Working… Menu

Imaging mGluR5 and Synaptic Density in Psychiatric Disorders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03898297
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date December 21, 2018
First Posted Date April 1, 2019
Last Update Posted Date February 26, 2021
Actual Study Start Date January 11, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: March 29, 2019)
  • mGluR5 availability using [18F]FPEB [ Time Frame: Through study completion date: 5 years ]
    Glutamate (major excitatory neurotransmitter)is widespread throughout the brain & likely modulates some symptoms present in individuals w/mood disorders. Glutamate neurotransmission is regulated by ionotropic & the G-protein coupled metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) which are divided into 3 groups: group I (mGluR1 and 5), group II (mGluR2 and 3) & group III (mGluR4, 6, 8). The group I mGluRs couple to phospholipase C, & stimulate cyclic AMP formation & arachidonic acid release & thus impact neuroplasticity, neuronal excitability, synaptic transmission & gene expression. mGluR5 receptors are located post synaptically & on glia,& have highest density in hippocampus, intermediate in caudate/putamen, cerebral cortex, deep cerebellar nuclei, & thalamus, & lowest in the cerebellum. mGluR5 are considered to be pivotal in the functioning of the glutamatergic system especially as it pertains to cognitive performance. [18F]FPEB: high affinity radiotracer used to image mGluR5 receptor.
  • Synaptic density using [11C]APP311 [ Time Frame: Through study completion date: 5 years ]
    Synaptic density differences using [11C]APP311 between individuals with mood disorders compared to healthy controls. Synaptic density and [11C]APP311: There is strong preclinical evidence showing that chronic stress and depression lead to structural changes, which include neuronal atrophy, reduced synaptic density and cell loss. [11C]APP311 (also referred to as [11C]UCB-J) was developed at the Yale University PET Center as a novel PET radioligand for synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A). SV2A is an integral membrane protein located in presynaptic vesicle membranes, similar to synaptophysin (SYN). SV2 has 3 isoforms, with SV2A being the only isoform which is ubiquitously located in synaptic vesicles across the brain. Thus, PET quantification of SV2A signal may be an excellent in vivo biomarker of synaptic density.
Original Primary Outcome Measures Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures
 (submitted: March 29, 2019)
  • glutamate cycling using MRS [ Time Frame: Through study completion date: 5 years ]
    alterations in glutamate cycling in individuals with mood disorders compared to healthy controls using [1H]MRS and [13C]MRS [1H]MRS: proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) [13C]MRS: baseline spectra obtained then [13C]glucose administered at a rate to raise the fractional 13C enrichment of the plasma glucose quickly to 60% and maintain it constant for 120 minutes, with a plasma glucose concentration between 150 and 200 mg/dl. The 13C MRS measurements will continue throughout the infusion of glucose. These data will be analyzed using a metabolic model to derive the rates of oxidative glucose metabolism and glutamate neurotransmitter cycling.
  • Cognitive Functioning Assessed with CogState Software [ Time Frame: Through study completion date: 5 years ]
    relationship between cognitive functioning and mGluR5 availability in individuals with mood disorders compared to healthy controls. Cognitive functioning: the way people think, remember, and process information. Utilizing CogState software.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Imaging mGluR5 and Synaptic Density in Psychiatric Disorders
Official Title Imaging mGluR5 and Synaptic Density in Psychiatric Disorders
Brief Summary This research study is designed to look at the involvement of the glutamate system and synaptic density in depression and bipolar disorder. Each participant will undergo a screening appointment to determine study eligibility. Thereafter, the study will take 2 or 3 visits depending on schedule availability and will consist of a combination of one magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan, one proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and/or one C13 MRS scans, and up to two positron emission tomography (PET) scans. Participants will also participate in cognitive testing. Depending on camera time, staff availability and subject schedule, total study participation may last 1-2 months.
Detailed Description

With the recent advancements in the positron emission tomography (PET) and radioligand development, the investigators are now able to image and quantify the metabotropic glutamatergic system (mGluR5) in vivo in human subjects. The investigators propose a novel investigation using [18F]FPEB in depression and bipolar disorder to obtain critical data to advance the understanding of the etiology of depression and bipolar disorder and its associated symptoms of cognitive dysfunction. The findings with mGluR5 by themselves are limited. Changes in mGluR5 availability could be due to changes in synaptic density. Recently, the Yale PET center synthesized a new radioligand [11C]UCB-J (referred to as [11C]APP311 at the Yale University PET Center) that binds to synaptic vesicle glycoproteins (SV2A), which represent the number of synapses in the brain. Thus, the investigators will also measure synaptic density in the brain and relate to mGluR5 availability.

Aim 1: To determine mGluR5 availability with mood disorders compared to healthy controls as measured with PET brain imaging using [18F]FPEB.

Hypothesis 1: decrease in mGluR5 availability in individuals with mood disorders in regions responsible for emotional and cognitive processes, including the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, anterior cingulate, and frontal cortices.

Aim 2: To determine if glutamate cycling in individuals with mood disorders is altered as compared to healthy controls as measured with [1H]MRS and [13C]MRS.

Hypothesis 2: increase in glutamate number in individuals with mood disorders as compared to controls.

Aim 3: To determine if the PET alterations in the glutamatergic system of depressed individuals are associated with cognitive deficits observed in depression, including concentration, attention, and memory (cognitive testing performance), and distractibility and startle.

Hypothesis 3: positive relationship between mGluR5 availability and cognitive functioning, such that individuals with higher receptor availability will perform better on tests of concentration, attention, memory, distractibility, and startle than individuals with lower receptor availability.

Aim 4: To examine whether changes in mGluR5 availability are dependent on state, or whether the lower availability is due to trait.

Hypothesis: normalization (or increase) in mGluR5 availability in euthymia as compared to depressed state.

Aim 5: To examine synaptic density changes associated with mood disorders using [11C]APP311 Hypothesis 5: lower synaptic density in individuals with MDD and bipolar disorder (BD), and associations between synaptic density changes and mood severity. Investigators also hypothesize there might be a relationship between synaptic density and mGluR5 availability.

Study Type Observational
Study Design Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Target Follow-Up Duration Not Provided
Biospecimen Not Provided
Sampling Method Probability Sample
Study Population 30 psychiatrically-healthy controls 30 MDD 30 bipolar
  • Major Depressive Disorder
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Healthy
  • Radiation: [18F]FPEB
    Radiotracer: [18F]FPEB
  • Radiation: [11C]APP311
    Radiotracer: [11C]APP311, [11C]UCB-J
    Other Name: [11C]UCB-J
Study Groups/Cohorts
  • Healthy control
    30 psychiatrically-healthy subjects will be enrolled as controls may participate in MRI or fMRI, [1H]MRS and/or [13C]MRS, [18F]FPEB and/or [11C]APP311 PET scans, cognitive testing
    • Radiation: [18F]FPEB
    • Radiation: [11C]APP311
  • MDD
    30 subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) may participate in MRI or fMRI, [1H]MRS and/or [13C]MRS, [18F]FPEB and/or [11C]APP311 PET scans, cognitive testing
    • Radiation: [18F]FPEB
    • Radiation: [11C]APP311
  • Bipolar
    30 subjects with bipolar disorder may participate in MRI or fMRI, [1H]MRS and/or [13C]MRS, [18F]FPEB and/or [11C]APP311 PET scans, cognitive testing
    • Radiation: [18F]FPEB
    • Radiation: [11C]APP311
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
 (submitted: March 29, 2019)
Original Estimated Enrollment Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date January 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • General inclusion criteria:

18-80 years old English speaking

-Inclusion criteria for healthy controls: no current, or history of any DSM-5 diagnosis

  • Inclusion criteria for MDD subjects clinical diagnosis of major depressive disorder
  • Inclusion criteria for bipolar subjects clinical diagnosis of bipolar disorder

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or past significant medical, neurological, or metabolic disorder
  • history of head injury that led to significant long term decline in cognitive abilities as seen by decline in grades or work performance
  • history of significant medical illness such that would contraindicate study participation based on above criteria and PI/MD history review
  • Active, significant suicidal ideation
  • Implanted metallic devices or any MR contraindications
  • women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM)-5 criteria for mild substance use disorder in the past 6 months or moderate to severe substance use disorder within the past year (except marijuana or nicotine)
  • history of prior radiation exposure for research purposes within the past year such that participation in this study would place them over FDA limits for annual radiation exposure. This guideline is an effective dose of 5 rem received per year
  • Current, past, or anticipated exposure to radiation in the work place within one year of proposed research PET scans
  • Blood donation within 8 weeks of the start of the study
  • History of a bleeding disorder or currently taking anticoagulants (such as Coumadin, Heparin, Pradaxa, Xarelto)
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages 18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers Not Provided
Contact: Sarah O'Grady, MA 203-737-7066
Contact: Nicole DellaGioia, MA 203-737-6884
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT03898297
Other Study ID Numbers 2000020186
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Yale University
Study Sponsor Yale University
Collaborators Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Irina Esterlis, PhD Yale University
PRS Account Yale University
Verification Date February 2021