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Adjunctive Effects of Psilocybin and Buprenorphine

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04161066
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 13, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 9, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Heffter Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 22, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 13, 2019
Last Update Posted Date April 9, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 13, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2019)
  • Safety Measured by Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events 24 hrs post-dose [ Time Frame: approximately Week 1 ]
    In participants with OUD in early or sustained full recovery on buprenorphine/naloxone therapy, the safety of this intervention will be assessed by characterize adverse events associated with adding two psilocybin doses to a stable buprenorphine/naloxone regimen.
  • Safety Measured by Incidence and Severity of Adverse Events 24 hrs post-dose [ Time Frame: approximately Week 5 ]
    In participants with OUD in early or sustained full recovery on buprenorphine/naloxone therapy, the safety of this intervention will be assessed by characterize adverse events associated with adding two psilocybin doses to a stable buprenorphine/naloxone regimen.
  • Mean Change in Symptoms of Opioid Withdrawal Measured by COWS Instrument [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not cause signs and symptoms of opioid withdrawal. This will be measured by the Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) instrument, an 11-item scale administered by the clinician where total score of: 5- 12 = mild withdrawal; 13-24 = moderate withdrawal; 25-36 = moderately severe withdrawal; and more than 36 = severe withdrawal. Administered before the dose and again 8 hours after the dose.
  • Mean Change in Peripheral Capillary Oxygen [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not cause opioid intoxication. Opioid intoxication will be determined by drops peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) before and after dosing.
  • Mean Change in ECG [ Time Frame: up to 5 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not cause a clinically significant increase in the QTc interval. The QTc interval will be measured by electrocardiogram (ECG) before and after dosing. ECGs will be collected using the CardioCard PC computer-based system, once before the dose, and again at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 hours after the dose. If a QTc(F), calculated by the CardioCard system exceeds 470msec, a study physician will be contacted immediately for further monitoring and treatment recommendations.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2019)
  • Change in Opioid Craving Scale (OCS) from baseline through end of study [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1, Week 5, and Week 9 ]
    To evaluate the effect of psilocybin treatment on the effectiveness of buprenorphine/naloxone maintenance therapy. The hypothesis is that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not cause an increase in opioid craving, as measured by the OCS at baseline, week 1, week 5, and week 9. The OCS is a 3-item visual analog scale to measure the frequency and intensity of opioid craving. Total score ranges from 0-30 where the higher the number, the higher the craving.
  • Mystical Effects Questionnaire (MEQ) after each dose [ Time Frame: approximately Week 1 and Week 5 ]
    To evaluate the effect of concurrent buprenorphine/naloxone use on the effects of psilocybin with guided counseling. The hypothesis is that co-administration of buprenorphine/naloxone with oral psilocybin will not be associated with a change in the effects of psilocybin, as measured by adverse events (Primary Outcome Measure), and the MEQ. The MEQ is a 30-item assessment used to characterize the consciousness-altering effects of psilocybin. Total possible range of scores is 0-150 where the higher the number the higher the consciousness-altering effects.
  • Mean Number of Days of Participant Opioid Use via Time Line Follow Back (TLFB) [ Time Frame: up to 9 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not be associated with an increase in self-reported illicit opioid use. This will be measured by Time Line Follow-Back calendar method for up to the 28 days following the last dosing session. Participants will be asked to recall the previous 28 days of substance use at the first in-person visit.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2019)
  • Change in Opioid Craving Scale (OCS) from baseline through end of study [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 1, Week 5, and Week 9 ]
    To evaluate the effect of psilocybin treatment on the effectiveness of buprenorphine/naloxone maintenance therapy. The hypothesis is that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not cause an increase in opioid craving, as measured by the OCS at baseline, week 1, week 5, and week 9. The OCS is a 3-item visual analog scale to measure the frequency and intensity of opioid craving. Total score ranges from 0-30 where the higher the number, the higher the craving.
  • Mystical Effects Questionnaire (MEQ) after each dose [ Time Frame: approximately Week 1 and Week 5 ]
    To evaluate the effect of concurrent buprenorphine/naloxone use on the effects of psilocybin therapy. The hypothesis is that co-administration of buprenorphine/naloxone with oral psilocybin will not be associated with a change in the effects of psilocybin, as measured by adverse events (Primary Outcome Measure), and the MEQ. The MEQ is a 30-item assessment used to characterize the consciousness-altering effects of psilocybin. Total possible range of scores is 0-150 where the higher the number the higher the consciousness-altering effects.
  • Mean Number of Days of Participant Opioid Use via Time Line Follow Back (TLFB) [ Time Frame: up to 9 weeks ]
    It is hypothesized that co-administration of oral psilocybin with buprenorphine/naloxone will not be associated with an increase in self-reported illicit opioid use. This will be measured by Time Line Follow-Back calendar method for up to the 28 days following the last dosing session. Participants will be asked to recall the previous 28 days of substance use at the first in-person visit.
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: November 8, 2019)
  • Change in Participant Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of Study, Up to 9 weeks ]
    Descriptive changes in participant self-efficacy, quality of life, and pain will be explored through a number of participant surveys. The GSES is a 10-item scale to assess a participants self-beliefs to cope with difficult situations. The total range of possible scores is 10-40, higher scores indicate more self-efficacy.
  • Change in The Meaning in Life Questionnaire (TMQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of Study, Up to 9 weeks ]
    Descriptive changes in participant self-efficacy, quality of life, and pain will be explored through a number of participant surveys. TMQ is a 10-item questionnaire designed to measure how much participants feel their lives have meaning and how much they strive to find meaning and understanding in their lives. Items are scored on a 7-point Likert Scale from 1 (absolutely true) to 7 (absolutely untrue). Item 9 is reverse scored. The total range of possible scores is 10-70, higher scores indicate more perceived meaning in life.
  • Change in The Gratitude Questionnaire (TGQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of Study, Up to 9 weeks ]
    Descriptive changes in participant self-efficacy, quality of life, and pain will be explored through a number of participant surveys. TGQ is a 6-item questionnaire measures levels of dispositional gratitude. Items are scored on a 7-point Likert Scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree). Items 3 and 6 are reverse scored. The total range of possible scores is 6-42, higher scores indicate more gratitude.
  • Change in Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of Study, Up to 9 weeks ]
    Descriptive changes in participant self-efficacy, quality of life, and pain will be explored through a number of participant surveys. BPI is a 9-item questionnaire designed to rapidly assess the severity of pain and its impact on functioning. Higher scores (0-10) indicate higher perceived pain.
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Same as current
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Adjunctive Effects of Psilocybin and Buprenorphine
Official Title  ICMJE Phase I Study of the Safety and Adjunctive Effects of Psilocybin in Adults With Opioid Use Disorder Maintained on Buprenorphine/Naloxone
Brief Summary

Primary Aim: In participants with OUD in early or sustained full recovery on buprenorphine/naloxone therapy, to characterize adverse events associated with adding two psilocybin doses to a stable buprenorphine/naloxone regimen.

Secondary Aim: To evaluate the effect of psilocybin treatment on the effectiveness of buprenorphine/naloxone maintenance therapy.

Secondary Aim: To evaluate the effect of concurrent buprenorphine/naloxone use on the effects of psilocybin therapy.

Descriptive Aim: To describe any changes in self-efficacy, quality of life, pain.

Detailed Description

The primary objective of this clinical trial is to determine the safety of psilocybin in adult patients with opioid use disorder concurrently taking buprenorphine/naloxone (Suboxone®).

Eligible participants will be adults with opioid use disorder (OUD) who have been demonstrated to be stable on a daily buprenorphine/naloxone dose. Recovery status will be verified by the participant's community-based prescriber. After psychological screening and at least 6 hours of preparatory counseling and preparation for the psilocybin dosing, set, and setting, each participant will ingest 1 oral dose of psilocybin. All dosing sessions will be attended by 2 specially trained guides, in a dedicated Clinical Research Facility. After eight hours of observation in the dosing room, the participant will be kept overnight in the hospital Clinical Research Unit, and complete an integration session with a psychologist before discharge to home. Approximately 4 weeks after the first dose, the participant will receive a second oral dose of psilocybin, with the same length of observation.

Participants who have been administered the first dose but decline to receive the second dose will remain evaluable. At study termination, their active study participation will end, but completion of the 28 day post-dose follow up will be requested.

The primary endpoint is the assessment of the safety of concurrent administration of buprenorphine and naloxone (eg., Suboxone®) and psilocybin as determined by physiological measures (ECG, respiratory rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and blood oxygen saturation) and validated clinical and self-report measures (Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS), Opioid Craving Scale (OCS), Timeline Follow-Back (TLFB)).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
open-label pilot study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Condition  ICMJE Opioid Use Disorder
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Psilocybin with guided counseling
open-label pilot study
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Open-label
Psilocybin with guided counseling: Psilocybin will be administered in the form of capsules, taken orally with water. Each participant will receive 2 doses, approximately 4 weeks apart.
Intervention: Drug: Psilocybin with guided counseling
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 8, 2019)
10
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE November 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date November 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged 21 to 65 years.
  • Able to read, speak, and understand spoken and written English.
  • Diagnosis of opioid use disorder, with daily sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone. Stability will be verified by direct communication with the participant's community-based prescriber.
  • Females of childbearing potential must agree to practice an effective means of contraception throughout their participation in the study, beginning at screening and throughout follow-up.
  • Ability and willingness to adhere to study requirements, including attending all study visits, preparatory and follow-up sessions, and evaluations.
  • Healthy kidney function.
  • Able to provide contact information for a local support person. This person must be available during both of the 24-hour treatment and observation periods, and willing to provide the participant transportation from the site after each treatment and observation period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current participation in a drug treatment court program or other legal supervision.
  • Inadequately treated hypertension.
  • Current acute coronary syndrome or angina.
  • Evidence of ischemic disease, cardiac conduction defects, and/or ventricular arrhythmias on screening ECG.
  • History of heart transplant.
  • Current insulin dependence, due to Type I or Type II diabetes.
  • Current use of neuroleptic medications.
  • Current use of intramuscular naltrexone.
  • Any nicotine use. Smokeless tobacco, nicotine patches, and/or nicotine gum are not permitted.
  • Urine drug test containing non-prescribed drugs of abuse
  • Any finding(s), based on the screening process, that the PI feels makes the study unsuitable for the participant.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 21 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Amy Baltes, MPH 608-228-5325 protea.research@mailplus.wisc.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04161066
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 2019-0187
A532007 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
SMPH/FAMILY MEDICINE ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
Protocol Version 11/3/2020 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No individual participant data sharing is planned
Responsible Party University of Wisconsin, Madison
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Wisconsin, Madison
Collaborators  ICMJE Heffter Research Institute
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Randall Brown, MD PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison
PRS Account University of Wisconsin, Madison
Verification Date November 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP