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Allogeneic ABCB5-positive Stem Cells for Treatment of Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03860155
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Very slow recruitment of patients and the current COVID-19 pandemic situation.)
First Posted : March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 17, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
FGK Clinical Research GmbH
Ticeba GmbH
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
RHEACELL GmbH & Co. KG

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 31, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted Date November 17, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 22, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date March 26, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 12, 2019)
  • Change of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score at Week 24 or last available post-baseline measurement if the Week 24 score is missing. [ Time Frame: Week 24, or last available post-baseline measurement of Days 5 (±1) or 13 (±1) or Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16 or 20 if the Week 24 measurement is missing [LOCF]. ]
    Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score for assessing the severity of chronic liver disease is measured as absolute change to baseline score at Week 24 or last available post-baseline measurement if the Week 24 score is missing.
  • Assessment of adverse event (AE) occurrence [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Month 24 ]
    All AEs occurring during the clinical trial will be registered, documented and evaluated.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 28, 2019)
  • Change of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score at Week 24 or last available post-baseline measurement if the Week 24 score is missing. [ Time Frame: Week 24, or last available post-baseline measurement of Days 4 or 11 or Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16 or 20 if the Week 24 measurement is missing [LOCF]. ]
    Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score for assessing the severity of chronic liver disease is measured as absolute change to baseline score at Week 24 or last available post-baseline measurement if the Week 24 score is missing.
  • Assessment of adverse event (AE) occurrence [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Month 24 ]
    All AEs occurring during the clinical trial will be registered, documented and evaluated.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 28, 2019)
  • Change of MELD score at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 [ Time Frame: Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 ]
    Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score is measured as absolute change to baseline score.
  • Change of Child-Pugh-Score at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    Child-Pugh-Score to assess the prognosis of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis is measured as absolute change to baseline score.
  • Change of CLIF-C ACLF score at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    CLIF-C ACLF score to assess the mortality in Acute-on-chronic liver failure patients is measured as absolute change to baseline score.
  • Overall survival time until Week 24 [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Week 24 ]
    Assessment of overall survival time.
  • Complications of ACLF (hepatorenal syndrome [HRS], variceal bleeding, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy [HE], spontaneous bacterial peritonitis [SBP]) [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Week 24 ]
    Assessment, documentation and evaluattion of ACLF related complications (hepatorenal syndrome, variceal bleeding, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis).
  • Transient elastography assessment at Weeks 4, 12 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 4, 12 and 24 ]
    Mapping of the elastic properties and the stiffness of the tissue as assessed by transient elastography imaging
  • Infections (proven infection necessitating systemic use of antibiotics) [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Month 24 ]
    All infections occurring during the clinical trial will be registered, documented and evaluated.
  • Change of levels of C-reactive protein in serum at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    C-reactive protein levels in the serum will be measured.
  • Liver Function Test (ALT, AST, AP, Albumin, Bilirubin, GGT) at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    The following laboratory variables will be measured and evaluated: Albumin, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (AP).
  • Changes in the profile of 80 different immunomodulatory cytokines at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 ]
    Fluorescence based analysis of 80 different immunomodulatory cytokine parameters in the patient's serum samples as assessed by a 80plex Human Cytokine Antibody Array Kit.
  • Changes in dialytic treatment until Week 24 [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Week 24 ]
    For patients with dialysis prior to Screening: Time to first dialysis after first IMP administration and time to last dialysis after first IMP administration until Week 24 will be assessed. For patients with no dialytic treatment prior to Screening the overall diaylsis timespan from first dialysis after first IMP administration until last dialysis will be measured.
  • Time to respiratory failure after first IMP administration until Week 24 [ Time Frame: Between Day 0 (after first IMP administration) and Week 24 ]
    Timespan to respiratory failure after first IMP administration until Week 24 will be measured.
  • Duration of the initial hospital stay [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Week 24 ]
    Initial hospitalisation time will be evaluated.
  • Duration of initial intensive care stay [ Time Frame: Between Screening and Week 24 ]
    The duration of initial intensive care stay will be evaluated.
  • Optional: Evaluation of liver biopsy (necrosis quantification) [ Time Frame: Between Week 8 and Week 24 ]
    Extent of necrosis will be quantified by the pathologist of the clinical trial center.
  • Physical examination at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    A physical body examination (e.g. general appearance, thyroid, head, lungs and thorax, ears, cardiovascular system, eyes, abdomen, nose-mouth-throat, musculoskeletal system, skin, extremities, lymph nodes, neurological system) will be performed and abnormal physical examination results will be evaluated and reported as AEs.
  • Vital signs at Week 24: Body temperature [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Body temperature will be measured.
  • Vital signs at Week 24: Blood pressure [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Blood pressure will be measured.
  • Vital signs at Week 24: Heart rate [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Heart rate will be measured.
  • Vital signs at Week 24: Respiratory rate [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Respiratory rate will be measured.
  • Hematological laboratory parameters at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The hematological laboratory values for "hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell count, white blood cell count with differential, platelet count" will be measured.
  • Clinical chemistry parameters at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The clinical chemistry values for "sodium, potassium, calcium, urea, creatinine, albumin, total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma glytamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, CRP" will be measured.
  • Coagulation parameter "factor V" at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The coagulation value for "factor V" will be measured.
  • Coagulation parameter "INR" at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The coagulation value for "INR" will be measured.
  • Overall survival at Week 24 and at Month 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24, Month 24 ]
    Overall survival at Week 24 and at Month 24 will be evaluated.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Allogeneic ABCB5-positive Stem Cells for Treatment of Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure
Official Title  ICMJE An Interventional, Single Arm, Multicenter, Phase I/IIa Clinical Trial to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of Allo-APZ2-ACLF for the Treatment of Acute-on-Chronic Liver Failure (ACLF)
Brief Summary This is an interventional, single arm, multicenter, phase I/IIa clinical trial. The study objective is to investigate the efficacy and safety of three i.v. doses of the investigational medicinal product (IMP) allo-APZ2-ACLF for the treatment of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). The allogeneic IMP allo-APZ2-ACLF contains skin-derived ABCB5-positive mesenchymal stem cells isolated from skin tissue of healthy donors and stored in a donor cell bank.
Detailed Description

This is an interventional, phase I/IIa clinical trial to investigate the efficacy (by changes in Model for End-Stage Liver Disease [MELD] score) and safety (by monitoring adverse events) of the IMP in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure grade 2 and 3. The allogeneic IMP allo-APZ2-ACLF contains skin-derived ABCB5-positive mesenchymal stem cells isolated from skin tissue of healthy donors and stored in a donor cell bank.

The clinical trial will be conducted in Germany and will consist of a screening, treatment and efficacy follow-up period, and a safety follow-up period.The total duration is planned to be about 3 years including the follow-up period.

The planned sample size is up to 18 treated patients. 2 x 10e6 cells/kg, each at Day 0, Day 5 (±1) and Day 13 (±1), will be administrated into peripheral vein (arm) by use of a perfusor. allo-APZ2-ACLF will be in a concentration of 1 x 10e7 cells/mL in HRG-solution. In patients which require dialysis, the IMP application has to be performed at least 3 hours after end of dialysis. This is necessary to ensure that cells and secreted molecules are not cleared from the system by the dialysis.

Patients will be followed up for 24 weeks with clinic visits at Weeks 3, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 after IMP application. Further safety follow-ups will be scheduled as home interviews via telephone at Months 15 and 24. If necessary (at the discretion of the investigator), safety follow-ups at Months 15 and 24 can also be carried out as an on-site visit.

The first six patients will be enrolled into the clinical trial consecutively with an interval of 2 weeks between the third IMP-application of the first patient and the enrolment of the second patient, etc. During this period the patient receives all three applications and immediate severe adverse effects (allergic reactions, SIRS) that could occur after treatment would be reported before treatment start of the next patient.

The safety data of these first six patients will be reviewed by the Medical Monitor continuously, if required with assistance of the further members of the DSMB. The safety evaluation of the DSMB will be submitted to the PEI and recruitment can only be continued after approval of an amendment.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: allo-APZ2-ACLF
Administration of 2 x 10e6 allogeneic ABCB5-positive stem cells/kg bodyweight, each at Day 0, Day 5 (±1) and Day 13 (±1) into peripheral vein (arm) intravenously with a flow rate of 1-2 ml/min. Infusion of the product via a central venous catheter (CVC), a Port-a-Cath (Port) or a similar catheter is also possible. Allo-APZ2-ACLF will be in a concentration of 1 x 10e7 cells/mL in Human Serum Albumin/Ringer-Lactate/Glucose (HRG)-solution.
Other Name: Skin-derived ABCB5-positive mesenchymal stem cells
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: allo-APZ2-ACLF
Application of IMP into peripheral vein (arm) by use of a perfusor.
Intervention: Biological: allo-APZ2-ACLF
Publications * Kerstan A, Niebergall-Roth E, Esterlechner J, Schröder HM, Gasser M, Waaga-Gasser AM, Goebeler M, Rak K, Schrüfer P, Endres S, Hagenbusch P, Kraft K, Dieter K, Ballikaya S, Stemler N, Sadeghi S, Tappenbeck N, Murphy GF, Orgill DP, Frank NY, Ganss C, Scharffetter-Kochanek K, Frank MH, Kluth MA. Ex vivo-expanded highly pure ABCB5(+) mesenchymal stromal cells as Good Manufacturing Practice-compliant autologous advanced therapy medicinal product for clinical use: process validation and first in-human data. Cytotherapy. 2021 Feb;23(2):165-175. doi: 10.1016/j.jcyt.2020.08.012. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 9, 2021)
5
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 28, 2019)
18
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 26, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date March 26, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients, aged 20 to 75 years;
  2. Diagnosed ACLF of grade 2 or 3 according to EASL-CLIF definition;
  3. Patients are not eligible for liver transplant (confirmed by transplantation board);
  4. Histology result of liver biopsy not older than 4 weeks before screening;
  5. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative blood pregnancy test at screening;
  6. Women of childbearing potential and fertile men, and their partners must be willing to use highly effective contraceptive methods during the course of the clinical trial;
  7. Written informed consent from patient, legal or authorized representative or a confirmation of justification of trial participation by an independent medical consultant. In case of confirmation by the independent medical consultant, a deferred informed consent from patient, legal or authorized representative has to be given.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients without cirrhosis;
  2. Patients with ACLF grade 1 according to EASL-CLIF definition;
  3. Patient with septic shock;
  4. Patients with known hepatopulmonal syndrome (HPS);
  5. Patients with known pulmonary embolism that needs anticoagulative treatment;
  6. Patients with pre-existing lung disease with necessity of respiratory support;
  7. Active malignancy or history of malignancy within 5 years prior to trial entry;
  8. Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV˗1, HIV-2);
  9. Any known allergies to components of the IMP;
  10. Current or previous (within 30 days of enrolment) treatment with another IMP, or participation and/or under follow-up in another clinical trial;
  11. Patients anticipated to be unwilling or unable to comply with the requirements of the protocol;
  12. Evidence of any other medical conditions (such as psychiatric illness, physical examination, or laboratory findings) that may interfere with the planned treatment, affect the patient's compliance, or place the patient at high risk of complications related to the treatment;
  13. Pregnant or nursing women;
  14. Employees of the sponsor, or employees or relatives of the investigator.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 20 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Germany
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03860155
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE allo-APZ2-ACLF-II-01
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Current Responsible Party RHEACELL GmbH & Co. KG
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE RHEACELL GmbH & Co. KG
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • FGK Clinical Research GmbH
  • Ticeba GmbH
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Matthias Ebert, Prof. Dr. Med. Fakultät Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg, II. Med. Klinik, Germany
PRS Account RHEACELL GmbH & Co. KG
Verification Date September 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP