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Trial of PalloV-CC in Colon Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03827967
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 4, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 10, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Cancer Insight, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
George E. Peoples, Cancer Insight, LLC

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 11, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 4, 2019
Last Update Posted Date November 10, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE July 20, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 20, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 30, 2019)
  • Primary Safety Endpoint-Overall number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0. [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    To determine the overall safety and toxicity of the PalloV CC vaccine by analyzing number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0.
  • Primary Safety Endpoint-Per Dosing Cohort number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0. [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    To determine the safety and toxicity of the PalloV CC vaccine per dosing cohorts by analyzing number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0.
  • Primary Immunologic Endpoint-Overall Immunoscore of the tumor microenvironment [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    To determine the effect of vaccination on the tumor microenvironment in colon cancer by comparing the proportion of subjects with high Immunoscore (scale range: low, intermediate, high) in all vaccinated subjects to historical control subjects.
  • Primary Immunologic Endpoint-Per Dosing Cohort Immunoscore of the tumor microenvironment [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    To determine the effect of vaccination on the tumor microenvironment in colon cancer by comparing the proportion of subjects Immunoscore (scale range: low, intermediate, high) in vaccinated subjects per dosing cohorts to historical control subjects Immunoscore (scale range: low, intermediate, high).
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 30, 2019)
  • Secondary Endpoint-Effect Tumor Microenvironment measured via Immunoscore [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    To determine the effect of vaccination on the tumor microenvironment in colon cancer by comparing the Immunoscore (scale range: low, intermediate, high) between matched endoscopic biopsies (pre-vaccination) and resected final specimens (post-vaccination).
  • Secondary Endpoint-Immunologic comparison of evaluations of tumor microenvironment [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    To determine the concordance of Immunoscore (scale range: low, intermediate, high) with other emerging analytical tools such as gene expression data analysis (CIBERSORT) and T-cell receptor sequencing (Immunoseq).
  • Secondary Endpoint-PD-L1 expression comparison within the Tumor Microenvironment [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    Identify PD-L1 expression on tumor cells and compare the pretreatment endoscopic biopsies, post-treatment surgical specimens, and historical controls level of PD-L1 expression.
  • Secondary Endpoint-CD4+ and regulatory T cells expression comparison within the Tumor Microenvironment [ Time Frame: 1 year for all 4 cohorts to enroll and undergo treatment. ]
    Identify CD4+ and regulator T cell infiltration into the tumor microenvironment and compare CD4+ and regulatory T Cell quantity between the pretreatment endoscopic biopsies, post-treatment surgical specimens, and the historical controls.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Trial of PalloV-CC in Colon Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase Ib Trial of Neoadjuvant PalloV-CC (Particle-delivered, Allogeneic Tumor Cell Lysate Vaccine for Colon Cancer) in Colon Cancer
Brief Summary This study is a phase Ib prospective, open label study evaluating the effect of vaccination on the immune microenvironment of cancers with results compared to banked tissue from historical controls. Prospectively vaccinated patients will also serve as their own controls by comparing the immune microenvironment of the tumor in pre-treatment biopsies to post-treatment surgical specimens. This is also a dose-escalation study with consecutive enrollment and advancement of cohorts in an overlapping fashion.
Detailed Description

This is a single arm, open label, phase Ib trial of neoadjuvant vaccination in colon cancer. The primary endpoint is the safety and toxicity of the vaccine. The primary immunologic endpoint is the impact of vaccination on the tumor microenvironment compared to prospectively evaluated, tissue banked specimens from historical controls. The tumor microenvironment will also be compared in matched pre- and post-treatment tissue samples in vaccinated subjects. Patients with endoscopic biopsy proven colon cancer will be identified by the staff in the gastroenterology, surgery, and/or the hematology/oncology clinics at the individual study sites. A research nurse, study coordinator, or study investigator will approach these patients about being in the trial and will introduce the trial to the prospective volunteer patient. If the patient is interested and appears eligible, the nurse, study coordinator, or investigator will arrange an appointment to counsel and consent the patient. Once consent is obtained, the nurse, study coordinator, or investigator will thoroughly screen the patient for inclusion and exclusion eligibility criteria.

If volunteers meet all inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria and agree to participate, they will continue in the study, consented and enrolled for treatment assignment. Enrollment will start in cohort 1 with enrollment of 6 patients, and follow sequentially into the remaining cohorts, until all cohorts are completed. After treatment of all 6 patients in each dose cohort, a comprehensive safety analysis will be performed for short-term toxicity. If no dose limiting toxicity (DLT, >grade 2, related, or serious adverse event (SAE)) is found, then the next cohort will be enrolled. If three patients in a given dose cohort experience a DLT, then that dose will be determined to be the maximal tolerated dose (MTD), and the next dose cohort will not be initiated. At the completion of dosing of cohorts (last surgical colectomy performed), a comprehensive safety analysis will be performed for long-term toxicity. If the MTD is not reached, then a total of 24 patients will be enrolled.

Treatment cohorts (each n=6, total of n=24):

  1. 1 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
  2. 2 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
  3. 4 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
  4. 8 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC

PalloV-CC is inoculated weekly via intradermal injection. There will be sequential enrollment of dose-escalation cohorts (Appendix A), each patient treatment period is 4 weeks (Appendix B). Patients will conclude treatment with colectomy.

Safety data will be collected on local and systemic toxicities and graded and reported per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.03.

A total of 190 mL of blood will be drawn throughout the course of the study over a 3-4 week period. The patient will have 70mL of blood drawn for the following: a CBC with differential (10 mL of blood), a CMP (10 mL of blood), and study blood (50 mL of blood). This will be drawn on two separate occasions: once prior to the first vaccine inoculation, and again after the completion of the final vaccine inoculation (but prior to surgery). An additional 50 mL of study blood will be drawn midway through the vaccine series (at the third inoculation).

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Treatment cohorts (each n=6 total of n=24):

  1. 1 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
  2. 2 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
  3. 4 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
  4. 8 x 10^8 particles of PalloV-CC PalloV-CC is inoculated weekly via intradermal injection. There will be sequential enrollment of dose-escalation cohorts, each patient treatment period is 4 weeks. Patients will conclude treatment with colectomy.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Colon Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE Biological: PalloV-CC
The PalloV-CC vaccine uses yeast cell wall particles (YCWP) to serve as an efficient vaccine delivery system as they can contain a broad range of antigenic material, they are rapidly phagocytized by antigen presenting cells, and they are inherently immunogenic. The PalloV-CC vaccine utilizes silicate-capped YCWP to deliver allogenic colon cancer tumor lysate. The vaccine will be given to subjects with resectable colon cancers neoadjuvantly shortly before surgery in order to study the effect of the vaccine on the tumor microenvironment using a well-validated immune scoring system for colon cancer and other immunologic tests.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: 1x10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
    Intradermal injection of PalloV-CC weekly x 4 weekly
    Intervention: Biological: PalloV-CC
  • Experimental: 2x10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
    Intradermal injection of PalloV-CC weekly x 4 weekly
    Intervention: Biological: PalloV-CC
  • Experimental: 4x10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
    Intradermal injection of PalloV-CC weekly x 4 weekly
    Intervention: Biological: PalloV-CC
  • Experimental: 8x10^8 particles of PalloV-CC
    Intradermal injection of PalloV-CC weekly x 4 weekly
    Intervention: Biological: PalloV-CC
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 30, 2019)
24
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 20, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 20, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Stage I-IV (resectable) colon cancer patients identified prior to their definitive surgery
  2. Diagnosis definitively confirmed by endoscopic biopsy with tumor tissue slides available for analysis
  3. Asymptomatic and capable of waiting 4 weeks prior to definitive surgery
  4. ECOG 0-1 performance
  5. Not involved in other clinical trials
  6. Capable of giving informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Symptoms of obstruction or GI bleeding that necessitate more urgent surgical intervention
  2. Cancer not definitively confirmed on endoscopic biopsy (i.e., Only high-grade dysplasia or adenoma identified, even if malignancy is suspected)
  3. Known immune deficiency disease or HIV, active HBV, or active HCV
  4. Steroids or other immunosuppressants received within 6 weeks of enrollment
  5. Any colon cancer directed treatment (chemotherapy or radiation) received or planned prior to surgical resection
  6. A history of any hematologic malignancy or myeloproliferative disease within 5 years prior to enrollment
  7. Leukopenia or neutropenia within two weeks of presentation
  8. ECOG >/= 2
  9. Pregnancy (serum or urine HCG) or breast feeding
  10. Tbili >1.8, Cr >2, Hgb <10, platelet count <50,000, WBC <2,000
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Christie Collins, CCRP 210-563-8441 ccollins@cancerinsight.com
Contact: Lauren Zahra, MS 210-540-4695 LZahra@cancerinsight.com
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03827967
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE PV-CC-01
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party George E. Peoples, Cancer Insight, LLC
Study Sponsor  ICMJE George E. Peoples
Collaborators  ICMJE Cancer Insight, LLC
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: George Peoples, MD Cancer Insight
PRS Account Cancer Insight, LLC
Verification Date November 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP