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Saltikva for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04589234
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 5, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Salspera LLC

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 23, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 19, 2020
Last Update Posted Date May 5, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 20, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2030   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 14, 2020)
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Survival from diagnosis to death from metastatic pancreatic cancer (months)
  • Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Survival from diagnosis to progression of metastatic pancreatic cancer (months)
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 14, 2020)
  • Biological response [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Determination of CA19-9 levels (units per millimeter)
  • Radiologic response [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    Degree of tumor regression as determined by serial radiologic imaging (CT Scan, PET Scan, and/or MRI - percent change of tumor(s) volume (cubic millimeters)
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Saltikva for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 2 Study of Saltikva (Attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium Containing the Human Gene for Interleukin-2) in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer
Brief Summary

Objectives: Assess the efficacy of multiple dose oral administration of Saltikva, an attenuated strain of Salmonella Typhimurium expressing IL-2, in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer on standard chemotherapy (either FOLFIRINOX or Gemcitabine/Abraxane and Saltikva).

Study Rationale: The addition of Saltikva to the standard of care regimen for Stage IV metastatic pancreatic cancer will significantly prolong the overall survival and prolong the time to disease progression.

Patient Population: unresectable, metastatic pancreatic cancer patients 18 years of age or older

Detailed Description

The study agent is Saltikva, an attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium containing the gene for human IL-2 (Salmonella-IL2). Salmonella is a human pathogen typically spread via contaminated water supplies or foodstuffs. After ingestion, these bacteria invade the intestinal mucosa and colonize the gut associated lymphoid tissues, the liver, and the spleen. If pathogenic, symptoms persist for 7 to 14 days. These organisms are thought to be facultative intracellular parasites, which can persistently infect the endothelium, kupfer cells, and parenchymal cells of the liver for up to 12 weeks. The liver is considered a 'safe-site' for Salmonella as the preferred organ of residence after infection. The carrier state is eventually eradicated by the stimulation of cell-mediated and secretory immunity. Saltikva is a Salmonella based cancer therapeutic that has been genetically altered so it is incapable of causing any disease and is unable to mutate to a wild-type form of Salmonella, thus can never become pathogenic or harm anyone. Furthermore, Saltikva has been shown to preferentially invade and colonize within solid tumor tissues at a ratio of 1,000-10,000:1 over the normal 'safe-sites' of the liver. In addition, the Salmonella of Saltikva carries the gene for a powerful anti-cancer immune stimulant, Interleukin-2. Thus, Saltikva's mode of action is to invade and colonize solid tumors after oral ingestion, release a powerful immune stimulant directly within the tumor microenvironment thus avoiding systemic side effects, and imparts an immunologic mediated cancer cell kill.

Hypothesis: The addition of Saltikva to the standard of care regimen for Stage IV metastatic pancreatic cancer will significantly prolong the overall survival and prolong the time to disease progression.

Rationale for study design Two standard of care chemotherapeutic regimens are used for pancreatic cancer, namely, FOLFIRINOX and a Gemcitabine-based regimen. Despite these regimens, the median survival from Stage 4 metastatic pancreas cancer is 11.1 and 6.8 months, respectively. Oncologists choose these regimens based on the assessment of which regimen will be tolerated by the individual patients the FOLFIRINOX regimen is significantly more toxic and not as well tolerated as a gemcitabine based regimen.

Because of the significant lethality of metastatic pancreatic cancer and numerous studies conducted world wide with the two chemotherapeutic strategies that will be used in this trial, the investigators will use historical controls as comparison to the study arms in this trial. Furthermore, because the outcomes of chemotherapy only in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer has been well documented, the investigators do not see the need for a control arm in this study. Lastly, although the patient numbers are small, the preliminary data is quite promising, and it would be considered unethical to have a control arm in this study.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Design and Investigational Plan: Open-label, phase II, two arm, interventional, prospective, non-randomized multiple dose study in unresectable, metastatic pancreatic cancer patients 18 years of age or older

Subject Number: 60 (30 per arm)

Study Duration: 24 months per patient or when the patient ceases to be administered chemotherapy; whichever comes first

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Salmonella-IL2
    Phase 2 study to determine the anti-tumor effectiveness of Salmonella-IL2 (Saltikva) with standard of care chemotherapy (either FOLFIRINOX or Gemcitabine/Abraxane) for metastatic pancreatic cancer
    Other Name: Saltikva
  • Drug: FOLFIRINOX Alone (Historical Controls)
    We will use historical data from the literature to compare FOLFIRINOX alone against the FOLFIRINOX with Salmonella-IL2 group
  • Drug: Gemcitabine/Abraxane Alone (Historical Controls)
    We will use historical data from the literature to compare Gemcitabine/Abraxane alone against the Gemcitabine/Abraxane with Salmonella-IL2 group
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Saltikva with FOLFIRINOX
    30 patients will be enrolled to receive standard of care FOLFIRINOX with oral Salmonella-IL2 (Dose 10-9) every 2 weeks for 2 years
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Salmonella-IL2
    • Drug: FOLFIRINOX Alone (Historical Controls)
  • Experimental: Saltikva with Gemcitabine/Abraxane
    30 patients will be enrolled to receive standard of care Gemcitabine/Abraxane with oral Salmonella-IL2 (Dose: 10-9) every 3 weeks for 2 years
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Salmonella-IL2
    • Drug: Gemcitabine/Abraxane Alone (Historical Controls)
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 14, 2020)
60
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2030
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2030   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a histologically confirmed, unresectable metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  • Measurable disease will be required
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1
  • Life expectancy of greater than 16 weeks
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X IULN if no liver metastasis or =< 5 X IULN if liver metastases are present
  • Creatinine not to be above IULN OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of Saltikva administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients who are on immunosuppressive medications for any reason including for autoimmune diseases, organ transplantation, or hematologic conditions such as myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Patients that require ongoing antibiotics for a prophylactic reason - for example patients with chronic or frequently recurrent urinary tract infections are placed on suppressive or prophylactic antibiotics
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar biologic composition to Saltikva.
  • Patients with diabetes or in risk for hyperglycemia should not be excluded from trials with Saltikva but the hyperglycemia should be well controlled before the patient enters the trial (glycosylated hemoglobin [Hba1c] < 7.5)
  • Patients with current evidence of significant cardiovascular disease (New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease), symptomatic congestive heart failure, dilated/hypertrophic or restrictive cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction (within the past 6 months), unstable angina, unstable arrhythmia or a need for anti-arrhythmic therapy (use of medications for rate control for atrial fibrillation is allowed such as calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers, if stable medication for at least last month prior to initiation of Saltikva.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible. Patients with active Hepatitis B or C infection are ineligble
  • Clinically significant ascites
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Gerald Batist, MD (514) 340-8222 gerald.batist@mcgill.ca
Contact: Peter Kavan, MD PhD (514) 340-8222 petr.kavan@mcgill.ca
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04589234
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE SSP-20-006
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Salspera LLC
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Salspera LLC
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Gerald Batist, MD McGill University
PRS Account Salspera LLC
Verification Date May 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP