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Trial record 1 of 4 for:    HU Tmz
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Hydroxy-urea and Temozolomide in Patients With a Recurrent Malignant Brain Tumor (Glioblastoma) (HUTMZ)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03463733
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2019
Massachusetts General Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.E. van Linde, VU University Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 1, 2018
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 13, 2018
Last Update Posted Date August 29, 2019
Actual Study Start Date  ICMJE March 2, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 1, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2018)
Maximal tolerated dose (MTD) hydroxyurea in combination with dose intense temozolomide [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT03463733 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Hydroxy-urea and Temozolomide in Patients With a Recurrent Malignant Brain Tumor (Glioblastoma)
Official Title  ICMJE International Multicenter Phase I Trial of Hydroxyurea in Combination With Dose-Intense Temozolomide in Recurrent Glioblastoma
Brief Summary


Currently, no standard treatment exists for patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (rGBM) and used 2nd line treatments have low (up to max. 20%) response rates and very modest response duration (months). The median overall survival for GBM patients is 12-14 months from the time of diagnosis; therefore the development of new therapeutic options is imperative. HU has been used to treat hematological diseases and solid tumors (such as melanoma, ovarian, squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck carcinoma and brain tumors) in combination with other anti-cancer agents, but never with TMZ. If found safe, HU+TMZ, is easily translated to the clinic.

Purpose: Phase I trial to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the combination of dose intense temozolomide (TMZ) and hydroxy-urea (HU) in (maximal) thirty patients with recurrent glioblastoma (rGBM).

Plan of investigation:

Month 0-24 (1st and 2nd year): Inclusion and follow-up of a maximum of 30 patients with rGBM

Month 25-31 (3rd year): Follow-up of patients included in the trial, data analysis (determining MTD and explorative analysis) and manuscript preparation.

Possible results:

  1. Obtaining MTD and safety profile of daily HU+TMZ in patients with rGBM;
  2. Preliminary data on the estimation of the median progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS), radiographic response proportion in patients with measurable disease, and exploratory correlation of treatment outcomes (PFS and OS) with o6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status in archival tumor specimens and further elucidation of underlying mechanism of re-sensitization of TMZ by HU. Exploratory analysis of biomarkers profile of platelets in patients treated with HU+TMZ.
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Glioma
  • Glioblastoma
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Hydroxyurea
    147-94-4/HYDROXYCARBAMIDE/HYDROXYCARBAMIDE/based on myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) record: SUB08076MIG
    Other Name: Hydroxycarbamide
  • Drug: Temozolomide
    85622-93-1 /TEMOZOLOMIDE/TEMOZOLOMIDE/based on myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) record: SUB10889MIG
    Other Name: Temodar
Study Arms  ICMJE Experimental: Daily hydroxyurea and temozolomide

Hydroxyurea and temozolomide will be administered every 4 weeks, with 28 consecutive days defined as a treatment cycle. Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Oral hydroxyurea (dose specified by the Dose Cohort below) and oral temozolomide (50 mg/m2/day) will be administered daily in 28-day cycles for 12 cycles or until unacceptable toxicity, intolerance, progressive disease, or withdrawal of consent. Patients will be treated in dose cohorts of 3 with each cohort receiving a specific daily dose assignment of hydroxyurea.

All patients in the study will receive temozolomide at 50 mg/m2/day ("dose-intense" schedule). The starting dose level for hydroxyurea will be 200 mg daily (QD) up to a maximum of 2000mg hydroxyurea a day.

  • Drug: Hydroxyurea
  • Drug: Temozolomide
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 12, 2018)
Original Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Estimated Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 1, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date June 1, 2021   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed glioblastoma multiforme
  2. Patients may have had any number of prior therapies for glioblastoma. Patients must be at least 28 days from any investigational agent, 28 days from prior cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days from prior temozolomide, 14 days from vincristine, 42 days from nitrosoureas, 21 days from procarbazine administration), and 7 days for patients who received metronomic chemotherapy or non-cytotoxic agents, e.g., interferon, tamoxifen, thalidomide, cis-retinoic acid, etc.
  3. Age ≥18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of hydroxyurea in combination with temozolomide in participants <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials.
  4. Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥60%
  5. Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥3,000/microliter (mcL)
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥100,000/mcL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • Aspartate transaminase (AST; SGOT)/alanine transaminase (ALT; SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine below upper limit of normal institutional limits OR
    • creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
  6. Progressive disease on contrast-enhanced brain CT or MRI as defined by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) Criteria [22], or have documented recurrent glioblastoma on diagnostic biopsy. Patients who have been previously treated with bevacizumab therapy that have T2-weighted or FLAIR MRI sequences considered to be progressive disease by the study investigator but have no contrast-enhancing areas of recurrent disease are eligible.
  7. Interval of at least 2 weeks from any prior neurosurgical resection (1 week for intracranial biopsy) to start of study drug; and patient must have adequate wound healing.
  8. Interval of at least 12 weeks from prior radiotherapy unless there is either: a) histopathologic confirmation of recurrent tumor, or b) new enhancement on MRI outside of the radiation treatment (RT) field.
  9. Because cytotoxic agents such as temozolomide and hydroxyurea are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of temozolomide and hydroxyurea administration.
  10. Patients must have archival tumor tissue available for molecular analysis and must be willing to consent for this tissue to be analyzed as part of this study. However, if no archival tumor tissue is available, the patient will not be excluded from the study.
  11. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents or devices in investigation for glioblastoma.
  2. Patients must not have been previously treated with an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor.
  3. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical composition to temozolomide and/or hydroxyurea.
  4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  5. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because hydroxyurea and temozolomide have known teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with hydroxyurea and temozolomide, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with hydroxyurea and temozolomide.
  6. HIV-positive participants on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with hydroxyurea. In addition, these participants are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  7. Patients with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances: if they have been disease-free for at least 3 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy; patients with treated cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Patients will not be eligible if they have evidence of other malignancy requiring therapy other than surgery within the last 3 years.
  8. Major surgery (not including minor diagnostic procedures such as lymph node biopsy) within 2 weeks of start of study drug; or not fully recovered from any side effects of previous procedures.
  9. Presence of extra-cranial metastatic disease.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE Child, Adult, Older Adult
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE
Contact: Jelle Arts +31 (0)20 4444254
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Netherlands
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT03463733
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE Pro-16/11
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: In anonymized form
Responsible Party M.E. van Linde, VU University Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE M.E. van Linde
Collaborators  ICMJE Massachusetts General Hospital
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: ME van Linde, MD VU University Medical Center
PRS Account VU University Medical Center
Verification Date August 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP