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CD19.CAR Allogeneic NKT for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies (ANCHOR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03774654
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
The Methodist Hospital System
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Carlos Ramos, Baylor College of Medicine

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 11, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 13, 2018
Last Update Posted Date October 5, 2020
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE April 15, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date April 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 11, 2018)
Dose limiting toxicity (DLT) rate [ Time Frame: 4 weeks post T cell infusion ]
DLT rate is defined as the proportion of subjects with DLT evaluated as per the NCI CTCAE v5.0 with the exception of CRS and neurological toxicities that are related to T-cell infusions. GVHD will be graded according to the BMT CTN Technical Manual of Procedures v3.0.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 11, 2018)
  • Frequency of circulating CD19.CAR-aNKT cells transduced with the vector. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post T cell infusion ]
    The frequency of the infused cells will be summarized at pre- and post-infusion time points to evaluate their expansion and persistence.
  • Overall response rate according to the Lugano criteria for non-Hodgkin lymphomas (for NHL) and the IWG (for CLL), or the proportion of patients with morphologic CR (for ALL). [ Time Frame: 4-6 weeks post T cell infusion ]
    Overall response rate is defined as the proportion of subjects with best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to the Lugano criteria for non-Hodgkin lymphomas (for NHL) and the IWG (for CLL), or the proportion of patients with morphologic CR (for ALL).
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE CD19.CAR Allogeneic NKT for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies (ANCHOR)
Official Title  ICMJE Allogeneic Natural Killer T-Cells Expressing CD19 Specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor and Interleukin-15 in Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies
Brief Summary

This study is for patients who have lymphoma or leukemia that has come back or has not gone away after treatment. Because there is no standard treatment for this cancer, patients are being asked to volunteer for a gene transfer research study using special immune cells.

The body has different ways of fighting infection and disease. No single way seems perfect for fighting cancers. This research study combines two different ways of fighting disease, antibodies and immune cells. Antibodies are types of proteins that protect the body from bacteria and other diseases. Immune cells, also called lymphocytes, are special infection-fighting blood cells that can kill other cells including tumor cells. Both antibodies and lymphocytes have been used to treat patients with cancer. They have shown promise, but have not been strong enough to cure most patients.

The antibody used in this study is called anti-CD19. This antibody sticks to lymphoma cells because of a substance on the outside of the cells called CD19. CD19 antibodies have been used to treat people with lymphoma and leukemia. For this study, the anti-CD19 antibody has been changed so that instead of floating free in the blood it is now joined to the NKT cells, a special type of lymphocytes that can kill tumor cells but not very effectively on their own. When an antibody is joined to a T cell in this way it is called a chimeric receptor. Investigators have also found that NKT cells work better if proteins are added that stimulate lymphocytes, such as one called CD28. Adding the CD28 makes the cells last for a longer time in the body but maybe not long enough for them to be able to kill the lymphoma cells. It is believed that by adding an extra stimulating protein, called IL-15, the cells will have an even better chance of killing the lymphoma cells.

In this study the investigators are going to see if this is true by putting the anti-CD19 chimeric receptor with CD28 and the IL-15 into NKT cells grown from a healthy individual. These cells are called ANCHOR cells. These cells will be infused into patients that have lymphomas or leukemias that have CD19 on their surface. The ANCHOR cells are investigational products not approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

The purpose of this study is to find the biggest dose of ANCHOR cells that is safe, to see how long the ANCHOR cells last, to learn what their side effects are and to see whether this therapy might help people with lymphoma or leukemia.

Detailed Description

Earlier, a healthy donor provided blood to make ANCHOR cells in the laboratory. These cells were grown and frozen for later use. To make the ANCHOR cells, the investigators took the donor blood and stimulated it with growth factors to make the NKT cells grow. To get the CD19 antibody, CD28 and IL-15 into the NKT cells, they were infected with a virus, called a retrovirus. This virus cannot grow and infect other cells, but delivered a new genetic message into the ANCHOR cells that provides the instructions for the cells to make the CD19 antibody, CD28 and IL-15. This new genetic message will also help the investigators to find the ANCHOR cells in the blood after they are injected. Because patients will have received cells with a new gene in them, patients will be followed for a total of 15 years to see if there are any long term side effects of gene transfer.

Patients will be assigned a dose of ANCHOR cells. This is a dose escalation study. This means that at the beginning, patients will be started on the lowest dose of ANCHOR cells. Once that dose schedule proves safe, the next group of patients will be started at a higher dose. This process will continue until all 4 dose levels are studied. If the side effects are too severe, the dose will be lowered or the infusions will be stopped.

In this study, patients will receive treatment with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. These drugs will decrease the numbers of the patients own immune cells before the ANCHOR cells are infused.

The patient will be given an injection of ANCHOR cells into the vein through an IV at the assigned dose. Before receiving the injection, the patient may be given a dose of Benadryl and Tylenol. The injection will take about 20 minutes. The patient will then be monitored in the clinic for up to 2 hours. Certain patients with aggressive lymphomas will need to be admitted to the hospital for the first three days after receiving the cells. Patients will need to stay in Houston for 4 weeks after the ANCHOR cell infusion to monitor them for side effects. Patients will have follow-up visits daily on days 1-10, then weekly at weeks 2, 3, 4, and 6; monthly at months 3, 6, 9, and 12; twice a year for 4 years and then once a year for the next 10 years - for a total of 15 years). Patients will also have scheduled disease evaluations after the ANCHOR cell infusion (at week 4 and then as clinically needed).

The treatment will be given by the Center for Cell and Gene Therapy in Texas Chidren's Hospital or Houston Methodist Hospital.

Medical tests before treatment--

Before being treated, the patient will receive a series of standard medical tests:

  • Physical exam and History
  • Blood tests to measure blood cells, kidney and liver function
  • Measurements of tumor by scans and/or bone marrow studies
  • A urine or serum pregnancy test, when applicable

Medical tests during and after treatment--

Patients will receive standard medical tests when getting the infusions and afterwards. The evaluations that will be done at these visits include:

  • Physical exams and History
  • Blood tests to measure blood cells, kidney and liver function
  • Measurements of the tumor by scans and/or bone marrow studies 4 weeks after the infusion
  • To learn more about the way the ANCHOR cells are working and how long they last in the body, extra blood will be drawn. On the day patients receive the cells, blood will be taken before the cells are given and a few hours afterwards. Other blood will be drawn one week after the infusion, 2 weeks, 3 weeks (optional), 4 weeks, and 6 weeks after the infusion, at 3 months, at 6 months, at 9 months, at 1 year, twice a year for 4 years, then yearly for the next 10 years - for a total of 15 years.

During the time points listed above, if the ANCHOR cells are found in the patient's blood above a certain amount, an extra 5 mL of blood may need to be collected for additional testing.

If the patient has a biopsy of a lymph node, like a repeat tumor or bone marrow study, the investigators may ask to have a piece for research purposes.

Patients will receive supportive care for any acute or chronic toxicities, including blood components or antibiotics, and other intervention as appropriate.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • Refractory B-Cell Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
  • Relapsed Adult ALL
  • Relapsed CLL
  • Relapsed Non Hodgkin Lymphoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Genetic: CD19.CAR-aNKT cells

    Patients will be given the T-cell product by intravenous injection (into the vein through an IV line) at the assigned dose.

    Dose Level 1: 1 x 10^7/m2. Dose Level 2: 3 x 10^7/m2. Dose Level 3: 1 x 10^8/m2. Dose Level 4: 3 x 10^8/m2.

  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Lymphodepletion chemotherapy. Patients will receive 3 daily doses of cyclophosphamide (500mg/m^2/day) finishing at least 24 hours before T-cell infusion. The drug will be given intravenously (through an IV needle).
    Other Name: Cytoxan
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    Lymphodepletion chemotherapy. Patients will receive 3 daily doses of fludarabine (30mg/m^2/day) finishing at least 24 hours before T-cell infusion. The drug will be given intravenously (through an IV needle).
    Other Name: Fludara
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: CD19.CAR-aNKT cells (cohort A, non-ALL)
    This cohort is for patients without refractory/relapsed B-cell NHL or leukemia (ALL). Four dose levels will be evaluated. Patients will also receive lymphodepletion chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine followed by the CD19.CAR-aNKT cell infusion.
    Interventions:
    • Genetic: CD19.CAR-aNKT cells
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Fludarabine
  • Experimental: CD19.CAR-aNKT cells (cohort B, ALL).
    This cohort is for patients with refractory/relapsed B-cell NHL or leukemia (ALL). Four dose levels will be evaluated. Patients will also receive lymphodepletion chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine followed by the CD19.CAR-aNKT cell infusion.
    Interventions:
    • Genetic: CD19.CAR-aNKT cells
    • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: Fludarabine
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 30, 2020)
48
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 11, 2018)
20
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2035
Estimated Primary Completion Date April 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Treatment Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of CD19-positive B-cell lymphoma or leukemia (ALL or CLL).
  2. The disease is:

    Cohort A (non-ALL patients):

    1. Relapsed or refractory after two or more lines of therapy, including a CD20 antibody, if an indolent lymphoma.
    2. Relapsed or refractory after two or more lines of therapy, including ibrutinib and venetoclax, if CLL.
    3. Relapsed or refractory after two or more lines of therapy, including a CD20 antibody and an anthracycline, and the patient is ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation, if an aggressive or highly aggressive lymphoma.

      • Ineligibility for autologous stem cell transplantation includes non-responsive disease after salvage therapy and failure to mobilize stem cells for transplant.

    Cohort B (ALL patients)

    a. Relapsed or refractory after two or more lines of therapy, if ALL.

  3. Measurable disease by current criteria (Lugano criteria for lymphomas, IWG criteria for CLL, and detectable disease for ALL).
  4. Age ≥ 3 and ≤75 years.
  5. Bilirubin < 2 times (3 times if Gilbert syndrome) upper limit of normal
  6. AST less than 5 times the upper limit of normal.
  7. Estimated GFR ≥ 50 mL/min.
  8. Pulse oximetry of ≥ 90% on room air
  9. Karnofsky or Lansky score of ≥ 70.
  10. Recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy based on the enrolling physician's assessment (if some effects of chemotherapy are expected to last long term, patient is eligible if meeting other eligibility criteria).
  11. Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks.
  12. Sexually active patients must be willing to utilize one of the more effective birth control methods during the study and for 6 months after the study is concluded. The male partner should use a condom.
  13. Patients must sign an informed consent indicating that they are aware this is a research study and have been told of its possible benefits and toxic side effects. Patients or their guardians will be given a copy of the consent form.

Treatment Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Currently receiving any investigational agents or received any cellular therapies within the previous 6 weeks.
  2. History of hypersensitivity reactions to murine protein-containing products.
  3. Pregnant or lactating.
  4. Active infection with HIV or HTLV.
  5. Active infection with HBV or HCV.
  6. Uncontrolled active bacterial, fungal or other viral infection.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 3 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Carlos Ramos, MD (832) 824-4817 caramos@bcm.edu
Contact: Anaid Reyes 832-824-3855 Anaid.Reyes@bcm.edu
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03774654
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE H-44526 ANCHOR
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Carlos Ramos, Baylor College of Medicine
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Baylor College of Medicine
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
  • The Methodist Hospital System
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Carlos Ramos, MD Baylor College of Medicine
PRS Account Baylor College of Medicine
Verification Date September 2020

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP