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Avelumab With or Without Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Advanced Skin Squamous Cell Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03944941
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 8, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted Date July 20, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE May 17, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 8, 2019)
Prolonging of progression free survival (PFS) on avelumab and cetuximab compared to avelumab alone [ Time Frame: Time between registration and evidence of disease progression or death, assessed up to 2 years post treatment ]
The study will be declared promising if, after the 37th PFS event, the hazard ratio is less than 0.758.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 8, 2019)
  • Confirmed objective response rate (RR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
    A patient will be declared a success for RR if they achieve a partial response (PR) or better on two consecutive evaluations (at least 8 weeks apart). The number of successes will be divided by the number of evaluable patients to estimate the RR for each treatment arm and exact 95% confidence intervals will be calculated based on the properties of the binomial distribution.
  • Clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post treatment ]
    The CBR is will be estimated as the number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients. An exact 95% confidence interval will be constructed around the CBR using the properties of the binomial distribution.
  • PFS in patients who have progressed on avelumab alone [ Time Frame: From time of enrollment to documented progression (or death), assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will explore the PFS for those patients that crossover to combination therapy (avelumab + cetuximab) after progressing on avelumab alone (baseline time being the time of crossover). The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to calculate a median PFS as well as a 95% confidence interval.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Time between enrollment and or death, assessed up to 2 years post treatment ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to calculate a median OS as well as a 95% confidence interval.
  • Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post treatment ]
    Will be described and graded using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 5.0. Maximum grade adverse events will be summarized in a tabular setting by treatment arm.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Avelumab With or Without Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Advanced Skin Squamous Cell Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Phase II Randomized Trial of Avelumab Plus Cetuximab Versus Avelumab Alone in Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin (cSCC)
Brief Summary This phase II trial studies how well avelumab with or without cetuximab work in treating patients with skin squamous cell cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as avelumab and cetuximab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate whether treatment with avelumab plus cetuximab prolongs progression free survival (PFS) compared to avelumab alone.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the confirmed objective response rate of each treatment arm. II. To evaluate the clinical benefit rate of each treatment arm. III. To evaluate the PFS of cetuximab plus avelumab in patients that have progressed on single agent avelumab.

IV. To evaluate the overall survival (OS) for each treatment arm. V. To evaluate toxicity across treatment arms of avelumab plus cetuximab and avelumab alone.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Patients receive avelumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with avelumab failure will crossover to arm II.

ARM II: Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8,15, and 22 and avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles for cetuximab and 24 cycles for avelumab in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months until disease progression, then every 6 months for up to 2 years.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Metastatic Skin Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Avelumab
    Given IV
  • Drug: Cetuximab
    Given IV
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Arm I (Avelumab)
    Patients receive avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with avelumab failure will crossover to Arm II.
    Intervention: Drug: Avelumab
  • Experimental: Arm II (Avelumab, cetuximab)
    Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8,15, and 22 and avelumab IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 cycles for cetuximab and 24 cycles for avelumab in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Avelumab
    • Drug: Cetuximab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 8, 2019)
59
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Provide adequate tissue for PD-L1 testing

    * Fresh tissue or archival tissue can be used. Sample must be at least core needle biopsy. Fine needle aspiration is not adequate. This specimen submission is mandatory prior to registration as results will be used for stratification

  • REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • • Biopsy-proven advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Advanced disease is defined as either metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma not amenable to curative surgical resection, or the patient declines surgical resection
  • The patient must have at least one lesion that is measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
  • If patient received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • This study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown. Therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • If human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive the HIV viral load must be < 200 copies/mL and CD4 count > 200. If an HIV positive patient is on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) the patient must have been so for > 4 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferases (AST) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who received prior treatment with cetuximab as palliative treatment for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) are excluded. Patients that received cetuximab based chemoradiation (either definitive or adjuvant) as prior treatment for locally advanced disease are eligible as long as the last dosage was given >= 6 months prior to registration
  • Patients who received prior cetuximab and had a severe infusion reaction requiring discontinuation of cetuximab are excluded
  • Patients treated with prior anti-PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are excluded
  • Patients cannot have received treatment with radiation or chemotherapy including another investigational agent within 2 weeks of registration. Other than as stated above for cetuximab there are no limits on the number of lines of other therapies given for advanced cSCC
  • Patients with a "currently active" second malignancy will be excluded with the exception of other non-melanoma skin cancers or cervical carcinoma in situ. Patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and are free of disease for 3 years
  • No history of the following:

    • Autoimmune disease (including inflammatory bowel disease) with the exception of patients with diabetes type I, vitiligo, psoriasis, or hypo- or hyperthyroid diseases not requiring immunosuppressive treatment
    • Non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids within 5 years
    • Organ transplant including prior stem cell transplant
    • Receipt of a live vaccine =< 4 weeks
    • Cerebral vascular accident/stroke within 6 months of enrollment
    • Myocardial infarction within 6 months of enrollment
    • Active unstable angina
    • Congestive heart failure (>= New York Heart Association Classification class II)
    • Serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication. Whether an arrhythmia is considered "serious" is at the discretion of the investigator
  • Active infection requiring systemic treatment
  • Use of immunosuppressive medication =< 7 days of registration, EXCEPT for the following:

    • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injection (e.g., intra-articular injection)
    • Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses =< 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent
    • Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., computed tomography [CT] scan premedication)"
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including but not limited to immune colitis, pulmonary fibrosis or psychiatric conditions including recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior; or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Dan P. Zandberg, MD 412-864-7955 zandbergdp@upmc.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03944941
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE A091802
NCI-2018-02652 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Reporting Program )
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Dan P. Zandberg, MD University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Hillman Cancer Center
PRS Account Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Verification Date July 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP