I. Characterize patient factors, such as pre-existing comorbidities, cancer type and treatment, and demographic factors, associated with short- and long-term outcomes of coronavirus 2 (COVID-19), including symptoms, severity, and fatality, in adult and pediatric cancer patients undergoing treatment.
II. Describe cancer treatment modifications made in response to COVID-19 in adult and pediatric patients, including dose adjustments, changes in symptom management, or temporary or permanent cessation.
III. Evaluate the association of COVID-19 with cancer outcomes in adult patient subgroups defined by clinico-pathologic characteristics and in pediatric patients.
I. Future correlative biomarker objectives will include assessment of the development of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) antibodies, description of the trajectory of cytokine abnormalities, description of coagulopathies, and genome-wide association studies to define polymorphisms associated with severe COVID-19.
II. Collection and banking of research blood specimens and radiological images for future research.
PATIENT-REPORTED HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE OBJECTIVES:
I. Describe patient-reported short-and long-term physical health, defined as a composite of physical function, pain interference and intensity, and ability to participate in social roles and activities, as measured by the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)-29 version (v)2.0 profile in adult cancer patients diagnosed with COVID-19. (Primary) II. Describe patient-reported short-and long-term symptoms (anxiety, depression, and dyspnea) and function (cognitive function and social isolation) in adult cancer patients diagnosed with COVID-19. (Secondary) III. Assess how patient-reported physical health (primary objective) and symptoms and function (secondary objective) in adult cancer patients vary by COVID-19 symptom burden, cancer type, cancer treatment, comorbidities, tobacco use, body mass index, and demographic characteristics. (Exploratory)
Patients undergo collection of medical information about COVID-19 symptoms, treatments/cancer treatments and outcomes, and results from laboratory tests and imaging scans performed as part of routine care for up to 2 years. Patients also undergo collection of blood samples at the same times they receive routine bloodwork up to 9 times for adults and up to 6 times for children. Patients who are hospitalized for COVID-19 undergo collection of blood samples at up to 6 additional times for adults and up to 3 additional times for children. Adult patients also complete quality of life questionnaire.