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Evaluating the Effect of NT-I7, a Long Acting Interleukin-7, to Increase Lymphocyte Counts and Enhance Immune Clearance of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04498325
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Principal investigator is leaving the institution.)
First Posted : August 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
NeoImmune Tech
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 30, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 4, 2020
Last Update Posted Date August 5, 2021
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE July 31, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date April 30, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 3, 2020)
  • Safe and tolerable dose of NT-I7 (Phase I only) [ Time Frame: Completion of DLT assessment window of Phase I portion of study (estimated to be 8 months) ]
    • The safe tolerated dose is defined as the dose level immediately below the dose level at which 1 patient of a cohort of 3 patients experiences dose-limiting toxicity within 14 days after administration of NT-I7
    • Dose limiting toxicities (DLT) are defined as:
      • A serious adverse event that is at least possibly related to NT-I7
      • A grade 3 or higher adverse event that is at least possibly related to NT-I7 (excluding injection site swelling, irritation or discomfort)
      • A clinically significant lab abnormality that is at least possibly related to NT-I7
  • Percent change in absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) [ Time Frame: From baseline to Day 14 ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 3, 2020)
  • Percent change in absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) [ Time Frame: From baseline through Day 21 ]
  • Change in SARS-CoV-2 viral load [ Time Frame: From baseline to Day 7 ]
    -Using PCR from nasopharyngeal swab, oropharyngeal swab or saliva
  • Change in SARS-CoV-2 viral load [ Time Frame: From baseline to Day 14 ]
    -Using PCR from nasopharyngeal swab, oropharyngeal swab or saliva
  • COVID-19 Symptom severity as measured by WHO Ordinal Scale for clinical improvement [ Time Frame: From baseline, day 7, day 14, and day 21 ]
  • Time to resolution of COVID-19 symptoms [ Time Frame: From baseline through Day 21 ]
  • Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events [ Time Frame: From baseline through Day 21 ]
    -A treatment emergent adverse event (TEAE) is defined as any event that begins or worsens on or after date of first dose of study treatment.
  • Number of participants by PCR result status (positive or negative) [ Time Frame: -From baseline to Day 7 ]
    -If quantitative PCR is not available
  • Number of participants by PCR result status (positive or negative) [ Time Frame: From baseline to Day 14 ]
    -If quantitative PCR is not available
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Evaluating the Effect of NT-I7, a Long Acting Interleukin-7, to Increase Lymphocyte Counts and Enhance Immune Clearance of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase I and Pilot Study Evaluating the Effect of NT-I7, a Long Acting Interleukin-7, to Increase Lymphocyte Counts and Enhance Immune Clearance of SARS-CoV-2
Brief Summary Lymphopenia is common in patients with COVID-19 and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. NT-I7 is a long-acting human interleukin-7 (IL-7) that has been shown to increase absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) and CD4+ and CD8+ T cell counts with a well-tolerated safety profile in humans. In this study, patients who have tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by PCR testing without severe disease and with ALC <1500 cells/mm3 will be enrolled.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
The study will open as a phase I study to test three different dose levels of NT-I7. Once a safe tolerated dose is established, the pilot portion of the study will be activated wherein participants will be randomized on a 1:1 basis to receive a single injection of NT-I7 (at the safe tolerated dose) or placebo.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description:
The clinicians, participants, and clinical research coordinators will be blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: NT-I7
    Supplied by study
  • Drug: Placebo
    Supplied by study
  • Procedure: Blood for research purposes
    Prior to injection (Day 0), Day 7, and Day 14
  • Procedure: Blood for pharmacokinetic samples
    -Phase I only: 1-2 hours prior to dosing, 6 hours after dosing, 24 hours after dosing, Day 7, Day 14, and Day 21
  • Procedure: Nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, or saliva swab
    -Prior to study treatment, Day 4(optional), Day 7, and Day 14
  • Procedure: Blood for anti-drug antibody (ADA)
    Baseline, Day 7, Day 14, Day 21, Day 60, and Day 90. Participants with ADA positivity on Day 90 will be monitored every 90 days until antibody level returns to baseline
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: NT-I7 (Phase I)
    • In the phase I study, 3 dose levels of NT-I7 are planned. Dosing will be staggered such that there will be a minimum of 72 hours between the dosing of one participant and the dosing of the next participant
    • NT-I7 will be given by intramuscular injection on Day 0
    • Participants will also be given standard of care treatment for COVID-19
    Interventions:
    • Drug: NT-I7
    • Procedure: Blood for research purposes
    • Procedure: Blood for pharmacokinetic samples
    • Procedure: Nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, or saliva swab
    • Procedure: Blood for anti-drug antibody (ADA)
  • Experimental: NT-I7 (Pilot)
    • NT-I7 (dose determined by Phase I portion of study) will be given by intramuscular injection on Day 0
    • Participants will also be given standard of care treatment for COVID-19
    Interventions:
    • Drug: NT-I7
    • Procedure: Blood for research purposes
    • Procedure: Nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, or saliva swab
    • Procedure: Blood for anti-drug antibody (ADA)
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Pilot)
    • Placebo will be given by intramuscular injection on Day 0
    • Participants will also be given standard of care treatment for COVID-19
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Placebo
    • Procedure: Blood for research purposes
    • Procedure: Nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal, or saliva swab
    • Procedure: Blood for anti-drug antibody (ADA)
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Withdrawn
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 29, 2021)
0
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 3, 2020)
42
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE April 30, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date April 30, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Tested PCR positive for SARS-CoV-2by nasopharyngeal swab, oropharyngeal swab, or saliva.
  • Mild COVID-19, defined as WHO Ordinal Scale <4 .
  • Respiratory rate < 20 bpm, HR < 90 bpm, and SpO2 > 93% on room air at sea level.
  • Absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) < 1500 cells/mm3 at the time of screening.
  • AST/ALT ≤ 3.0 x ULN, total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except if due to Gilbert's syndrome).

    -≥ 18 years of age.

  • First day of treatment must be no more than 10 days from onset of COVID-19 symptoms.
  • Must be willing to be closely monitored in the hospital or in an alternate setting (e.g. clinical trial unit) for at least the first 7 days (±2 days allowed) following NT-I7/placebo injection.
  • Individuals of reproductive potential must agree to either abstinence or use of at least one study-approved form of contraception when engaging in sexual activities that can result in pregnancy from the time of screening through 60 days for female and 120 days for male after study agent administration. Acceptable forms of contraception for this study are male or female condoms, diaphragms or cervical caps with a spermicide, or non-hormonal intrauterine devices.
  • Patients with factors or concomitant illness associated with higher risk of mortality due to COVID-19 (such as older age, hypertension, diabetes, and/or COPD) are eligible.
  • Able to understand and willing to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receiving any other investigational agents which may affect patient's lymphocyte counts. Note: There is no evidence that chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine could affect lymphocyte counts. Thus, chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine use is not an exclusion criteria for this study. Additionally, it is permissible for potential participants to have received investigational or off-label agents for COVID-19 prior to or during study participation.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from this study because NT-I7 has not been evaluated regarding its potential for teratogenic or abortifacients effects. There is a potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with the study drug; therefore, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with NT-I7.
  • Transferred from ICU to the floor.
  • Requiring dialysis.
  • Shortness of breath or known hypoxia (defined as PaO2/FiO2 ≤ 300 mmHg), or signs of serious lower airway disease.
  • Evidence of ARDS, SIRS/shock, or cardiac failure.
  • Elevated inflammatory markers such as CRP > 2 x ULN, LDH > 2 x ULN, D-dimer > 2 x ULN, ferritin > ULN, or IL-6 > ULN (when available).
  • Any established diagnosis of autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment EXCEPT for vitiligo or endocrine disease (such as diabetes, thyroid disease, and adrenal disease) controlled by replacement therapy.
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days before the study treatment. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), Zoster, and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. FluMist) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries United States
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04498325
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 202009065
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Washington University School of Medicine
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Washington University School of Medicine
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE NeoImmune Tech
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jian Campian, M.D., Ph.D. Washington University School of Medicine
PRS Account Washington University School of Medicine
Verification Date July 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP