an unprecedented reactivity to promptly deliver answers in various fields and specifically in termes of diagnostic capabilities.

The very first tests to be used were based on PCR reactions and on deep nasopharyngeal sampling. But this has shown to be insufficient to prevent contaminations and limit the progression of the disease. This approach requires important infrastructure thus limiting the extent to which it can be delivered. Moreover, nasopharyngeal swab is highly intrusive and therefore is not suitable for repeated testing of asymptomatic patients in surveillance programs.

Actual need is based on new tests offering new capabilities both in terms of wide range availability, ease of use and reduced time-to-result duration. Such tests, affordable and that can be performed outside the lab would ultimately relief pressure on healthcare workers and laboratory facilities as well as help test massively wide range of populations thus limiting viral dissemination

Such innovating test device has been developped by the start-up "Grapheal" and the present study will ultimately demonstrate the feasibility of COVID-19 diagnostic using this test.

Detailed Description

ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES Actual strategy for rapid and accurate diagnostic relies heavily (almost solely) on RT-PCR based tests. The French Scientific Board advising the national government in the management of this epidemic has brought back on September, 3rd the three-axis policy : " Test - Track - Isolate " as the central response to the COVID-19 progression. This strategy is also the response promoted by WHO since March. If properly applied, this approach allows high-performance in identifying positive cases and spotting transmission chains, thus allowing to specifically isolate and quarantine infectious patients. The expected outcome is a halting epidemic allowing economic recovery and protection of populations.

Rise in French laboratory capacities regarding their ability to perform the required tests has been achieved since the early days of COVID-19. Since August, 10th we have reached the pace of 100.000 daily tests nationwide and peaked above 300.000 tests per day as of October, 26th (Santé Publique France).

However, the need to lockdown the entire French population for a second time is the demonstration of the limits of this strategy. Issues can be summarized in a few key points:

  • The hassle of performing as many tests as needed over the whole national territory has proven difficult and does not allow control of local epidemic bursts
  • Repetitive sampling for asymptomatic patients to confirm viral clearance and lack of viral shedding raises strong questions regarding its feasibility
  • The need for high quality sampling for RT-PCR tests accurately reaching nasopharyngeal cavity requires trained staff whose availability is limited. Swab collection remains an important bottleneck nationwide.
  • Important consumption of PPE (personal protective equipment) for sampling staff adds an unnecessary tension in supply chains In the light of these issues, there is an urgent need to transition from RT-PCR tests to novel diagnostic techniques capable of addressing the above-mentioned key problems. Rapid Antigenic Tests are being evaluated and used already in some facilities and in very controlled settings. However, these tests do have important limitations and their relatively low sensibility in real-life setting (around 60% of positive agreement with RT-PCR for best-performing tests) is an issue that need to be quickly addressed to avoid jeopardizing efforts made to widespread tests and keep public confidence. Moreover, Rapid Antigenic Tests deliver results in 15 to 30 minutes' time, much faster than traditional RT-PCR, but still inadequate for massive population test in crowded places and public gathering (airports, shows and sporting events).

ABOUT MEDICAL DEVICE INVOLVED

Vincent BOUCHIAT is a team leader, former research senior and principal investigator from French science agency CNRS in the field of material science and physics, and he established in 2019 a start-up (Grapheal) in Grenoble to upcycle his fundamental work on the unique properties of graphene, allowing the synthesis of electronic polymers with bio-compatibility and biological detection capacities. This work is patent-protected in cooperation with local university (UGA) which grants sustainability in the development of such technology.

Since March 2020, Grapheal has been working on a single-use specific biosensor called 'TestNPass digital Covid Ag test strip' thus allowing the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2. This biosensor uses the electronic detection of the biochemical matching between specific antibodies directed against the virus. The docking of the virus by stabilized antibodies leads to a change in conductance within the sensor electronic circuit, similar to Seo and colleague's work. This variation in electric conductance is measured by an ultraportable and autonomous circuit that can be paired with either a computer or a smartphone in order to be further analyzed.

Proof of concept of the device has been realized by in vitro experiments putting together commercial samples containing recombinant structural proteins of the SARS-CoV-2 virus with the detection electrodes of the disposable antigenic test strip after dilution in a saline solution (PBS). Tested samples with Nucleocapsid and Spike proteins were able to trigger a change in conductance, thus allowing detection of the viral surrogate. Protein concentrations have been adjusted to match in vivo concentrations and an important work has been performed to ensure signal processing is robust, reliable and repeatability of the measure.

Encryption of the result within the on-board processing circuits of the device allow the development of a device fully compliant with personal data protection and grating GDPR compliance from the start.

FEASIBILITY AND PAST EXPERIENCE OF INVOLVED TEAMS:

The team from Grapheal is hosted within the BioPolis incubator facility which presence close to Grenoble Teaching Hospital (CHUGA) allows for narrow collaborations. This start-up highlight the performances of bio sensing technologies based on graphene polymers. Grapheal team has 7 members, all of them holding PhDs in biological sciences or physics. The team is led by Vincent BOUCHIAT, who is a former principal investigator from French national agency for scientific research (CNRS). The team has been granted with prizes and rewards among which the i-lab 2020 contest held by the French Ministry of Scientific Research and Higher Education for innovating technologies.

For this project, the team has joined its forces with specialists of IVD and medical devices as well as knowledgeable support from regulation specialists. Ultimately the team has been requesting the help from the virology team from Grenoble University Hospital (CHUGA) in order to set up the present proof-of-concept study, the first of its kind to be performed in human samples.

The virology team from Grenoble University hospital (CHUGA) is a pioneer in the development of molecular based assays for viral diagnostic. Some of the now classical PCR and RT-PCR widely used for routine diagnostic in France have been set up within our team and laboratory. These techniques and PCR kits now branded by BioMérieux company have been developed by collaborators from our lab, thus granting us with a wide experience in diagnostic technique and molecular based technologies.

The diagnostic of SARS-CoV-2 infection is performed within our laboratory since the early days of the pandemic. We have been dealing with the very first infected patients from France as early as February, 8th 2020. The diagnostic of these patients has greatly improved since then and SAR-CoV-2 detection is now performed as a regular daily test at an unprecedented rate. Along with the development of cutting edge techniques including pseudo-virus neutralization assays, our team now holds a highly skilled expertise regarding to COVID-19 questions.

Both microbiological and clinical teams from CHUGA have been producing research projects and data about COVID-19 pandemic. More than 10 clinical studies have been set-up and half of these protocols now enroll patients on a daily basis. One of those has closed after inclusion of more than 200 subjects. Moreover, cooperation has been developed to reach more than 50 shared research projects with collaborators in France. Among those, the nation-wide projects DISCoVery and French-COVID have been main protocols where we matched expected targets.

Altogether, these past experiences are key for future success in the present study.

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The present study has a main target of demonstrating the feasibility of the Grapheal TestNPass device to accurately distinguish SARS-CoV-2 infections in a tested population. If conclusive, the evaluated test could help detect and therefore limit the spread of the virus upon national territory.

The root hypothesis is as following: the bond between the antibody directed against viral proteins and the virus itself is enough to generate within a graphene base semi-conductor a change in conductance that is measurable and repeatable. This electric current can therefore be used as a surrogate of viral infection, viral shedding and viral infectiousness. Obtained result being an electric impulse, it will be easily transferred to a device for digital display.

Simultaneously, the present study will bring to light some of the following elements:

  • Crucial information about ergonomic of the device for future development and improving. This study being the first use outside of Grapheal's team, the feedbacks from users will be of great help to support future development of the device.
  • Preliminary data on analytical performances. Will the main goal of the present study is to demonstrate the feasibility of COVID-19 diagnosis with the device, key performance date such as sensitivity, specificity, positive agreement and negative agreement will be estimated. This will serve as a strong basis for both future studies and approval from regulatory agencies
Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
Description:
Saliva Nasopharyngeal swab
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Patient suspected of a COVID19
Condition
  • Covid19
  • SARS-CoV-2
Intervention Diagnostic Test: TestNPass
Patients will undergo saliva sampling. Grenoble University Hospital lab will perform diagnosis using TestNPass IVDMD. Results won't be used for patient care (only recorded for RESEARCH purpose).
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Cases
    30 cases will be recruited : Patient diagnosed by RT-PCR for a COVID19 at Grenoble University Hospital
    Intervention: Diagnostic Test: TestNPass
  • Controls
    30 controls will be recruited : Patient suspected for a COVID-19 but negative by RT-PCR for a COVID19 at Grenoble University Hospital
    Intervention: Diagnostic Test: TestNPass
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: December 3, 2020)
60
Original Estimated Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date May 5, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 5, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men or Women over 18 years old
  • suspect of COVID19 and consulting for a diagnosis at Grenoble University Hospital.
  • Duly informed and not opposed to participation at GraphealNPass' study
  • Affiliated to french social security.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients protected by law (minors, pregnant or breastfeeding woman, patient under guardianship or deprived of his/her liberty or hospitalized without his/her consent)

Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts
Contact: Benjamin Némoz, Némoz +33 4 76 76 63 16 BNemoz1@chu-grenoble.fr
Contact: Pierre AUDOIN, MS +334 76 76 95 98 paudoin@chu-grenoble.fr
Listed Location Countries France
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT04654442
Other Study ID Numbers 38RC20.378
2020-A03087-32 ( Other Identifier: ID RCB )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: Grapheal and Grenoble University Hospital will decide to share IPD if possible according to GPDR regulation.
Responsible Party University Hospital, Grenoble
Study Sponsor University Hospital, Grenoble
Collaborators Grapheal
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Benjamin Némoz, MD University Hospital, Grenoble
PRS Account University Hospital, Grenoble
Verification Date May 2021