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De-escalation and TFR Study in CML Patients Treated With Nilotinib Followed by a Second Attempt After Nilotinib and Asciminib Combination (DANTE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03874858
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 14, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 21, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 5, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 14, 2019
Last Update Posted Date October 21, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE April 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 24, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 27, 2022)
  • Percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission 96 weeks after the start of the consolidation period of TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 96 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    Full Treatment-Free Remission (FTFR) is defined as patients with Major Molecular Response (MMR) or better (i.e. BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% IS), including those who have totally discontinued treatment during the Treatment-Free Remission (TFR) stage and those who are treated with half the standard dosage. Percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission 96 weeks after the start of the consolidation period of TFR1 stage is calculated by dividing the number of patients with no loss of MMR-Major Molecular Response (BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% (IS) after 96 weeks by the number of patients who entered consolidation of TFR1 stage.
  • Percentage of patients in treatment-free remission 48 weeks after starting a second attempt at treatment-free remission during TFR2 stage. [ Time Frame: Baseline TFR2 phase (week 96 of TFR2 stage) up to week 144 of TFR2 stage ]
    Treatment-Free Remission (TFR) is defined as patients with MMR or better (i.e. BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% IS). Percentage of patients in TFR 48 weeks after the start of TFR2 phase during TFR2 stage is calculated by dividing the number of patients with no loss of MMR after 48 weeks by the number of patients who entered TFR2 during TFR2 stage. Patients who require re-initiation of nilotinib during TFR2 for loss of MMR, and those discontinued from the study will be considered failures.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2019)
Percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission 96 weeks after the start of the consolidation phase. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 96 weeks ]
Percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission 96 weeks after the start of the consolidation phase is calculated by dividing the number of patients with no loss of MMR-Major Molecular Response (BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% (IS) after 96 weeks by the number of patients who entered the consolidation phase.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 27, 2022)
  • Percentage of patients who remain in sustained Deep Molecular Response (DMR) at the end of the consolidation period (week 48 TFR1 stage). [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation period up to 48 weeks (TFR1 stage) ]
    The percentage of patients in sustained DMR at the end of the consolidation phase (week 48 of TFR1 stage) is calculated by dividing the number of patients in sustained DMR at week 48 of TFR1 stage by the number of patients who entered the consolidation phase of TFR1 stage. Sustained DMR: ≥ MR 4.0 (BCR-ABL level ≤0.01% IS) in all of the last 4 BCR-ABL RQ-PCR assessments
  • Percentage of patients who remain in DMR at the end of the consolidation period (week 48 of TFR1 stage), at 96 weeks and at 144 weeks after the start of the consolidation period of TFR1 stage. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation period, week 48, week 96 and week 144 (TFR1 stage) ]
    The percentage of patients in DMR is calculated by dividing the number of patients in DMR 48, 96 and 144 weeks after the start of the consolidation period in TFR1 stage by the number of patients who entered the consolidation period in TFR1 stage. DMR: ≥ MR 4.0 (BCR-ABL level ≤0.01% IS)
  • Percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission 144 weeks after the start of consolidation ( end of the TFR1 stage.) [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation period, week 144 of TFR1 stage ]
    The percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission at week 144 of TFR1 stage is calculated by dividing the number of patients in full treatment-remission at week 144 (TFR1 stage) by the number of patients who entered the consolidation period (TFR1 stage). Full Treatment-Free Remission (FTFR) is defined as patients with Major Molecular Response (MMR) or better (i.e. BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% IS), including those who have totally discontinued treatment during the Treatment-Free Remission (TFR) stage and those who are treated with half the standard dosage.
  • Percentage of patients with MMR or better at 48, 96, 144 weeks after starting the consolidation period of TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation period, week 48, 96 and 144 of TFR1 stage ]
    The percentage of patients with MMR or better (i.e. BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% IS) at week 48, 96 and 144 is calculated by dividing the number of patients with MMR at week 48, 96 and 144 of TFR1 stage, regardless of whether they required re-initiation of treatment after the start the study, by the number of patients who entered the consolidation period of TFR1 stage.
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels after re-start of nilotinib therapy in patients who failed Treatment Free Remission Phase during TFR1 stage. [ Time Frame: Restart of nilotinib therapy up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (International scale), measured by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), over time after re-start of nilotinib therapy up to 144 weeks in patient who failed Treatment Free Remission Phase in TFR1 stage.
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in TFR1 period in TFR1 stage. [ Time Frame: Discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in patients in TFR phase up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in TFR1 period up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage.
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels during the consolidation period of TFR1 stage. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation period up to 48 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time during the consolidation period to 48 weeks of TFR1 stage.
  • Full Treatment-Free Survival (FTFS) in TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation period up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    FTFS: time from the start of the consolidation period to the earliest occurrence of any of the following events: loss of MMR, reinitiation of treatment due to any cause, progression to accelerated phase (AP)/blast crisis (BC), or death due to any cause.
  • Treatment-Free Remission rate (TFR rate) after the start of consolidation of TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation, week 96 and week 144 of TFR1 stage ]
    TFR rate at weeks 96 and week 144 of TFR1 stage is calculated by dividing the number of patients with no loss of MMR and no reinitiation of nilotinib after drug discontinuation at weeks 96 and week 144 of TFR1 stage by the number of patients who entered the TFR1 period of TFR1 stage.
  • Treatment-free survival (TFS) in TFS1 stage [ Time Frame: From the start of the TFR phase up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage. ]
    TFS: time from the start of the TFR1 period in TFR1 stage to the earliest occurrence of any of the following events: loss of MMR, reinitiation of treatment due to any cause, progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause.
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) after the start of the consolidation period of TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    PFS: time from the start of the consolidation phase of TFR1 stage to progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) after the start of TFR1 period of TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: From the start of the TFR1 period up to week 144 of TFR1 stage. ]
    PFS: time from the start of the TFR1 period of TFR1 stage to progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
  • Overall Survival (OS) in TFR1 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation up to 144 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    OS: time from start of the study to death due to any cause.
  • Correlation between clinical and laboratory factors and clinical outcome [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 96 weeks of TFR1 stage ]
    Statistical correlation between clinical and laboratory correlates at diagnosis (e.g. Sokal Risk scale, demography, type of BCR-ABL transcript) or during previous treatment (e.g. Early Molecular Response=BCR-ABL transcript measured by quantitative PCR <10% after 3 months of first-line treatment with nilotinib at the dose of 300 mg BID) and the achievement of Full Treatment Free Remission and Treatment Free Remission at 96 weeks of TFR1 stage
  • Number of patients stratified by risk of cardiovascular disease through the Framingham risk score (TFR1 stage) [ Time Frame: Baseline of TFR1 stage ]
    The Framingham risk score will be assessed at the start of TFR1 stage. The Framingham risk score is an algorithm for estimating the combined risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular disease events. The Framingham risk score was developed from the Framingham heart study, and uses sex, age, total cholesterol, HDL, smoking status, and systolic blood pressure for calculating the risk factor: that correlates into a risk category: low, moderate, moderate - high risk, very high. Minimum value=0, maximum value 100. Higher score means a worse outcome, i.e. a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Number of patients stratified by risk of cardiovascular disease through the Systemic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) (TFR1 stage) [ Time Frame: Baseline of TFR1 stage ]
    The SCORE will be assessed at the start of TFR1 stage. The SCORE is an algorithm for estimating the 10-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease. The SCORE was developed for use in Europe, and uses sex, age, smoking status, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and total cholesterol/HDL ratio for calculating the risk factor. The SCORE differentiates between high-risk and low-risk countries in Europe and provides different risk charts for the regions.
  • Percentage of patients eligible for the TFR2 period among patients entering reinduction with asciminib + nilotinib in TFR2 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of TFR2 stage up to week 96 of TFR2 stage ]
    Eligibility is defined as sustained DMR, defined as no loss of MR4.0 (BCR-ABL level ≤ 0.01% IS) in any BCR-ABL RQ-PCR assessment. The proportion of eligible patients is calculated by dividing the number of eligible patients by the number of patients who entered reinduction of TFR2 stage.
  • Number of patients with loss of MMR in TFR2 who regain MMR/DMR by the end of the TFR2 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline TFR2 phase (week 96 of TFR2 stage) up to week 144 of TFR2 stage ]
    The proportion of patients who regain MMR/DMR is calculated by dividing the number of patients in MMR/DMR 48 weeks after the start of TFR2 by the number of patients with loss of MMR in TFR2. DMR: ≥ MR 4.0 (BCR-ABL level ≤0.01% IS). MMR: BCR-ABL level ≤0.1% IS.
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels during reinduction of TFR2 stage. [ Time Frame: Baseline of TFR2 stage up to week 96 of TFR2 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), over time from baseline of TFR2 stage up to 96 weeks of TFR2 stage.
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients who failed TFR2 period in TFR2 stage. [ Time Frame: Restart of nilotinib therapy up to week 144 of TFR2 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients who failed TFR2 period up to 144 weeks of TFR2 stage.
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients who were not eligible for entering the TFR2 period in TFR2 stage. [ Time Frame: Restart of nilotinib therapy up to week 144 of TFR2 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients who were not eligible for entering the TFR2 period up to 144 weeks of TFR2 stage
  • Change in BCR-ABL transcript levels after discontinuation of asciminib + nilotinib therapy in TFR2 stage. [ Time Frame: Discontinuation of asciminib + nilotinib (week 96 of TFR2 stage) up to week 144 of TFR2 stage ]
    Change in BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time after after discontinuation of asciminib + nilotinib therapy up to 144 weeks of TFR2 stage
  • Treatment-free survival (TFS) in TFR2 stage [ Time Frame: From the start of the TFR period of TFR2 stage up to Week 144 of TFR2 stage. ]
    TFS: time from the start of the TFR period in TFR2 stage to the earliest occurrence of any of the following events: loss of MMR, reinitiation of treatment due to any cause, progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause.
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) after the start of TFR2 period of TFR2 stage [ Time Frame: From the start of the TFR2 period of TFR2 stage up to week 144 of TFR2 stage. ]
    PFS: time from the start of the TFR2 period of TFR2 stage to progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
  • Overall Survival (OS) in TFR2 stage [ Time Frame: Baseline of reinduction period up to week 144 of TFR2 stage ]
    OS: time from start of the reinduction period (TFR2 stage) to death due to any cause.
  • Correlation between clinical and laboratory factors and clinical outcome [ Time Frame: Baseline of reinduction up to 144 weeks of TFR2 stage ]
    Statistical correlation between clinical and laboratory correlates at diagnosis (e.g. Sokal Risk scale, demography, type of BCR-ABL transcript) or during previous treatment (e.g. Early Molecular Response=BCR-ABL transcript measured by quantitative PCR <10% after 3 months of first-line treatment with nilotinib at the dose of 300 mg BID) and the achievement of Full Treatment Free Remission, no loss of MMR and no reinitiation of nilotinib therapy at 144 weeks of TFR2 stage
  • Number of patients stratified by risk of cardiovascular disease through the Framingham risk score (TFR2 stage) [ Time Frame: Baseline of TFR2 stage ]
    The Framingham risk score will be assessed at the start of TFR2 stage. The Framingham risk score is an algorithm for estimating the combined risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular disease events. The Framingham risk score was developed from the Framingham heart study, and uses sex, age, total cholesterol, HDL, smoking status, and systolic blood pressure for calculating the risk factor: that correlates into a risk category: low, moderate, moderate - high risk, very high. Minimum value=0, maximum value 100. Higher score means a worse outcome, i.e. a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • Number of patients stratified by risk of cardiovascular disease through the Systemic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) (TFR2 stage) [ Time Frame: Baseline of TFR2 stage ]
    The SCORE will be assessed at the start of TFR2 stage. The SCORE is an algorithm for estimating the 10-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease. The SCORE was developed for use in Europe, and uses sex, age, smoking status, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and total cholesterol/HDL ratio for calculating the risk factor. The SCORE differentiates between high-risk and low-risk countries in Europe and provides different risk charts for the regions.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2019)
  • Percentage of patients who remain in sustained Deep Molecular Response (DMR) at the end of the consolidation phase (week 48). [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 48 weeks ]
    The percentage of patients in sustained DMR at the end of the consolidation phase (week 48). Sustained DMR: Molecular Response (MR) 4.5 (IS) or undetectable MR4.0 with assay sensitivity of 4.0 log in 3 of the 4 BCR-ABL qPCR monthly assessments performed every 4 months, and with the last assessment in MR4.5 or undetectable MR4 before entering the TFR phase.
  • Percentage of patients who remain in DMR at the end of the consolidation phase (week 48), at 96 weeks and at 144 weeks after the start of the consolidation phase. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase at week 48, 96 and 144 ]
    The percentage of patients in deep molecular response is calculated by dividing the number of patients in DMR (MR4.5 or undetectable MR4.0) 48, 96 and 144 weeks after the start of the consolidation phase by the number of patients who entered the consolidation phase.
  • Percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission 144 weeks after the start of the consolidation phase. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase at week 144 ]
    The percentage of patients in full treatment-free remission at week 144 is calculated by dividing the number of patients with no loss of MMR (BCR-ABL ≤ 0.1% (IS)) 144 weeks after the start of the consolidation phase by the number of patients who entered the consolidation phase.
  • Percentage of patients with MMR or better at 48, 96, 144 weeks after starting the consolidation phase [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase at week 48, 96 and 144 ]
    The percentage of patients with MMR at week 48, 96 and 144 is calculated by dividing the number of patients with MMR at week 48, 96 and 144, regardless of whether they required re-initiation of treatment after the start the study, by the number of patients who entered the consolidation phase.
  • Change in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of BCR-ABL transcript after re-start of nilotinib therapy in patients who failed Treatment Free Remission Phase. [ Time Frame: Every 3 months after restart of nilotinib therapy up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    Descriptive statistics of BCR-ABL levels (International scale), measured by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), over time after re-start of nilotinib therapy up to 144 weeks in patient who failed Treatment Free Remission Phase.
  • Change in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of BCR-ABL transcript after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in Treatment Free Remission Phase. [ Time Frame: Monthly up to week 96, every 12 weeks up to approximately week 144 after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy . ]
    Descriptive statistics of BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in Treatment Free Remission Phase up to 144 weeks.
  • Change in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of BCR-ABL transcript during the consolidation period. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 48 weeks ]
    Descriptive statistics of BCR-ABL levels (IS), measured by quantitative PCR, over time during the consolidation period to 48 weeks.
  • Full Treatment-Free Survival (FTFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    FTFS: time from the start of the consolidation phase to the earliest occurrence of any of the following events: loss of MMR, reinitiation of treatment due to any cause, progression to accelerated phase (AP)/blast crisis (BC), or death due to any cause.
  • Treatment-free survival (TFS) [ Time Frame: From the start of the TFR phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    TFS: time from the start of the TFR phase to the earliest occurrence of any of the following events: loss of MMR, reinitiation of treatment due to any cause, progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause.
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) after the start of consolidation phase [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    PFS: time from the start of the consolidation phase to progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) after the start of TFR phase [ Time Frame: From the start of the TFR phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    PFS: time from the start of the TFR phase to progression to AP/BC or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    OS: time from start of the study to death due to any cause.
  • The number of patients with Adverse Events as measure of safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: From screening up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    To assess safety during the nilotinib treatment consolidation phase, TFR phase and during reinitiation of treatment with nilotinib.
  • Correlation between clinical and laboratory factors and clinical outcome [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 96 weeks ]
    Statistical correlation between clinical and laboratory correlates at diagnosis (e.g. Sokal Risk scale, demography, type of BCR-ABL transcript) or during previous treatment (e.g. Early Molecular Response=BCR-ABL transcript measured by quantitative PCR <10% after 3 months of first-line treatment with nilotinib at the dose of 300 mg BID) and the achievement of Full Treatment Free Remission and Treatment Free Remission at 96 weeks
  • Change in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of BCR-ABL transcripts after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients who failed TFR phase. [ Time Frame: Restart of nilotinib therapy in Follow Up Phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    To characterize the kinetics of BCR-ABL transcripts after restart of nilotinib therapy in patients who failed Treatment Free Remission (TFR) phase.
  • Change in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of BCR-ABL transcripts after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in TFR Phase [ Time Frame: Discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in patients in TFR phase up to approximately 144 weeks ]
    To characterize the kinetics of BCR-ABL transcripts after discontinuation of nilotinib therapy in TFR Phase.
  • Change in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) of BCR-ABL transcripts during the consolidation period. [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to 48 weeks ]
    To characterize the kinetics of BCR-ABL transcripts during the consolidation period.
  • Correlation of factors associated with the successful clinical outcome to the treatment up to 96 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline of consolidation phase up to approximately 96 weeks ]
    Identify which factors are associated with the successful of FTFR and TFR (no loss of MMR and no reinitiation of nilotinib therapy)in the first 96 weeks following the study start. Possible factors: patient demography, Sokal risk category, Early Molecular Response (EMR), type of transcript)
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE De-escalation and TFR Study in CML Patients Treated With Nilotinib Followed by a Second Attempt After Nilotinib and Asciminib Combination
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase II, Single-arm Study of De-escalation and Treatment-free Remission in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Treated With Nilotinib in First-line Therapy Followed by a Second Attempt After Nilotinib and Asciminib Combination: DANTE Study
Brief Summary

This study is constituted of two stage: Treatment-Free Remission 1 (TFR1) stage and Treatment-Free Remission 2 (TFR2) stage.

The purpose of the TFR1 stage is to assess the effect of nilotinib reduced to half the standard dose for 12 months on treatment-free remission in patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia - Chronic Phase (CML-CP) treated with first-line nilotinib who reached a sustained deep molecular response before entering the study.

The purpose of the TFR2 stage is to evaluate whether the use of asciminib in combination with nilotinib after failure of a first attempt at TFR can lead to higher and more durable TFR rates after a second attempt at TKI discontinuation than those reported in other studies.

Detailed Description

This is a prospective, single arm, phase II study constituted of two stage: Treatment-Free Remission 1 (TFR1) stage and Treatment-Free Remission 2 (TFR2) stage.

The TFR1 stage is made up of 4 periods:

  1. Screening (week -4 - week 0)
  2. Nilotinib consolidation (week 0 - week 48): Patients will be treated with nilotinib 300 mg QD. At the end or during the consolidation period, patients will proceed as follows:

    • Patients with sustained DMR at the end of the consolidation phase will enter the treatment-free remission (TFR1) and nilotinib will be discontinued. If two or more consecutive quarterly BCR-ABL RQ-PCR assessments are not performed or results are not available, the patient will not be eligible for TFR1 period and will be treated with nilotinib 300 mg QD until the end of the TFR1 stage (week 144).
    • Patients with loss of major molecular response (MMR) at any time during the consolidation phase will enter the follow-up period and will return to the standard nilotinib administration regimen (nilotinib 300 mg BID) until the end of the TFR1 stage (week 144).
    • Patients with more than MMR, but without meeting the definition of sustained DMR, will remain in the consolidation phase and will be treated with nilotinib 300 mg QD until the end of the TFR1 stage (week 144).
  3. Nilotinib treatment-free remission (TFR1) (week 48 - week 144): During the TFR1 period, BCR-ABL levels will be monitored until the end of the TFR1 stage (week 144)
  4. Follow up: Patients who remain on half-dose nilotinib after week 48 and patients with loss of MMR at any time during the study will enter follow-up until week 144.

Patients discontinued from the treatment for any reason will be followed for survival information until week 144. All patients still on study treatment at the end of the study will be transitioned to prescription nilotinib.

The TFR2 stage will include two cohorts; an internal cohort made up of patients who participated in the TFR1 stage of this study, and an external cohort of patients who failed a first attempt at TFR with nilotinib outside of this study. The TFR2 stage is made up of 4 periods:

  1. Screening for reinduction
  2. Reinduction (week 0-96): Patients will be treated with asciminib 40 mg BID + nilotinib 300 mg BID for 96 weeks. Patients will proceed as follows:

    • Patients with sustained DMR at the end of reinduction will enter TFR2 and asciminib + nilotinib will be discontinued. If two or more consecutive quarterly BCR-ABL RQ-PCR assessments are not performed or results are not available, the patient will not be eligible for TFR2
    • Patients not eligible for TFR2 but with more than an MMR continue treatment with asciminib + nilotinib until the end of reinduction (week 96) and then continue nilotinib monotherapy at 300 mg BID until the end of the TFR2 stage (week 144).
    • Patients with loss of MMR at any time during reinduction or during nilotinib monotherapy will be discontinued from the study.
  3. Asciminib+nilotinib treatment-free remission (TFR2) (week 96-week 144): During the TFR2 period, BCR-ABL levels will be monitored every month for one year
  4. Follow up: Patients with loss of MMR during TFR2 and patients not eligible for TFR2 but with more than an MMR will be treated with nilotinib 300 mg BID and monitored until week 144. If MMR loss occurs during reinduction or during nilotinib monotherapy, patients will be discontinued from the study and treated according to clinical practice.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Nilotinib
    Nilotinib oral 300 mg QD hard capsules
    Other Name: AMN107
  • Drug: Nilotinib
    Nilotinib oral 300 mg BID hard capsules
    Other Name: AMN107
  • Drug: Asciminib
    Asciminib orally at a dose of 40 mg BID film-coated tablets (FCT)
    Other Name: ABL001
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: TFR1 stage- Nilotinib

    During TFR1 stage, all patients will be treated with nilotinib 300 mg QD for up to 48 weeks (consolidation period).

    • Patients with sustained DMR at the end of the consolidation period will enter the TFR1 period and nilotinib will be discontinued.
    • Patients with loss of MMR will return to the standard nilotinib administration
    • Patients with ≥ MMR, but without sustained DMR at the end of the consolidation period will be treated with nilotinib 300 mg QD
    Intervention: Drug: Nilotinib
  • Experimental: TFR2 stage- Nilotinib+Asciminib

    During the TFR2 stage, participants will be treated with nilotinib and asciminib for up to 96 weeks (reinduction period).

    • Patients with sustained DMR at the end of reinduction will enter TFR2 and asciminib + nilotinib will be discontinued.
    • Patients with ≥ MMR, but without sustained DMR, at the end of the reinduction, will be treated with nilotinib monotherapy at 300 mg BID until the end of the TFR2 stage.
    • Patients with loss of MMR at any time during reinduction or during nilotinib monotherapy will be discontinued from the study.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Nilotinib
    • Drug: Asciminib
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 8, 2020)
103
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2019)
136
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 31, 2026
Estimated Primary Completion Date January 24, 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria TFR1 stage:

  1. Male and female patients 18 years or older.
  2. Diagnosis of CML-CP according to the World Health Organization.
  3. Patients with CML-CP under first-line treatment with nilotinib at the approved daily dose of 300 mg BID mg for at least 3 calendar years. Note: At study entry, an ongoing treatment at a dose ≥400 mg per day is allowed.
  4. Sustained DMR defined as ≥ MR 4.0 (BCR-ABL level ≤0.01% IS) in all of the last 4 BCR-ABL RQ-PCR assessments with a minimum interval between each assessment of 3 months and a maximum interval of 6 months.
  5. Patient must meet the following laboratory values at the screening visit:

    • Absolute Neutrophil Count ≥1.0 x 109/L
    • Platelets ≥75 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST) ≤ 3.0 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 x ULN
    • Serum lipase ≤ 2 x ULN
  6. Patient has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2.
  7. Study subjects must be able to comply with study procedures and follow-up examinations.

Exclusion Criteria TFR1 stage:

  1. Patients with known atypical transcript.
  2. CML treatment resistant mutation(s) (T315I, E255K/V, Y253H, F359C/V) detected if testing was done in the past (there is no requirement to perform mutation testing at study entry if it was not done in the past).
  3. Dose reductions/interruptions due to neutropenia or thrombocytopenia in the past 6 months.
  4. Patient ever attempted to permanently discontinue nilotinib treatment.
  5. Known impaired cardiac function including any one of the following:

    • Inability to determine QT interval on ECG
    • Complete left bundle branch block
    • Long QT syndrome or a known family history of long QT syndrome
    • History of or presence of clinically significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias
    • Clinically significant resting bradycardia
    • QTcF > 480 msec
    • History or clinical signs of myocardial infarction within 1 year prior to study entry
    • History of unstable angina within 1 year prior to study entry
    • Other clinically significant heart disease (e.g. uncontrolled congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension)
  6. Severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol.
  7. History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year prior to study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis.
  8. Known presence of a significant congenital or acquired bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer.
  9. History of other active malignancy within 5 years prior to study entry except for previous or concomitant basal cell skin cancer, previous cervical carcinoma in situ treated curatively.
  10. Patients who have not recovered from prior surgery.
  11. Treatment with other investigational agents (defined as not used in accordance with the approved indication) within 4 weeks of Day 1.
  12. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g. ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection, or gastric bypass surgery).
  13. Patients actively receiving therapy with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry.
  14. Patients actively receiving therapy with herbal medicines that are strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. These herbal medicines may include Echinacea, (including E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida), Piperine, Artemisinin, St. John's Wort, and Ginkgo.
  15. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women.
  16. Women of childbearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for at least 14 days after stopping medication. There is a limited amount of data on pregnancies in patients while attempting treatment-free remission (TFR). If pregnancy is planned during the TFR phase, the patient must be informed of a potential need to re-initiate treatment with nilotinib during pregnancy

Highly effective contraception methods include:

  • Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
  • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.
  • Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). The vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject.
  • Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS), or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception.

In case of use of oral contraception, women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before starting the study.

Women are considered post-menopausal and not of childbearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (i.e. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of childbearing potential.

Inclusion Criteria TFR2 stage:

  1. Signed informed consent to the TFR2 stage from the patient or from his/her legal representative.
  2. Male and female patients 18 years or older.
  3. Diagnosis of CP-CML according to the WHO and no previous history of progression to AP/BP CML.
  4. First-line treatment with nilotinib for at least 3 calendar years, followed by first TFR attempt.
  5. Failed first TFR attempt followed by at least 1 year of nilotinib retreatment before enrollment in TFR2 stage.
  6. MR4 or better (BCR-ABL ≤ 0.01% IS) assessed at screening.
  7. Patient must meet the following laboratory values at the reinduction screening visit:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count ≥1.0 x 109/L
    2. Platelets ≥75 x 109/L
    3. Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
    4. Serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
    5. Total bilirubin ≤ 2 x ULN except for patients with Gilbert's syndrome who may only be included if total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 x ULN or direct bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    6. AST ≤ 3.0 x ULN
    7. ALT ≤ 3.0 x ULN
    8. Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 x ULN
    9. Serum lipase ≤ 1.5 x ULN. For serum lipase > ULN - ≤ 1.5 x ULN, value must be considered not clinically significant and not associated with risk factors for acute pancreatitis
    10. Serum levels of potassium, magnesium, total calcium within the normal limits. Correction of electrolytes levels with supplements to fulfil enrolment criteria is allowed.
  8. ECOG performance status 0-2.
  9. Study subjects must be able to comply with study procedures and follow-up examinations.

Exclusion Criteria TFR2 stage:

  1. Patients with known atypical transcript.
  2. CML treatment resistant mutation(s) (T315I, E255K/V, Y253H, F359C/V) detected if testing was done in the past (there is no requirement to perform mutation testing at study entry if it was not done in the past).
  3. Dose reductions/interruptions due to neutropenia or thrombocytopenia in the past 6 months.
  4. Known impaired cardiac function including any one of the following:

    • Inability to determine QT interval on ECG
    • Complete left bundle branch block
    • Long QT syndrome or a known family history of long QT syndrome
    • History of or presence of clinically significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias
    • Clinically significant resting bradycardia
    • QTcF > 450 msec (male) or > 460 msec (female)
    • History or clinical signs of myocardial infarction within 1 year prior to study entry
    • History of unstable angina within 1 year prior to study entry
    • Other clinically significant heart disease (e.g. uncontrolled congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension)
  5. Severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol.
  6. History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year prior to study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis.
  7. Known presence of a significant congenital or acquired bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer.
  8. History of other active malignancy within 5 years prior to study entry except for previous or concomitant basal cell skin cancer, previous cervical carcinoma in situ treated curatively.
  9. Patients who have not recovered from prior surgery.
  10. Treatment with other investigational agents (defined as not used in accordance with the approved indication) within 4 weeks.
  11. Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g. ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection, or gastric bypass surgery).
  12. Patients actively receiving therapy with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry.
  13. Patients actively receiving therapy with herbal medicines that are strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. These herbal medicines may include Echinacea, (including E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida), Piperine, Artemisinin, St. John's Wort, and Ginkgo.
  14. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women.
  15. Women of childbearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for at least 14 days after stopping medication. There is a limited amount of data on pregnancies in patients while attempting treatment-free remission (TFR). If pregnancy is planned during the TFR phase, the patient must be informed of a potential need to re-initiate treatment with nilotinib during pregnancy

Highly effective contraception methods include:

  • Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
  • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.
  • Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). The vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject.
  • Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS), or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception.

In case of use of oral contraception, women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before starting the study.

Women are considered post-menopausal and not of childbearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (i.e. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of childbearing potential.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals +41613241111 novartis.email@novartis.com
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Italy
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03874858
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CAMN107AIT15
2018-002898-21 ( EudraCT Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com

Current Responsible Party Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Novartis
Verification Date October 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP