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Colchicine/Statins for the Prevention of COVID-19 Complications (COLSTAT) Trial (COLSTAT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04472611
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 15, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE July 14, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 15, 2020
Last Update Posted Date March 2, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 30, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 30, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 28, 2020)
COVID 19 Severity [ Time Frame: 30 Days ]
As defined by World Health Organization Ordinal Scale, which ranges from 1 to 8. Severity of COVID measured by WHO Scores 5-8: Defined as 5= Hospitalized requiring including CPAP, face mask, high flow nasal cannula (Excludes regular nasal cannula) 6= Hospitalized requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation 7= Hospitalized requiring mechanical ventilation and additional organ support (vasopressors, renal replacement therapy, ECMO) 8= Death
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 14, 2020)
Composite outcome [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
The primary measure is a composite outcome of mechanical ventilation, myocardial injury or death measured at discharge.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Colchicine/Statins for the Prevention of COVID-19 Complications (COLSTAT) Trial
Official Title  ICMJE Colchicine/Statins for the Prevention of COVID-19 Complications (COLSTAT) Trial
Brief Summary This is a pragmatic randomized open-label study of the safety and efficacy of the combination of colchicine and Rosuvastatin in addition to standard of care (SOC) compared to SOC alone in hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2
Detailed Description

This is a prospective 1:1 randomized open-label clinical trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of the combination of Colchicine + Rosuvastatin added to standard of care (SOC) compared to SOC alone in hospitalized subjects with moderate COVID-19.

Subjects will be screened during admission to hospital. Patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, and meeting all other inclusion and exclusion criteria, will be randomized to either Colchicine+Rosuvastatin treatment or SOC for the duration of hospitalization. SOC will be guided by the YNHH SARS-CoV-2 Therapeutics Group. In cases where patients require randomization in another trial evaluating an experimental drug, they will continue on study drug. Patients will be assessed daily while hospitalized for clinical, biomarker, safety, and laboratory parameters based on SOC.

Colchicine is an extensively studied oral anti-inflammatory agent with a well-defined safety profile. Colchicine, by inhibiting tubulin polymerization and clathrin-mediated endocytosis has the potential to inhibit SARS-CoV-2 cell entry. In addition, colchicine has a direct anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome activation which in turn has the potential to reduce the SARS-CoV-2-induced cytokine storm. Statins also have direct anti-inflammatory effects by reducing chemokine release, adhesion molecules, and modulating T cell activity and have the potential to prevent SARS-CoV-2 related endothelial dysfunction and may reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19. Rosuvastatin, in particular, appears to have direct antiviral properties by binding and inhibiting the active site of the main protease enzyme (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2.1

The combination Colchicine + Rosuvastatin may have a synergetic effect to antagonize SARS-CoV-2 infection, modulate the inflammatory response and to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and myocardial injury in COVID-19 patients.

Both drugs have been in use for decades for gout and pericarditis (colchicine) and hyperlipidemia, coronary disease (CAD) and diabetes (rosuvastatin/Crestor), and have been tested in thousands of patients used individually and in combination with a low and well characterized risk profile. Colchicine and rosuvastatin are currently used as standard of care in COVID-19 patients whether due to pre-existing CAD, gout or pericarditis or acute presentations with acute coronary syndromes or acute gout with no expected added risk in the population being studied.

This study is not intended to support a labeling change or advertising claim for either drug, and the study will be conducted in compliance with the requirements of Yale University's IRB review and a research IND.

Subjects will be screened within 48 hours of hospital admission. Patients with real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and meeting all inclusion and exclusion criteria, will be randomized to either Colchicine + Rosuvastatin treatment in addition to SOC or SOC alone for the duration of hospitalization.

Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 manner to one of two arms:

Active treatment:

In addition to SOC* subjects randomized to active treatment will receive:

  • Rosuvastatin: 40mg daily AND
  • Colchicine: 0.6mg twice daily for 3 days then 0.6mg daily Note: Dose adjustment based on medical conditions and drug interactions (see section §7.4.1). Subjects previously on chronic statin therapy will be eligible for enrollment in the trial, and if randomized to active treatment, chronic statin therapy will be discontinued and replaced by rosuvastatin 40 mg for 30 days or hospital discharge and resumed thereafter.

Standard of Care Controls:

Subjects will undergo SOC treatment determined by the primary care team and the YNHH treatment algorithm for hospitalized patients with COVID-19.

*All standard of care treatments for hospitalized subjects with SARS-CoV-2 are permitted concurrently with the study intervention. This only includes treatments approved by the Yale SOC treatment Committee. Concomitant therapy will be performed according to standard practice, local standards of care and published guidelines. Subjects will not be permitted to participate in other investigational studies. Methods for identifying drug interactions and dose adjustment are listed in section §7.4.1 of the protocol. Drug discontinuation is only permitted with documented adverse reactions (section §7.4.3).

Treatment will continue for a total of 30 days. If the subject is discharged the treatment will stop at that time.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE SARS-CoV-2
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Standard of Care (SOC) and Colchicine+Rosuvastatin
Patients will take Rosuvastatin 40mg daily and Colchicine 0.6mg twice for 3 days and then 0.6mg daily during hospitalization
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Standard of Care (SOC) and Colchicine+Rosuvastatin
    Patients will take Rosuvastatin 40mg daily and Colchicine 0.6mg twice for 3 days and then 0.6mg daily during hospitalization
    Intervention: Drug: Standard of Care (SOC) and Colchicine+Rosuvastatin
  • No Intervention: Standard of care (SOC)
    Patients will undergo standard of care treatment during hospitalization determined by the primary care team during hospitalization
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 28, 2020)
466
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 14, 2020)
824
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 30, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria 1.18 years or older and confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection by RT-PCR 2. Patient is admitted to the floor (non-ICU) within 48 hours of hospital admission 3. The patient, or legally authorized representative, has been informed of the nature of the study, agrees to its provisions and has provided witnessed (by 2 independent members of the health care team) oral informed consent, or a photograph of the signed informed consent approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known pregnancy or nursing mothers
  2. Known allergy to statins or colchicine
  3. Patient is on chronic colchicine or oral corticosteroid treatment
  4. Acute liver disease defined by elevated transaminases (AST/ALT > 3x ULN)
  5. Severe chronic kidney disease defined as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 30mL/min1.73 m2
  6. Severe QTc prolongation (>500ms narrow QRS<120ms and >550ms for wide QRS>120)
  7. Presents with severe disease on admission (WHO ordinal scale of clinical improvement scores 5-8)
  8. Rhabdomyolysis or CPK > 5x ULN
  9. Thrombocytopenia defined as platelet count < 50,000 / mm3
  10. Leukopenia defined as white blood cell count < 3000 ml
  11. Severe anemia defined as Hemoglobin value <8 g/100ml
  12. Participation in any other clinical trial of an experimental treatment for COVID-19
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Marianne McCarthy, MBA 2037853346 Marianne.mccarthy@yale.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04472611
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2000027950
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Yale University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Yale University
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Alexandra Lansky, MD Yale University
PRS Account Yale University
Verification Date February 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP