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Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Nicotinamide in Patients With Friedreich Ataxia (NICOFA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03761511
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 3, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 26, 2019
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
RWTH Aachen University

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 27, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 3, 2018
Last Update Posted Date September 26, 2019
Estimated Study Start Date  ICMJE November 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2018)
Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of daily doses of nicotinamide in slowing disease progression as measured by changes in the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) as compared with placebo in patients with Friedreich ataxia. The SARA is a tool for assessing ataxia. It has eight categories with accumulative score ranging from 0 (no ataxia) to 40 (most severe ataxia). When completing the outcome measure each category is assessed and scored accordingly. Scores for the eight items range as follows: Gait (0-8 points), Stance (0-6 points), Sitting (0-4 points) Speech disturbance (0-6 points) Finger chase (0-4 points) Nose-finger test (0-4 points) Fast alternating hand movement (0-4 points) Heel-shin slide (0-4 points) Once each of the 8 categories have been assessed, the total is calculated to determine the severity of ataxia.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03761511 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2018)
  • Progression of quality of life measures via questionnaire EuroQol five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    This is a generic instrument, developed and validated by the EuroQoL Group (1990), in which the patient self-rates in particular his/her health status on a visual analogue scale (VAS); the best score is 100.
  • Modified Friedreich Ataxia Rating Scale (mFARS) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Modified FARS scores are defined as the sum of scores for bulbar function, upper limb coordination, lower limb coordination, and upright stability. The mFARS consists of three subscales, comprising a general score for ataxia, a score for activities of daily living and a neurological examination. The scores can be added to make a total score ranging from 0 to 159. A higher score indicates a greater level of disability.
  • Progression of cerebellar severity measured by `Composite Cerebellar Functional Severity´ (CCFS) score [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    CCFS includes two tests performed with the dominant hand,named the click test and the 9 holes pegboard test (9HPT). An electronic device was created to perform CCFS and to calculate the Z score by subtracting the expected time
  • Clinician's Global Impression-Change Scale (CGI-C) including comparison of change to the last visit [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I) is a 7 point scale that requires the clinician to assess how much the patient's illness has improved or worsened relative to a baseline state at the beginning of the intervention. and rated as: 1. Very much improved; 2. Much improved; 3. Minimally improved; 4. No change; 5. Minimally worse; 6. Much worse; 7. Very much worse
  • Safety issues measured by appearance of AEs/SAEs [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    AEs may be volunteered spontaneously by the patient, or discovered as a result of general non-directed questioning by the study personnel or by physical examination.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Nicotinamide in Patients With Friedreich Ataxia
Official Title  ICMJE A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multicentre Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Nicotinamide in Patients With Friedreich Ataxia
Brief Summary Friedreich ataxia is the most frequent early-onset autosomal recessive hereditary ataxia. It is caused by a pathological expansion of a GAA repeat in the first intron of the frataxin gene (FXN) and results in decreased levels of FXN protein. FXN deficiency results in a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative condition which frequently presents around puberty. Patients gradually lose coordination, become dysarthric and are frequently wheel-chair bound as adolescents. There is no disease modifying therapy and many patients die prematurely of cardiomyopathy. It was subsequently found that the FXN gene is silenced at the chromatin level by the formation of heterochromatin and that this heterochromatin formation can be antagonized by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) (Chan et al., 2013). A recent proof-of-concept clinical study on ten patients with Friedreich ataxia demonstrated that FXN levels can be restored to those seen in asymptomatic carriers using the class III HDACi nicotinamide at a dose that is well tolerated by patients (Libri et al., 2014). Since carriers are asymptomatic, this degree of restoration of FXN expression might be expected to halt disease progression. Nicotinamide readily crosses the blood brain barrier and has previously been given at high doses for long periods to normal individuals without serious adverse effects (Gale et al., 2004; Knip et al., 2000). This study will be the first to provide clinical evidence for the efficacy and safety of nicotinamide in patients with Friedreich´s ataxia.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Friedreich Ataxia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Nicotinamide
    Nicotinamide 4 g (capsules) or highest tolerated dose with a minimum of 2 g/d per os once daily
  • Drug: Placebo
    Matching Placebo (capsules) once daily
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Treatment arm
    Nicotinamide 4 g (capsules) or highest tolerated dose with a minimum of 2 g/d per os once daily
    Intervention: Drug: Nicotinamide
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo arm
    Matching Placebo (capsules) once daily
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Not yet recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 29, 2018)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a molecular genetic diagnosis of Friedreich ataxia with a GAA- repeat expansion on both alleles of the FXN gene and a SARA Score >7 and <28 and age <50 years.
  • Patients must be ≥18 years old and have a weight of at least 50kg.
  • Written informed consent prior to study participation
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of: Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea or of childbearing potential and agrees to

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with any medical condition or illness that, in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with study compliance and/or impair the patient´s ability to participate or complete the study.
  • Any uncontrolled medical or neurological/neurodegenerative condition (other than Friedreich ataxia).
  • Clinically significant psychiatric illness (e.g., uncontrolled major depression, schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder) within 6 months prior to screening.
  • Patients with significant clinical dysphagia.
  • Hypersensitivity to nicotinamide.
  • Patients known to be positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Patients with a significant history of substance abuse (e.g. alcohol or drug abuse) within the previous six months before enrolment.
  • Patients with a history of severe allergies to medications.
  • Indication of impaired liver function as shown by an abnormal liver function profile at screening (e.g., repeated values of aspartate aminotransferase [AST], alanine aminotransferase [ALT] and bilirubin ≥3 × the upper limit of normal).
  • History of malignancy or carcinoma. The following exceptions may be made after discussion with the Sponsor:

    • Subjects with cancers in remission more than 5 years prior to screening.
    • Subjects with a history of excised or treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma.
    • Subjects with prostate cancer in situ.
  • History or evidence of an autoimmune disorder considered clinically significant by the Investigator or requiring chronic use of systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppressants.
  • The subject has a history of any other illness, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, might pose an unacceptable risk by administering study medication.
  • History of clinically significant cardiac disease (ejection fraction < 40% [normal range 50-70%], cardiac insufficiency defined as New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class >2; clinically significant congenital or acquired valvular disease; symptomatic coronary disease such as prior myocardial infarction or angina, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level increase more than 2 x of the normal age- and gender dependent range; history of unstable arrhythmias, history of atrial fibrillation).
  • The subject received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to inclusion into this study.
  • Patients taking sodium valproate, tranylcypromine or any other known histone deacetylase inhibitor.
  • Use of vitamin B1 (thiamine), withdrawal should be at least 3 months prior screening or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer.
  • Use of vitamin B3 (nicotinamide), withdrawal should be at least 3 months prior screening.
  • If patients are taking idebenone or coenzyme Q10 (CoQ), this should be stable over the last three months and not changed during the study.
  • The subject is unwilling or unable to provide written informed consent and to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol.
  • For subjects who will undergo an MRI: Any contraindications to MRI such as, but not limited to cardiac pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator, aneurysm clips, carotid artery vascular clamp, neurostimulator, implanted drug infusion devices, metal fragments or foreign objects in the eyes, skin or body, bone growth/fusion stimulator, cochlear, otologic implant, severe claustrophobia or any condition that would counterindicate an MRI scan.
  • Patients participating at start or have been within 30 days before start of study in another pharmacological and non-pharmacological clinical trial, excluding natural history / observational studies.
  • The subject is mentally or legally incapacitated.
  • Pregnant females as determined by positive [serum or urine] hCG test at Screening or prior to dosing. Participants of child-bearing age should use adequate contraception as defined in the study protocol.
  • Lactating females.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Austria,   France,   Germany,   Italy,   Spain,   United Kingdom
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03761511
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 15-138
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: The study results will be published in appropriate international scientific journals, and publishing details will be given in the clinical study agreement. The study will be registered and study results will be disclosed by the principal investigator in one or more public clinical study registry(ies), according to national/international use.
Responsible Party RWTH Aachen University
Study Sponsor  ICMJE RWTH Aachen University
Collaborators  ICMJE Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account RWTH Aachen University
Verification Date September 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP