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Cognitive Rehabilitation (Mega Team) and Its Effects on Emotional and Behavioral Regulation in ADHD, ASD, and CHD

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03502239
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 18, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
SPOR CHILD-BRIGHT Network
Ehave
The Governors of the University of Alberta
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jennifer Crosbie, The Hospital for Sick Children

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 12, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 18, 2018
Last Update Posted Date February 3, 2021
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE May 26, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2018)
  • Change in Response Inhibition [ Time Frame: Baseline, Post-training study visit #1 (4-5 weeks after baseline), Post-training study visit #2 (6 months after baseline) ]
    Inhibitory control will be measured using the Stop Signal Task (SST). The SST measures the ability to cancel an already initiated motor response. The primary outcome measure will be the participants' average stop signal reaction time (SSRT).
  • Change in Working Memory [ Time Frame: Baseline, Post-training study visit #1 (4-5 weeks after baseline), Post-training study visit #2 (6 months after baseline) ]
    Verbal and Spatial N-back (1, 2 conditions) will be used to assess central executive working memory. The N-Back task requires on-line monitoring, updating, and manipulation of information and measures key processes within working memory. In the N-Back task, the participant is required to monitor a series of stimuli and to respond whenever a stimulus is presented that is the same as the one presented n trials previously, where n is a pre-specified integer, usually 0, 1, or 2. The current study will use letters (verbal) and spatial location (spatial) paradigms. Visual and spatial working memory span will be assessed using the Spatial Span subtest and the Digit Span item from the WISC-IV Integrated. The primary outcome measure will be the overall score.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2018)
  • Planning and Organization [ Time Frame: Baseline, Post-training study visit #1 (4-5 weeks after baseline), Post-training study visit #2 (6 months after baseline) ]
    The Tower Test from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS;28 is a test of planning and problem solving abilities. Participants are asked to construct towers of discs on a set of pegs corresponding to a model. Raw scores reflect the participant's ability to use the fewest possible moves to achieve the tower depicted in the model.
  • Everyday functioning and impairment [ Time Frame: Baseline, Post-training study visit #1 (4-5 weeks after baseline), Post-training study visit #2 (6 months after baseline) ]
    Parent and teacher rating of behaviours and impairments associated with executive functions will be assessed using The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF;29). This is a 86 item questionnaires with solid psychometric properties (ref) with correlations with other measures of emotional and behavioral functioning29.
  • Inattentive and Hyperactivity Behaviour rated by parent and teacher [ Time Frame: Baseline, Post-training study visit #1 (4-5 weeks after baseline), Post-training study visit #2 (6 months after baseline) ]
    Items associated with inattentiveness and hyperactivity from the SNAP IV will be used to estimate behavioural symptoms associated with ADHD. The SNAP-IV (SNAP-IV; Swanson IV, 2003) is an 18-item scale that includes the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD with items 1-9 representing the inattentive subset of symptoms and items 10-18 representing the Hyperactivity/Impulsivity subset.
  • Academic accuracy and efficiency [ Time Frame: Baseline, Post-training study visit #1 (4-5 weeks after baseline), Post-training study visit #2 (6 months after baseline) ]
    Academic efficiency and accuracy will be assessed using the fluency measures from the Woodcock Johnson III30 test of achievement. The fluency tasks measure the accuracy of completing academic tasks within a time limit. Reading, math and writing fluency subtests will be included.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Cognitive Rehabilitation (Mega Team) and Its Effects on Emotional and Behavioral Regulation in ADHD, ASD, and CHD
Official Title  ICMJE Cognitive Rehabilitation (Mega Team) and Its Effects on Emotional and Behavioral Regulation in ADHD, ASD, and CHD
Brief Summary Children with disorders that impact neurodevelopment often have difficulties with executive functions and regulating emotions. Cognitive-based video game training has been shown to improve outcomes, however, this training has been expensive, has required professional supervision, and has been investigated only within a narrow group of children. The Mega Team study will test the effects of a highly engaging, take-home video game-based intervention designed to improve executive functioning in children with various brain-based developmental disorders.
Detailed Description

The target population for this study will be children between the ages of 6-12 with a diagnosis of ADHD, ASD or CHD. Potential subjects for this study will be recruited from the clinical teams within SickKids and partnering institutions (e.g., CAMH and Holland Bloorview). Participants will be identified by a psychiatrist, psychologist or specialist physician as meeting diagnostic criteria for one of the three disorders; 1) ADHD, 2) ASD, 3) CHD. Families of children who have expressed interested in this study will be contacted by research staff to discuss the study in more detail and will coordinate the logistics of an initial consent and enrollment appointment. Parent(s)/guardian(s) of participants will be required to consent and children will be required to assent to take in this study.

This protocol is divided into 3 studies: sub-study 1 (ADHD), sub-study 2 (ASD) and sub-study 3 (CHD) each consisting of a pre-post treatment design with 6 month follow-up. Each sub-study includes an active treatment and wait -list arm. Please see study visit schedule (pg. 11) for time-line of events and measures by participant at each time point. Participants will be tested at SickKids at pre-treatment, post-treatment and follow-up. Participants will train at home with weekly calls from research staff. Assessors at all clinic visits will be blind to treatment status. All pre, post and following-up clinic assessments will be conducted off stimulant medication with a washout period of 48 hours.

Stratification: Participants may be taking medications at the time of the study (stimulants and non-stimulants including SSRI or antipsychotic medications). Families will be asked to be stabilized on their current dose of medication for at least for a month before commencing the study and to maintain the same medication and dosage during the 5 week study. If a change in the type of medication or dosage takes place during the study it will be recorded. Due to the established impact of stimulant medications on EF 20 21 this class of medication will be used as part of the randomization process to attain equal proportions of participants using stimulant medications in the Mega Team and TAU groups. As some medication use is anticipated in all disorder groups the same randomization approach will be used in all three studies.

Sample Size: The sample size for sub-study 1 (ADHD) will be 220 participants with 110 randomized into each group from initial estimated recruitment pool of 250. The sample size will provide 80% power to declare statistical significance if the true difference between treatment groups is 0.43 standard deviations or greater, using a two-sided, 5% level test of hypothesis, Bonferroni corrected for three comparisons. A pilot study of Mega Team is currently underway (Dr. Crosbie PI, a registered clinical trial) and results from that pilot will provide final estimates of the standard deviations before commencement of the current study. The planned sample for each of sub-study 2 (ASD) and sub-study 3 (CHD) will be 120 (60 per arm) given the novelty of investigating cognitive rehabilitation targeting EFs in these populations. Information from sub-study 1, which will happen first, and the results from the Mega Team pilot study, will allow adjustment in sample size of sub-study 2 and sub-study 3. All aspects of enrollment, randomization, and attrition will be monitored and documents using CONSORT flow diagram22.

Randomization: Participants within each sub-study who have consented/ assented to the study and meet all inclusion criterion will be randomized to either Mega Team or TAU waitlist stratified by medication status (yes or no)) using random block sizes. Randomization will be carried out using RedCAP23.

Blinding: Assessors at all clinic visits will be blind to treatment status. Participants and parents will be asked not to make mention of their treatment status during visits. They will be reminded of this regularly. Assessors will indicate their blinded status at the end of all visits. Parents and children will be asked not to inform teachers of the treatment status. At the time of questionnaire completion, teachers will be asked if they are aware of the treatment status of the child.

Intervention Conditions:

Mega Team Training Sessions: Mega Team is highly engaging video game based cognitive intervention that trains multiple executive functions: response inhibition, verbal working memory and visual working memory in the context of a single game with increasing difficulty based on the individual performance. Children in the treatment group will train at home on their own tablet or on a study tablet provided to the family (if needed). They will be instructed to practice Mega Team for 15 minutes a day, approximately 5 days a week for a targeted minimum of 21 sessions and a maximum of 25 sessions. The minimum value of 21 sessions has been selected based on findings of prior research. Majority of studies using other models of intervention have been able to capture significant training-induced improvements after 21 sessions 24-26. The maximum training of 25 sessions has been set to control for variability within and between our groups. Performance on Mega Team will automatically upload to a secure portal hosted by eHave for monitoring of enrolment, adherence and for data analyses. Scoring algorithms will track how often and how long the participants trained on Mega Team as well as their performance. Weekly calls from research staff will provide motivation and address barriers to game play.

TAU waiting list Control: Children in the control group will not be provided with any overt intervention but continue with treatment recommendations as provided by their clinical care team. They will be asked to complete a video game usage log weekly to record the type and duration of their regular video game playing, and will receive weekly calls from research staff, as will participants assigned to Mega Team. Participants on in the TAU group will be given access to the game at the completion of the 6 month follow-up visit.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • ADHD
  • ASD
  • CHD - Congenital Heart Disease
Intervention  ICMJE Other: Mega Team - video game
Subjects randomly assigned to the treatment group will be instructed to practice Mega Team for 15 minutes a day, 5 days a week for a minimum of 21 days and a maximum of 25 days.
Other Name: Mega Team
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Treatment group
    Subjects randomly assigned to this arm will train on the Mega Team video game.
    Intervention: Other: Mega Team - video game
  • No Intervention: Control- wait list group
    Subjects randomly assigned to this arm will be the wait-list group. They are allowed to play the video games that they usually play.
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 17, 2018)
440
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2023
Estimated Primary Completion Date May 2023   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Sub-Study 1 Inclusion Criteria

    1. Must be 6-12 years of age
    2. Have IQ above 70 as estimated by two subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of intelligence, Second Edition (WASI II) or equivalent.
    3. Diagnosed with ADHD based upon DSM 5 criteria by a referring clinician confirmed by semi structured interview with the parents using PICS, including information from parent and teacher ratings of an established measure of ADHD symptoms.
    4. Does not have a diagnosis of ASD or CHD [in this case, individuals can be enrolled into Study 2 (ASD) or Study 3 (CHD)].
    5. Have reliable access to the internet
  • Sub-Study 2 inclusion criteria

    1. Must be 6-12 years of age
    2. Have IQ above 70 as estimated by two subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of intelligence, Second Edition (WASI II) or equivalent
    3. Meets clinical diagnosis of ASD by referral services (Holland Bloorview, CAMH) supported by ADOS.
    4. Have reliable access to the internet
  • Sub-Study 3 inclusion criteria

    1. Must be 6-12 years of age
    2. Have IQ above 70 as estimated by two subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of intelligence, Second Edition (WASI II) or equivalent
    3. Must have a diagnosis of Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA) or Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    4. Must have received cardiac surgery before 6 weeks of age.
    5. Have reliable access to the internet

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Sub-Study 1 Exclusion Criteria

    1. Younger than 6 years or older than 12
    2. IQ below 70 as estimated by two subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of intelligence, Second Edition (WASI II) or equivalent
    3. Does not meet consensus diagnosis of DSM 5 criteria for ADHD based on a semi structured interview with the parents using PICS-6, including information from parent and teacher ratings of an established measure of ADHD symptoms.
    4. Has a diagnosis of ASD or CHD [in this case, individuals can be enrolled into Study 2 (ASD) or Study 3 (CHD)].
  • Sub-Study 2 exclusion criteria

    1. Younger than 6 years or older than 12
    2. IQ below 70 as estimated by two subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of intelligence, Second Edition (WASI II) or equivalent
    3. Does not meet confirmed diagnosis of ASD based on ADOS
  • Sub-Study 3 exclusion criteria

    1. Younger than 6 years or older than 12
    2. IQ below 70 as estimated by two subtests of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of intelligence, Second Edition (WASI II) or equivalent
    3. Does not have a diagnosis of Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA) or Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    4. Did not receive cardiac surgery before 6 weeks of age.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 6 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Mithula Sriskandarajah, Hon.B.Sc, CCR 416-813-7654 ext 208210 mithula.sriskandarajah@sickkids.ca
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03502239
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 1000057380
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: de-identified data will be shared with our sponsor/funders - ChildBright Network and eHave.
Responsible Party Jennifer Crosbie, The Hospital for Sick Children
Study Sponsor  ICMJE The Hospital for Sick Children
Collaborators  ICMJE
  • SPOR CHILD-BRIGHT Network
  • Ehave
  • The Governors of the University of Alberta
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Crosbie, Ph.D., C.Psych. The Hospital for Sick Children
PRS Account The Hospital for Sick Children
Verification Date February 2021

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP