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The Use of Trifluoperazine in Transfusion Dependent DBA (DBA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03966053
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Supporter terminated study due to slow subject accrual secondary to COVID pandemic limiting travel to research site.)
First Posted : May 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Adrianna Vlachos, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 23, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 29, 2019
Last Update Posted Date October 20, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 13, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date October 13, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 24, 2019)
Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by the Simpson-Angus Scale and CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: The subjects will be evaluated weekly for 4 weeks after the start of the 21-day course, 3 weeks while on the study drug and one week after completion. ]
Each subject will undergo weekly safety assessment using the Simpson-Angus Extrapyramidal Side Effects Scale to determine the safety of TFP in this new population of patients. The subjects will also undergo weekly bloodwork to evaluate for any liver or kidney abnormalities as well as a complete blood count and reticulocyte count. All dosed subjects will be followed for an additional 1 week after discontinuing study drug (post-study safety follow-up). There will be no more than 6 subjects enrolled at any particular time. Treatment will be discontinued for any subject if their Hb is > 12 gm/dL , and not associated with RBC transfusions.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE The Use of Trifluoperazine in Transfusion Dependent DBA
Official Title  ICMJE Phase I/II, Open Label Study to Determine Safety of Trifluoperazine (TFP) in Adults With Red Blood Cell Transfusion-Dependent Diamond Blackfan Anemia
Brief Summary

Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare inherited pure red cell aplasia. The two main non-stem cell transplant therapeutic options are corticosteroids and red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. About 80% of DBA patients initially respond to corticosteroids, however, half of the patients cannot continue due to side effects or loss of response. These patients are then typically dependent on RBC transfusions throughout life. Each of these treatments is fraught with many side effects and significant morbidity and mortality are potential consequences of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT). The majority of individuals with DBA have mutations in genes encoding structural proteins of the small or large ribosomal subunit leading to deficiency of the particular ribosomal protein (RP). Using the RP deficient zebrafish embryo model, high throughput drug screens have demonstrated a strong hematologic response to several calmodulin inhibitors. One of these chemicals is trifluoperazine (TFP). TFP treatment of a mouse model of DBA also increased the red blood cell count and the hemoglobin (Hb) levels in the mice. TFP is a FDA-approved typical antipsychotic agent that has been available since 1958 with a well-known safety profile. In the United States, TFP is approved for the short-term treatment of generalized non-psychotic anxiety; treatment or prevention of nausea and vomiting of various causes; and, management of psychotic disorders.

This study aims to determine the safety/tolerability of TFP in adult subjects with DBA. TFP's expected dose-limiting toxicity is primarily neurologic (extrapyramidal) when used long-term at typical anti-psychotic doses (range 10-50 mg daily). Non-neurologic adverse effects in subjects with DBA have not been investigated. We will perform a dose escalation study to define the safety and tolerability of lower doses of this agent in subjects with DBA. To mitigate the potential risks of administering TFP to this new population, we will (1) start dosing at dose levels well below those prescribed for psychosis, (2) dose escalate to a maximum of 10 mg daily (the lowest dose typically prescribed for psychosis), and (3) perform weekly safety monitoring. Given the positive signal in DBA animal models and the 60-year clinical experience with higher doses of TFP, this drug warrants a trial in humans to assess tolerability in DBA.

Detailed Description

This is a dose escalation safety/tolerability study to evaluate the presence of TFP-related adverse events in DBA subjects, and to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of TFP in DBA.

If tolerated, this trial will support either a proof of concept trial of low-dose TFP in DBA, or the advancement of a chemically modified TFP-like drug (to alleviate the neurologic toxicity) for the treatment of DBA.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
Dose escalation study
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Diamond Blackfan Anemia
  • Pure Red Cell Aplasia
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Trifluoperazine
Trifluoperazine (TFP)1mg, 2mg, 5mg, or 10mg will be given once daily by mouth for 21 days
Other Name: TFP
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Cohort A

    Cohort A: Three subjects will receive Trifluoperazine (TFP) 1 mg PO daily.

    • If there is no non-neurologic toxicity Grade 3 at the end of the 21 days, Cohort B will start.
    • If 1/3 subjects in Cohort A demonstrates toxicity Grade 3, an additional 3 subjects will be enrolled in Cohort A.
    • If 2 or more of the 6 subjects in Cohort A demonstrate toxicity Grade 3, the trial will be stopped; no MTD will be declared.
    • If less than 2 of the 6 subjects in Cohort A demonstrate toxicity Grade 3 within 21 days of starting therapy, Cohort B will start.
    Intervention: Drug: Trifluoperazine
  • Experimental: Cohort B

    Cohort B: Three subjects will receive TFP 2 mg PO daily.

    • If there is no non-neurologic toxicity Grade 3 at the end of the 21 days, Cohort C will start.
    • If 1/3 subjects in Cohort B demonstrates toxicity Grade 3, an additional 3 subjects will be enrolled in Cohort B:
    • If 2 or more of the 6 subjects in Cohort B demonstrate toxicity Grade 3, the study will be stopped, and 1 mg/day will be declared the MTD.
    • If < 2 of the 6 subjects in Cohort B demonstrate toxicity Grade 3 within 21 days of starting therapy, Cohort C will start.
    Intervention: Drug: Trifluoperazine
  • Experimental: Cohort C

    Cohort C: Three subjects will receive TFP 5 mg PO daily.

    • If there is no non-neurologic toxicity ≥ Grade 3 at the end of the 21 days, Cohort D will start.
    • If 1/3 subjects in Cohort C demonstrates toxicity Grade 3, an additional 3 subjects will be enrolled in Cohort C:
    • If 2 or more of the 6 subjects in Cohort C demonstrate toxicity Grade 3, the study will be stopped, and 2 mg/day will be declared the MTD.
    • If < 2 of the 6 subjects in Cohort C demonstrate toxicity Grade 3 within 21 days of starting therapy, cohort D will start.
    Intervention: Drug: Trifluoperazine
  • Experimental: Cohort D

    Cohort D: Three subjects will receive TFP 10 mg PO daily.

    • If 0/3 subjects in Cohort D demonstrates toxicity Grade 3, the study will be stopped, and 10 mg/day will be declared the MTD.
    • If 1/3 subjects in Cohort D demonstrates toxicity Grade 3, an additional 3 subjects will be enrolled in Cohort D.
    • If 2 or more of the 6 subjects in Cohort D demonstrate toxicity Grade 3, the study will be stopped, and 5 mg/day will be declared the MTD.
    • If <2 of the 6 subjects in Cohort D demonstrate toxicity > Grade 3 within 21 days of starting therapy, 10mg/day will be declared the MTD.
    Intervention: Drug: Trifluoperazine
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 12, 2021)
2
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 24, 2019)
24
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 13, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date October 13, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women age: 18 years and <65 years of age.
  • Weight: ≥45 kilograms.
  • DBA diagnosed according to the DBA criteria (Vlachos, 2008)
  • RBC transfusion-dependence (defined as 2 units packed RBCs per 28 days averaged over 84 days [12 weeks] prior to study entry)
  • Calculated creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min
  • Karnofsky performance status scale score ≥ 70
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test and use highly effective methods of birth control during the study
  • Male subjects must agree to use a latex condom during any sexual contact with females of childbearing potential while participating in the study
  • Agreement to adhere to the study visit schedule, understand and comply with all protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Liver: aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >5 x ULN, or bilirubin > 5 x ULN
  • Heart disease (New York Heart Association classification of ≥ 3)
  • History of angina
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Subjects currently responsive to corticosteroids for treatment of DBA.
  • Treatment with another investigational drug or device <56 days pre-study entry.
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Any history of severe allergic reaction requiring the use of epinephrine
  • Known hypersensitivity to the study drug or other phenothiazines
  • History or presence of extrapyramidal signs
  • History of cancer
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03966053
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 17-0748
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party Adrianna Vlachos, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Adrianna Vlachos
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Adrianna Vlachos, MD Northwell Health
PRS Account Northwell Health
Verification Date October 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP