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Comparing Two Treatment Combinations, Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel With 5-Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Liposomal Irinotecan for Older Patients With Pancreatic Cancer That Has Spread

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04233866
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 18, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 25, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 16, 2020
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 18, 2020
Last Update Posted Date June 25, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 18, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2020)
Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
Will use a stratified log rank test with one-sided alpha of 0.05 and 90% power. A truncated O'Brien-Fleming boundary will be used to control type I error for efficacy testing and repeated confidence interval methodology on the OS hazard ratio will be used for futility analyses
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2020)
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
Will evaluate the association between functional status as recorded by the IADL assessment tool and rates of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity within treatment arm. Will use logistic regression and a 0.025 level one-sided test for the odds ratio.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 16, 2020)
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
  • Objective tumor response [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
  • Co-morbidities as a predictor of chemotherapy tolerance [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Depression as a predictor of chemotherapy tolerance [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Nutrition as a predictor of chemotherapy tolerance [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Cognition as a predictor of chemotherapy tolerance [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
  • Change in functional status [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association between changes in functional status using a geriatric assessment, which will include the number of falls, cumulative illness rating scale, body mass index, weight loss and scores, such as the geriatric depression scale, and the blessed orientation memory concentration test. These will be treated as continuous measures as predictors of chemotherapy tolerance and will be assessed using a paired t-test. Longitudinal analyses will be conducted to evaluate the trajectory of patient-reported outcomes over time for each arm and to compare across the arms. Will explore the possibility that geriatric assessments at baseline that are prognostic for subsequent adverse events of interest, and will perform regression models for key adverse events (logistic, Poisson or linear regression as appropriate) to assess the relative predictive ability of the proposed geriatric assessments over those traditionally used to identify patients at risk.
  • Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) domains [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the correlation between CGA domains and overall survival by treatment arm.
  • Quality of life scores [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be assessed as a continuous variable by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Treatment - Hepatitis version 4 between baseline measures and assessment during treatment course by treatment arms.
  • Incidence of toxicities in older patients [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
    Will include peripheral neuropathy grade 2 or higher, fatigue grade 3 or higher, falls, emergency room visits, hospitalization, treatment modification and discontinuation. These data will be obtained and recorded by the study nurse while conducting the patient's toxicity evaluation using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events.
  • Rate of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity experienced on treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association between skeletal muscle index (SMI) and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and rate of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity. In a preliminary analysis, the longitudinal course of SMI and IMAT will be examined graphically and use longitudinal regression modeling to account for correlations due to the repeated assessments. The main analysis will utilize logistic regression modeling. Models will be fitted first with only the baseline values of SMI and IMAT and subsequently will be elaborated to include both baseline and change from baseline. The models will control for sociodemographic and clinical status measures at baseline and will also consider interactions between the two imaging-based markers
  • OS [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association between SMI and IMAT and OS. In a preliminary analysis, the longitudinal course of SMI and IMAT will be examined graphically and use Cox regression modeling to account for correlations due to the repeated assessments. The main analysis will utilize logistic regression modeling. Models will be fitted first with only the baseline values of SMI and IMAT and subsequently will be elaborated to include both baseline and change from baseline. The models will control for sociodemographic and clinical status measures at baseline and will also consider interactions between the two imaging-based markers.
  • Geriatric assessment scores [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association between skeletal muscle index (SMI) and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and geriatric assessment scores evaluating functional status. In a preliminary analysis, the longitudinal course of SMI and IMAT will be examined graphically and linear regression modeling to account for correlations due to the repeated assessments. The main analysis will utilize logistic regression modeling. Models will be fitted first with only the baseline values of SMI and IMAT and subsequently will be elaborated to include both baseline and change from baseline. The models will control for sociodemographic and clinical status measures at baseline and will also consider interactions between the two imaging-based markers
  • Toxicity and biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association between biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) and rates of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity. Will be analyzed as continuous variables and correlated with clinical outcomes. Analysis of interaction with treatment arm will be performed but power for these effects is lower as the study is not designed to detect interactions. Logistic regression will be used to determine if levels of these biomarkers serve as predictors of toxicity or binary measures of efficacy (response).
  • Changes in levels of CRP and IL-6 and toxicity [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association correlation between changes in levels of CRP and IL-6 and rates of grade 3 chemotherapy toxicity. Will be analyzed as continuous variables and correlated with clinical outcomes. Analysis of interaction with treatment arm will be performed but power for these effects is lower as the study is not designed to detect interactions. Logistic regression will be used to determine if levels of these biomarkers serve as predictors of toxicity or binary measures of efficacy (response).
  • OS and biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association correlation between changes in levels of CRP and IL-6 and overall survival. Will be analyzed as continuous variables and correlated with clinical outcomes. Analysis of interaction with treatment arm will be performed but power for these effects is lower as the study is not designed to detect interactions. Standard time to event analyses (Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox models) will be used to determine association of biomarkers with PFS and OS.
  • Geriatric assessment scores and biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline up to time of disease evaluation, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will evaluate the association correlation between levels of CRP and IL-6 and geriatric assessments scores evaluation functional status. Will be analyzed as continuous variables and correlated with clinical outcomes. Analysis of interaction with treatment arm will be performed but power for these effects is lower as the study is not designed to detect interactions. Logistic regression will be used to determine if levels of these biomarkers serve as predictors of toxicity or binary measures of efficacy (response).
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Comparing Two Treatment Combinations, Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel With 5-Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Liposomal Irinotecan for Older Patients With Pancreatic Cancer That Has Spread
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized Phase II Study of Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel Compared With 5-Fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Liposomal Irinotecan in Older Patients With Treatment Naïve Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer (GIANT)
Brief Summary This phase II trial compares two treatment combinations: gemcitabine hydrochloride and nab-paclitaxel, or fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and liposomal irinotecan in older patients with pancreatic cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride, nab-paclitaxel, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, and liposomal irinotecan, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This study may help doctors find out which treatment combination is better at prolonging life in older patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Overall survival.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Progression-free survival. II. Objective tumor response.

III. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA)/quality of life (QOL) related objectives:

IIIa. Hypothesize that lower scores in functional status assessment tool - instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) will correlate with higher rates of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity.

IV. CGA/QOL related exploratory objectives:

IVa. Evaluation of other pre-treatment CGA domains including co-morbidities, depression, nutrition and cognition as predictors of chemotherapy tolerance.

IVb. Evaluation of the association between change in functional status during treatment course (comparison between activities of daily living [ADL] and IADL score pre-treatment and at time of disease evaluation) as predictors of chemotherapy tolerance.

IVc. Evaluation of the correlation between CGA domains and overall survival by treatment arm.

IVd. Evaluation of the difference in QOL scores (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Hepatitis [FACT-Hep] version 4) between baseline measures and assessment during treatment course between by treatment arms.

V. Focused evaluation of toxicities that are of interest for older patients including: peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, falls, emergency room visits, hospitalization, treatment modification and discontinuation.

VI. Imaging correlative study objectives:

VIa. Evaluate the association between baseline and change during treatment of skeletal muscle index (SMI) and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and rates of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity experienced on treatment.

VIb. Evaluate the association between baseline and change during treatment of skeletal muscle index (SMI) and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and overall survival among older patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.

VIc. Evaluate the association between baseline and change during treatment of skeletal muscle index (SMI) and intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) and geriatric assessment scores evaluating functional status.

VII. Laboratory correlative study objectives:

VIIa. Evaluation of the correlation between base line levels of biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) and rates of grade 3 or higher chemotherapy toxicity during therapy.

VIIb. Evaluation of the correlation between changes in levels of CRP and IL-6 during therapy and rates of grade 3 chemotherapy toxicity.

VIIc. Evaluation of the correlation between baseline levels of biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) and overall survival among older patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.

VIId. Evaluation of the correlation between levels of baseline biomarkers of aging (CRP and IL-6) and geriatric assessments scores evaluation functional status.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM A: Patients receive gemcitabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and nab-paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive fluorouracil IV over 46 hours starting on day 1. Patients also receive leucovorin IV over 90-120 minutes and liposomal irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
  • Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer AJCC v8
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Fluorouracil
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 5 Fluorouracil
    • 5 Fluorouracilum
    • 5 FU
    • 5-Fluoro-2,4(1H, 3H)-pyrimidinedione
    • 5-Fluorouracil
    • 5-Fluracil
    • 5-FU
    • 5FU
    • AccuSite
    • Carac
    • Fluoro Uracil
    • Fluouracil
    • Flurablastin
    • Fluracedyl
    • Fluracil
    • Fluril
    • Fluroblastin
    • Ribofluor
    • Ro 2-9757
    • Ro-2-9757
  • Drug: Gemcitabine
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • dFdC
    • dFdCyd
    • Difluorodeoxycytidine
  • Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • dFdCyd
    • Difluorodeoxycytidine Hydrochloride
    • FF 10832
    • FF-10832
    • FF10832
    • Gemcitabine HCI
    • Gemzar
    • LY-188011
    • LY188011
  • Drug: Leucovorin
    Given IV
    Other Name: Folinic acid
  • Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Adinepar
    • Calcifolin
    • Calcium (6S)-Folinate
    • Calcium Folinate
    • Calcium Leucovorin
    • Calfolex
    • Calinat
    • Cehafolin
    • Citofolin
    • Citrec
    • Citrovorum Factor
    • Cromatonbic Folinico
    • Dalisol
    • Disintox
    • Divical
    • Ecofol
    • Emovis
    • Factor, Citrovorum
    • Flynoken A
    • Folaren
    • Folaxin
    • FOLI-cell
    • Foliben
    • Folidan
    • Folidar
    • Folinac
    • Folinate Calcium
    • folinic acid
    • Folinic Acid Calcium Salt Pentahydrate
    • Folinoral
    • Folinvit
    • Foliplus
    • Folix
    • Imo
    • Lederfolat
    • Lederfolin
    • Leucosar
    • leucovorin
    • Rescufolin
    • Rescuvolin
    • Tonofolin
    • Wellcovorin
  • Drug: Liposomal Irinotecan
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Irinotecan Liposome
    • MM-398
    • nal-IRI
    • Nanoliposomal Irinotecan
    • Nanoparticle Liposome Formulation of Irinotecan
    • Onivyde
    • PEP02
  • Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • ABI 007
    • ABI-007
    • Abraxane
    • Albumin-bound Paclitaxel
    • Albumin-Stabilized Nanoparticle Paclitaxel
    • Nanoparticle Albumin-bound Paclitaxel
    • Nanoparticle Paclitaxel
    • Paclitaxel Albumin
    • paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation
    • protein-bound paclitaxel
  • Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
    Ancillary studies
    Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment
  • Other: Questionnaire Administration
    Ancillary studies
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Arm A (gemcitabine, nab-paclitaxel)
    Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes and nab-paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Gemcitabine
    • Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
    • Drug: Nab-paclitaxel
    • Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
    • Other: Questionnaire Administration
  • Experimental: Arm B (fluorouracil, leucovorin, liposomal irinotecan)
    Patients receive fluorouracil IV over 46 hours starting on day 1. Patients also receive leucovorin IV over 90-120 minutes and liposomal irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Fluorouracil
    • Drug: Leucovorin
    • Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
    • Drug: Liposomal Irinotecan
    • Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
    • Other: Questionnaire Administration
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 16, 2020)
184
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Newly diagnosed untreated metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. However, previous surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy will be allowed, provided radiation therapy is completed at least 2 weeks prior to registration and adjuvant therapy was administered more than 6 months prior to registration. Patients with the following histology are excluded: acinar cell; adenosquamous carcinoma
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Patient is an English speaker with the ability to understand and complete the informed consent and questionnaires
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Creatinine =< institutional ULN unless data exists supporting safe use at lower kidney function values, no lower than 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 40 mL/min/1.73 m^2 unless data exists supporting safe use at lower kidney function values, no lower than 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (obtained within 4 weeks of registration)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of registration are eligible for this protocol. HIV positive (+) patients who are on ritonavir or/and cobicistat-based regimen must be switched to alternative anti-retroviral therapy (ART)
  • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
  • Male patients must agree not to father children while on study
  • Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association functional classification. To be eligible for this protocol, patients should be class 2B or better
  • Patients must have measurable disease and scans must be done within 4 weeks of registration
  • Patients classified to have mild-moderate abnormalities in any of the domains evaluated in the screening geriatric assessment and are classified as "vulnerable" are eligible. Patients classified without any abnormalities ("fit") or with severe cognitive/functional impairment or high co-morbidity score ("frail") on the screening geriatric assessment are ineligible
  • Patients must agree not to take any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4. Those who are randomized to liposomal irinotecan treatment arm should avoid drugs that are UGT1A1 inhibitors
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 70 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Efrat Dotan, MD 215-728-2500 Efrat.Dotan@fccc.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04233866
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE EA2186
NCI-2019-08286 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA2186 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA2186 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Efrat Dotan ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
PRS Account Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Verification Date June 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP