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Proof of Concept Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of MIJ821 in Patients With Treatment-resistant Depression

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03756129
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 28, 2018
Results First Posted : May 19, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 8, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 13, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 28, 2018
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 15, 2021
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE May 19, 2021
Last Update Posted Date October 8, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE February 8, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date March 23, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 26, 2021)
Change From Baseline in the Total Score of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at 24 Hrs [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 24 hours ]
Efficacy. To assess change from baseline in the total MADRS score. The efficacy of MIJ821 in treatment-resistant depression will be compared to the placebo after single dose administration. MADRS is a clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity and detects changes due to antidepressant treatment: the test consists of 10 items, each of which is scored from 0 (item not present or normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of the symptoms), for a total possible score of 60. Higher scores represent a more severe condition.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2018)
Total score of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: 24 hours ]
Efficacy. To assess change from baseline in the total MADRS score. The efficacy of MIJ821 in treatment-resistant depression will be compared to the placebo after single dose administration.
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 1, 2021)
  • Change From Baseline in the Total Score of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at 48 Hrs [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 48 hours ]
    Efficacy. To assess change from baseline in the total MADRS score. The efficacy of MIJ821 in treatment-resistant depression will be compared to the placebo after single dose administration. MADRS is a clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity and detects changes due to antidepressant treatment: the test consists of 10 items, each of which is scored from 0 (item not present or normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of the symptoms), for a total possible score of 60. Higher scores represent a more severe condition.
  • Change From Baseline in the Total Score of the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) at Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at Week 6 ]
    Efficacy. To assess change from baseline in the total MADRS score. The efficacy of MIJ821 in treatment-resistant depression will be compared to the placebo after single dose administration. MADRS is a clinician-rated scale designed to measure depression severity and detects changes due to antidepressant treatment: the test consists of 10 items, each of which is scored from 0 (item not present or normal) to 6 (severe or continuous presence of the symptoms), for a total possible score of 60. Higher scores represent a more severe condition.
  • Change From Baseline in the Young Mania Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 hours, and 6 weeks (day 43) ]
    To assess risk of mania induction. The Young Mania Rating Scale has 11 items and is based on the patient's subjective report of his/her clinical condition over the previous 48 hours. There are 4 items that are scored from 0 to 8 (irritability, speech, thought content, and disruptive/aggressive behavior) and the remaining items are scored from 0 to 4. Higher scores indicate more severe mania. The total clinical score was calculated as the summation of the individual subscale scores. The maximum for the total YMRS score is 60. The range is 0 to 60 with the higher score indicating more severe symptoms.
  • Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 hours, 48 hours and 6 weeks (Day 43) ]
    To assess efficacy in the melancholic subtype of depression. Depression scales are used primarily to measure changes, for example, to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with antidepressants. The Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale (BRMS) is a frequently used clinician rating scale to assess the severity of depression over the past 3 days. Each of the 11 BRMS items is operationally defined on a five-point scale (0-4); hence, the total score ranges from 0 to 44, higher scores indicating greater severity of depression.
  • PK Properties of MIJ821 in Plasma - Cmax (ng/mL) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    To assess MIJ821 pharmacokinetics in plasma described by Cmax. A single, sparse PK measurement was taken on Day 1.
  • PK Properties of MIJ821 in Plasma - Tmax (ng/mL) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    To assess MIJ821 pharmacokinetics in plasma described by Tmax. A single, sparse PK measurement was taken on Day 1.
  • PK Properties of MIJ821 in Plasma - AUClast (h*ng/mL) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    To assess MIJ821 pharmacokinetics in plasma described by AUClast (h*ng/mL). A single, sparse PK measurement was taken on Day 1.
  • PK Properties of MIJ821 in Plasma - AUC0-24h (h*ng/mL) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    To assess MIJ821 pharmacokinetics in plasma described by AUC0-24h (h*ng/mL). A single, sparse PK measurement was taken on Day 1.
  • Change From Baseline in the CORE Melancholia Total Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 hours, 48 hrs, and 6 weeks (day 43) ]
    To assess efficacy in melancholic subtype of depression. This scale is an 18 item scale, with a 6 item component capturing cognitive impairment and two motoric scales capturing psychomotor retardation (7 items) and psychomotor agitation (5 items). A cut-off score of 8 or more has been shown to ifferentiate melancholic from non-melancholic depression, with higher scores representing a greater probability of melancholic depression. (Parker and McCraw 2017). The total clinical score was calculated as the summation of the individual subscale scores. The maximum for the total CORE Melancholia score is 54. The range is 0 to 54 with the higher score indicating more severe symptoms.
  • Summary of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Adverse events were reported from first dose of study treatment until end of study treatment plus 30 post treatment, up to a maximum duration of 66 days. ]
    Summary of Adverse Events
  • Clinician-Administered Dissociative States Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks (Day 43) ]
    To assess safety and tolerability, especially dissociative side effects. The Clinical-Administered Dissociative States Scale (CADSS) is a questionnaire that assesses dissociative effects. Each item is scored from 0 to 4 and individual scores are to be summed to obtain a total score ranging from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 80. Higher scores represent a more severe condition.
  • Change From Baseline in the Dissociative Experiences Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 hours, 48 hrs, and 6 weeks (day 43) ]
    The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) consists of twenty-eight questions about experiences the subject has experienced in his/her daily life. The subject determines to what degree he/she has been facing the situation by selecting a percentage from 0% (never) to 100% (always), with 10% increments in between. Higher scores mean higher severity.
  • Sheehan Suicidality Tracking Scale - (SSTS) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks (Day 43) ]
    Sheehan suicidality tracking scale(S-STS) is a fourteen-item (up to 22) scale. Each item in the S-STS is scored on a 5-point Likert scale (0=not at all, 1= a little, 2=moderately, 3=very, and 4=extremely). Data from the S-STS will be analyzed as individual item scores, suicidal ideation subscale score (sum of scores from items 2, 3 and 4, plus score from item 5 if ≤1), suicidal behavior subscale score (sum of scores from items 6, 7a and 8, plus score from item 5 if >1). Higher scores represent a more severe condition.
  • Percentage of Participants With Treatment Remissions (MADRS<7) [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks (Day 43) ]
    Percentage of Participants with treatment remissions as assessed via (MADRS<7)
  • Change From Baseline in the Total Hamilton Anxiety Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 6 weeks (day 43) ]
    The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) measures psychic anxiety and somatic anxiety symptoms based on a clinical assessment and patient interview. The scale has 14 items, with each item rated from 0-4, ranging from not present to very severe. A maximum score of 56 indicates the most severe case. (Hamilton 1959).
  • Summary Statistics of Total Hamilton Anxiety Scale - Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at week 6 (Day 43) ]
    The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) measures psychic anxiety and somatic anxiety symptoms based on a clinical assessment and patient interview. The scale has 14 items, with each item rated from 0-4, ranging from not present to very severe. A maximum score of 56 indicates the most severe case. (Hamilton 1959).
  • Change From Baseline in the Total Koukopoulos Mixed Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, 24 hours, 48 hrs, and 6 weeks (day 43) ]
    The Koukopoulos Mixed Depression Rating Scale (KMDRS) assesses the excitatory or mixed nature in patients suffering from a Major Depressive Episode (MDE) as defined by DSM-5 criteria. This scale is meant to be used in conjunction with another scale that assess typical depression and anxiety symptoms. The scale contains 14 items to be evaluated by clinical assessment and patient interview on symptoms potentially experienced over the past week. Overall score increases with severity of symptoms and has a maximum score of 51. (Sani et al 2018).
  • Responders (>50% Improvement in Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale) and Melancholia and Mixed Depression Checklist Factor. [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks (Day 43) ]
    Percentage of Participants who responded. The first mixed depression checklist, created by Koukopoulos, has 8 criteria, which are marked as present or absent. If 3 or more criteria are marked present, then mixed depression would be diagnosed. The second mixed depression checklist, created by Angst, lists the 7 criteria for mania from DSM-5, which are marked as present or absent. If 3 or more criteria are marked present, excluding any duration criterion, then mixed depression would be diagnosed. The melancholia checklist, created by Ghaemi for this study, has 4 criteria, which are marked as present or absent. If 3 or more criteria are marked present, then melancholia would be diagnosed.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2018)
  • Young Mania rating Scale [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours and 6 weeks ]
    To assess risk of mania induction
  • Bech-Rafaelsen melancholia scale [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours and 6 weeks ]
    To assess efficacy in the melancholic subtype of depression
  • Clinician-Administered Dissociative States Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 24 hours, 48 hours and 6 weeks ]
    To assess safety and tolerability, especially dissociative side effects
  • Dissociative Experiences Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 24 hours, 48 hours and 6 weeks ]
    To assess safety and tolerability, especially dissociative side effects
  • Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: Score at 6 weeks ]
    To assess most effective dose and dosing regimen
  • PK properties of MIJ821 in plasma [ Time Frame: 0 hour, 40 minutes, 4 hours, 48 hours, 29 days (pre-dose and post-dose) ]
    To assess MIJ821 pharmacokinetics in plasma described by AUClast, Cmax, Tmax
  • Sheehan Suicidality Tracking Scale [ Time Frame: Changes from baseline at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks ]
    To assess impact of MIJ821 on suicidality
  • Percentage of treatment response. [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks. ]
    To assess efficacy of MIJ821 on measures of response (defined as >50% improvement in MADRS)
  • Percentage of treatment remission [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks. ]
    To assess efficacy of MIJ821 on measures of remission (MADRS<7), CGI-S and CGI-I scores
  • Koukopoulos Mixed Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks ]
    To assess efficacy of MIJ821 for mixed mood symptoms
  • Hamilton Anxiety Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks ]
    To assess efficacy of MIJ821 for anxiety symptoms
  • Regression model effect size (odds ratio) for Hamilton Anxiety Scale as a predictor and MADRS treatment response as the outcome [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks ]
    To assess the impact of anxiety as predictor of treatment response to MIJ821
  • Regression model effect size (odds ratio) for Bech Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale as a predictor and MADRS treatment response as the outcome [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks ]
    To assess the impact of Melancholia as predictor of treatment response to MIJ821
  • Regression model effect size (odds ratio) for Koukopoulos Mixed Depression Rating Scale as a predictor and MADRS treatment response as the outcome [ Time Frame: 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 weeks ]
    To assess the impact of Mixed Mood symptoms as predictor of treatment response to MIJ821
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Proof of Concept Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of MIJ821 in Patients With Treatment-resistant Depression
Official Title  ICMJE A Multi-center, Randomized, subject-and Investigator Blinded, Placebo-controlled, Active Comparator, Parallel-group Proof of Concept Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics of MIJ821 in Patients With Treatment-resistant Depression
Brief Summary This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the compound MIJ821 compared to placebo in patients aged from 18 to 65 years diagnosed with treatment-resistant depression. The study was conducted in the US and in Europe (Spain). The MIJ821 was administered via infusion on a weekly or bi-weekly basis. The efficacy was measured after 24 hours using a specific golden standard scale, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale. The study duration was 6 weeks of treatment plus 1 month of follow up period.
Detailed Description This was a non-confirmatory, multi-center, 6-treatment arm in European (Spain) and 5-treatment arm in the US (no ketamine arm), randomized, subject and investigator blinded, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study in patients with treatment-resistant depression. The total duration for each subject in the study was maximum 14 weeks: a screening period of maximum 4 weeks, a 36-day treatment period and a 5-week follow-up period.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
This is a non-confirmatory, multi-center, 6-treatment arm in the EU countries and 5-treatment arm in the USA (no ketamine arm), randomized, subject and investigator blinded, parallel group, placebo controlled study in treatment-resistant depression patients. The study allows for the inclusion of subjects seeking treatment for their disease from both an 'inpatient' or 'outpatient' clinic setting.
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: MIJ821
    Different dosages and different regimen for MIJ821
  • Drug: Placebo
    Infusion
  • Drug: Ketamine
    Infusion
    Other Name: Ketamine dose to be capped at 40 mg/day for patients over 80 kg
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: MIJ821 low dose weekly
    Infusion. MIJ821 low dose weekly - 0.16 mg/kg
    Intervention: Drug: MIJ821
  • Experimental: MIJ821 low dose bi-weekly
    Infusion. MIJ821 low dose bi-weekly - 0.16 mg/kg
    Intervention: Drug: MIJ821
  • Experimental: MIJ821 high dose weekly
    Infusion. MIJ821 high dose weekly - 0.32 mg/kg
    Intervention: Drug: MIJ821
  • Experimental: MIJ821 high dose bi-weekly
    Infusion. MIJ821 high dose bi-weekly - 0.32 mg/kg
    Intervention: Drug: MIJ821
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo weekly
    Infusion. Placebo weekly
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Active Comparator: Ketamine 0.5 mg/kg weekly
    Infusion. Ketamine 0.5 mg/kg weekly
    Intervention: Drug: Ketamine
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 26, 2021)
70
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 26, 2018)
66
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 23, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date March 23, 2020   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed informed consent.
  • Male and female subjects, 18 to 65 years of age (inclusive) at screening.
  • SCID-based DSM-5 defined major depressive episode at the time of screening
  • Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) score ≥ 24 at screening and baseline
  • Failure to respond to two or more antidepressant treatments, where two failed treatments are of two different antidepressants and at least one of which is in the current depressive episode, with adequate dose and duration (≥ 8 weeks duration, doses defined per agent), as identified by the Maudsley Treatment Inventory, and prior psychiatric history, assessed by the investigator, and further documented by medical records and/or third party report (family, friends, clinician-treaters) where available
  • If patients are taking any type of psychotropic drugs, a stable dose of psychotropic drugs at screening is defined as no changes in dose or type of antidepressants, antipsychotics, or mood stabilizers for at least 2 weeks prior to screening, if applicable.
  • No new antidepressant initiated 4 weeks or less before baseline, and 6 weeks or less before baseline if subject is initiated on fluoxetine
  • At least one prior clinical depressive episode (recurrent major depressive disorder), as identified by prior psychiatric history assessed by the investigator, and further documented by medical records and third party report (family, friends, clinician-treaters) where available.
  • Able to communicate well, and to understand and comply with study requirements

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any current diagnosis of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder at screening.
  • Current alcohol or substance use disorder (including marijuana and prescribed amphetamine)) meeting DSM-5 criteria, within the past month at baseline. Nicotine and caffeine use disorders will not be considered as exclusionary.
  • Prior suicidality caused by or associated with ketamine, as identified by prior psychiatric history assessed by the investigator, and augmented by medical records and third party report (family, friends, clinician-treaters) where available.
  • Acute serious and/or imminent suicidal ideation and/or intent within the prior 2 weeks, or any suicide attempt within the prior 4 weeks at screening. Mild to moderate suicidal ideation, using the Sheehan Suicidal Ideation Scale and not meeting the above definition, is not an exclusion criterion.
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 30 days or 5 half-lives of randomization, whichever was longer; or longer if required by local regulations at baseline
  • Current pregnancy or lactation.
  • Positive HIV, Hepatitis B or C test.
  • Resting QTcF ≥450 msec (male) or ≥460 msec (female) at pre-treatment baseline
  • History of multiple and recurring allergies or allergy to the investigational compound/compound class being used in this study.
  • History of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in-situ cervical cancer), treated or untreated, within the past 3 years, regardless of whether there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases.
  • Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 1 week after stopping of investigational drug.
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the study treatments or excipients or to drugs similar to chemical classes that affect NMDA receptor.
  • Current diagnosis of borderline personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder, based on DSM-5 criteria.
  • Current acute depressive episode lasting longer than two years continuously, defined as no two week or longer period where depressive symptoms are subsyndromal in severity for a full DSM-5 acute major depressive episode.
  • Considered by the investigator, for any other reason, to be an unsuitable candidate for the study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Spain,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03756129
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CMIJ821X2201
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com.

URL: https://www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com/
Responsible Party Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Novartis
Verification Date October 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP