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A Phase 1 Study of HLX20, a Human Monoclonal Antibody Targeting PD-L1Protein in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors (HLX20)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03588650
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 17, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 3, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shanghai Henlius Biotech

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE June 22, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE July 17, 2018
Last Update Posted Date June 3, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE August 7, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date June 28, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 4, 2018)
Maximum tolerated dose of HLX20 in solid tumors patients [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
The target toxicity rate in this study for the MTD is set at 0.3 ( 30% DLT) identified by an adaptive Bayesian dose-finding design .
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 4, 2018)
  • Maximum serum concentration (Cmax) of HLX20. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Minimum serum concentration (Cmin) of HLX20. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Area under serum concentration-time curve within one dosing interval (AUC0-tau) of HLX20. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Terminal elimination half-life (T1/2) of HLX20 in different cohorts [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Clearance rate (CL) of HLX20 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Volume of distribution at steady state (Vss) of HLX20. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  • Immunogenicity [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The presence and percentage of anti-HLX20 antibody
  • Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Number of patients with complete response/partial response/stable disease divided by the total number of patients treated
  • Overall response rate (ORR). [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Number of patients with confirmed complete or partial response, divided by the total number of treated patients with measurable disease at baseline
  • Receptor occupancy of PD-L1 on human T-cells. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Phase 1 Study of HLX20, a Human Monoclonal Antibody Targeting PD-L1Protein in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Official Title  ICMJE A Phase 1 Study of HLX20, a Human Monoclonal Antibody Targeting Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Protein in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors
Brief Summary This is an open-label, dose escalation, first-in-human study of HLX20, an anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody, in patients with metastatic or recurrent solid tumors who have failed standard therapy.
Detailed Description

Tumor microenvironment plays an important role in the interaction of immune cells with cancer . The identification of programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) have provided the scientific rationale and supports the clinical development of agents targeting this pathway. Currently, PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitory pathway blockade has demonstrated impressive activity against a spectrum of multiple tumor types, including Hodgkin's lymphoma, melanoma, bladder cancer, lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma.

HLX20 is a novel anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibody. In the nonclinical pharmacology studies, HLX20 has demonstrated anti-tumor activities in xenogenic animal models comparable to currently available anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies. HLX20 binds to PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitory pathway and human PD-L1 at high affinity, and mouse PD-L1 at much lower affinity. HLX20 does not cause hemolysis to human red blood cells and has no local irritation to human tissues. (The results of pharmacokinetic (PK)/toxicokinetic studies in cynomolgus studies have been described in detail in the Investigator's Brochure.)The no-observable adverse effect level (NOAEL) is set at 100 mg/kg every 2 weeks for 13 weeks in cynomolgus studies.

Based on these results, the initial dose 1 mg/kg every 2 weeks was chosen for this study .This dose level is approximately 30-fold lower than the human equivalent dose of NOAEL from preclinical toxicology studies. An adaptive Bayesian dose-finding design will be used to identify the MTD (maximum tolerated dose). The target toxicity rate for the MTD is set at 0.3 and the maximum sample size is 30.The safety profiles at different dose levels, PK parameters, biomarkers, pharmacodynamic markers, immunogenicity as well as the preliminary efficacy of the drug, will also be investigated in this study.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Advanced Solid Tumors
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: HLX20
a Human Monoclonal Antibody Targeting Programmed Death Ligand-1 (PD-L1) Protein
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: HLX20, in patients with solid tumors
Each cycle of treatment consists of 4 weeks. Patients who enroll into this study will receive an infusion of assigned dose of HLX20 once every two weeks. No intra-patient dose escalation is allowed. The proposed dose escalation sequence is 1, 3, 10 and 20 mg/kg, starting from 1 mg/kg.
Intervention: Drug: HLX20
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 1, 2022)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 4, 2018)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 28, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date June 28, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or females of 18 years of age or older (or per local regulations).
  2. Have histologically-proven measurable, or evaluable advanced (systemically or locally progressive), or metastatic solid tumors or the locally advanced disease is not amenable to local therapy, who have failed, or are intolerant to standard therapy or for whom no standard therapy is available. (For patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, the diagnosis needs to be supported by dynamic computed tomography [CT]/magnetic resonance imaging, if pathological confirmation is not attainable).
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of ≤ 2 at the time of study entry.
  4. Able to comprehend and provide informed consent.
  5. A life expectancy longer than 3 months in the opinion of the Investigator.
  6. Adequate hematologic functions, as defined by: absolute neutrophil counts

    ≥ 1500/mm3; a hemoglobin level ≥ 10 g/dL; a platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3.

  7. Adequate hepatic function defined by: a total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 × of upper limit of normal (ULN); aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels ≤ 2.5 × ULN or ≤ 5 × ULN in known hepatic metastases or with primary hepatocellular carcinoma.
  8. Adequate renal function, as defined by the creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/minute (as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula).
  9. Adequate cardiac function defined as left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50% by cardiac ultrasound or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan. A recent MUGA scan is acceptable if performed within 8 weeks of the first infusion of IP.
  10. Females of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test upon entry into this study and must be willing to use highly effective birth control upon enrollment, during the Treatment Phase and for 180 days following the last dose of study drug. A female is considered of child-bearing potential following menarche and until becoming postmenopausal (no menstrual period for a minimum of 12 months) unless permanently sterile (undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy).
  11. If male, must be surgically sterile or willing to use highly effective birth control upon enrollment, during the Treatment Phase, and for 180 days following the last dose of study drug.
  12. History of prior major surgery, prior cytotoxic chemotherapy, or prior therapy with investigational agents, medical device, or local radiotherapy should be at least 28 days prior to Screening and at least 42 days from the last infusion of immune check point inhibitors (including anti-programmed cell death receptor-1 [PD-1] or anti-PD-L1) before the first infusion of IP.
  13. Child-Pugh score of A (patients with hepatocellular carcinoma only).
  14. Able to be followed up as required by the study protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Persistent ≥ Grade 2 toxicities from prior therapies, with the exception of alopecia of any grade, Grade ≤ 2 peripheral neuropathy, and laboratory values listed per the inclusion criteria.
  2. Concurrent unstable or uncontrolled medical conditions, including:

    • Active systemic infections;
    • Poorly controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mmHg), or poor compliance with antihypertensive agents;
    • Clinically significant arrhythmia, unstable angina pectoris, congestive heart failure (Class III or IV of New York Heart Association) or acute myocardial infarction within 6 months;
    • Uncontrolled diabetes or poor compliance with hypoglycemic agents;
    • The presence of chronically unhealed wound or ulcers;
    • Other chronic diseases, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, could compromise safety of the patient or the integrity of the study.
  3. Newly-diagnosed or symptomatic brain metastases (patients with a history of brain metastases must have received definitive surgery or radiotherapy, be clinically stable, and not be taking steroids for brain edema). Anticonvulsants are allowed. Patients with history of leptomeningeal disease will be excluded.
  4. Any concurrent malignancy other than basal cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. (Patients with a previous malignancy but without evidence of disease for ≥ 3 years are allowed to participate).
  5. Females who are pregnant, lactating, or intend to become pregnant during their participation in this study.
  6. Known history of human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  7. Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis with the exception of diverticulosis, celiac disease, irritable bowel disease, Wegner syndrome) within the past 2 years. Patients with well controlled vitiligo, alopecia, and Grave's disease, hypothyroidism (eg, following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 3 years), or patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus who are on a stable insulin regimen are not excluded.
  8. Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose. The following are exceptions to this criterion:

    • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids or local steroid injections (eg, intra-articular injection), OR
    • systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent, OR
    • steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (eg, CT scan premedication).
  9. History of primary immunodeficiency or allogeneic transplantation.
  10. Active hepatitis B (HBsAg reactive). Active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, defined as having a positive HCV antibody test followed by a positive HCV RNA test at Screening.
  11. History of interstitial lung disease.
  12. Receipt of live attenuated vaccines within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP. Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live or live attenuated vaccines during the study and for 30 days after the last dose of IP.
  13. The patient is the Investigator, sub-investigator or anyone directly involved in the conduct of the study.
  14. History or current evidence of any condition or disease that could confound the results of the study or, in the opinion of Investigator, is not in the best interest of the patient to participate.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Australia
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03588650
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE HLX20-001
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Current Responsible Party Shanghai Henlius Biotech
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Shanghai Henlius Biotech
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE Not Provided
PRS Account Shanghai Henlius Biotech
Verification Date June 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP