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Stem Cell Transplantation in Crohn's Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04224558
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Ziring, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 4, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 13, 2020
Last Update Posted Date February 18, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE December 15, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 1, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 8, 2020)
  • Change in mucosal healing [ Time Frame: Change from pre-HSCT (baseline) to 6 months and 12 months post HSCT ]
    Change mucosal healing as determined by the simple endoscopic score for crohn's disease (SES-CD). The SES-CD assesses the size of mucosal ulcers, the ulcerated surface, the endoscopic extension and the presence of stenosis. Each are measured on a scale of 0-3 and are summed to create a total score. For total score, 0-2 indicates remission, 3-6 indicates mild endoscopic activity, 7-15 indicates moderate endoscopic activity, and > 15 indicates severe endoscopic activity.
  • Change in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (SED rate) [ Time Frame: Change from pre-HSCT (baseline) to 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months post HSCT ]
    Change in SED rate (mm/hour)
  • Change in fecal calprotectin concentration [ Time Frame: Change from pre-HSCT (baseline) to 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months post HSCT ]
    Change in fecal calprotectin concentration
  • Change in C reactive protein (CRP) [ Time Frame: Change from pre-HSCT (baseline) to 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 months post HSCT ]
    Change in C reactive protein (CRP)
  • Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability] [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months post HSCT ]
    Number of treatment-emergent adverse events (including death (transplant related mortality, TRM) and severe toxicity (≥ grade 3 toxicity; NCI Toxicity Criteria version 4.0)
  • Incidence of HSCT Related Complications [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months post HSCT ]
    The incidence of HSCT related complications, i.e. viral reactivations (CMV, Adenovirus, EBV, BK virus) or fungal infections.
  • Change in clinical measures of sustained remission [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months post HSCT ]
    Change in CDAI score (Crohn's Disease Activity Index). The CDAI measure the signs, symptoms, and history of Crohn's Disease based on the past 7 days. The index measures abdominal pain, stools per day, general wellbeing, HCT, ESR, Albumin, height, weight, abdominal exam, perirectal disease, and extra-intestinal manifestations each scaled between 0-10. The sum of these measures creates a total score between 0-100 with the higher score representative of more disease activity.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 8, 2020)
  • Change in quality of life [ Time Frame: 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 months post HSCT ]
    Change in score on the IMPACT-III Questionnaire (A Quality of Life Questionnaire for Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease) after HSCT. It is a self-report measure with 35 closed questions encompassing six proposed domains: Bowel Symptoms (7 items), Systemic Symptoms (3 items), Social Functioning (12 items), Body Image (3 items), Treatment/Interventions (3 items), and Emotional Functioning (7 items). The IMPACT-III uses 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5 for all answers. The outcome score ranges from 35 to 175, with higher scores suggesting better quality of life.
  • Change in school and work productivity [ Time Frame: 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 months post HSCT ]
    Change in school productivity and activity impairment as determined by the modified Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) Index score. The Modified WPAI yield four types of scores: absenteeism (school time missed), presenteeism (impairement at school), school productivity (overall work impairment/absenteeism plus presenteeism), and activity impairement. WPAI outcomes are expressed as impairement percentages, with higher numbers indicating greater impairement and less productivity.
  • Change in thymopoiesis after HSCT [ Time Frame: 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 months post HSCT ]
    the amount of T-cell receptor excision circles (TREC) will be determined. TRECs are excision circles of DNA excised during the process of T cell receptor (TCR) rearrangement. Since these TRECs do not replicate during cell division, they can also be a measure for recent thymic emigrants.
  • Change in T-cell repertoire after HSCT using spectratyping [ Time Frame: 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 months post HSCT ]
    The CDR3 (complement determining region) of the TCRβ chain is the most variable region of the TCR and is generated by recombination of the variable, diversity and joining region of the DNA. The length of this region differs between different T-cell clones due to nucleotide transferases or removed nucleotides during recombination, and the variability of these lengths can be used to estimate thymic diversity. This variability can be determined by electrophoresis, after amplification of this region by PCR.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Stem Cell Transplantation in Crohn's Disease
Official Title  ICMJE Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Refractory Crohn's Disease
Brief Summary Unfortunately, some patients with Crohn's disease (CD) fail to respond to the best clinical treatments and some only experience temporary benefit. For severe Crohn's disease, there is an experimental treatment called "high dose immunoablation" followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study removes over active lymphocytes (immunoablation) and replaces them using blood stem cells that have been taken from the patient's own body. The aim of the study is to reset or reprogram the patient's immune system to its state prior to diagnosis.
Detailed Description

The treatment of Crohn's disease has proven to be quite efficacious in the majority of patients with the timely use of combination therapies for remission induction (corticosteroids and/or biologics) and maintenance of disease control (immunosuppressives and/or biologics). However, a proportion of patients fail to achieve complete and long term disease control and often require multiple intestinal surgeries with a risk of developing short bowel syndrome. Lymphoablation followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to rescue the immune system has been proposed as an alternative strategy to induce long term disease control in this high-risk population. It has been demonstrated that despite the potential toxicity and morbidity associated with the procedure, the benefit-risk ratio is favorable. Hence, the investigators propose to offer HSCT to selected CD patients and to study mechanisms of reducing T cell autoreactivity which will hopefully lead to more focused therapeutic approaches in the future.

This is an open-label, non-randomized, non-blinded, prospective study in therapeutic refractory Crohn's patients, failing conventional therapy.

The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and potential clinical benefit of lymphoablation followed by autologous HSCT rescue in therapy refractory CD. Death (transplant-related mortality, TRM) and severe toxicity (≥ grade 3 toxicity; NCI Toxicity Criteria version 4.0) within the first 6 months after HSCT will be monitored to meet this end-point.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES

  1. To evaluate the incidence of HSCT related complications, i.e. viral reactivations (CMV, Adenovirus, EBV, BK virus) or fungal infections.
  2. To evaluate the impact of HSCT on quality of life and school productivity.
  3. To elucidate the underlying mechanism involved in the observed benefit of HSCT on CD.

First, the safety will be evaluated by the amount of related adverse events. All adverse events will be recorded in a standardized way and their relationship to the study protocol will be assessed at various short and long term time points.

Second, to determine clinical benefit, the percentage of patients in sustained disease remission at 0, 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 months post HSCT will be determined. Sustained disease remission is defined as a Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) < 150 without the use of corticosteroids. In addition, mucosal healing will be assessed during ileocolonoscopy at 6 and 12 months following HSCT using the CD endoscopic index (SES).

SECONDARY ENDPOINTS

- Change in Crohn's disease endoscopic index after 6 and 12 months.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Crohn Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Mesna

    Stem Cell Mobilization: Infused according to institutional guidelines;

    Post-PBSC Infusion Conditioning: Mesna provided with Cytoxan according to institutional protocol.

    Other Name: Mesnex
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide

    Stem Cell Mobilization:

    Cyclophosphamide (CY) infused intravenously over 1 hour: 50 mg/kg (25 mg/kg/day on 2 consecutive days)

    Other Names:
    • Cytoxan
    • Neosar
  • Drug: Filgrastim

    Stem Cell Mobilization: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 10 mcg/kg SC will start 5 days after the last dose of CY and will end the day before the last leukapheresis;

    Post-PBSC Infusion Conditioning: Filgrastim administered intravenously 5 mcg/kg IV starting day + 5, continue until ANC of >1000/μL

    Other Names:
    • Neupogen
    • Granix
  • Procedure: Apheresis catheter placement
    Subjects will require placement of an Apheresis catheter by Intervention Radiologists on the day of collection of stem cells.
  • Procedure: Leukapheresis
    Leukapheresis will be performed on a continuous flow separator machine according to institutional guidelines to target 3-8 x 10^6 CD34+ cells/kg body weight.
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    Preparative/Conditioning Regime Fludarabine given as 30 mg/m2 per dose x 4 days, beginning on day -6.
    Other Name: Fludara
  • Drug: Methylprednisolone
    Preparative/Conditioning Regime r-ATG pre-medication according to institutional guidelines
    Other Name: solu-medrol
  • Drug: Diphenhydramine
    Preparative/Conditioning Regime r-ATG premedication according to institutional guidelines
    Other Name: Benadryl
  • Drug: Acetaminophen
    Preparative/Conditioning Regime r-ATG premedication according to institutional guidlines
    Other Name: Tylenol
  • Drug: anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit)
    Preparative/Conditioning Regime r-ATG administered intravenously: 2.5 mg/kg/dose IV over 6 hours on specified days (day -6,-4,-2); ); total 3 doses=7.5 mg/kg.
    Other Name: thymoglobulin
  • Drug: lymphocyte immune globulin
    Preparative/Conditioning Regime In patients who develop severe allergic reactions to rATG (Thymoglobulin), it may be substituted by horse ATG (hATG, ATGAM, Pharmacia & Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI). The recommended dose of hATG is 25 mg/kg/day for 3 doses.
    Other Name: ATGAM
  • Biological: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Infusion
    PBSC (peripheral blood stem cell) infusion on day 0 as per institutional guidelines.
  • Drug: Cytoxan
    Post-PBSC Infusion Conditioning Cytoxan infused intravenously: 50mg/kg/day x 2 days. Infused over 2 hours with adequate hydration or according to institutional guidelines.
    Other Name: Cyclophosphamide
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: HSCT after mobilization and conditioning

Mobilization and leukopheresis allow for stem cell harvest. Then conditioning is provided prior to stem cell transplantation, followed by post-transplant conditioning.

Interventions include:

  1. Stem cell mobilization
  2. Leukopheresis
  3. Preparative regimen
  4. Peripheral blood stem cell infusion
  5. Post-PBSC infusion conditioning
Interventions:
  • Drug: Mesna
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: Filgrastim
  • Procedure: Apheresis catheter placement
  • Procedure: Leukapheresis
  • Drug: Fludarabine
  • Drug: Methylprednisolone
  • Drug: Diphenhydramine
  • Drug: Acetaminophen
  • Drug: anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit)
  • Drug: lymphocyte immune globulin
  • Biological: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Infusion
  • Drug: Cytoxan
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 8, 2020)
15
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE January 1, 2024
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 1, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Aged 13-28 years are eligible
  2. Confirmed diagnosis of active Crohn's disease:

    1. Diagnosis of Crohn's disease based on typical radiological appearances and / or typical histology at least 6 months prior to screening.
    2. Active disease at the time of registration to the trial, defined as

    i) PCDAI > 30, and ii) Two of the following:

    1. elevated CRP
    2. endoscopic evidence of active disease confirmed by histology
    3. clear evidence of active small bowel Crohn's disease on CT or MR enterography.
  3. Unsatisfactory course despite 3 immunosuppressive agents (usually azathioprine, methotrexate and infliximab, adalimumab and/or certolizumab) in addition to corticosteroids. Patients should have relapsing disease (i.e. 1 exacerbation/year) despite thiopurines, methotrexate and/or infliximab/adalimumab/certolizumab maintenance therapy or clear demonstration of intolerance / toxicity to these drugs.
  4. Current problems unsuitable for surgery or patient at risk for developing short bowel syndrome.
  5. Accepted by a majority of the members of the combined IBD Center as an appropriate candidate (see Selection description below).
  6. Informed consent

    1. Prepared to undergo additional study procedures as per trial schedule
    2. Patient has undergone intensive counseling about risks

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnancy or unwillingness to use adequate contraception during the study, in women of childbearing age. Unwillingness of using appropriate contraceptive measures in males.
  2. Concomitant severe disease

    1. renal: creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min (measured or estimated)
    2. cardiac: clinical evidence of refractory congestive heart failure; left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% by cardiac echo; chronic atrial fibrillation necessitating oral anticoagulation; uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmia; pericardial effusion with hemodynamic consequences as evaluated by an experienced echo cardiographer
    3. pulmonary: diffusion capacity <40%
    4. psychiatric disorders including active drug or alcohol abuse
    5. concurrent or recent history of malignant disease (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer)
    6. uncontrolled hypertension, defined as resting systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 and/or resting diastolic pressure ≥ 90 despite at least 2 anti-hypertensive agents.
    7. any infection with HIV, HTLV-1 or 2, hepatitis viruses, or any other infection the investigators consider a contraindication to participation.
    8. other chronic disease causing significant organ failure.
  3. Infection or risk thereof:

    1. Current clinical relevant abscess or significant active infection.
    2. Perianal fistula without free drainage. Perianal fistulas is not an exclusion provided there is natural free drainage or a seton suture(s) have been placed.
    3. History of tuberculosis or at current increased risk of tuberculosis
    4. Quantiferon Gold test result or other investigations that the investigators regard as evidence of active tuberculosis.
    5. Abnormal chest X-ray (CXR) consistent with active infection or neoplasm.

6) Significant malnutrition: Body Mass Index (BMI) ≤ 18, serum albumin < 20 g/l.

7) Previous poor compliance. 8) Concurrent enrollment in any other protocol using an investigational drug or hematopoietic growth factor up to four weeks before study entry.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 13 Years to 28 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: David Ziring, MD 3104237100 david.ziring@cshs.org
Contact: Yvette Gonzales, BA 3104234072 Yvette.Gonzales@cshs.org
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04224558
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE Pro00051458
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party David Ziring, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: David Ziring, MD Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
PRS Account Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Verification Date February 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP