Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Nivolumab and Radiation Therapy or Ipilimumab as Adjuvant Therapy in Treating Patients With Merkel Cell Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03798639
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 21, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Joanne Jeter, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 7, 2019
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 10, 2019
Last Update Posted Date October 21, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE January 7, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 7, 2019)
Percentage of patients completing 12 months of treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
Will be estimated along with the 95% confidence interval for each arm based on the binomial distribution.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 7, 2019)
  • Recurrence-free survival (RFS) one and half years [ Time Frame: Time between the date of randomization and the date of first progression (local, regional or distant metastasis) or death (whatever the cause), assessed up to one and half years. ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves will be generated to summarize the secondary outcomes, RFS and overall survival (OS), for each arm; the differences between groups in terms of hazard ratio for OS/RFS will also be estimated.
  • Overall survival at three years [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the date of death, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves will be generated to summarize the secondary outcomes, RFS and OS, for each arm; the differences between groups in terms of hazard ratio for OS/RFS will also be estimated.
  • Incidence of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years post treatment ]
    Adverse experiences will be graded and recorded throughout the study and during the follow-up period according to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0. Side effects will be summarized by each treatment group.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: October 17, 2019)
T cell analysis [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3 years post treatment ]
TT cell analysis will be performed using peripheral blood at regular time points during the study period
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: January 7, 2019)
Changes of the biomarkers [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 3 years post treatment ]
The pre-post changes of the biomarkers will be summarized with means and standard deviations and longitudinal graphs will be plotted to illustrate the changes over weeks. The relationship between the biomarkers and the response status and survival (RFS or OS) will also be visually explored using corresponding plots.
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Nivolumab and Radiation Therapy or Ipilimumab as Adjuvant Therapy in Treating Patients With Merkel Cell Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Randomized, Multi-Institutional Pilot Study of Nivolumab and Radiation Therapy Versus Nivolumab and Ipilimumab as Adjuvant Therapy for Merkel Cell Carcinoma
Brief Summary This phase I trial studies the side effects and how well nivolumab works when given together with radiation therapy or ipilimumab as adjuvant therapy in treating patients with Merkel cell cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body?s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, protons or other sources to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving nivolumab with radiation therapy or ipilimumab after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells.
Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the tolerability of two different experimental immunotherapy regimens in the adjuvant setting in patients with Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety and tolerability profile of each of the treatment using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.

II. To assess the efficacy of each of the treatment arms according to recurrence-free survival (RFS) at one and half years, defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of first progression (local, regional or distant metastasis) or death (whatever the cause), whichever occurs first.

III. To assess the efficacy of each of the treatment arms according to overall survival (OS) at three years, defined from the time of randomization and the date of death, compared to historical registry control.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To explore potential biomarkers, next generation T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing will be performed to identify and longitudinally track individual T cell clones thus granting a comprehensive insight into immunological changes that occur within the tumor and peripheral blood throughout the course of the disease.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM A: Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes at week 0. Treatments repeat every 4 weeks for 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning week 2, patients also receive radiation therapy on Monday-Friday or 5 days per week for 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes and ipilimumab IV over 30 minutes at week 0. Treatments repeat every 2 weeks for nivolumab and 6 weeks for ipilimumab for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 1 year.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Merkel Cell Carcinoma
  • Pathologic Stage IIIA Merkel Cell Carcinoma AJCC v8
  • Pathologic Stage IIIB Merkel Cell Carcinoma AJCC v8
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Biological: Ipilimumab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
    • BMS-734016
    • MDX-010
    • MDX-CTLA4
    • Yervoy
  • Biological: Nivolumab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • BMS-936558
    • MDX-1106
    • NIVO
    • ONO-4538
    • Opdivo
  • Radiation: Radiation Therapy
    Receive radiation therapy
    Other Names:
    • Cancer Radiotherapy
    • Irradiate
    • Irradiated
    • irradiation
    • Radiation
    • Radiotherapeutics
    • RADIOTHERAPY
    • RT
    • Therapy, Radiation
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Arm I (nivolumab, radiation therapy)
    Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes at week 0. Treatments repeat every 4 weeks for 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning week 2, patients also receive radiation therapy on Monday-Friday or 5 days per week for 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Nivolumab
    • Radiation: Radiation Therapy
  • Active Comparator: Arm II (nivolumab, ipilimumab)
    Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes and ipilimumab IV over 30 minutes at week 0. Treatments repeat every 2 weeks for nivolumab and 6 weeks for ipilimumab for up to 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Ipilimumab
    • Biological: Nivolumab
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 7, 2019)
43
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 31, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be willing and able to understand and give written informed consent and comply with all study related procedures
  • All patients should undergo definitive surgical resection, including when possible sentinel lymph node dissection
  • Patients must have recovered after any recent surgery and be ambulatory
  • Have node positive disease (stage pIIIA or pIIIB) +/- extracapsular extension
  • Have node negative disease and any of the following high risk features

    • Tumor size >= 2 cm
    • Margins =< 1-2 cm and re-resection is not possible
    • Evidence of perineural or lymphovascular invasion
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients with undetectable viral load and CD4+ T-cell counts >= 350 cells/uL
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL (performed within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL in the absence of transfusion support within 7 days of determining eligibility (performed within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (performed within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min creatinine clearance (performed within 16 days of treatment initiation) (Glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl])

    • Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN OR Except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 x ULN (performed within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3.0 x ULN (performed within 16 days of treatment initiation)
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy at screening and within 24 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication and then every 4 weeks while on treatment. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 5 months after the last dose of study medication. Subjects should agree to ongoing pregnancy testing during the course of the study and after the end of study therapy. Female subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 7 months after the last dose of study therapy. Males must refrain from donating sperm during study participation and for 7 months after the last dose of study medication. Female subject should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 5 months after the last dose of study therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has known distant metastatic MCC
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to any study agents
  • Have received prior immunotherapy with any PD-1/PDL-1 inhibitors or CTLA-4 antibodies at any time in the past
  • Has had prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy for treatment of MCC
  • Has a clinically significant medical condition, which in the judgment of the attending physician would contraindicate immunotherapy or radiotherapy, such as serious autoimmune disease, hypersensitivity to investigational product or any component in its formulations, per Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prescription notice
  • Subjects with prior history of non-Merkel cell carcinoma malignancies are excluded except

    • Adequately treated basal cell, squamous cell skin cancer, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or other indolent malignancies not requiring therapy (ie. active surveillance)
    • Adequately treated malignancies and patient has been in complete remission for at least two years
    • Patients with history of breast cancer and no evidence of disease on hormonal therapy to prevent recurrence
    • Patients with prostate cancer on adjuvant hormonal therapy with undetectable PSA are eligible
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
  • Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of randomization will be excluded. Inhaled or topical steroids are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Has an active infection requiring intravenous systemic therapy
  • Solid organ transplant recipients and patients with concurrent hematological malignancies including thymomas, leukemias (other than CLL) and lymphomas actively undergoing treatment or completed < 5 years prior
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease with uncontrolled arrhythmia, New York Association class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure, history of myocardial infarction within 6 months, or prolonged corrected QT (QTc) > 500 msec
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center 1-800-293-5066 OSUCCCClinicaltrials@osumc.edu
Contact: Rana Roberts rana.roberts@osumc.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03798639
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE OSU-18231
NCI-2018-03329 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
P30CA016058 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Joanne Jeter, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Joanne Jeter
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jeter Joanne, MD Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
PRS Account Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Verification Date October 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP