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Buccal Versus Vaginal Misoprostol In Combination With Foley Bulb (BEGIN)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03976037
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Helen Beatriz Gomez, Christiana Care Health Services

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 31, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 5, 2019
Last Update Posted Date February 26, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE June 4, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date January 20, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 4, 2019)
time to delivery (hours) defined [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
as time from initiation of induction method to delivery time, regardless of mode of delivery.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 4, 2019)
  • Rate of Cesarean delivery [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Time to active labor [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    s time from initiation of induction method to dilatation ≥6cm
  • Maternal length of stay [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    defined as length of time from admission for induction to discharge postpartum, days
  • Indication for cesarean delivery [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    The reason for induction: NRFHT, arrest of dilation, arrest of descent, failed IOL, other
  • Rate of 3rd/4th degree perineal laceration [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Maternal Blood transfusion [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Endometritis [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no; fundal tenderness and fever that required treatment with antibiotics
  • Rate of Wound separation-infection [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to time of hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    the need for additional wound closure or the need for antibiotics
  • Rate of Venous thromboembolism [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Hysterectomy [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Intensive care unit admission [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Maternal Death [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Chorioamnionitis [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    the presence of maternal fever ≥100·4°f in the presence of maternal or fetal tachycardia or fundal tenderness
  • Rate of terbutaline use [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Intrauterine pressure catheter use [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Amnioinfusion [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Analgesia use [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Severe respiratory distress syndrome [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    defined as intubation and mechanical ventilation for a minimum of 12 hours
  • Rate of Culture proven-presumed neonatal sepsis [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Neonatal blood transfusion [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Intraventricular hemorrhage grade 3 or 4 [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Necrotizing enterocolitis [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of head cooling. [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of NICU admission [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 4, 2019)
  • Rate of Cesarean delivery [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Time to active labor [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    s time from initiation of induction method to dilatation ≥6cm
  • Maternal length of stay [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    defined as length of time from admission for induction to discharge postpartum, days
  • Indication for cesarean delivery [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
  • Rate of 3rd/4th degree perineal laceration [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Maternal Blood transfusion [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Endometritis [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no; fundal tenderness and fever that required treatment with antibiotics
  • Rate of Wound separation-infection [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to time of hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    the need for additional wound closure or the need for antibiotics
  • Rate of Venous thromboembolism [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Hysterectomy [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Intensive care unit admission [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Maternal Death [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Chorioamnionitis [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    the presence of maternal fever ≥100·4°f in the presence of maternal or fetal tachycardia or fundal tenderness
  • Rate of terbutaline use [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Intrauterine pressure catheter use [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Amnioinfusion [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Analgesia use [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 2 year ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Severe respiratory distress syndrome [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    defined as intubation and mechanical ventilation for a minimum of 12 hours
  • Rate of Culture proven-presumed neonatal sepsis [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Neonatal blood transfusion [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Intraventricular hemorrhage grade 3 or 4 [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of Necrotizing enterocolitis [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of head cooling. [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
  • Rate of NICU admission [ Time Frame: From time of delivery to hospital discharge; up to 6 weeks ]
    yes/no
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Buccal Versus Vaginal Misoprostol In Combination With Foley Bulb
Official Title  ICMJE Buccal Versus Vaginal Misoprostol In Combination With Foley Bulb for Labor Induction at Term: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Brief Summary

Combined misoprostol and Foley bulb catheter has been shown to be an effective induction method. However, optimal route of administration for misoprostol has not been established.

Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness and safety of combination buccal miso-foley to combination vaginal miso-foley for third trimester cervical ripening and induction of labor.

Detailed Description

This randomized controlled trial of consenting women undergoing induction of labor with combined misoprostol and Foley catheter seeks to efficacy of vaginal versus buccal misoprostol route of administration.

This project will include 216 women presenting at Christiana Care Health System. Women will be included if they are at least 37 weeks gestation, have a singleton pregnancy, have intact membranes and are undergoing an induction of labor using a Foley catheter combined with misoprostol. Following admission, women will be randomized into either vaginal or buccal misoprostol.

Women will be randomized with equal probability to the intervention group using block randomization stratified by party.

Patients will receive 25 micrograms of misoprostol along with the insertion of a16F Foley catheter. Misoprostol can be repeated up to five additional times for a maximum of 24 hours or a total of 6 doses if the patient is not contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes. The remainder of labor management will be at the discretion of each woman's obstetric provider.

Prior to discharge from the hospital, baseline demographic and clinical data will be obtained via chart review

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Early Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Induction of Labor
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Misoprostol

Women randomized to either vaginal or buccal misoprostol-cervical Foley group will have both misoprostol and a cervical Foley placed. Patients will receive 25 micrograms of vaginal or buccal misoprostol along with the insertion of a16F Foley catheter with stylet. The Foley balloon catheter will be filled with 30cc balloon inserted digitally or by direct visualization with a speculum. The Foley bulb will be placed just above the level of the internal os and inflated with 30cc of sterile water.

vaginal or Buccal misoprostol can be repeated up to five additional times for a maximum of 24 hours or a total of 6 doses if the patient is not contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes. If the patient is contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes after 6 hours, oxytocin protocol is initiated.

Other Name: cytotec
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Vaginal Misoprostol in combination with foley bulb

    Women in the vaginal misoprostol-cervical Foley group will have both misoprostol and a cervical Foley placed. Patients will receive 25 micrograms of misoprostol per vagina along with the insertion of a16F Foley catheter with a stylet. The Foley balloon catheter will be filled with 30cc balloon inserted digitally or by direct visualization with a speculum. The Foley bulb will be placed just above the level of the internal os and inflated with 30cc of sterile water.

    Vaginal misoprostol can be repeated up to five additional times for a maximum of 24 hours or a total of 6 doses if the patient is not contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes. If the patient is contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes after 6 hours, oxytocin protocol is initiated.

    Intervention: Drug: Misoprostol
  • Active Comparator: Buccal Misoprostol in combination with foley bulb

    misoprostol and a cervical Foley placed. Patients will receive 25 micrograms of buccal misoprostol along with the insertion of a16F Foley catheter with stylet. The Foley balloon catheter will be filled with 30cc balloon inserted digitally or by direct visualization with a speculum. The Foley bulb will be placed just above the level of the internal os and inflated with 30cc of sterile water.

    Buccal misoprostol can be repeated up to five additional times for a maximum of 24 hours or a total of 6 doses if the patient is not contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes. If the patient is contracting more than 3 times per 10 minutes after 6 hours, oxytocin protocol is initiated.

    Intervention: Drug: Misoprostol
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 4, 2019)
216
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 1, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date January 20, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ≥18 years of age
  • full term (≥37 weeks) gestations determined by routine obstetrical guidelines
  • singleton gestation in cephalic presentation
  • Both nulliparous and multiparous women
  • Intact membranes
  • Cervical dilation ≤2cm

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any contraindication to a vaginal delivery or to misoprostol
  • fetal demise
  • Multifetal gestation
  • prior uterine surgery, previous cesarean section
  • Tachysystole was defined as at least 6 contractions in 10 minutes for 2 consecutive 10-minute periods
  • women with HIV, and women with medical conditions requiring an assisted second stage
  • Additional exclusion criteria were as follows: category 3 fetal heart rate tracing, hemolysis elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome or eclampsia, growth restriction <10th percentile (based on Hadlock growth curves) with reversal of flow in umbilical artery Doppler studies, and growth restriction <5th percentile with elevated, absent, or reversal of flow in umbilical artery Doppler studies

As described in previous research (Levine LD, Downes KL, Elovitz MA, Parry S, Sammel MD, Srinivas SK. Mechanical and Pharmacologic Methods of Labor Induction: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;128(6):1357-1364)

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Yes
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03976037
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE DDD# 604291
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Helen Beatriz Gomez, Christiana Care Health Services
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Christiana Care Health Services
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Helen B Gomez, MD Christiana Care Health Services
PRS Account Christiana Care Health Services
Verification Date February 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP