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Baricitinib, Placebo and Antiviral Therapy for the Treatment of Patients With Moderate and Severe COVID-19

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04373044
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The study was terminated after the release of results of ACTT-2 (NCT04401579).)
First Posted : May 4, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 17, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 4, 2020
Last Update Posted Date May 26, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE May 1, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date May 12, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 30, 2020)
Proportion of patients requiring invasive mechanical ventilation or dying [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous variables, as well as percentages and frequencies for categorical variables, will be provided to describe all the clinical findings in a cohort of symptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-infected subjects. The collected data will also be graphically presented in boxplots, histograms, and scatter plots. Investigations for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made. Group comparisons will be made using either the parametric tests such as t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA), or the non-parametric statistical method such as Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous variable and Chi-square test for categorical variables. Point estimates, along with the corresponding p-values and 95% confidence intervals will be reported.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 19, 2020)
  • Identification of clinical features (vitals signs - body temperature) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Body temperature will be measured in degrees Fahrenheit using an automated thermometer.
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - respiratory rate) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Respiratory rate in times/minute
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - heart rate) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Heart rate in beats/minute
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - blood pressure) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Blood pressure in mmHg
  • Identification of clinical features (Imaging) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Chest X-ray or pulmonary computed tomography (CT) will be performed
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - White Blood Count) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - Absolute Lymphocyte Count) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - Hemoglobin) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - Creatinine) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of biomarkers (C-reactive protein) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    CRP is assessed by routinely used determination of CRP.
  • Identification of biomarkers (Interleukin-6) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    IL-6 levels will be assessed using commercial ELISA method
  • Identification of biomarkers (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha as measured in hospital laboratory
  • Identification of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous variables, as well as percentages and frequencies for categorical variables, will be provided to describe all the clinical findings in a cohort of symptomatic COVID-19-infected subjects. The collected data will also be graphically presented in boxplots, histograms, and scatter plots. Investigations for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made. Group comparisons will be made using either the parametric tests such as t-test and ANOVA, or the non-parametric statistical method such as Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous variable and Chi-square test for categorical variables. Point estimates, along with the corresponding p-values and 95% confidence intervals will be reported.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 30, 2020)
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - body temperature) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Body temperature will be measured in degrees Fahrenheit using an automated thermometer.
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - respiratory rate) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Respiratory rate in times/minute
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - heart rate) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Heart rate in beats/minute
  • Identification of clinical features (vital signs - blood pressure) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Blood pressure in mmHg
  • Identification of clinical features (Imaging) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Chest X-ray or pulmonary computed tomography (CT) will be performed
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - White Blood Count) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - Absolute Lymphocyte Count) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - Hemoglobin) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of clinical features (Lab - Creatinine) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Assessment via standard blood chemistry and metabolic panel
  • Identification of biomarkers (C-reactive protein) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    CRP is assessed by routinely used determination of CRP
  • Identification of biomarkers (Interleukin-6) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    IL-6 levels will be assessed using commercial ELISA method
  • Identification of biomarkers (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha as measured in hospital laboratory
  • Identification of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
    Descriptive statistics, including means, standard deviations, and ranges for continuous variables, as well as percentages and frequencies for categorical variables, will be provided to describe all the clinical findings in a cohort of symptomatic COVID-19-infected subjects. The collected data will also be graphically presented in boxplots, histograms, and scatter plots. Investigations for outliers and assumptions for statistical analysis, e.g., normality and homoscedasticity, will be made. Group comparisons will be made using either the parametric tests such as t-test and ANOVA, or the non-parametric statistical method such as Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous variable and Chi-square test for categorical variables. Point estimates, along with the corresponding p-values and 95% confidence intervals will be reported.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: May 19, 2020)
Measurement of COVID19 viral burden [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: April 30, 2020)
COVID19 viral burden [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days ]
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Baricitinib, Placebo and Antiviral Therapy for the Treatment of Patients With Moderate and Severe COVID-19
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Randomized Double-Blind Trial of Baricitinib or Placebo Combined With Antiviral Therapy in Patients With Moderate and Severe COVID-19
Brief Summary This phase II trial studies the effect of baricitinib in combination with antiviral therapy for the treatment of patients with moderate or severe coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Treatment with antiviral medications such as hydroxychloroquine, lopinavir/ritonavir, and/or remdesivir may act against infection caused by the virus responsible for COVID-19. Baricitinib may reduce lung inflammation. Giving baricitinib in combination with antiviral therapy may reduce the risk of the disease from getting worse and may help prevent the need for being placed on a ventilator should the disease worsen compared to antiviral therapy alone.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the efficacy of baricitinib combined with antiviral therapy in participants with COVID-19-related moderate and severe disease in terms of reduction of the proportion of participants requiring invasive mechanical ventilation or dying or requiring anti-IL6 monoclonal antibodies compared to that seen with antiviral alone within 60 days.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe the clinical findings in a cohort of symptomatic COVID-19-infected participants.

II. To test whether cytokine signatures predict progression to invasive ventilatory support or death.

III. To describe adverse events (AEs) associated with baricitinib when administered at 4mg in combination with antivirals.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Describe the decay in quantitative viral burden from saliva samples collected sequentially under treatment with baricitinib in combination with antivirals.

II. To obtain preliminary data on efficacy and tolerability of baricitinib in combination with antivirals in participants with cancer.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

GROUP I: Patients receive baricitinib orally (PO) daily, and standard of care hydroxychloroquine PO three times daily (TID). Treatment continues for 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP II: Patients receive placebo PO daily, and standard of care hydroxychloroquine PO TID. Treatment continues for 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed for 60 days after enrollment to treatment.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Symptomatic COVID-19 Infection Laboratory-Confirmed
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Baricitinib
    Given PO
    Other Names:
    • INCB 028050
    • INCB028050
    • LY 3009104
    • LY3009104
  • Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
    Given PO
  • Drug: Placebo Administration
    Given Po
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: Arm II (placebo, antiviral therapy)
    Patients receive placebo PO daily, and standard of care hydroxychloroquine PO TID. Treatment continues for 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
    • Drug: Placebo Administration
  • Experimental: Treatment (baricitinib, antiviral therapy)
    Patients receive baricitinib PO daily, and standard of care hydroxychloroquine PO TID. Treatment continues for 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Baricitinib
    • Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 21, 2021)
6
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 30, 2020)
59
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 12, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date May 12, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) in a respiratory tract sample OR positive anti-SARS CoV2 IgM antibody test that is approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or allowed under an emergency use authorization; either result obtained within 5 days prior to study entry
  • Cough and/or pneumonia on chest imaging
  • Moderate disease with risk factor(s): Peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) >= 92% on room air with one of the following risk factors for development of severe disease: age >= 60 years, receiving medication for hypertension, diagnosed diabetes mellitus, known cardiac disease, chronic lung disease, obesity (body mass index [BMI] >= 35 kg/m^2), active malignancy, immunosuppression (receiving biologics or glucocorticoids >= 20 mg/d prednisone equivalent for > 2 weeks)
  • Severe disease: SpO2 =< 92% on room air
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. Adults not competent to consent will be enrolled with the use of an appropriate legally authorized representative (per California Code, Health and Safety Code - HSC)

    • FDA regulations generally require that the informed consent of a participant be documented by the use of a written consent form approved by the IRB and signed and dated by the participant or the participant's legally authorized representative at the time of consent (21 case form report [CFR] 50.27[a]). In light of COVID-19 infection control measures, the following procedure would satisfy documentation of this requirement if the participant signing the informed consent is in COVID-19 isolation. If the technology is available, electronic methods of obtaining informed consent will be taken. The electronic consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) forms will be uploaded and available through REDCap
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 7 days following completion of therapy. NOTE: Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Women of child-bearing potential should use highly effective methods of birth control. These are those methods of contraception, alone or in combination, that result in a low failure rate (i.e, less than 1% per year) when used consistently and correctly

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mechanical ventilation, high-flow nasal oxygen, biphasic positive airway pressure (BiPAP)
  • Venous thromboembolism within 12 weeks or previously diagnosed thrombophilic conditions or conditions that increase the risk of thrombosis. Individuals with > 1 episode of venous thromboembolism or pulmonary embolism in the past will also be excluded
  • Prior receipt of other immunomodulatory drugs (e.g., any JAK inhibitors, immunomodulatory biologics, or other immunomodulatory investigational products) within 14 days prior to enrollment
  • Current treatment with probenecid
  • Known infection with human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV), or active infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C
  • Participant with known active or latent tuberculosis infection
  • Pregnancy and lactation
  • Any serious acute infections or known active or latent tuberculosis

    • All enrolled participants will be screened for latent tuberculosis infection by testing QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus, but a documented negative test will not be required prior to entry. If a participant is found to have positive QuantiFERON that results after enrollment, baricitinib will be discontinued
  • Solid organ transplant recipient
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 5 x upper limit of normal
  • Absolute neutrophil count < 1000/mm^3
  • Absolute lymphocyte count < 200/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin < 8 g/dl
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Any medical condition in the opinion of the investigator that would place the participant at undue high risk for participation in the trial
  • Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04373044
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 0S-20-3
NCI-2020-02685 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
0S-20-3 ( Other Identifier: USC / Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA014089 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University of Southern California
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Southern California
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD University of Southern California
PRS Account University of Southern California
Verification Date May 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP