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The Effect of Psilocybin on MDD Symptom Severity and Synaptic Density (PSIPET)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04630964
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 16, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 5, 2022
Karolinska Institutet
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Section for Affective Disorders; Northern Stockholm Psychiatry

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 12, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 16, 2020
Last Update Posted Date April 5, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 16, 2020)
Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: 8 days ]
Change in blind rater MADRS total score. MADRS range: 0-60. Higher scores mean worse outcome.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 12, 2020)
MADRS [ Time Frame: 8 days ]
Change in blind rater MADRS total score from baseline to day 8
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 12, 2020)
[11C]UCB-J [ Time Frame: 7 to 1 day before dosing to 15 +/-7 days after dosing. ]
Change in UCB-J binding as measured using PET
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Effect of Psilocybin on MDD Symptom Severity and Synaptic Density
Official Title  ICMJE The Effect of Psilocybin on MDD Symptom Severity and Synaptic Density - A Single Dose Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo- Controlled Phase 2 Positron Emission Tomography Study
Brief Summary PROTOCOL SYNOPSIS Title The effect of psilocybin on Major depressive disorder (MDD) symptom severity and synaptic density - a single dose randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled phase 2b positron emission tomography study Study Code PSIPET Name of Sponsor SLSO Organisationsnr: 232100-0016 Sponsor representative: Andreas Carlborg Norra Stockholms Psykiatri Vårdvägen 3 112 19 Stockholm Sweden Medical Monitor Inspira Medical AB Phase of Study Phase 2b Sample Size 30 randomized Name of Investigational Product (IP) Psilocybin, 3-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-1H-indol-4-yl] dihydrogen phosphate Name of Active Placebo Niacin EudraCT 2020-002790-94 Description of IP and Active Placebo PSIPET Protocol 5 200821 Page 14 Study Intervention Name: Psilocybin (active drug product) Niacin (active placebo product) Dosage formulation: One active capsule contains 25 mg of psilocybin One active placebo capsule contains 100 mg of niacin Capsule: Size 2 hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), opaque Size 2 HPMC, opaque Unit dose strength: 25 mg 100 mg Route of Administration: Oral (solid dose) Oral (solid dose) Dosing instructions: One capsule administered with water One capsule administered with water Packaging and Labeling: Study Intervention will be provided in a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) bottle. Each bottle will contain one capsule (psilocybin or niacin) and will be labeled as required per Swedish requirement for blinded study.
Detailed Description Study Description and Overview Thirty participants (males and females) ages 20 to 65 inclusive, who, at Screening, meet ICD-10 criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD), have a current depressive episode of at least 30-day duration, have a Screening Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score >= 22 and meet all other inclusion/exclusion criteria will be randomized with a 1-to-1 allocation under double-blind conditions to receive a single 25 mg oral dose of psilocybin or a single 100 mg oral dose of niacin. Niacin will serve as an active placebo control that provides an acute physiological response (flushing) that is intended to aid in blinding of intervention allocation. All randomized participants will be included in the Full Analysis Set (FAS) population used in analyzing primary and secondary study endpoints. Only participants who meet depressive symptom severity criteria at web screening (MADRS self-rating (MADRS-S) score > =19) and who do not show an unacceptably large degree of symptom improvement between the web screening and in-person screening (indexed by change in MADRS-S (improvement) 30% (MADRS representing web screening will be approximated to MADRS-S + 3) will be eligible for randomization. This is to minimize the risk for spontaneous remission before dosing. Participants deemed eligible following successful completion of all screening assessments including a structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) examination will be determined as eligible. Eligible participants at Baseline will submit cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), submit blood samples, be examined with positron emission tomography (PET) and the radioligand [11C]UCB-J and receive one preparation session (see further below) to be eligible for randomization on Dosing (Day 0) to receive either psilocybin or niacin active-placebo. They will complete follow-up visits, including outcome measures assessments, on study Day 1, 8, 15, 42 and 365 (within corresponding visit windows). At day 15 the sampling of CSF, blood and [11C]UCB-J PET will be repeated. PSIPET Protocol 5 200821 Page 15 After day 42, all participants will be given follow-up visits at Norra Stockholms Psykiatri for up to one year after dosing, to study dedicated physicians or nurses at a frequency determined by the health care professional. If needed to reach/stay in remission, the participants will be provided antidepressant treatment in accordance with the regional guidelines for antidepressant treatment ( depression). At least monthly the participants will be asked to provide on-line symptom rating data (via At the 365-day visit, symptoms will be evaluated using MADRS, Clinical Global Impression Improvement (CGI-I) and Severity (CGI-S) scales. After completing the study (one year or withdrawal), participants will be subject to standard care, including referral in accordance with regional guidelines. The study outcome measures will be used to assess depressive symptoms, clinical global functioning, functional disability, anxiety symptoms and health-related quality of life. Safety outcome measures will be collected at all assessment time points from the time of consent through the end of study. To enhance participant safety, the current study proposes to test psilocybin within a "set and setting" (SaS) protocol similar to the protocol that has been used in all modern studies of psilocybin in both diseased and normal healthy populations. The SaS protocol for this study includes: 1) a preparation with session Facilitators (licensed psychologists) prior to dosing; 2) administration of study medications in an aesthetically neutral room under the supervision of two Facilitators who are present throughout the session (with the exception of short, temporary allowances for facilitator breaks; e.g. bathroom breaks); and 3) three post-dose integration sessions during which participants are encouraged to discuss their intervention experience with the Facilitators. To evaluate the Facilitators' adherence to the study manual, and the role of Facilitators' and participants' in-session behaviors for treatment outcome, all five sessions in the trial with Facilitators present will be recorded. The SaS will be identical for those randomized to psilocybin or niacin active placebo. Study Duration The planned maximum study duration for each participant will be approximately one year, with variation primarily dependent on the length of the screening period, the number of days between baseline and dosing, and the visit windows provided for each post-dose assessment. For each participant, the study will be divided into two phases: Phase A or treatment phase (day 0 to and including day 42), and phase B or follow-up phase (day 43 -365). The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a single 25 mg oral dose of psilocybin for major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to an active placebo (niacin) in otherwise medically-healthy participants between the ages of 20 and 65, assessed as the difference between groups in changes in depressive symptoms. Primary Outcome Measure Change in blinded rater MADRS total score from Baseline to Day 8.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Major Depressive Disorder
  • Depression
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Psilocybin
    psilocybin 25 mg Single Oral Dose
  • Drug: Niacin
    niacin 100mg Single Oral Dose
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: psilocybin
    25 mg Single Oral Dose
    Intervention: Drug: Psilocybin
  • Active Comparator: placebo
    100 mg Single Oral Dose
    Intervention: Drug: Niacin
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 12, 2020)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

Individuals eligible to be randomized in this protocol are those who meet all of the following criteria:

  1. Are 20 to 65 years old at the time of written informed consent at the In-Person Screening visit
  2. Are able to read, speak, and understand Swedish
  3. Are able and willing to adhere to study requirements, including attending all study visits, preparatory and follow-up sessions, and completing all study evaluations
  4. Are able to swallow capsules
  5. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must agree to practice an effective means of birth control throughout the duration of the study, from Screening through the Day 42 assessment
  6. Meet ICD-10 criteria for a diagnosis of remitting major depressive disorder and are currently experiencing a major depressive episode of

    1. at least a 30-day duration at the time of the Screening
    2. less than 5 years at time of Screening
  7. Have sustained moderate-severe depression symptoms at Screening and Baseline, as defined by a Screening MADRS total score ≥ 22 and ≤30% and ≤7 point improvement (i.e. decrease) in MADRS total score from web-screening to screening visit (assuming 3 points on item 1 at web screening).

9. Have an identified support person

a. Agree to be driven/accompanied home (or to an otherwise safe destination) by the support person, or another responsible party, following dosing


Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals not eligible to be randomized in this protocol are those who meet any of the following criteria:

  1. Women who are pregnant, as indicated by a positive urine pregnancy test at Screening or Baseline. Women who intend to become pregnant during the study or who are currently nursing.
  2. Current depressive episode lasting >5 years

2. Unwilling or unable to discontinue formal psychotherapy 3. Ongoing antidepressant drug treatment 4. Have previously during the current episode received the following non-medication treatments:

a. deep brain stimulation (DBS) b. vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) 5. Currently receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) 6. Unable or unwilling to discontinue any current medications that are known uridine diphosphate (UDP) or glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzyme modulators (eg valproate)

  • Note: Any prohibited agents must have been stopped at least 5x the elimination half-life of the specific drug at the time of Baseline. See Appendix A for a full list of prohibited medications.

    7. Report psychedelic substances use ever

  • Note: Psychedelic substances include psilocybin, Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), mescaline (and natural products containing mescaline including peyote and San Pedro cactus), N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT), natural products containing DMT including ayahuasca and 5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT), ibogaine, 2C compounds, 3,4-methylenedioxy- methamphetamine (MDMA), methylone or other psychedelics.

    8. Have the following cardiovascular conditions:

    a. coronary artery disease, congenital long QT syndrome (prior diagnosis), cardiac hypertrophy, cardiac ischemia, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction (prior diagnosis); b. tachycardia (defined as heart rate > 100 beats per minute); c. a clinically significant Screening ECG abnormality (e.g., atrial fibrillation); oNote: A QTcF interval > 450 milliseconds is considered a clinically significant ECG abnormality d. artificial heart valve; or e. any other significant current or history of cardiovascular condition, based on the clinical judgment of study physician, that would make a participant unsuitable for the study 9. At Screening or Baseline have elevated blood pressure as defined as:

    a. Screening blood pressure SBP >135 mmHg or DBP > 85 mmHg on three separate readings; or b. Baseline blood pressure SBP >140 mmHg or DBP > 90 mmHg on three separate readings 10. Have a history of stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) 11. Have moderate to severe hepatic impairment, as indexed by a Child-Pugh score ≥ 7 12. Have epilepsy 13. Have insulin-dependent diabetes

  • Note: Participants who are taking oral hypoglycemic agent and have a history of hypoglycemia requiring medical intervention will be excluded 14. Are unable or unwilling to adhere to the following medication requirements:

    1. Agree to suspend sildenafil (Viagra®), tadalafil, or similar medications at least 72 hours prior to dosing
    2. If taking any supplement containing >20 mg of niacin, agrees to suspend use for the duration of the study 15. Have a positive urine drug test including Amphetamines, Barbiturates, Buprenorphine, Benzodiazepines, Cocaine, Cannabis, Methamphetamine, MDMA, Methadone, Opiates (Morphine, Oxycodone), Phencyclidine (PCP), and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Exceptions are made for prescribed Benzodiazepines (stable dose for sleep or anxiety).
  • Note: Benzodiazepine medications for sleep and non-benzodiazepine sleeping medications will be allowed to continue through the study period for participants who have been on a stable dose of such a medicine for at least 6 weeks prior to Screening, as determined during review of concomitant medications
  • Note: Participants using cannabis, including legal cannabis, for any purposes will be excluded
  • Note: Participants who are taking prescription maintenance methadone or buprenorphine naloxone will be excluded
  • Note: Prescription opiates must have been stopped at least 5x the elimination half- life of the specific drug at the time of inclusion, as confirmed with a negative urine drug screen.

    16. Nicotine dependence that would disallow an individual to be nicotine free for the 7-10 hours during the dosing period 17. Meet ICD-10 criteria for schizophrenia spectrum or other psychotic disorders, including MDD with psychotic features (except substance/medication-induced or due to another medical condition), or Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder and bipolar disorder NOS.

  • Note: Participants with any lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum or other psychotic disorders will be excluded 18. Meet ICD-10 criteria for antisocial personality disorder 19. Meet ICD-10 criteria for a moderate or severe alcohol or drug use disorder (excluding caffeine)
  • Note: Participants with a diagnosis of alcohol or drug use disorder within the past 12 months will be excluded 20. Have presence of any psychiatric condition or symptom judged by the PI (or designee) to be a more significant clinical problem than MDD for the participant.

    21. Have a first-degree relative with schizophrenia spectrum or other psychotic disorders (except substance/medication-induced or due to another medical condition), or Bipolar I Disorder 22. Have a psychiatric condition judged to be incompatible with establishment of rapport with the Facilitators or safe exposure to psilocybin 23. Report the following suicidal ideation or suicidal thoughts defined as:

    a. Have a score of ≥ 5 on Item 10 (suicidal thoughts) of the central-rater or computer administered MADRS at Screening or Baseline; or b. Have any suicidal ideation or thoughts, in the opinion of the study physician or PI, that presents a serious risk of suicidal or self-injurious behavior at any time prior to randomization 24. Have any suicidal ideation or thoughts, in the opinion of the study physician or PI, that presents a serious risk of suicidal or self-injurious behavior 25. Have any physical or psychological symptom, medication or other relevant finding at Screening or Baseline, based on the clinical judgment of clinical/medical study personnel, that would make a participant unsuitable for the study.

    26. Have an allergy or intolerance to any of the materials contained in either drug product 27. Have Hepatitis B, C or HIV 28. Have one or more pathological blood test results as defined in 5.6.3 (as determined by a study physician; with the exception of CRP).

    29. Have peptic ulcer (ICD 10 K25 or K26)

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 20 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Sweden
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04630964
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2020-002790-94
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Section for Affective Disorders; Northern Stockholm Psychiatry
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Section for Affective Disorders; Northern Stockholm Psychiatry
Collaborators  ICMJE Karolinska Institutet
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Section for Affective Disorders; Northern Stockholm Psychiatry
Verification Date April 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP