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IMPROVE AKI Cluster-Randomized Trial (IMPROVE-AKI)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03556293
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : June 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 4, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Vanderbilt University
University of Vermont
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeremiah R. Brown, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 30, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE June 14, 2018
Last Update Posted Date February 4, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE September 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 12, 2018)
Acute Kidney Injury [ Time Frame: within 48-hours of the procedure or within 7-days for in-patients, or onset of dialysis within 7-days ]
AKI defined by ≥0.30 (mg/dL) or ≥50% increase in serum creatinine over baseline within 48-hours of the procedure or within 7-days for in-patients, or onset of dialysis within 7-days.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 12, 2018)
Sustainability Measure [ Time Frame: 12 to 18 months after active interventions ]
Sustainability Measure: sites will demonstrate sustained implementation if all 3 core interventions are reported to be in place (1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and Oral Fluids; and 3. Efforts to reduced contrast volume).
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE IMPROVE AKI Cluster-Randomized Trial
Official Title  ICMJE IMPROVE AKI: A Cluster-Randomized Trial of Team-Based Coaching Interventions to IMPROVE Acute Kidney Injury
Brief Summary When a person has an imaging procedure that uses radio-contrast dye, there is a possibility of damage to that person's kidneys, which could result in being on dialysis or early death. The investigators are testing novel coaching and automated tools to help healthcare teams apply approaches that have been shown to prevent damage to kidneys during a cardiac catheterization procedure. The results of our study will help inform health care leaders on how to implement low-cost preventive strategies through team-based coaching and surveillance reporting for kidney injury and other patient safety priorities to every hospital in the United States.
Detailed Description The investigators propose to test the implementation of evidence-based preventive interventions through a Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) with and without the novel use Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR) intervention to change clinical practice and improve patient safety in common diagnostic procedures. Over 2 million people in the United States undergo diagnostic or interventional cardiac catheterization each year. Acute kidney injury (AKI), a patient safety metric set by the National Quality Forum, occurs in up to 14% of all patients following a procedure and up to 50% in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD), making AKI the most prevalent adverse event. Patients developing AKI have an increased risk of serious adverse events. There are widely accepted interventions to prevent AKI in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Our research team has demonstrated AKI can be prevented in 28% of patients with CKD through a large regional pilot. Our team has already developed ASR techniques for AKI nationally within the Veterans' Administration. Based on our own preliminary studies, the investigators hypothesize the incorporation of an automated plug-in ASR toolkit to provide near-realtime feedback to front-line care teams will significantly augment both VLC and Technical Assistance (TA) interventions in implementation trials. Our objective is to conduct a national randomized clinical trial testing the use of VLC or TA with or without a plug-in ASR toolkit to determine if ASR significantly improves outcomes for patients undergoing procedures with contrast dye to overcome the inconsistent application of known ways to prevent AKI. The rationale underlying the project is that ASR could prove to be a plug-in vehicle to improve patient endpoints in evidence-based preventive interventions in common diagnostic procedures. The investigators plan to test our hypothesis through the following specific aims in a 2x2 factorial cluster-randomized trial. For all aims, 16 hospitals will be randomized to receive one of the following interventions for 18-months: A) Technical Assistance (TA); B) Technical Assistance with Automated Surveillance Reporting (TA+ASR); C) Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) with team-based coaching (VLC); and D) Virtual Learning Collaborative with Automated Surveillance Reporting (VLC+ASR). Specific Aim 1: Compare the efficacy of a VLC and/or ASR compared to TA to reduce the incidence of AKI. Specific Aim 2: Evaluate the sustained efficacy of VLC and/or ASR to reduce the incidence of AKI following the intervention period. The interventions proposed use novel interactive video coaching sessions and ASR as low-cost scalable implementation strategies to prevent a clinical endpoint (AKI). Eighteen hospitals have agreed to participate and be randomized. The investigators expect the impact of a plug-in ASR to augment evidence based preventive interventions and VLC could significantly improve the consistent application of these interventions and implementation trials. In our opinion, our study will open the door to a new paradigm of implementation science seeking to continuously improve health care.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
2x2 factorial cluster randomized trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE Acute Kidney Injury
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
    AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.
  • Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
    Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 8 teams randomized to the TA condition and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently. TA arms will include TA with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).
  • Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
    Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 8 teams and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign). VLC arms will include VLC with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).
  • Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
    Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR). Intervention: The ASR will be offered to 8 teams. In addition to either TA or VLC, ASR teams will receive automated monthly reports in the form of an dashboard focused on AKI outcome and preventative measures overtime. The ASR report will be customized to each team and each individual operator and linked to their national VA-CART registry.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Technical Assistance (No ASR)
    Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 4 teams randomized to the TA condition without automated surveillance reporting and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently
    Interventions:
    • Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
    • Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
  • Active Comparator: Virtual Learning Collaborative (No ASR)
    Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 4 teams without automated surveillance reportingand will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign).
    Interventions:
    • Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
    • Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
  • Active Comparator: Technical Assistance with ASR
    Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 4 teams randomized to the TA condition with automated surveillance reporting (ASR) and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently and monthly ASR dashboard.
    Interventions:
    • Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
    • Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
    • Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
  • Active Comparator: Virtual Learning Collaborative with ASR
    Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 4 teams with automated surveillance reporting (ASR) and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites with the and monthly ASR dashboard. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign).
    Interventions:
    • Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
    • Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
    • Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Active, not recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: June 12, 2018)
10576
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 31, 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date October 31, 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • VA Site Inclusion Criteria: All VA medical centers with a cardiac catheterization laboratory are eligible, and all catheterization operators at a site are included.
  • Patient Inclusion Criteria: Among these sites, only patients aged 18 or greater with pre-existing CKD who undergo diagnostic coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI or angioplasty) will be enrolled in the trial. CKD will be determined by a pre-existing CKD diagnosis in the VA medical record, or by two or more estimated glomerular filtration rates <60 (ml/min/1.73 m2) at least 90-days apart prior to presentation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient Exclusion Criteria: Patients with a history of dialysis (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis), under the age of 18, or no evidence of pre-existing CKD will be excluded. Cardiac catheterization (also referred to as coronary angiography) is defined as a procedure in which a catheter is inserted into the femoral or radial artery and is threaded to the cardiac vasculature where radio-contrast dye is administered and a series of x-rays obtained in order to visualize the coronary arterial anatomy. PCI is when a clinical intervention is then performed to address any treatable pathology that is found.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03556293
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE D18114
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Tools (data, software, libraries, research tools, etc.) will be made available to all researchers in both the private and public sector free or for a nominal charge and with minimal restriction. An analytic program file used to produce the analyses and a de-identified dataset will be made available to third parties within the VA system to conduct confirmatory analyses for the proposed specific aims. All parties must be in compliance with VA regulations and access. All analytic program files (code) and results will be reported in supplementary appendixes for all publications.
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Supporting Materials: Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Supporting Materials: Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Supporting Materials: Analytic Code
Time Frame: Immediately following publication and contingent on third party access to VA data and regulations.
Access Criteria: contingent on third party access to VA data and regulations
Current Responsible Party Jeremiah R. Brown, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • Vanderbilt University
  • University of Vermont
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jeremiah R Brown, PhD Dartmouth College
PRS Account Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Verification Date February 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP