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Short-Term Music Training and Auditory Processing in Older Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03999606
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 26, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assal Habibi, University of Southern California

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 24, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 26, 2019
Last Update Posted Date September 27, 2019
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE October 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 30, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 25, 2019)
  • Enhanced speech in noise perception [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
    The effects of age on participants' ability to detect speech in noise will be assessed using the QuickSIN test (Speech-In-Noise; Version 1.3).
  • Enhanced speech in noise perception [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
    EEG data will be collected using the speech syllable /da/, spoken in isolation by an American female. The stimulus will be presented in four conditions, in quiet and in presence of an 8-talker babble noise at three SNRs (10, 5 and 0 dB), presented in a random order for each participant, with an inter-stimulus interval of 1000 ms.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03999606 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 25, 2019)
Psychological Well-Being [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale (2007) will be used to measure six aspects of wellbeing and happiness including autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life, and self-acceptance
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Short-Term Music Training and Auditory Processing in Older Adults
Official Title  ICMJE Hort-Term Music Training and Auditory Processing in Older Adults
Brief Summary

Most adults experience some degree of hearing loss by age 60. Hearing aids can improve some aspects of peripheral hearing but the loss of the ability to clearly perceive speech in noisy environments remains to be a significant deficit and often reduces life quality in older adults. Long-term music training has been shown to enhance auditory processing and specifically benefit speech-in-noise perception. It is not clear however whether short-term participation in a musically engaged activity can benefit such abilities in older adults. The proposed study aims to investigate whether short-term participation in a weekly community choir can improve speech in noise perception and its neural substrates as measured by sensory auditory evoked potentials (ERPs) to speech stimuli in older adults with mild to moderate subjective hearing loss. Sixty participants, ages 50-65, will be recruited to partake in this study and will be randomly assigned to two groups:

participants in the experimental group will join a weekly choir, for fifteen weeks, directed by a professionally trained conductor from USC Department of Choral Music. The group practice will be accompanied by individual singing lessons (online or CDs) for home practice. Participants in the control group will be provided with weekly playlists to passively listen to. The playlists will be curated by a music therapist to reflect the music that older participants can connect to and would enjoy listening to. All participants will be assessed pre and post intervention, with behavioral and electrophysiological measures of speech in noise perception and probes assessing emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Changes in auditory measures and their neural correlates and overall quality of life will be compared between the groups. The findings from this study can provide preliminary data to support a larger study on the impact of music engagement in improving the lives of older adults.

Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Music Education
Intervention  ICMJE Behavioral: Music Training - Choir participation

Sixty participants, ages 50-65, will be recruited to partake in this study and will be randomly assigned to two groups:

participants in the experimental group will join a weekly choir, for fifteen weeks, directed by a professionally trained conductor from USC Department of Choral Music. The group practice will be accompanied by individual singing lessons (online or CDs) for home practice. Participants in the control group will be provided with weekly playlists to passively listen to. The playlists will be curated by a music therapist to reflect the music that older participants can connect to and would enjoy listening to.

Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Not yet recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 25, 2019)
60
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 30, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 30, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Native English speaker with experience of subjective hearing loss;
  • Normal IQs (standard score of >85) as measured by the two-subtest Abbreviated Wechsler's Adult Scale of Intelligence.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of prescribed hearing aids;
  • Sever hearing loss (thresholds of 60 and 95 dB)
  • Current diagnosis of neurological or psychiatric disorders
  • Impaired cognitive function (all participants will be screened with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Battery)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Gender Based Eligibility: Yes
Gender Eligibility Description: self-representation of gender identity
Ages  ICMJE 50 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03999606
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE UP-19-00350
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Assal Habibi, University of Southern California
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of Southern California
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account University of Southern California
Verification Date September 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP