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Evaluation of Immune Response in COVID-19 Patients (IMMUNOVID)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04438629
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2020 by Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : June 19, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date June 16, 2020
First Posted Date June 19, 2020
Last Update Posted Date June 22, 2020
Actual Study Start Date March 26, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date June 10, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: June 18, 2020)
  • COVID-19 associated immune disorder [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    Enumeration of circulating cell subsets by flow cytometry [Cell count/µl]
  • COVID-19 associated inflammation [ Time Frame: 48 hours ]
    Quantification of plasma levels of different solubles factors (GM-CSF, G-CSF, M-CSF, IFN-γ, IFN-α, IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12 (p70), IL-13, IL-15, IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-17E, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27, IL-28A, IL-31, IL-33, IL-34, MIP-3α/CCL20, CCL2, TNF-α, TNF-β, TGFβ) [pg/ml]
  • Oxygenation [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
    Ratio of arterial oxygen tension (mmHg) to fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2)
  • Diagnostic of COVID disease composite [ Time Frame: On admission of hospital ]
    SARS-CoV-2 infection will be tested by PCR using nasopharyngeal swab
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: June 18, 2020)
  • Changes at the cytokine pattern [ Time Frame: 14 Days ]
    Quantification of plasma levels of different solubles factors (GM-CSF, G-CSF, M-CSF, IFN-γ, IFN-α, IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12 (p70), IL-13, IL-15, IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-17E, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27, IL-28A, IL-31, IL-33, IL-34, MIP-3α/CCL20, CCL2, TNF-α, TNF-β, TGFβ) [pg/ml]
  • Changes at circulating immune cell composition [ Time Frame: 14 Days ]
    Enumeration of circulating cell subsets by flow cytometry [Cell count/µl]
  • Intensive Care Unit Admission [ Time Frame: Day 7-14 ]
    Proportion of patients with Intensive Care Unit Admission requirement
  • Length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: Day 7-14 ]
    Days of Hospitalization
  • Clinical Status [ Time Frame: Day 7-14 ]
    Clinical status assessed according to the World Health Organization guideline
  • Mortality [ Time Frame: Day 7-14 ]
    Proportion of death patients at days
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Evaluation of Immune Response in COVID-19 Patients
Official Title Evaluation of Immune Response in COVID-19 Patients
Brief Summary The aim of the project is to evaluate the immunological features of COVID-19 patients. Patients are recruited without any pharmacological treatments restriction. The number of samples is estimated on the basis of feasibility, that means on the maximum number of patients with COVID-19, who are expected to be able to be enrolled by the units involved. Based on the investigators' experience, gained in the onco-immunological field, considering the time and economic resources available, the investigators expect to enroll at least 80 patients.
Detailed Description

PURPOSES

  1. Determine the frequency of circulating immune cells (i.e. T cells, B cells, Neutrophils, Monocytes absolute numbers) in COVID-19 patients at Hospital Trust of Verona.
  2. Determine the plasma levels of soluble factors (i.e. IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-10, TNFalfa) in COVID-19 patients at Hospital Trust of Verona.
  3. Determinate the immune composition of lung and blood of COVID-19 patients that will be enrolled at Hospital Trust of Verona through single-cell sequencing analysis, capable of detecting also the viral sequences in each leukocyte populations.
  4. Determine any potential links between cytokine storm, immune cells composition and clinical parameters (i.e.) in COVID-19 patients
  5. Profile patients with a different stage of disease to identify potential biomarkers
  6. Identify SARS-CoV-2-associated sequences in immune cells
  7. To define differences in immune cell composition the immune profiling will be done before and after patients treatment used as part of clinical care in COVID-19 patients.

HYPOTHESES

  1. Primary: Based on previous reports, COVID-19 patients showed significant immunological alterations that need to be deeply investigated. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to perform a phenotypic characterization of patients with COVID-19
  2. Secondary: Immunological disorder induced by the infection can generate a systemic pathology. Therefore, a) the investigators will identify potential immune-associated biomarkers for rapid testing; b) the investigators will identify specific viral sequences inside immune cells that can explain the systemic disease c) the investigators will define immunological parameters that correlate with disease progression

JUSTIFICATION

The pandemic spread of a novel, highly pathogenic coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has found the international medical community largely unprepared on prophylactic and therapeutic measures. The resulting syndrome, known as COVID-19, is characterized by a profound dysfunction of the upper and lower respiratory tract, with severity ranging from mild to moderate respiratory failure, up to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) that is generally fatal2. Recently, the crucial role of the "cytokine release syndrome (CRS), also referred to as "cytokine storm", in acute lung damage and ARDS4,5 has become evident, thus providing the theoretical ground for therapeutic approaches able to interfere with the inflammatory cascade. Indeed, while the majority of patients either asymptomatic or with early stage of the disease are able to clear the infection, some patients with moderate disease, requiring hospital admittance, progress to a clinically severe phase associated with the "cytokine storm" within 10 days from symptom onset.

Delineation of a link between clinical parameters and immunological profile would provide a rational to define the perfect treatment to reduce the incidence of COVID-19 associated ARDS and mortality.

OBJECTIVES

Better understand 1) the link between immunological modifications and ARDS in COVID-19 patients; 2) the biomarker profile of COVID-19 patients with mild and severe disease; 3) the impact of virus sequences in circulating immune cells on clinical outcomes in COVID-19 patients

RESEARCH DESIGN

Patients admitted to Hospital Trust of Verona will be isolated in Infective Unit or intensive care unit (ICU) on basis of the . Here, specimens will be collected for laboratory confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 using nasopharyngeal swab assessed PCR by the Microbiology and Virology Unit. Clinical care will commence following the discretion of attending physicians in accordance with Hospital Trust of Verona current operating procedures for the management of COVID-19.

Once clinical care has commenced, a blood sample will be collected in three different moments: T0 = at diagnosis (which is equivalent for severe symptoms that will begin a therapeutic course, or for light symptoms within 72 hours from the COVID-19 diagnosis) ; T 1= after 7 days from diagnosis (for patients admitted to the UOC the collection will be carried out at the Operative Unit while for asymptomatic patients this collection will be done at the patient's home by health workers and then the sample will be sent to the Immunology Section); T2 = after 14 days from diagnosis similar to that described for the previous collection. All the samples will be collected into vacutainer serum separator tubes (SST, Vacutainer®, Becton & Dickinson). In some cases, patients admitted to ICU also receive BAL (bronchiole-alveolar lavage) or tracheal / mini BAL aspiration. The BAL will be collected whenever it is an integral part of the patient's diagnostic path or within thirty minutes of the patient's confirmed death. In all cases, together with the BAL it will also be necessary to collect a test tube of blood, independently and in addition to the samples described above.

These samples will be analyzed for: a) a complete immune phenotype by flow cytometry; b) a panel of soluble factots (i.e. cytokines), c) a deep immunological composition by single-cell RNA sequencing, d) presence of viral sequences.

Analysis will be performed at Immunology Section (a,b,c) and Microbiology and Virology Section of Hospital Trust of Verona.

Immunophenotype analysis on whole peripheral blood will be performed according to a standard no-wash procedure, using a PrepPlus™ 2 workstation (Beckman Coulter Inc., Brea, CA, USA). Blood samples will be incubated with antibodies (Beckman Coulter Inc., Brea, CA, USA) for 15 min at 20°C. Following is the list of antibodies used:

  • FITC-conjugated CD57 (clone NC1), PE-conjugated CD45RA (ALB11), ECD-conjugated CD8 (SFCI21Thy2D3), PC5.5-conjugated CD56 (N901), PC7-conjugated CD4 (SFCI12T4D11), APC-conjugated CD27 (1A4CD27), APC A700-conjugated CD45 (J33), APC A750-conjugated CD3 (UCHT1), PB-conjugated CD16 (3G8), KR OR-conjugated CD19 (J3-119)
  • FITC-conjugated CD57 (clone NC1), PE-conjugated HLA-DR (Immu-357), ECD-conjugated CD8 (SFCI21Thy2D3), PC5.5-conjugated CD38 (LS198-4-3), PC7-conjugated CD4 (clone SFCI12T4D11), APC-conjugated CD14 (RMO52), APC A700-conjugated CD45 (J33), APC A750-conjugated CD3 (UCHT1), PB-conjugated CD16 (3G8), KR OR-conjugated CD19 (J3-119)
  • PE-conjugated IgD (IA6-2), ECD-conjugated CD3 (UCHT1), PC5.5-conjugated CD27 (1A4CD27), PC7-conjugated CD20 (clone B9E9), APC-conjugated IgM (SA-DA4), APC A700-conjugated CD45 (J33), APC A750-conjugated CD38 (LS198-4-3), PB-conjugated CD21 (BL13), KR OR-conjugated CD19 (J3-119) Red blood cell lysis and cell fixation will be performed using TQ-Prep workstation and ImmunoPrep reagent system (Beckman Coulter Inc., Brea, CA, USA). Samples will be acquired with Navios and analyzed with Navios software (Beckman Coulter Inc., Brea, CA, USA).

For detection of cytokines, sera of COVID-19 patients were tested for GM-CSF, G-CSF, M-CSF, IFN-γ, IFN-α, IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-9, IL-10, IL-12 (p70), IL-13, IL-15, IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-17E, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IL-27, IL-28A, IL-31, IL-33, IL-34, MIP-3α/CCL20, CCL2, TNF-α, TNF-β, TGFβ production by Human ProcartaPlex™ Panel 1 multiplex (ThermoFisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA).

BAL cells and circulating immune cells will be purified and cell counts will be adjusted following 10xgenomics protocol. Briefly, the cell suspension was super-loaded with 50,000 cells, in the ChromiumTM Controller for partitioning single cells into nanoliter-scale Gel Bead-In-Emulsions (GEMs). Single Cell 3' reagent kit v3.1 will be used for reverse transcription, cDNA amplification and library construction of the gene expression libraries (10x Genomics) following the detailed protocol provided by 10xGenomics. Hashtag libraries will be prepared according to the cell hashing protocol for 10x Single Cell 3' Reagent Kit v3.1. Biometra Trio Thermal Cycler will be used for amplification and incubation steps (Analytik Jena). Libraries will be quantified by QubitTM 2.0 Fluorometer (ThermoFisher) and quality will be checked using 2100 Bioanalyzer with High Sensitivity DNA kit (Agilent). Sequencing will be performed in paired-end mode with a S1 and S2 flow cell (2 × 50 cycles kit) using NovaSeq 6000 sequencer (Illumina).

The short history of this disease outbreak makes robust statistical power testing difficult. However, for analysis during the treatment the investigators will consider only those patients who are still alive, for whom the clinical and laboratory data for at least two time points are available. Analysis on the duration of hospitalization will be performed in all the patients enrolled except for the ones who died. Quantitative variables will be expressed as the median and interquartile range (IQR), qualitative ones as percentages. To perform pairwise comparisons, significance of difference will be evaluated by the Mann-Witney U-test for quantitative variables and Fisher's exact test for categorical variables. The Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test will be used to test the equality of matched pairs of observation. Multiple logistic-regression analysis will be performed to assess the association between the treatment and mortality for known negative prognostic factor (age, sex and D-dimer). The strength of the association will be expressed by the Hazard Ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistical significance will set at p-value <0.05, and clinical analyses will be performed using statistical software STATA version 16.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA). For statistical laboratory analyses the investigators will perform paired comparisons by Student's t-test and one-way Anova test for repeated measures, using Graph Pad Prism (San Diego, California, version 8.4.2).

All biological materials will be stored after anonymisation at of Medicine Department of University and Hospital Trust of Verona for the duration of the study (8 months). After that, all biological materials will be transferred at Biobanca of University and Hospital Trust of Verona. All patients data will be only accessed by researchers involved in the study with a personnel account. All patients are anonymzed during immunological analysis. All data are protected by software and database of University and Hospital Trust of Verona.

The ownership of the data will only be referred to the Principal Investigator (PI) of the project.

TIMELINE OF THE PROJECT Duration of specimen collection: 6 months. This period was estimated on the need to treat patients with COVID-19 immediately Expected duration for the analysis of the data obtained: 2 months. This period has been estimated from the investigators' experience and includes both the analysis of the samples and the statistical analysis of the data obtained.

Total duration of the project: 8 months

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Non-Probability Sample
Study Population Hospitalized adults affected by SARS-CoV-2.
Condition
  • Allergy and Immunology
  • Infection Viral
Intervention Drug: COVID-19 treatment
COVID-19 affected patients treated with hydroxicloroquine or antiviral therapy (lopinavir/ritonavir) as single agents or in combination (hydroxicloroquine plus antiviral therapy) according to clinical features. Other concomitant treatments (i.e. off-label therapy) will be provided at the discretion of clinicians. Supportive therapy, such as antibiotic prophylaxis and anticoagulant treatment, will be provided at the discretion of the clinicians.
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Mild disease
    COVID-19 hospitalized patients
    Intervention: Drug: COVID-19 treatment
  • Severe disease
    COVID-19 hospitalized patients in intensive care unit
    Intervention: Drug: COVID-19 treatment
  • paucisymptomatic syndrome
    Mild symptomatic patients in home quarantine
    Intervention: Drug: COVID-19 treatment
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: June 18, 2020)
80
Original Estimated Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date November 26, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date June 10, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hospitalized adults affected by SARS-CoV-2. These patients can be enrolled also for other clinical studies such as off-label or compassionate treatments.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients that withdraw informed consent
Sex/Gender
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries Italy
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT04438629
Other Study ID Numbers IMMUNOVID 2590CESC
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona
Original Study Sponsor Same as current
Collaborators Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: VINCENZO BRONTE, MD University and Hospital Trust of Verona
PRS Account Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona
Verification Date March 2020