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A Study Testing the Effect of Immunotherapy (Ipilimumab and Nivolumab) in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma With Elevated Mutational Burden

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04145115
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 29, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 30, 2019
Last Update Posted Date June 15, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE October 30, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 31, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2019)
Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 32 months ]
Assessed by the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Criteria (RANO). The proportion of patients who have a confirmed tumor response will be computed as the number of patients with a confirmed complete response (CR) or confirmed partial response (PR) as determined by RANO criteria divided by the number of evaluable patients, which are eligible patients who have measurable disease and completed one cycle of treatment. Will be estimated with a binomial point estimate that will be computed as the number of responses divided by the number of evaluable patients. Exact 95% binomial confidence intervals will be generated and reported.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2019)
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the time of treatment initiation until death from any cause, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Will be summarized using Kaplan-Meier (KM) estimators. Survival curves will be generated from the KM estimators. KM estimates will be determined for the median OS as well as the 12-month OS rates. Confidence intervals will be provided for the median values as well as the one-year rates.
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From the time of treatment initiation until disease progression as measured using RANO criteria or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Will be summarized using KM estimators. Survival curves will be generated from the KM estimators. KM estimates will be determined for the median PFS as well as the 12-month PFS rates. Confidence intervals will be provided for the median values as well as the one-year rates.
  • Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The AEs will be summarized by the frequency and relative frequency of the maximum grade experienced by the patients for all recorded AEs. Adverse event data will be summarized by each observed AE with the number of patients who reported the AE as well as the proportion of patients with the AE.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study Testing the Effect of Immunotherapy (Ipilimumab and Nivolumab) in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma With Elevated Mutational Burden
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II Study of Checkpoint Blockade Immunotherapy in Patients With Somatically Hypermutated Recurrent Glioblastoma
Brief Summary This phase II trial studies the effect of immunotherapy drugs (ipilimumab and nivolumab) in treating patients with glioblastoma that has come back (recurrent) and carries a high number of mutations. Cancer is caused by changes (mutations) to genes that control the way cells function. Tumors with high number of mutations may respond well to immunotherapy. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies such as ipilimumab and nivolumab may help the body's immune system attack the cancer and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving ipilimumab and nivolumab may lower the chance of recurrent glioblastoma with high number of mutations from growing or spreading compared to usual care (surgery or chemotherapy).
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine whether the combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab increases the tumor response rate assessed by modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) Criteria in patients with hypermutated recurrent glioblastoma.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Estimate the overall survival distribution, median survival, and one-year survival rate of patients with hypermutated, recurrent glioblastoma who are treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab.

II. Estimate the progression-free survival distribution and median progression-free survival of patients with hypermutated, recurrent glioblastoma who are treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab.

III. Determine the adverse event profile of patients with hypermutated, recurrent glioblastoma who are treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Test whether PD-L1 or immunologic infiltrate in the tumor microenvironment are associated with objective tumor response, overall survival, progression-free survival, tumor mutational burden, or rates of grade 3 or higher adverse events.

II. Test whether MGMT status, microsatellite instability (MSI) status, mutational signatures, or amount of tumor mutational burden (TMB) including germline analysis are associated with objective tumor response, overall survival, progression-free survival, or rates of grade 3 or higher adverse events.

III. Evaluate associations between exome and transcriptome gene levels with objective tumor response, overall survival, progression-free survival, rates of grade 3 or higher adverse events.

IV. Evaluate associations between the gut microbiome and objective tumor response.

V. Response rate using immunotherapy (i)RANO.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and ipilimumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients without disease progression are followed every 8 weeks until disease progression, then every 3 months for up to 3 years. Patients with disease progression after completion of study treatment are followed every 3 months for up to 3 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Recurrent Glioblastoma
  • Secondary Glioblastoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Ipilimumab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
    • BMS-734016
    • Ipilimumab Biosimilar CS1002
    • MDX-010
    • MDX-CTLA4
    • Yervoy
  • Biological: Nivolumab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • BMS-936558
    • CMAB819
    • MDX-1106
    • NIVO
    • Nivolumab Biosimilar CMAB819
    • ONO-4538
    • Opdivo
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Treatment (nivolumab, ipilimumab)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes and ipilimumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Cycles repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Biological: Ipilimumab
  • Biological: Nivolumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 29, 2019)
37
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE May 31, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 31, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-REGISTRATION:
  • Histologically confirmed glioblastoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade IV) presenting at first or second recurrence including secondary glioblastoma
  • Presence of measurable disease, as defined by a bidimensionally measurable lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a minimum diameter of 10 mm in both dimensions, prior to resection or biopsy of recurrent tumor
  • Tissue available from surgical resection or biopsy of recurrent tumor =< 14 days prior to pre-registration, or planned surgery or biopsy of recurrent tumor =< 14 days after pre-registration
  • Does not require > 4 mg dexamethasone beyond the perioperative period defined as the time =< 2 weeks after surgical procedure
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
  • Able to undergo brain MRI with contrast
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

    • If Gilbert syndrome, then total bilirubin =< 3 x ULN
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.0 x ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN OR creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • REGISTRATION:
  • Tissue obtained from biopsy or resection at first or second recurrence exhibits TMB >= 20 on FoundationOne CDx testing

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease

    • These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease
    • Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible
  • No prior treatment with checkpoint blockade therapies (anti-CTLA4, anti-PD1/PD-L1) or bevacizumab
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Puerto Rico,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT04145115
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE NCI-2019-07242
NCI-2019-07242 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
A071702 ( Other Identifier: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology )
A071702 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm
Responsible Party National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Gavin P Dunn Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date April 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP