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A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of ORMD-0801 (Oral Insulin) in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03467932
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 16, 2018
Results First Posted : November 8, 2022
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Integrium
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Oramed, Ltd.

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 1, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 16, 2018
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 19, 2021
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE November 8, 2022
Last Update Posted Date November 8, 2022
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE May 29, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date October 21, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 11, 2022)
Change From Baseline of HbA1C (Glycated Hemoglobin) [ Time Frame: baseline (Run-in period, Week 0, Visit 1) and Week 12 (follow-up) ]
Least Squares Means change in HbA1C from baseline to Week 12 of the treatment period, where HbA1C is reported in units of percent. The change in HbA1c from baseline to Week 12 is expressed as a change in the value of HbA1C.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 10, 2018)
Mean change in HbA1C from baseline to Week 12 of the treatment period. [ Time Frame: baseline (Week 0, part 1) and Week 12 ]
Mean change in HbA1C from baseline to Week 12 of the treatment period, measured in units of mmols/mol
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 31, 2022)
  • Mean Change From Baseline Over Time for HbA1C [ Time Frame: Baseline (Run-In:Week 0, Visit 1) to Part 1, Visit 3, elapsed time: 3 weeks. ]
    Mean change from baseline (Run-In, Week 0 Visit 1) to Part 1, Visit 3 for HbA1C (measured in mmols/mol)
  • Change Over Time in Hb1Ac [ Time Frame: Baseline (week 0, visit 1) to Week 10, part 2 ]
    Change of Hb1Ac from Baseline to Week 10, measured in mmol/mol
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 10, 2018)
Mean change from baseline over time for HbA1C [ Time Frame: Week 0 (Part 1), Week 0 (Part 2), Week 8 (Part 2) Week 10 (Part 2) ]
Mean change from baseline over time for HbA1C (measured in mmols/mol)
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of ORMD-0801 (Oral Insulin) in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Official Title  ICMJE A Placebo-controlled, Multi-center, Randomized, Phase 2b Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of ORMD-0801 in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients With Inadequate Glycemic Control on Oral Therapy
Brief Summary This is a four-way (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor) masked (blinded) study designed to explore the efficacy of ORMD-0801 when given in different regimens across a dose range for up to 12 weeks in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Detailed Description

This study is designed to explore the efficacy of ORMD-0801 when given in different regimens across a dose range for up to 12 weeks in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There are two cohorts in this study. Approximately 360 subjects with T2DM will initially undergo a 2-week, single-blind placebo run-in period (Visits 1 and 2), followed by a 12-week treatment period (Visits 3 through 9). Cohort A will enroll 285 subjects; Cohort B will enroll 75 subjects

For 265 of the 285 subjects of Cohort A, the total 12-week treatment period will include a Part 1"dose escalation" interval (2 weeks, Visits 3 and 4) and a Part 2 stable dose "maintenance" interval (10 weeks, Visits 5 through 9).

In addition, per FDA request, the remaining 20 subjects (of the cohort total of 285 enrolled subjects) will receive excipient-matched placebo in a non-randomized single-blind fashion, TID (3 times per day), according to the same schedule as described above.

For Cohort B (75 of the 360 total subjects), the total 12-week treatment period will include a stable dosing period for both Part 1 (2 weeks, Visits 3 and 4) and Part 2 (10 weeks, Visits 5 through 9).

Cohort A data will be analyzed after Cohort A data collection has been completed (last subject for Cohort A screened on 7 May 2019). Estimated completion for Cohort A is October 2019. Cohort B data will be analyzed following the release of results from Cohort A.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:

Single-Blind Placebo Run-in (Masking will be with Participant):

During the placebo run-in period, subjects will self-administer blinded placebo study medication at night prior to bedtime (@10 PM ± 90 min. each night, no sooner than 2 hrs. after dinner). Outpatient glycemic levels and adverse events will be measured using self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) and recorded in a diary. Treatment Period (Masking: Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor) There are 2 Cohorts, A and B.

Part 1 In the first 2 weeks of active treatment, subjects will receive double-blind therapy according to their randomized regimen (placebo or ORMD-0801) to be taken QHS (bedtime), BID (2 X / day) or TID.

Part 2 Subjects will remain on fixed doses of ORMD-0801 or matched placebo for 10 weeks. Doses will not be adjusted unless clinically indicated for adverse events or hypoglycemia. Treatment arms will consist of subjects receiving ORMD-0801 QHS, BID, and TID versus placebo.

Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE T2DM (Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus)
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Cohort A: ORMD-0801

    Part 1 In the first two weeks of active treatment (Part 1) subjects will receive double-blind therapy according to their randomized regimen (placebo or ORMD-0801) to be taken QHS, BID or TID. Subjects will undergo a step-wise dose escalation from a starting dose of 16 mg (Visit 3), to 24 mg (Visit 4), to a top dose of 32 mg (Visit 5 onward). Subjects will then enter Part 2.

    Part 2:

    During Part 2, subjects will remain on fixed doses of ORMD-0801 (or matched placebo) for 10 weeks. Doses will not be adjusted unless clinically indicated for adverse events or hypoglycemia.

    Other Name: Oral Insulin
  • Drug: Placebo oral capsule
    Placebo provided QHS, BID, TID
    Other Name: SBTI, disodium EDTA, fish oil, aerosil, and TWEEN 80.
  • Drug: Cohort B: ORMD-0801

    Part 1 In the first two weeks of active treatment, subjects will receive double-blind therapy according to their randomized regimen (ORMD 0801 8 mg or 16 mg, or matched placebo) to be taken QHS or BID. Subjects will then enter Part 2 at the same dose and regimen administered in Part 1.

    Part 2 Subjects will remain on fixed doses of ORMD-0801 (or matched placebo) for 10 weeks. Doses will not be adjusted unless clinically indicated for adverse events or hypoglycemia.

    Other Name: Oral Insulin
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Cohort A: ORMD-0801 once daily - QHS
    Dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes)
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort A: ORMD-0801
  • Active Comparator: Cohort A: ORMD-0801 twice daily - BID
    Dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes) and 30-45 minutes prior to breakfast.
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort A: ORMD-0801
  • Active Comparator: Cohort A: ORMD-0801 three times daily - TID
    ORMD-0801 three times daily - TID: dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes) and 30-45 minutes prior to breakfast and lunch.
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort A: ORMD-0801
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort A: Matched Placebo Oral Capsule
    Placebo matched to one of the three active comparator arms. (either QHS, BID, or TID)
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo oral capsule
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort A: Excipient-Matched Placebo three times daily-TID

    Excipient matched placebo in a non-randomized single-blind fashion, TID, dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes) and 30-45 minutes prior to breakfast and lunch.

    This is an exploratory arm, per FDA. The results of this arm are not included in the primary analysis.

    Intervention: Drug: Placebo oral capsule
  • Active Comparator: Cohort B:ORMD-0801, 8 mg once daily - QHS:
    ORMD-0801 8 mg once daily - QHS: dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes)
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort B: ORMD-0801
  • Active Comparator: Cohort B: ORMD-0801 8 mg twice daily - BID
    ORMD-0801 8 mg twice daily - BID: dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes) and 30-45 minutes prior to breakfast.
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort B: ORMD-0801
  • Active Comparator: Cohort B: ORMD-0801 16 mg once daily - QHS:
    ORMD-0801 16 mg once daily - QHS: dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes)
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort B: ORMD-0801
  • Active Comparator: Cohort B: ORMD-0801 16 mg twice daily - BID
    ORMD-0801 16 mg twice daily - BID: dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes) and 30-45 minutes prior to breakfast.
    Intervention: Drug: Cohort B: ORMD-0801
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort B - Matched Placebo Oral Capsule
    Cohort B - Matched Placebo Oral Capsule: dosed in the evening prior to bedtime (@ 10 PM ± 90 minutes)
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo oral capsule
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 7, 2021)
373
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 10, 2018)
240
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE February 18, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date October 21, 2019   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female subjects aged 18 and older.
  • Established diagnosis of T2DM for at least 6 months prior to Screening, with an HbA1C (glycated hemoglobin) ≥ 7.5%.
  • Stable dose of metformin (at least 1500 mg or maximally tolerated dose)/oral antidiabetic (OAD) for a period of at least 3 months prior to screening.
  • Taking metformin only or metformin in addition to no more than two of the following: DPP-4 (DiPeptidyl Peptidase-4), SGLT-2 (Sodium-GLucose coTransporter-2), or TZD (Thiazolidinediones).
  • Body mass index (BMI) of up to 40 kg/m2 at Screening and stable weight, with no more than 5 kg gain or loss in the 3 months prior to Screening.
  • Renal function - eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) > 30 ml/min/1.73 m2
  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test result at Screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes

    1. has a history of type 1 diabetes mellitus or a history of ketoacidosis, or subject is assessed by the investigator as possibly having type 1 diabetes mellitus confirmed by a C-peptide <0.7 ng/mL (0.23 nmol/L).
    2. has a history of other specific types of diabetes (e.g., genetic syndromes, secondary pancreatic diabetes, diabetes due to endocrinopathies, drug- or chemical-induced, and post-organ transplant).
  • Treatment with glucosidase inhibitor, insulin secretagogues (other than sulfonylureas), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists within 3 months prior to Visit 1.
  • History of any basal, pre-mix or prandial insulin (greater than 7 days) within 6 months prior to Screening.
  • History of >2 episodes of severe hypoglycemia within 6 months prior to Screening.
  • History of hypoglycemic unawareness (episodes of severe hypoglycemia with seizure or requiring third-party intervention or documented low blood glucose without associated autonomic symptoms)
  • Subjects with the following secondary complications of diabetes:

    1. Active proliferative retinopathy as confirmed by a dilated ophthalmoscopy/retinal photography examination performed (by a qualified person as per the country legislation) within 6 months prior to Screening.
    2. Renal dysfunction: eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2
    3. History of proliferative retinopathy or severe form of neuropathy or cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN)
    4. Uncontrolled or untreated severe hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure above or equal to 180 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure above or equal to 120 mmHg
    5. Presence of unstable angina or myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to Screening, Grade 3 or 4 congestive heart failure (CHF) according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) criteria, valvular heart disease, cardiac arrhythmia requiring treatment, pulmonary hypertension, cardiac surgery, history/occurrence of coronary angioplasty and/or stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 6 months prior to Screening.
  • Subjects with psychiatric disorders which, per investigator judgment may have an impact on the safety of the subject or interfere with the subject's participation or compliance in the study.
  • Subjects who needed (in the last 12 months) or may require systemic (oral, intravenous, intramuscular) glucocorticoid therapy for more than 2 weeks during the study period.
  • 9. Laboratory abnormalities at Screening include:

    1. C-peptide < 1.0 ng/mL
    2. Abnormal serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels below the lower limit of normal or >1.5X the upper limit of normal
    3. Elevated liver enzymes (alanine transaminase (ALT), alanine aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase) >2X the upper limit of normal.
    4. Very high triglyceride levels (>600 mg/dL); a single repeat test is allowable.
    5. Any relevant abnormality that would interfere with the efficacy or the safety assessments during the study treatment administration.
  • Positive history of active liver disease (other than non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis), including chronic hepatitis B or C, primary biliary cirrhosis, or active symptomatic gallbladder disease.
  • Positive history of HIV.
  • Use of the following medications:

    1. History of any basal, pre-mix or prandial insulin (greater than 7 days) within 6 months prior to Screening.
    2. Administration of thyroid preparations or thyroxine (except in subjects on stable replacement therapy) within 6 weeks prior to Screening.
    3. Administration of systemic long-acting corticosteroids within two months or prolonged use (more than one week) of other systemic corticosteroids or inhaled corticosteroids (if daily dosage is > 1,000 μg equivalent beclomethasone) within 30 days prior to Screening. Intra-articular and/or topical corticosteroids are not considered systemic.
    4. Use of medications known to modify glucose metabolism or to decrease the ability to recover from hypoglycemia such as oral, parenteral, and inhaled steroids (as discussed above), and immunosuppressive or immunomodulating agents.
  • Known allergy to soy.
  • Subject is on a weight loss program and is not in the maintenance phase or subject has started weight loss medication (e.g., orlistat or liraglutide), within 8 weeks prior to Screening.
  • Subject has had bariatric surgery.
  • Subject is pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Subject is a user of recreational or illicit drugs or has had a recent history (within 1 year of Screening) of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence. (Note: Alcohol abuse includes heavy alcohol intake as defined by >3 drinks per day or >14 drinks per week, or binge drinking) at Screening. Occasional intermittent use of cannabinoid products will be allowed provided that no cannabinoid products have been used during the 1 week prior to each visit.
  • One or more contraindications to metformin as per local label.
  • History of gastrointestinal disorders (e.g. hypochlorhydria) with the potential to interfere with drug absorption.
  • At the Principal Investigator's discretion, any condition or other factors that are deemed unsuitable for subject enrollment into the study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03467932
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE ORA-D-015
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Oramed, Ltd.
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Oramed, Ltd.
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Integrium
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Joel M Neutel, M. D. Orange County Research Center
PRS Account Oramed, Ltd.
Verification Date November 2022

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP